International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 13, July, 2021

Pages: 218-221

Date of Publication: 07-Jul-2021


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Meaning of Life and Emotional Ventilation of Mothers having Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Author: Sagayaraj K, Gopal CNR, Karthikeyan S

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a range of neurodevelopmental related mental disorder which affects the individual's social interactions, communication and also causing the comorbid condition of repetitive behaviour, self-injurious behaviour, and developmental delays. It has been identified that mothers having children with autism have a higher level of parenting-related stresses and longing for better physical, social and mental health. Meaning of life comprises of \"Who are we?, Why are we here ?, What is the purpose of our life? and what is the reason we are living for ?\" in the context of scientific theories, philosophical and theological explanations. Mothers with special children spend most of their life by providing supportive care to their children and fail to realize their meaning of life. Methods: To understand the purpose of life of mothers who are having children with ASD, The Meaning of Life Questionnaire developed by Steger M. F(2006) was administered to 15 mothers who are having children with ASD followed by a semi-structured interview. An overall perceptive was reported in this study. Result: The result indicates that there was no significant difference in presence and search state in the meaning of life of mothers having children with ASD. Conclusion: The participants from this study disclosed that they have not valued the meaning and purpose in life which can be addressed by psychological counselling and intervention.

Keywords: Autism, Counselling, Disability, Emotion, Meaning of life, Parenting

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION:

The term "meaning of life" is commonly used in various contexts and has no clear definition. Many authors have described the experience of one's life as meaningful based on their feeling of integration and relatedness or a feeling of fulfilment and significance.1,2When someone stating that he or she has meaning in their life, It implies that they have committed to the values, believes and positively committed to some core concept which provides a framework or directive goal to view their life in fulfilment as a feeling of integration, relatedness or significance.3,4Parenthood is one of the most difficult jobs in everyone’s life because it creates the new chapter in their life story. It invigorates another self in them something that they did not know was there until they had children. It also gives them a new sense of purpose and meaning in life. As a parent, they tend to encounter love and passion for their children that they have never experienced before.5 There is a vast number of studies that confirms that the parents of special need children experience a higher level of stress, anxiety and depression.6,7The recent study indicates that they experience a mixture of joy and sorrow with the presence of a child with a special need. 8,10All human beings are craving for the meaning and true purposes of their life. In the parenting phase, every parent expects to have an average child who does not have any physical and psychological deficiency but when they have the special child they feel helpless, stressed and lose their purposes in life.11 Research shows that the meaning of life can be viewed in two broader dimensions thus, existence and search for meaning.12

Emotional ventilation is an art and essentials of our lives. Emotions in general will add importance and structure to our feelings and without these emotional expressions, we would resemble robots. How we feel and express emotions play a major role in physical and mental functioning. Emotional ventilation is the core of the healthy body, mind and soul. It is a sign of good health and strength rather than weakness.13 Mothers having children with special needs find no time and energy for the continuous caretaking of their children which leave them more stressed, helpless and hopeless in life. Hence, to develop a greater understanding of the lives of families with special needs children especially in the condition of ASD in terms of the meaning of life this study was carried out.

Aim:

The study aims to analyze the meaning of life and emotional expression of mothers having children with an autism spectrum disorder.

METHODOLOGY:

Hypothesis for the study:

There will be no significant difference in the presence and search state on the meaning of life of the mothers having children with an autism spectrum disorder.

Research Design: Ex post facto research design was adopted for this study.

Sampling: Purposive sampling method was used in this study. Participants who were fulfilling the following inclusion criteria were only selected.  The basic demographic details like age, education, family type, religion and socio-economic status were collected. All the participants were from the rural village of Kanchipuram district such as Kanathur, Mutthukadu and Kovalam located in Tamil Nadu, India.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Mothers who were having children with ASD between the age of  5 to 10 years were included.

  • Mothers with no psychiatric conditions were only included. 

Exclusion Criteria: Mothers with serious physical and psychiatric problems, not being primary caregivers were excluded.

Tool Used:

The Meaning of life Questionnaire ( MLQ ).Steger, M. F (2006). It assesses two dimensions of meaning in life ( Presence & Search ) using 10 items rated on a seven-point scale from “Absolutely True” to “Absolutely Untrue.” (i) Presence subscale scoring is done by adding items 1, 4, 5, 6 and 9. Scores range between 5 to 35. (ii) Search subscale scoring was done by adding items 2, 3, 7, 8 and 10. Scores range between 5 to 35. The internal consistency of the scale was found to be Presence (0.86) and Search (0.87) with good reliability. The scale is found to have good convergent, discriminant validity. 12

Scoring Interpretation:

The below interpretation is a probabilistic guess about the areas of life based on the MLQ scoring. Numerous studies also confirmed the same but it cannot be considered as a diagnostic tool for labelling their opinion about life. The context meaning of life differs from a different cultural and religious point of view.

  1. If the score is above 24 on Presence and also above 24 on search then it can be inferred that, “They feel that life has value, meaning and purpose. Yet still openly exploring the meaning or purpose.

  2. If the score is above 24 on Presence and below 24 on search, they feel their life has valued meaning and purpose, and are not actively exploring that meaning or seeking meaning in their life.

  3. If the score is below 24 on Presence and above 24 on search, they probably do not feel their life has a valued meaning and purpose, and they are actively searching for something or someone that will give their life meaning of purpose.

  4. If the score is below 24 on Presence and also below 24 on search, they probably do not feel their life has a valued meaning and purpose, and are not actively exploring the meaning or seeking meaning in their life.

Procedure:

All the participants were mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder and they were approached individually. Voluntary participation and the right to withdraw from the study was informed. After obtaining consent from the participants the MLQ questionnaire was used followed by the semi-structured interview. Initially, the participants were asked about how they were feeling about their current life situation, where it was meaningful in their point of view and was there any possibility of finding fulfilment in their life despite having a child with ASD. They were also encouraged to ventilate the family problems and emotional distress, issues in parenting the child with ASD. The interview lasted for about 15 to 20 minutes for each parent. After the personal semi-structured interview session they were thanked for their participation.

Ethical Consideration:

This study was carried out with the approval of the Institutional Human Ethics Committee of Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (216/IHEC/Nov 2020), Kelambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India as a part of the doctoral research.

Statistical Analysis: The collected data was analyzed by using the SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics and t-test was incorporated for the data analysis.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

The results indicate that the t value of 3.00 was found to be non-significant at the 0.05significant level hence hypothesis 1 is accepted. From the scoring procedure, it can be inferred that their presence and search state is below the expected score, which indicates that the selected samples of mothers having children with ASD have not valued meaning and purpose in their life and also not seeking actively the fulfillment of their life.

During the semi-structured interview, the mothers had emphasized the physical and emotional distress that they have undergone in parenting their child. Studies show the present state in one’s life is associated with better physical and emotional wellbeing which is generally lacking in parents with a special child.15,17  The mean score of both presence and search was found to be 22 in the selected samples and as per interpretation, it can be inferred that selected mothers having children with ASD have not valued their meaning in life and also not keenly looking for the same.  When asking about their futuristic plan in life they all stressed upon good well-being of their children and some of them even hoping for a complete cure from ASD.  Even though they were educated about the child’s condition and prolonged comprehensive care, they were just anticipating the miracle of complete cure from ASD as the child is growing older. According to the meaning of the life refers to their child’s normalized physical functioning and recovery from the mental illness. They value nothing more important in their life than their child’s well-being.

For a longer period, they misunderstood autism with mental retardation and was getting the available medical and psycho rehabilitation therapy which has taken their money, time and energy. To get a clear diagnosis of autism itself took nearly about 2 to 3 years. The mothers who were interviewed were from low and middle socioeconomic backgrounds, and they revealed their best financial plan was to feed the child three meals a day and no health insurance, savings were planned due to the low income of the family. During the interview session, they had ventilated the burden of having a child with ASD. Their self-confidence and quality of life were severely affected due to the condition of having a child with ASD. 18,19While explaining their problems they also mentioned the love and care that they show to make the child understand the emotional care of the mother. From being conceived with a child to birth, and from identifying the condition of autism to caretaking daily all these mothers played a vital role in the child comprehensive development.

CONCLUSION:

 The present findings of this investigation reveal that mothers of children with ASD do not find value, meaning and purpose in life. From the responses of the participants, we could understand that the mothers of ASD children would feel happy and find meaning in life only when their children get good physical and mental well-being. It is a challenging task for the mental health care professionals like psychologists, psychiatrists to address the parents with special children to find the purposes in their life. It is a need of the hour which supposed to be addressed in the form of counselling, psychotherapy and intervention.

Limitations and Future Directions: Meaning of life is more of one’s personal opinion based on cultural, religious aspects and differ from environmental, socio-economic status. Considering the small number of participants of mothers having children with ASD, the result cannot be generalized for the larger population. An attempt of measuring the meaning of life with good psychometric properties allows a more nuanced analysis of their lifestyle and expectations. The Theotherwell-being components can be administered and studied in correlating with MLQ for developing better training, intervention for the mothers having children with ASD.

Implications: After an effective training program for the parents who are having special children such as autism spectrum disorder, the meaning of life questionnaire can be administered with appropriate counselling techniques to create a positive attitude towards life and valuing the meaning and purpose of it. In addition, the questionnaire could also be used to gather information about their expectations in life and assess successful therapy outcomes for the same

Conflict of Interest: None

Source of Funding: Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Junior Research Fellowship (CARE – JRF) fund.

Acknowledgement:

The corresponding author would like to thank and acknowledge Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Junior Research Fellowship (CARE – JRF) for supporting this work.  He would also like to express his gratitude to the doctoral committee members Prof. Dr. R.Murugesan, Director - Research, CARE and Prof. Dr. OT. Sabari Sridhar, Head-Department of Psychiatry, CHRIfor their valuable suggestions and support during the work.

Author’s Contribution:

Conceived and designed the study: Gopal CNR, Sagayaraj K

Semi-Structured Interview: Karthikeyan S, Sagayaraj K

Statistical analysis and writing original draft: Sagayaraj K

Writing - Review &Editing: Gopal CNR, Karthikeyan S

References:

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  2. Maslow AM. Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences; Viking Press, 1964.pp 11.

  3. Fabry J. The Pursuit of Meaning; Beacon Press. 1968:1-33.

  4. Battista J, Almond R. The development of meaning in life. Psychi. 1973;36(4):409-27.

  5. Hilt C. The Definition of Motherhood. Huffpost. Accessed on 05 Nov 2020. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-definition-of-motherhood_b_9734120

  6. Blacher J, Neece CL, Paczkowski E. Families and intellectual disability. Curr Opin Psych. 2005;18(5):507-513.

  7. Howie DR, McKenzie K. Diagnosis, information and stress in parents of children with a learning disability. Lear DisabPract. 2007;10: 28–33.

  8. Kearney PM, Griffin T. Between joy and sorrow: being a parent of a child with a developmental disability. J Adv Nursing. 2001;34(5):582-92.

  9. Little L, Clark RR. Wonders and Worries of parenting a child with Asperger Syndrome and nonverbal learning disorder. MCN: Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2006;31:39–44.

  10. Trute B, Hiebert-Murphy D, Levine K. Parental appraisal of the family impact of childhood developmental disability: times of sadness and times of joy. J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2007;32(1):1-9.

  11. Hirsch KH, Paquin D. The Stress of the Situation has Changed us Both: A Grounded Theory Analysis of the Romantic Relationship of Parents Raising Children with Autism. J Child Fam Stud. 2019; 28 (10):2673–2689.

  12. Steger MF, Frazier P, Oishi S, Kaler  M. The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. J Couns Psychol. 2006;53(1), 80–93.

  13. Lee J, Lynn F. Mental health and well-being of parents caring for a ventilator-dependent child. Nurs Child Young People. 2017;29(5):33-40

  14. Behera S. Emotional Ventilation: Necessity and uses. Online-Therapy. Accessed on Nov 5, 2020. https://www.online-therapy.com/blog/emotional-ventilation-necessity-uses/

  15. Brassai L, Piko BF, Steger MF. Meaning in life: is it a protective factor for adolescents' psychological health? Int J Behav Med. 2011;18(1):44-51.

  16. Steger MF, Fitch MA, Donnelly J, Rickard  CM. Meaning in life and health: Proactive health orientation links meaning in life to health variables among American undergraduates. J Happiness Stud. 2015;16 (3), 583–597.

  17. Estes A, Munson J, Dawson G, Koehler E. Parenting stress and psychological functioning among mothers of preschool children with autism and developmental delay. Autism. 2009;13(4):375-87.

  18. Karthikeyan S, Sivakumar V, Gopal CNR, Sagayaraj K. General Well-being and Self-Concept of Mothers having children with Multiple Disabilities. J Psyc Resea.2019; 63(1), 39-45.

  19. Anderson LS. Mothers of children with special health care need: documenting the experience of their children's care in the school setting. J Sch Nurs. 2009;25(5):342-351.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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