International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 17, September, 2021

Pages: 37-43

Date of Publication: 12-Sep-2021


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Perceptions of University Students of the Challenges Faced by Children Whose Fathers are Unable to Participate in Their Early Education: A Quantitative Evaluation

Author: Okeke Charity, Ugwuanyi Christian, Okeke Chinedu

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Despite empirical evidence on the positive correlation of parents' involvement and early education of children, research shows that there is a lack of parental involvement in South Africa. Objective: This study sought the perceptions of university students on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are unable to participate in their early education. Method: A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study with a sample of 300 university students in Eastern Cape-based University. A 16-item questionnaire titled \"Challenges Faced by Children Questionnaire\" was used for data collection. An internal consistency reliability index of the items of the instrument is 0.86. Data collected were analysed using mean and analysis of variance. Results: The findings of the study revealed that the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education include poor intellectual, behavioural and social development among others. Conclusion: South African children whose fathers do not participate in their early education face a lot of difficulties which hinder that their educational development.

Keywords: Children, Early childcare, Education, Participation, Perception, University students

Full Text:

Introduction

There have been problems surrounding the issue of parental involvement in school which is a very important factor on children’s academic development.1 In line with the above claim, previous research findings revealed that parental involvement in education correlates very positively with academic achievement 2, self-esteem of children 3 and school retention.4 Moreover, home learning environment that children experience early from their parents is highly predictive of their later academic competencies.5 Fathers’ parenting practices likely play an important role in promoting healthy behavior in children, but the evidence base is limited.6 One of the beneficial factors in young children’s learning is the active involvement of family in Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE).7 Despite the above empirical evidence on the positive correlation of parents’ involvement and early education of children, research shows that there is a lack of parental involvement in South Africa.

In South Africa, most children experience their early beginning without ever knowing who the father is.8-11 An abundance of evidence suggests a scenario where men who desire to be good fathers often find themselves not knowing how to be the fathers they want to be.12 Moreover, fathers, irrespective of their ages, are confronted with uncertainty about what it means to be an involved father, let alone how to participate in their children’s lives.13,14Makusha and Richter 15 as cited by Mathwasa and Maphosa 16 found that father-absence has caused many social ills and psychological damage due to situations such as divorce or death which are more permanent. Besides, another situation in this phenomenon is where the father is absent due to lackadaisical attitude of neglect, yet they may be physically present.17,16 Despite that parent involvement is fundamental for school functioning, the nature and extent of such involvement in South Africa are debatable and contested amongst stakeholders.18 Majority of the South African parents are not actively involved in the schoolwork of their children and that it adversely affects the functioning of the school, according to the teachers.19This situation in South Africa coupled with the fact that no research has been conducted to explore the perceptions of university students on the challenges faced by children of the uninvolved fathers necessitated this research.

Children in the United Kingdom who do not enjoy parents’ participation in their early education have a deficiency in attitudes, behaviour and mental health development.20 It is only when parents are involved in the early education of their children that the academic, social, and emotional needs of the latter are bound to happen naturally otherwise such development will be hampered.21 Parents’ failure to engage in educationally supportive activities is associated with children’s poorer academic and behavioral outcomes.22 Spanish children whose parents exhibited more family involvement tended to demonstrate better results than those from homes with non-participatory parents.23 Chinese parents who compete for high-quality educational opportunities for their children, enable the children to cultivate good learning habits and achieve better academic performance than the children whose parents are uninvolved in the early education.24 There are differences in Chile children’s academic achievement between the parental involvement profiles, indicating children whose parents have a low involvement have lower academic achievement.1 Children of parents that volunteer, attend meetings, help with homework, and set high expectations, tend to do better at school than those whose parents are uninvolved.25

Research has clearly shown that most South African fathers are not actively involved in the early education of their children. Lack of parental involvement especially fathers’ involvement has been an issue that has attracted the attention of several researchers in other countries as shown in the reviewed literature. Even though children whose parents do not actively participate in their early education encounter difficulties in their early education, no research has looked for the perceptions of university students on the challenges such children face. On this premise, this study sought the perceptions of university students on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are not involved in their early education at Eastern Cape-based University.

Research Questions

  1. Whatare the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education as perceived by the University students?

  2. What is the influence of race on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education?

  3. What is the influence of age on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education?

Methods

The design of the study was descriptive survey research. Survey design provides a quantitative description of attitudes or opinions of a population by studying a sample of that population.26This design has been adopted by 27-33 in similar studies.

The target population for this study was all the university students in the Faculty of Education of one Eastern Cape-based University. A sample size of 300 University students was selected for the study. Using a simple random sampling technique, a sample of 300 students from the Faculty of Education of the participating University was drawn across the different levels of study.

An instrument titled Challenges Faced by Children Questionnaire was used to obtain quantitative data from the 300 University students. The instrument is a 16-item questionnaire structured on a 5-point response option of strongly agree (SA), agree (A), undecided (U), disagree (D) and strongly disagree (SD). The minimum score on the questionnaire is 16 while the maximum score is 80.

To ensure the face validity of the instruments, copies of the instrument were given to experts for their constructive criticisms. The comments of the validators were used to arrive at the final version of the instrument which was later subjected to trial testing. To ensure the reliability of the instrument, the field test of the instrument was conducted.  The internal consistency reliability index of the items of the instrument was obtained to be 0.86 using Cronbach’s alpha method.

Data were analyzed using mean and analysis of variance. Mean was used to answer the research questions while analysis of variance was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.

Results

Research Question One: What are the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education as perceived by the University students?

Table 1 shows the mean ratings of the university students on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. It shows that the mean ratings of the students on items 1 to 16 are more than the criterion mean of 3.00 for decision rule. This indicates that the university students agree to the statements of items 1 to 16 as the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. Thus, the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education include seeking support elsewhere when fathers are unable to support them, exposure to serious dangers outside, suffering of child abuse when their fathers are unable to participate in their early development, missing the guidance they need from fathers among other.

Research Question Two: What is the influence of race on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education?

Table 2 shows that the Black university students had mean perception rating of 58.13 with a standard deviation of 10.51, White university students had mean perception rating of 58.02 with a standard deviation of 10.58, Coloured university students had mean perception rating of 48.55 with a standard deviation of 8.40 while the Indian university students had mean perception rating of 58.80 with a standard deviation of 12.39. This implies that there are variations in the mean perception rating of the university students of different races on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. 

Ho1Race has no significant influence on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education.

Table 3 shows that there is a significant difference in the mean ratings of students of different races on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education, F (3, 296) = 5.257, p = .002. Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected since the probability value of 0.002 is less than the 0.05 level of significance. 

Table 4 shows the pair-wise comparison test for the significant difference in mean ratings of students of different races on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. It shows that the mean difference between Black and Coloured university students had a significant positive mean difference (MB-C = 9.58) at p = .002 and thus contributed most to the significant influence of race on the university students’ perceptions on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education followed by the mean difference of White and Coloured university students (MW-C = 9.47, p = .012).

Research Question Three: What is the influence of age on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education?

Table 5 shows that the university students within the age range of 28-25 years had mean perception rating of 55.57 with a standard deviation of 11.05, university students within the age range of 26-30 years had mean perception rating of 58.55 with a standard deviation of 11.13, university students within the age range of 31-35 years had mean perception rating of 60.83 with a standard deviation of 8.21 while the university students who are above 35 years of age had mean perception rating of 59.49 with a standard deviation of 10.65. This implies that there are variations in the mean perception rating of the university students of different age ranges on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. 

Ho2Age has no significant influence on the university students’ perceptions of the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education.

Table 6 shows that there is a significant difference in the mean ratings of students of different age ranges on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education, F (3, 296) = 3.785, p = .011. Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected since the probability value of 0.002 is less than the 0.05 level of significance. 

Table 7 shows the pair-wise comparison test for the significant difference in mean ratings of students of different age ranges on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education. It shows that the mean difference between university students within the age range of 31-35 years and those within the age range of 28-25 years had a significant positive mean difference (M = 5.26) at p = .002 and thus contributed most to the significant influence of age on the university students’ perceptions on the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education.

Discussion of the Findings

The findings of the study revealed that the challenges faced by children whose fathers are uninvolved in their early education include seeking support elsewhere when fathers are unable to support them, exposure to serious dangers outside, suffering of child abuse when their fathers are unable to participate in their early development, missing the guidance they need from fathers, poor academic achievement, poor social skills and behavioural development among other. Further analysis showed that race and age of the students had a significant influence on their perceptions of the challenges faced by children of uninvolved fathers. These findings are in tandem with the findings of. 22,34,35,23,20,21,25,26

Fathers’ failure to engage in educationally supportive activities is associated with children’s poorer academic and behavioral outcomes.22 Leidy, Schofield and Parke34, as cited in McMunnet al.35 found that decreased interaction with fathers deprives children of the opportunity to learn social skills and enjoy emotional as well as instrumental support from their fathers. According to Lang et al.36 as cited in McMunnet al.35, fathers’ lack of participation in child-related activities leads to poor children’s cognitive, linguistic, and socioemotional development across early childhood independent of mothers’ involvement.

Spanish children whose fathers exhibited more family involvement tended to demonstrate better results than those from homes with non-participatory fathers.23Children in the United Kingdom who do not enjoy fathers’ participation in their early education have a deficiency in attitudes, behaviour, and mental health development.20 It is only when fathers are involved in the early education of their children that the academic, social, and emotional needs of the latter are bound to happen naturally otherwise such development will be hampered.21 There are differences in Chile children’s academic achievement between the parental involvement profiles, indicating children whose fathers have a low involvement have lower academic achievement.25 Children of fathers who volunteer, attend meetings, help with homework, and set high expectations, tend to do better at school than those whose fathers are uninvolved.26 From the discussions above, the findings of the study have validated the findings of the previous studies in other countries other than South Africa on the challenges faced by children of uninvolved fathers in their early education. These findings have contributed to the body of knowledge in the area of early childhood care and education in South Africa particularly since no such study has been conducted in the past. This finding implicates children’s physics education career choice in that their career choices in physics education will be marred at the face of the numerous challenges they encounter at early education.

Conclusion and recommendations

The researchers concluded based on the findings of the study that South African children whose fathers do not participate in their early education face a lot of difficulties paramount among others are poor intellectual, behavioural and social development which will culminate in their poor early childhood education. However, there exist variations in the perceptions of the university students of different races and age ranges on the challenges faced by children of uninvolved fathers with the black and coloured students affirming strongly those challenges the children face. This is a serious situation because South African studies have shown that the majority of the fathers do not participate in the education provisioning of their children.

Based on this, the researchers recommend that:

  • Adequate strategies should be put in place by the education ministry and other relevant bodies to sensitize fathers on the need for adequate participation in the early education of their children.

  • Seminar in form of enlightenment programs should be organised at university levels to enable the male university students who are fathers already or fathers to be to understand the educational implications of fathers’ active participation in the early education of their children. 

Acknowledgement

The researchers appreciate all the parents who participated in this study for their active and honest participation.

Authors’ contribution

This research was initiated by Prof Chinedu Okeke while Dr Christian Ugwuanyi and Mrs. Charity Okeke joined him to actualize the aims of the research. All the authors contributed substantively towards the success of the research.

Conflict of interest

NIL

Source of funding

NIL

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        1. Ugwuanyi CC, Nwachukwu WC, Ugwuanyi CS, Okeke CIO, Nworgu BG, Nwoye MN, et al. Perceived Impact of the Use of Internet Resources on Undergraduate Students’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics: Implication for Physics and Engineering Teaching. Int J Mech Production Engg Res Devp (IJMPERD). 2020; 10(4):359-368.   http://dx.doi.org/10.24247/ijmperdaug202031

        2. Ezema VS, Okenyi EC, Ugwuanyi CS. Assessment of the extent of community involvement in the funding of primary schools in Enugu state, Nigeria: Implications for further research. Int J Mech Production Engg Res Devp. 2021; 10 (1):91-98. http://www.tjprc.org/publishpapers/2-67-1611554947-8IJMPERDFEB20218.pdf

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        5. Lang SN, Schoppe-Sullivan SJ, Kotila LE, Feng X, Kamp Dush CM, Johnson SC. Relations between fathers’ and mothers’ infant engagement patterns in dual-earner families and toddler competence. J Fam Issues. 2014; 35:1107-1127.

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
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A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
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A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
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A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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