International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 2nd Wave of COVID-19: Role of Social Awareness, Health and Technology Sector, June, 2021

Pages: 17-22

Date of Publication: 11-Jun-2021


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Knowledge and Attitude of First Aid Skills Among Medical, Dental and Nursing Students in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Gunjan Kumar, Suranjana Jonak Hazarika, Avinash Jnaneswar, Diplina Barman, Priyanka Brahma, Rameswari Acharya

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: The golden hour that refers to the first hour after trauma determines the fate of the RTA victims to a large extent. When a patient does not receive first aid immediately, it affects their condition to a large extent, mostly their quality of life that eventually results in death. As future healthcare professionals, the ability to render first aid services is the need of the hour. With the increasing mortality of accidents and trauma, proper provision of first aid as the first line of treatment can help save lives. Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude of first aid skills among medical, dental and nursing students in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study conducted for three months that included 300 undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in Bhubaneswar city, Odisha. A self-structured 21 item questionnaire regarding first aid skills was used to assess the knowledge and attitude of the students. Data were entered in a Microsoft excel sheet and analysis was done using SPSS version 25. Results: It was found that 65.1% of the medical students were aware regarding first aid skills. Statistically significant differences were observed among the groups (Dental, Medical and Nursing) for the responses of the questionnaire. A moderate correlation was seen between the knowledge of first aid and individual knowledge levels. Conclusion: This study identified the need for introducing formal first aid training classes for medical, dental and nursing students and brought out the key areas in which first aid knowledge was lacking.

Keywords: First aid skills, Dental, Medical, Nursing, Trauma

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Approximately 1.35 million people succumb to road traffic accidents every year.1The2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has set a target of reducing the number of deaths and injuries globally by 2020.1 In most countries, road traffic accidents incur a loss of 3% of the gross domestic product.2 In 2016, 4.94 lakh injures and 1.50 lakh deaths were recorded in India as a result of RTAs.3 The golden hour that refers to the first hour after trauma determines the fate of the RTA victims to a large extent.4 When a patient does not receive first aid immediately, it affects their condition to a large extent, mostly their quality of life that eventually results in death.3

According to the Red cross society, first aid is the first assistance or treatment given to a casualty or a sick person for any injury or sudden illness before the arrival of an ambulance, the arrival of a qualified paramedical or medical person or before arriving at a facility that can provide professional medical care.5 As a consequence of disasters, accidents or injuries the casualty requires urgent care and transportation to the nearest healthcare facility.5 Although medical students are taught how to handle emergencies in hospital settings, the knowledge required for handling a case is not adequate.6Studies have found that the knowledge of first aid among medical students has always been neglected as a topic of discussion. Hence, time and again it has come into notice that even resident doctors at certain healthcare setups cannot perform the first aid skills satisfactorily.7

Dental professionals also play an equally important role in providing first aid in their practice to a patient, relative or staff member.8 S Mathew et al. conducted a study to assess the awareness of first aid amongst undergraduate students in UAE where it was found that students belonging to the dental schools had the highest mean score as compared to other branches(8.3±2.4).9 Pei et al.carried out a study to evaluate nursing students knowledge and attitude of first aid behaviour as bystanders in a case of RTA.10 At the end of the study it was inferred that their knowledge was not satisfactory and hence it stressed conducting continuing education programmes to increase the efficiency in providing first aid skills.

The emergence of COVID-19 has raised questions among those who may need or choose to give care in an emergency. As the spread of the virus is very rapid with over more than 14 million cases in our country, the impact of first aid skills like providing other emergency casualty care is of utmost importance. While there is currently no specific data on COVID-19 transmission while performing CPR but it may be concluded that such first aid skills have the potential to generate respiratory droplets or aerosols and there may be a risk of transmission of the infection.

As future healthcare professionals, the ability to render first aid services is the need of the hour. With the increasing mortality of accidents and trauma, proper provision of first aid as the first line of treatment can help save lives. However, there is a dearth of literature related to a comparative assessment of first aid skills in students of the three specialities. Hence, this present study was taken up to assess the knowledge and attitude of first aid skills among medical, dental and nursing students.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study conducted for a duration of three months i.e from July 2020 to September 2020. The study participants included 300 undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in Bhubaneswar city, Odisha. Ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee. Informed consent was taken from the students before the study.

A self-structured 21 item questionnaire regarding first aid skills was used to assess the knowledge and attitude of the students. For every correct answer for the knowledge questions, participants were given a score of 1 and for incorrect answers a score of 0. Questions assessing attitude were marked on a 5 point Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire was checked by a panel of five subject experts and modifications were made accordingly before the start of the study.

The questionnaire was distributed among the study participants by the investigator and it was collected back on the same day. Training and calibration of the investigator were done in the Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences under the supervision of the guide. Data were entered in a Microsoft excel sheet and analysis was done using SPSS version 25. Inferential statistics were performed using Chi-square test. Categorical variables were described using frequency and percentages. Intergroup comparisons of various domain scores were done using Mann Whitney U test. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.

RESULTS

The Demographic characteristics such as the mean age group, the gender distribution, the year-wise distribution of the participants of various groups have been mentioned. The mean age of the participants has been mentioned in Table 1. The distribution of the gender in the groups has been graphically represented in Figure 1. The female population was higher. Figure 2 represents the year-wise distribution of the participants. It was seen that most of the participants from the dental and medical stream belonged to the third year and final year while the majority of the nursing participants belonged to the second year.

Statistically significant differences have been observed among the groups (Dental, Medical and Nursing) for the responses of the questionnaire. The correct responses have been mentioned in Table 3.

A moderate correlation was seen between the knowledge of first aid and individual knowledge levels. The findings have been mentioned in Table 4. A weak correlation was observed between the practice of an individual and the knowledge recommendation of first aid.

DISCUSSION

First aid skills play an important role among all healthcare professionals. With an increasing rate of accidents and trauma cases, the provision of first aid at the right time can result in a life-saving situation. The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, have put a halt to the application of these skills when managing a first aid incident. Medical, dental and nursing students can majorly contribute to improving the medical condition of a patient by acquiring adequate first aid skills and developing the right attitude towards it.

In the present study, it was found that 65.1% of the medical students were aware regarding first aid skills. Alsayali et al. in their study assessed the awareness regarding first aid among 500 participants which was found to be 56.6% good and 43.4% poor.11Medical students being more aware could be based on factors such as the acquaintance or association of them with the profession, which makes them realize the importance of first aid.11

It was observed that the majority of the participants disagreed with first aid training not being essential in the undergraduate curriculum. Similar findings were seen in a study conducted by Khan A et al. where 94.4% of medical students wanted first aid training to be part of their curriculum with 84% suggesting that it should be part of the pre-university curriculum.12 Educational institutions should make first aid and basic life support courses mandatory by incorporating them in academics through lectures coupled with hands-on practices to make it more effective.11Majority of the participants in the present study (98.2%) agreed that adequate first aid skills are necessary.

Only 45.5% of the dental undergraduate students knew about first aid skills. The findings were similar to a study conducted in Saudi Arabia where first aid courses were attended by 30.6% of the participants.11Another study done reported that 65.3% of female university students couldn’t provide first aid to the ones in need because of the lack of knowledge and other issues.13 The majority of the dental students(88%) in this study knew the management of victims with the hypoglycemic attack. In all three branches, students were not aware of the first aid skills required to arrest bleeding. Similar findings were seen in a study carried out in Mangalore where a correct response rate of 12.5% was found for both fracture and bleeding management.6

In this study, only 55.5% dental, 52.8% medical, 63.7% of nursing students knew regarding the steps of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as a part of first aid management. In previous studies done in Salem, Tamil Nadu showed only 17.1% of medical students knowing about CPR.14 Similarly Tan EC et al. in their study observed that only 6% of the students knew and performed correct CPR.7 First aid courses and workshops should be routinely conducted and attendance should be supervised irrespective of the fields of study. This could help the students to confidently serve at the time of duty hours to serve during any life-threatening situation.

CONCLUSION

This study determined the need for introducing formal first aid training classes for medical, dental and nursing students so that students are confident enough to provide first aid in day to day situations. The study also evaluated first aid training as a felt need among the students in the academic curriculum. The study also highlighted the key areas in which first aid knowledge was lacking. More such studies should be conducted to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of first aid skills among students and healthcare workers. As healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, we need to be aware of the risks to ourselves and others, remember our own needs and keep society informed and updated.

Financial support and sponsorship: Nil

Conflicts of interest: There are no conflicts of interest

Research quality and ethics statement: The authors of this manuscript declare that this scientific work complies with reporting quality, formatting, and reproducibility guidelines set forth by the EQUATOR Network. The authors also attest that this clinical investigation was determined to require Institutional Review Board/Ethics Committee review, and the corresponding protocol/approval number is KIDS/RES/004/2020.

References:

  1. Fact sheet. Road Traffic Injuries. WHO. https://www.who.int. Accessed March 2021.

  2. Elvik R. How much do road accidents cost the National Economy. Accident Analysis & Prevention December 2000;32(6): 849-51.

  3. Awasthi S, Pamela G, Solanki HK, Kaur A, Bhatt M. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of first aid among the commercial drivers in the Kumaon region of India. J Foren Med Res. 2019;8(6):1994-1998.

  4. Advanced Trauma Life Support. Student Course Manual. American College of Surgeons. 2018. https://viaaerearcp.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/atls-2018.pdf.

  5. Raje S, Patki M, Nizami Z, Oke S. Evaluation of Knowledge and Practices about First Aid among Medical Students. Res Med J. 2017;1(2):5-8.

  6. Joseph N, Kumar G, Babu Y, Nelliyanil M, Bhaskaran U. Knowledge of first aid skills among students of a medical college in Mangalore city of South India. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(2):162-166.

  7. Tan EC, Severien I, Metz JC, Berden HJ, Biert J. First aid and basic life support of junior doctors: A prospective study in Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Med Teach. 2006;28:189–92

  8. Jevon P. First aid in the dental practice. BDJ Team 2016;3:16155.

  9. Mathew S. Awareness of first aid among undergraduate students in Ajman, UAE. IOSR J Den Med Sci. 2016; 15(6):30-38.

  10. Pei L, Liang F, Sun S, Wang H, Dou H. Nursing students' knowledge, willingness, and attitudes toward the first aid behaviour as bystanders in traffic accident trauma: A cross-sectional survey. Int J Nurs Sci. 2018;6(1):65-69.

  11. Alsayali R. Awareness, knowledge, attitude and practices of first aid skills among medical and non-medical students at Taif University. WFM 2019;17(11):34-43.

  12. Khan A. Knowledge, attitude and practices of undergraduate students regarding first aid measures. J Park Med Assoc. 2010;60:68-72.

  13. Halawani LM, Alghamdy SD, Alwazae MM, Alkhayal WA. Knowledge and attitude of Saudi female university students about first aid skills. J Family Community Med. 2019;26(2):103–07.

  14. Chandrasekaran S, Kumar S, Bhat SA, Saravanakumar, Shabbir PM, Chandrasekaran V. Awareness of basic life support among medical, dental, nursing students and doctors. Indian J Anaesth. 2010;54:121–6.

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

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One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
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List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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