International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - 2nd Wave of COVID-19: Role of Social Awareness, Health and Technology Sector, June, 2021

Pages: 12-16

Date of Publication: 11-Jun-2021


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A Study to Assess the Knowledge and Perception Regarding COVID 19 Among the Nursing Students of Different Nursing Colleges of Odisha

Author: Das N, Rath K, Mishra A, Lenka A

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: With the unprecedented outbreak of COVID19, there has been a significant rise in patients and deaths all over the world. Nursing professionals play an essential role in providing health services, promoting health and preventing diseases. Favourable knowledge and practice among them regarding the disease are essential to winning this battle of COVID 19. Objective: To assess knowledge, and perception of student nurses of different colleges of Odisha towards COVID19. Methods: An online survey was conducted among nursing students to collect information regarding COVID 19. It was a pre-designed, structured questionnaire prepared by the objectives. Ethical approval from IEC was obtained along with permission from the head of the institutions of the participating institutions. Results: More than 90% of participants had correct knowledge regarding mode of transmission, common symptoms and preventive strategy. They had limited knowledge (79.8%) on people with a high risk of complications or fatal disease whereas knowledge regarding correct incubation period, complications and method of dead bodies disposal was poor(< 60%). Most of them had favourable perception regarding sharing travel history with health professionals (94.5%), hand washing (95.3%). There was poor perception regarding the fatality of COVID 19 and quarantine of cases. Conclusion: The nursing students had good knowledge regarding disease and preventive strategy but limited knowledge on predicting complications or fatal disease and method of disposal of dead bodies. The perception of the nursing students was favourable in most of the aspect but had poor perception regarding a few.

Keywords: COVID 19, knowledge, Nurse, Perception, Pandemic

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Since December 2019, the COVID-19 outbreak has become the most challenging health emergency and it rapidly spread all over the world. On 30th January 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC), and lastly, it was declared as a pandemic on 11th March 2020.1 Death tolls are high due to the unavailability of specific antiviral drugs for COVID-19and vaccines.2

COVID-19 is spread by human-to-human transmission through the droplet,  feco-oral,  and direct contact and has an incubation period of 2–14 days. To date, no antiviral treatment or vaccine has been explicitly recommended for COVID-19..3 Therefore, applying preventive measures to control COVID-19 infection is the most critical intervention.4COVID-19 infection is highly contagious and has affected a large population all across the globe, the total number of deaths caused due to this virus has increased sharply. There have been 14,668,105confirmed cases and 609,511confirmed deaths globally India death cases rise to42,585. India reported 3,28,903 new coronavirus cases in the first sixdaysofAugust.5 Indian’s infection growth rate of 3.1% was higher than the US and Brazil at the 2 million stages.6

Nurses are the primary healthcare providers in contact with patients and are an important source of exposure to infected cases in healthcare settings; thus, they are expected to be at high risk of infection.7  However,  along with them,  student nurses pursuing General nursing and Midwifery (GNM), B.Sc (N), and M.Sc (N) are also posted in various healthcare facilities and in a community setting as an additional workforce to combat the COVID-19; hence, they are also expected to be at high risk to get infected with the virus without adequate knowledge and poor perception about COVID-19. In many states of India, due to a shortage of workforce, student nurses are being utilized for different tasks,  like in a community survey or as a helping hand in COVID-19 units. Therefore, the likelihood of acquiring the infection is higher among them. It is,  therefore,  of paramount importance that student nurses involved directly or indirectly caring for COVID-19  patients should equip with adequate knowledge about all aspects of the disease, that is, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, proposed treatment, and established preventive strategies.8 By the end of January, the WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had published recommendations for the prevention and control of COVID-19 for HCWs.9,10 The WHO also initiated several online training sessions and materials on COVID-19 in various languages to strengthen preventive strategies, including raising awareness and training HCWs in preparedness activities. In several instances, misunderstandings among HCWs have delayed controlling efforts to provide necessary treatment 11, led to the rapid spread of infection in hospitals 12,13 and put patients' lives at risk. COVID-19 knowledge helps encourage optimistic attitudes and maintain safe practice10 also, knowledge can influence the perceptions of student nurses due to their past experiences and beliefs.  Indeed, poor knowledge and perception can delay the recognition and handling of potential  COVID-19  patients during the pandemic period.  However, the level of knowledge and perceptions of student nurses toward  COVID-19  remains unclear as very limited studies are conducted on knowledge and perception.  In this regard, the COVID-19 pandemic offers a  unique opportunity to investigate the level of knowledge and perceptions of student nurses during this global health disaster.  Therefore, this questionnaire-based online survey was planned to explore the knowledge and perception of student nurses in Odisha.

Previous studies on COVID-19 Knowledge and Perception among Budding Nurses: A Questionnaire-Based Survey study findings demonstrated that a significant number of participants was aware of the various aspects of COVID-19 disease with mean±SD 6.7 ± 0.87, that is, incubation period, causative factors, mode of transmission, and prevention and supportive treatment of disease, where a considerable number of responders were aware. A significant number of participants were aware of the etiological factor, incubation period, clinical symptoms, transmission, prevention, and treatments of COVID1914 The majority (52.89%) budding nurses had positive perceptions toward COVID-19. The effective vaccines and treatments of COVID 19 are still under processing. therefore, nurses face a potential risk of infection and work-related anxiety and mental health problems.15 It is important to update themselves with the latest knowledge to protect healthcare professionals and nursing staff who are caring for patients with COVID-19. They must be educated about COVID 19  and its prevention.16 Nurses being the first point of contact between the families and health care system, it is of utmost importance for them to be updated with the knowledge and good practices regarding COVID 19. Effective communication between the nurses and physicians can help in providing comprehensive care and addressing the common illness.17

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Study design: Web-based cross-sectional survey

Study area: Different nursing colleges of Odisha, state of India

Study subjects-: Nursing students of different colleges of Odisha

Sampling technique: A convenience sampling technique was used to collect information from participants.

Sample size: A total of 893 students completed the survey .5 out of them were removed from analysis due to missing answers in more than 50% of questions. 888 responses were taken for data analysis.

Sample criteria

Inclusion criteria

  • Nursing students of different colleges of Odisha (only those principals of different colleges who have given permission)

  • Those students were responded on google forms

Exclusion criteria

  • Those students were not responded on google forms

  • Students were excluded( only those principals of different colleges who have given permission)

Development of tool

The survey instrument was developed by having 28 closed-ended questions. It was divided into four sections: Participant demographic characteristics and related information (08 items), knowledge-based questionnaire (08 items), myths on COVID19 (05 items), and perception questionnaire (07 items). The online survey tool was emailed to the potential participants and they were asked to read, understand and answer all the questions if they were willing to participate in the study. Questions about Knowledge included etiological factor, incubation period, clinical symptoms, transmission, prevention, and treatments. Responses were scored from 1 to 8 with 1 for correct response and 0 for incorrect one. Perceptions toward COVID-19 were assessed using 07 items. Questions were adapted from the previous study18 and CDC and WHO guidelines. The tool was validated by five experts in the institute.

Method of data collection

Data were collected after approval from institutional ethic committee (IEC) wide letter no. (Ref.No.:KIIT/KIMS/IEC/322/2020). Written permission was obtained from principals of different colleges of Odisha through their mails and WhatsApp. Informed consents were taken from students who are designed on the google form and Individual willingness to participate consecutively enrolled in the study.

First of all, according to the INC and ONC statutory board the lists of recognized nursing colleges updated on the website as of May,2020 were included in the study. Approximately 32 private colleges and 3 government colleges were identified. Data were collected from 20 colleges where the principal allowed to conduct the study. The link of the questionnaire was sent through e-mails, WhatsApp, and other social media to the contacts of different colleges. The participants were encouraged to roll out the survey to as many students as possible. Thus, the link forwarded to students and they were asked to forward it to their friends and pass it forward. The link directed the participants to the consent form and on receiving consent the questionnaire opened. After completion of all four sections, the participants were instructed to submit the forms online. The data collection was initiated on 30 May 2020, at 6 PM IST and closed on May 6, 2020, at 6 PM IST.

Data entered into Excel sheets and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 21.0) was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics have been used in the study to analyse the findings.

RESULTS

Total of 893 students completed the survey.5 out of them were removed from analysis due to missing answers in more than 50% of questions. Among 888 study participants, 801 (90.2%) were females and 781(88.0%) aged less than 25 years. Most of them 649 (73.1%) were pursuing BSC nursing education and 777(87.5%) were enrolled in private colleges of Odisha. All of the participants had heard about SARS Covid2 and 94% had attended a webinar or lecture on it (Figure 1).

When enquired about frequency of use of various resources for information regarding  Covid19, most of them 377(42.5% )used news media most frequently as depicted in Figure 2 and Table 2. Social media(37.6%) was the 2nd most often used resource followed by a conversation with family and friends(29.1%) and govt or official websites (25.1%). Table 2. summarises the response of the study participants, 367 (41.3) participants less often used the official websites, which are the most reliable source of information.

Table 3 shows the knowledge about common myths of nursing students about Covid19. About 94% of participants were aware of the correct fact about  Covid19 affecting all not only elderly. More than 80% knew the fact on prevention of disease with regards to drinking alcohol and eating non-vegetarian food items. But less than 80 % of students had correct knowledge about hand dryer and rinsing with saline to reduce the germ.

Table 4 describes the knowledge of study participants regarding the natural history of the Covid 19 disease. More than 90% of participants had correct knowledge regarding the mode of transmission, common symptoms and preventive strategy. They had limited knowledge(79.8%) of people with a high risk of complications or fatal disease whereas knowledge regarding the correct incubation period, complications and method of disposal of dead bodies were poor (<60%).

Table 5 illustrates the perception of the nursing students regarding covid 19. Most of them had favourable perception regarding sharing travel history with health professionals(94.5%), handwashing with soap and water(95.3%), eating cooked meat(89.1%). 91.9% had a correct perception regarding the prevention of disease by flu vaccination. There was poor perception regarding the fatality of covid 19 and quarantine of cases.

DISCUSSION

The present study attempted to study the knowledge and perception of COVID19 among the nursing students of Odisha. Among 888 study participants, 801(90.2%) were females and 781 (88.0%) aged less than 25 years. Most of the 649 (73.1%)were pursuing BSC nursing education and 777(87.5%) were enrolled in private colleges of Odisha (Table 1). All of the participants had heard about SARS Covid2 and 94% had attended a webinar or lecture on it.

On enquiry about the frequency of use of various resources for information regarding Covid19, most of them 377(42.5%)used news media most frequently which was similar to a study conducted on knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 among Health Care Workers.18 Whereas in a study by Nemati et al.on Iranian Nurses’  the commonest sources of information were the websites of the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health (55.29%).9 This difference may be due to difference in age and younger generation of students included in the present study. The second most commonly used source by the participants (n=334, 37.6%) was social media to obtain information on COVID-19.similar findings were obtained by Nemati et al. About 94% of participants were aware of the correct fact about COVID19 affecting all not only the elderly. More than 80% knew the fact on the prevention of disease with regards to drinking alcohol and eating nonvegetarian food items. But less than 80 % of students had correct knowledge about hand dryer and rinsing with saline to reduce the germs.

More than 90% of participants had correct knowledge regarding the mode of transmission, common symptoms, and preventive strategy. They had limited knowledge (79.8%) on people with a high risk of complications or fatal disease whereas knowledge regarding correct incubation period, complications, and method of disposal of dead bodies was poor.

This study is supported by a similar study conducted on knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 Among Health Care Workers18. A significant proportion of HCWs had poor knowledge of its transmission (n=276, 61.0%) and symptom onset (n=288, 63.6%) and showed positive perceptions of COVID-19.

Conclusions and recommendation

Most of the participants had correct knowledge regarding the mode of transmission, common symptoms, and preventive strategy. Most of them had correct perceptions regarding sharing travel history with health professionals and, washing with soap and water eating cooked meat, and regarding the prevention of disease by flu vaccination. There was poor perception regarding the fatality of COVID 19 and quarantine of contacts. As the global threat of COVID-19 is not over yet, improvement in knowledge and perceptions of Nursing students about the disease will be beneficial in combating the disease. Educational interventions and webinars are urgently needed frequently to reach worldwide with special emphasis on infectivity, duration of transmission and quarantine of exposed individuals. The nursing curriculum should also include this emerging disease for a better understanding of the disease by students.

Ethical approval: Study protocols were reviewed and approved by the institutional ethical committee, KIMS, KIIT UNIVERSITY. (Ref.No.:KIIT/KIMS/IEC/322/2020)

Acknowledgement:- Authors acknowledge the principles of participating institution for permitting to conduct the research
Financial support and sponsorship:-Authors have not received any funding for the study

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

AUTHORS CONTRIBUTION DETAILS

1. Das N: concept, design, literature search, data acquisition, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review

2. Rath K: concept, design, literature search, data acquisition, manuscript editing and manuscript review

3. Mishra A: data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review

4. Lenka A: data acquisition, manuscript editing and manuscript review

References:

  1. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020. [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from: https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020

  2. Timeline: WHO’s COVID-19 response. [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/interactive-timeline

  3. Hussain A, Bhowmik  B. COVID-19 and diabetes: Knowledge in progress. Diab Res Clin Pract. 2020;162:108-112.

  4. Lai CC, Shih TP, Ko WC, Tang HJ, Hsueh PR. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. Int J Antimicrob Agen. 2020;55:105924.

  5. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Situation Reports. [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports

  6. World Health Organization. Infection prevention and control during health care when novel coronavirus (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎nCoV)‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ infection is suspected: interim guidance, 25 January 2020. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/330674.

  7. HAN Archive - 00427 Health Alert Network (HAN). 2020 [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00427.asp

  8. Zhong B-L, Luo W, Li H-M, Zhang Q-Q, Liu X-G, Li W-T, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745–1752.

  9. Nemati M, Ebrahimi B, Nemati F. Assessment of Iranian Nurses’ Knowledge and Anxiety Toward COVID-19 During the Current Outbreak in Iran. Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2020 [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from: https://sites.kowsarpub.com/archcid/articles/102848.html#abstract

  10. ePROTECT Respiratory Infections (EN) [Internet]. OpenWHO. [cited 2021 May 3]. Available from: https://openwho.org/courses/eprotect-acute-respiratory-infections

  11. Hoffman SJ, Silverberg SL. Delays in Global Disease Outbreak Responses: Lessons from H1N1, Ebola, and Zika. Am J Pub Health. 2018;108(3):329–33.

  12. Patidar K, Sharma M, Gautam A, Sharma D, Jain J. COVID-19 Knowledge and Perception among Budding Nurses: A Questionnaire-Based Survey. Int J Nurs. 2020;6:1–7.

  13. Khalid I, Khalid TJ, Qabajah MR, Barnard AG, Qushmaq IA. Healthcare Workers Emotions, Perceived Stressors and Coping Strategies During a MERS-CoV Outbreak. Clin Med Res. 2016 Mar 1;14(1):7–14.

  14. Aldohyan M, Al-Rawashdeh N, Sakr FM, Rahman S, Alfarhan AI, Salam M. The perceived effectiveness of MERS-CoV educational programs and knowledge transfer among primary healthcare workers: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Infect Dis. 2019;19(1):273.

  15. Sharma RP, Pohekar SB, Ankar RS. Role of a Nurse in COVID-19 Pandemic. J Emer Med Surg. 2020;9(35):2550–5.

  16. Selvaraj SA, Lee KE, Harrell M, Ivanov I, Allegranzi B. Infection Rates and Risk Factors for Infection Among Health Workers During Ebola and Marburg Virus Outbreaks: A Systematic Review. J Infect Dis. 2018;218(5):S679–89.

  17. McCloskey B, Heymann DL. SARS to novel coronavirus – old lessons and new lessons. Epidem Infect. 2020;148:e22

  18. Bhagavathula AS, Aldhaleei WA, Rahmani J, Mahabadi MA, Bandari DK. Knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 Among Health Care Workers: Cross-Sectional Study. J Med Res Pub Heal Surv. 2020;6(2):e19160.

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
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List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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