International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 07, April, 2021

Pages: 97-105

Date of Publication: 12-Apr-2021


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Prevalence of Post-Partum Depression and the Associated Risk Factors Among Materials in Al-Madinah City 2019

Author: Khalid Ahmad Amara, Somaya Mohammad Mahfouz Alshereif, Reham Mohammad Kharabah

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD), a type of mood disorder, is the most frequently noted morbidity during the postpartum period. Objective: To investigate the prevalence and assess risk factors of postpartum depression symptom among post-partum mother in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of 360 post-partum mothers delivered in the hospitals in Al-Madinah city, from January to February 2019 in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The data were analyzed with Version 22.0 of the Statistical Package for Social Science. Descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation, Mann Whitney test and Kruskal Wallis test were used. Results: The prevalence of post-partum depression PPD among post-partum mothers was 23%, with a mean score of 9.0\?5.0. Post-partum depression was significantly higher among mothers who delivered at the house, those who had depression during a previous pregnancy and those who had a family history of PPD. (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Post-partum depression was found in one-third of the post-partum mothers who included in the study. Women who had previously been diagnosed with PPD reported a family history of PPD were at particularly high risk for postpartum depression. To prevent and treat postpartum depression, special care should be provided to women reporting risk characteristics.

Keywords: Postpartum depression (PPD), risk factors, Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Postpartum depression (PPD), a type of mood disorder, is the most frequently noted morbidity during the postpartum period.1 PPD is defined as " in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders as major depression with postpartum onset with episodes of depression beginning within 4 weeks of giving birth"2 It is a non-psychotic depressive state that begins in the post-partum period, after the childbirth, it is a mood disorder that can occur at any time during the first year after delivery.3

           PPD affects the health of both the mother and her children, especially mother-child bonding and the relationships among family members.3,4 Several studies have found that risk factors for depressive symptoms are clustered into five main groups: 1.biological, consisting of changes in hormone levels and the age of mother; 2.physical, consisting of chronic health problems and antenatal depression; 3.psychological, consisting of prenatal anxiety, stress, lack of social support and stressful life; 4.obstetrics/paediatrics, consisting of unwanted pregnancy, history of loss of pregnancy and severely ill infants; 5.and socio-cultural, consisting of the status of mother and poverty.3-8 PPD has been associated with catastrophic consequences, such as mother suicide and infanticide.3 Financial shortage, infant gender, domestic violence, hunger, and smoking during pregnancy have been reported as risk factors of PPD.3,4,9

         Although PPD is a major health issue for many women from diverse cultures, this condition often remains undiagnosed.10 The use of screening scales is an easy, simple and cost-effective way to identify women who are at risk of depression.1,11 The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is the most widely used screening tool in identifying PPD,1,12-14 and it has been validated and used in many countries, including Saudi Arabia.15

       PPD is the most common childbirth complication1 which affects 10%–15% of women in high-resource countries.16 However, the prevalence is also considerably high in developing countries, including India (23%)17, Pakistan (44%)18 and Vietnam (33%).19 In Saudi Arabia studies the prevalence was 33.0%-49.5%.15,20

         Post-partum depression symptom represents a common problem among post-partum mother due to several factors. PPD symptoms result from a combination of biochemical, physical and emotional factors. The main biochemical factor causing PPD symptoms is reduced hormonal levels which lead to chemical changes in the brain that may activate mood swings. The researcher has a special interest in depression, particularly among post-partum mothers. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and assess risk factors of postpartum depression symptom among post-partum mothers in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This study was across sectional descriptive study among post-partum mothers delivered in the hospitals in Al-Madinah city. Post-partum mothers with substances abuse or bipolar major depressive disorder were excluded. The calculated sample size was 360 with 95% confidence limits, 5% accepted errors, the prevalence of PPD syndrome =30%, 3and with 10% (30 nurses) was added to the sample to avoid withdrawing and refusing to participate.

       The required sample size was divided equally to cover the three hospitals (National guard, Ohod, and MMCH hospitals) (120 post-partum mothers/ hospital).

Valid structured self –administered questionnaire. The questionnaire is to obtain from previous study 15and it contains three main parts: A – Socio-demographic characters. B – pregnancy and delivery characteristics. C – The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

The dependent variable of the study was the post-partum depression scale. And the independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics and pregnancy and delivery characteristics. Data was entered and processed by using SPSS software version 21 for analysis and interpretation. P-Value is considered statistically significant if it is ≤ 0.05.

     The following approvals were obtained: research ethical committee, the supervisor of the general training program, primary healthcare centre PHCC director. Written consent was obtained from each participant. And the collected data was handled confidentially.

RESULT

Normality

The Shapiro-Wilk statistic test was done for the following continuous variables Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDs score, age, children number, labour duration, and gravidity).The result were (0.906, 0.983, 0.925, 0.583, and 0.95) with (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001). Indicating non normally (non-parametric)  distributed.

A total of 360 postpartum females who completed the demographic,  obstetric variables section and the EPDS questionnaire were included in this study. The average age was 32.1 ± 7.2 years, 93.1% were Saudi. Only 26 (7.2%) were smokers. More than half 209 (58.1%) were housewives, 119 (33.1%) were students. More than half 194 (53.9%) had a university degree and 204 (56.7%)from group monthly income more than 8000 SR, 100 (27.8%) attend high school and 106 (29.4%) from group monthly income 5000-8000 SR. The majority of the participants reported that their husband was employed 303 (84.2%), with a university degree or higher (79.1%) (Table 1).

   Out of the 360 postpartum females, 101 (28.2%) reported a medical problem, 15 (4.2%) reported Previous psychological problems and 68 (19%) reported a family history of PPD (Table 2).

     Out of the 360 postpartum females 206 (57.2%) planned for pregnancy, 101 (28.1%)  reported medical problems during pregnancy, those who had  Marital problems numbered 69(19.2%), those who suffered from depression during last pregnancy at least for one semester numbered 340 (94.4%). Out of the 360 postpartum females 298 (82.8%) delivered in governmental hospital and 56 (15.6%) delivered in a private hospital, those who spent Puerperal duration in her family house numbered 204 (56.7%), most of the female 232 (64.5%) delivered Spontaneously, 281 (78.1%) reported that baby gender they wish. More than two-third 265 (73.6%) and 253 (70.2%) reported (very good- excellent) prenatal and postnatal care respectively.

3.06/0boy, 184 (51.1%) baby reported a medical problem, and 169 (46.9%) reported bottle feeding (Tables 3-5 and Figures 1-3).

    The EPDS mean score was 9.0±5.0 rang (0-30), and the median score was 7 with quartile (2,12). The score was divided into two categories with cut off > 13, out of the 360 mothers, 81 (23%) had depressive symptoms (EPDS score > 13), and 271 (77%) did not have depressive symptoms (EPDS scores ≤13) (Figure 4).

    The results showed a significant association between PPD and the following sociodemographic and medical characteristics (maternal age, maternal education, maternal occupation, monthly income, being smoker, prenatal care, postnatal care, baby gender, semester depression, family history of PPD and previous psychological problems) were older age, lower level of education, working mother, lower monthly income, being smoker, depression during pregnancy, lower level of prenatal care, lower level of postnatal care, having boy, positive family history of PPD and previous psychological problems showed higher scores in EPDS (p=0.003, p=0.036, p=0.007, p=0.019, p=0.023, p<0.0001, p=0.009, p=0.014, p=0.044, p<0.0001and p=0.014) respectively (Tables 6 and 7).

DISCUSSION

       Several studies were conduct about the prevalence of PPD and the associated risk factors, where PPD had big influence on the baby emotional and social development and this influence continue during teenage and adult years.20,21 In industrial countries there is rapid screening for PPD so an early intervention can be done to decrease the negative effects of PPD on mothers and babies lives.20,22

         The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and assess risk factors of post-partum depression symptom among post-partum mother in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

Results of this study showed that almost the fourth of participants mothers(23%) had depressive symptoms during post-partum period. This score was lower than previous studies in Saudi Arabia and Nepal which reported the prevalence of PPD 30-33% with cut off score ≥10,3,15,20 also the results from Pakistan studies showed that the prevalence was a range between 28%-63%,23 and in Indian studies the prevalence was between (15.0%-26.0).24

          While the current prevalence was higher than other studies with the cut of ≥ 12 with the prevalence of  6%-12%,20,25,26 and when the cut off ≥ 13 the prevalence was 15.4% in the Turkey study.20

         This Variety in the prevalence rate could be due to multi-cultural and multi-social factors, the difference cut off, sample size and methods. 3,20,26-29

            The findings of the current study showed that mother aged more older mothers are more likely to develop PPD than younger mother (r=0.163, p value=0.03), similar results were found in Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Nepal and Canada studies the authors reported a high prevalence of PPD among women aged 35-40,2,29 in contrast in Turkey and Canada studies the authors reported high prevalence of PPD among young mother. 3,27,30,31

Several studies investigated the association between PPD occurrence and sociodemographic data (mother's education and occupation, monthly income and father's education and occupation),32-36 where the results showed contradictory evidence, in Nepal, Singapore, Turkey and Saudi study there was no association between mother's education level, occupation and low monthly income and PPD, 2,3,20,27 while in other studies there was a positive association between PPD and mother's lower education, being a housewife, and lower monthly income,3,20,27,37-42 also in 2007 study the authors reported a significant association between lower partner education and occupation and PPD.27,43 In contrast in 2017 Saudi Arabia study, the authors reported a significant association between PPD and mother low educational level, working mothers and high monthly income.15 In the current study showed consistent with the previous study regarding mother occupation and monthly income , where, working mothers and high monthly income had higher rate of PPD. Controversy the result showed that mother high educational level had the highest prevalence of PPD.

         This differences in the percentage could be due to several factors such as socio-economic factors, sample size, and studies nature.

         The current study findings showed that any medical problems in any time before or during pregnancy, during or after delivery had a strong effect on developing PPD (p=0.03p=0.004,p=0.03,p=0.01), this consistent with previous studies,2,3,20,32,44-46 In Saudi Arabia study the authors reported a significant association between anaemia during pregnancy and PPD,20 in Singapore study there was a significant association between medical problem during pregnancy such as Gestational diabetes mellitus  GDM and hypertension and PPD.20,47,48

          Besides, stressful life such as family problem, week relation with the husband or his family, previous psychological problems especially anxiety, exhausts, pregnancy depression, tearful and lack of sleep, and family history of PPD either first-degree relative or second-degree relative,2,3,15,20,32 In Nepal studies the authors reported that there is the relation between PPD and early contractions during pregnancy and maternity blues after seven days from delivery,3,49 in Turkey study the authors confirmed the relation between PPD and antepartum depressive symptoms which assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale- Depression HADS-D, and they reported that thinking in committing suicidal during pregnancy is a high-risk factor in developing PPD (odds ratio 6.99, CI 2.08– 23.49),27,50,51 similar results were found in Singapore study where the authors reported high prevalence of PPD among women with previous psychological problems.2,47,48 Inconsistent, the current study reported a significant relationship between the high score of EPDS and having previous psychological problems (p<0.0001), depression during last pregnancy (p=0.014) and having a family history of PPD (p<0.0001).

         Regarding planning pregnancy and baby gender, the results of the current study showed no significant association between developing PPD and unplanned pregnancy. While there was a significant association between developing PPD and baby gender (p=0.04), this controversy with Turkey study.27

         Several studies reported that breastfeeding decreases the risk of developing PPD. Where in the Riyadh study the score of EPDS was lower at 2 and 4 months (p < 0.0037 and p < 0.0001, respectively).52 Also in the Spain study, the authors reported that the long duration of exclusive breastfeeding the huge reduction of PPD  incidence. 53This consistent with the result of the current study, where the lowest score was among mothers who breastfeeding 4 scores for breastfeeding 8 scores for bottle vs 9 scores for mixed feeding.

          According to educational level, occupation and monthly income, this could be due to the facts that educational and employed women have more responsibilities and stressful life.  Regarding age factor, previous pregnancies, place of delivery and previous pregnancy complications.  This result could be because women who have several experiences and were pregnant had more responsibilities, previous experience with pain and pregnancy’ problem such as thick child, long labour, health problems.

CONCLUSION

     Post-partum depression was reported among fourth of participant mothers. Both prenatal and postnatal care had a significant effect on developing PPD. Also, PPD was higher among boys’ mothers than girls’ mothers. Mothers with PPD were those older, higher educator, employed, high monthly income, those who previous psychological problems or depression,  and those with a family history of PPD. We recommend that primary health care providers are requested to provide the necessary health education about PPD for all pregnant women through ANC. Encourage pregnant women to talk about PPD with their doctors. Mothers with a previous diagnosis of PPD or other psychological problems need more support from husbands and families. Further nation-wide studies on the assessment of PPD  need to be conducted in larger sample size and regions other than AlMadinah Almunawarah, to identify the prevalence and associated risk factors.

Source(s) of support: Nil

Presentation at a meeting: Nil

Conflicting Interest (If present, give more details): Nil

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Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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