International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 3(9), September, 2011

Pages: 103-108

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Author: Sandesh Kumar Sharma, S. S. Chowhan, Kiran Sharma

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Objective: Importance of Role of Management to improve working of Basic Health Units at gross root level which include Primary Health Care Centres (PHC) and Sub-Centers in deliverance of Quality Health Services through practical measures. Design: A qualitative study Place and Duration: Study was conducted in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Methodology: The Basic Health Units of Jaipur were taken as a model for Study and was carried out in following steps Survey: Physical survey was carried out at PHC and Sub-Centers. ?Interviews: Interviews through personal interaction with all stake holders of basic health units of Jaipur involving health care providers which included Doctors, ANM and Dispensers. Results: As a result of these surveys and interviews it was observed that the Service Providers lacked required degree of training, awareness and commitment. Conclusion: At Jaipur, Health Care Facilities are far from perfection in terms of Quality. The effective and efficient health care system at basic health units is dependent on the introduction of quality management and is considered the essence of its success which is possible through training and creating awareness about its benefits.

Keywords: WHO (World Health Organization), PHC (Primary Health Care Centre), ANMs (Auxilliary Nurse Midwives), LHVs Lady Health Visitors.

Full Text:


Health Care System in Country has been designed on the model of World class Health Care Standards adopted Universally under W H O. India has an extensive public sector service delivery infrastructure based on three tiered healthcare delivery system that is Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Jaipur district consists of 13 Tehsils spread over vast land, with a population of 4,390,531 approximately. To provide Basic Health Services to the people of rural area of Jaipur, both Government and Private sectors have been striving hard. For this purpose the public sector has 5 primary health care centres and 36 sub-centres (Table 01). The Primary Health Centre (PHC) is looked after by a Medical Officer, Block Extension Educator, one Female Health Assistant, a Dispenser, a driver and laboratory technician. PHC is equipped with necessary facilities to carry out small surgeries (Table 02 and 03). In private sector, NIMS University is the major player to provide Health Care services to the residents of Jaipur. NIMS University has established a Health Care Service Centre in Achrol Jaipur. In Today‘s world, developing countries face serious issues of Equity and fairness in health care delivery management with even a greater need to transform the management systems and practice.2 For this purpose following steps are inevitable. (i) Training: intensive and vide spectrum of training programme in Health Care System to all the stake holders at different tiers need to be started. (ii) Qualification: Job preference for those who attend the programme and qualify for delivery and management. (iii) Benefits: Attractive salary and incentive package for medical staff combined with improved working and living conditions to those fulfilling above two conditions. Other important aspects to look into are Preservice orientation programme and regular in-service training, a supportive monitoring and supervisory mechanism.3 The stress must be on proper training of support staff which includes Auxilliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) / Lady Health Visitors (LHVs). The Support Worker role is highly effective therefore proper training and adequate supervision is experienced and the support worker is entrusted with a considerable degree of freedom to act.4 Once the trained people come up and perform all the assigned goals, the difference will also be seen in the health statistics and in turn diminish the ever growing pressure of population in the region that has allowed rapid transmission of communicable diseases like malaria, tuberculosis (TB), leprosy, and HIV/AIDS.5 The present trend of Public Private Partnership with proper guidelines can give better results but it has to be without any political interference. Public-private interfacing in the absence of locally established principles, legislative frameworks, policies and operational strategies have been contributing to the adhoc nature of public-private engagement within the country, which has lead to skew powered relationships and lack of clarity in combined models of governance.6 Decentralization without any political influence in Health System may improve the health status. All efforts have to be concerted to support and facilitate the new system, which will mature into Institutionalization of the Health Services at the District Level. Most importantly, it will help in strengthening the Primary Health Care Services catering to the major fraction of the population.7 Assessment of the available resources, their proper allocation and efficient utilization are important considerations for providing efficient health care services. The basic resources for providing health care are:

1. Health Manpower\

2. Money and Material; and


It was observed from the record and during the visit that most of PHCs and Sub-Centers staff were not trained to perform basic function like health promotion, health education for prevention of diseases and offering antenatal, postnatal services, family planning services and immunization. Out of 41 centres 5 are PHC and 36 are SubCenters of Health Department were observed most of them are without basic amenities due to carelessness resulting in faults or damage and needed repair. Record keeping an important component of any organization was also missing. The targeted goals of Health Care for the benefit of people are achievable through trained health care workers. The benefits of health care system depend ultimately on the knowledge, skills and motivation of people responsible for delivering services.9

It was observed that poverty is the root cause of poor health status and thus it is safely assumed that for a low income segment of country, improving health is all that matters.10


A qualitative study was conducted using focus group discussions interviews to understand the quality of health services providers which included health care managers. In all, 48 interviews were conducted from health service providers comprising doctors, nurses, Auxiliary Nurse Mid-Wives (ANMs)/ Lady Health Visitors (LHVs). All participants were recruited based on convenient sampling and their availability for group discussions. The concept of Primary Health Care Centres, basic health units and its management were discussed to understand their perception about the system. Focus group interviews and in-depth discussions during the project visits to Government sector dispenseries and sub centres, it was analyzed thatmost of the health workers felt dissatisfied about the working conditions specially adequacy of man power in terms of strength, training and awareness about the system to take the fruits to the gross root level. They opened that they are forced to handle cases for which they are not trained. We gathered data from the record of different centres and modelled it for qualitative analysis which has produced the following results. Qualitative data analyses produced the following results.


To analyse and assess the working of Towns of Jaipur basic health units, during the period September 2009 till January 2010 total 48 interviews were conducted from health care providers. To maintain the quality service at primary health care, trained personnel is the need of the hour both in terms of professional as well as in managerial capacity, Record keeping is an important component of any organization was also noted lacking. To involve private sector in providing basic health facilities to the community because as this uphill task cannot be overcome by public health sector alone. Total health budget escalated from Rs.4,000 Crores to Rs.21,113.33 Crores ($4.35 billion) with special emphasis on rural healthcare and health for all, The budget allocation for the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) increased by Rs.2,057 Crores. Government must involve private sector by providing health care infrastructure such as land and / or tax holidays for the construction of much needed health facilities in rural area like Achrol. Staff should be taught to keep a holistic approach, for the reason that persons coming to PHC were not necessarily sick, he / she might have come for any other service offered at PHC. Political influence was described as serous issue on appointment, postings and the people who were absents from their duties. Political influence must be abandoned. Community consultation be made important in primary health care centers. With out any biases sar-panch from community should take notice of the problem of absenteeism and report it to the authorities concerned and ensure action as needed. Government should pay attention to improve facilities in primary health care setting in all B.H.U‘s, PHC‘s, Sub Centers, MCH Centers and dispensaries. Bring significant reduction in infant and maternal mortality through immunization coverage. There should be proper screening of high risk pregnancies during antenatal visits. Proper counselling on the use of any contraceptive. Training course in management and professional subjects for doctors, nursesand paramedical staff for better understand of primary health care is all about. Incentives and job preference to qualified and trained manpower only. Maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of worker by financial incentives. Supportive supervision, performance appraisal, career development and transparent promotion should be prioritized for improving the services and efficiency. By achieving above shall enable the people to take more control over their own health and other factors such as environment, social and personal which effect their health. Drugs alone will not solve the problem of disease, without health education


Study was carried out on the of the residents of Jaipur Rajasthan, one of the largest rural area of the State. We observed high population growth rate coupled with poor health status of the major percentage of the people and thus need extensive health care services, which unfortunately, is not available/accessible at the door steps of the common people of the area. One of the factors leading to the non availability of the health care services is the expensive and lengthy training process of doctors and nurses resulting in acute shortage of health care service providers, especially women.11 The research also showed that there is a need of proper training of employees in public health management to improve the health of the community due to the fact that more than 70% of population of the country lives in the rural area. This rural population of the country has peculiar social and cultural gender related values. Therefore, the Government of India must make the health care system more gender sensitive through appropriate training programs for the service providers along with wide community participation in decision-making processes.12 This study has shown that if we want to improve the health of our nation then we have to improve our basic health units i-e the infra structure, the facilities and most importantly the services. Services can be improved with human resources and that can be done by proper educating doctors, nurses and paramedical staff through educational programs working in primary health care centres. Incentives in terms of salary raise and job benefit must be given to service providers working in remote areas in order to motivate and encourage them to work in competitive and critical environments. In this process, the LHVs (Lady Health Visitors) are the first tiercontact of the health care system. Therefore, they care, teach, and train traditional birth attendants as they (LHVs) have to come across the underprivileged women of the rural area.13 This study also reveals the issue of maternal morbidity and mortality, in the area for the reason that it has less number of female trained staff which includes doctors, nurses and LHVS‘. So the staff should be increased, and the knowledge of the existing female staff should be upgraded. The organization and delivery of health care services in the last decade of the 20th century have been heavily influenced by two themes. First, the proposition delivered from high – volume providers can favourably affect the health status of patients served. The second theme is associated with the growing importance of quality of health care.14 To improve the effectiveness and efficiency of health care system in basic health units it is important to improve the quality of services. One way to achieve this is to have a team approach. This effort should not be one-sided on the part of top management only but also include the people who are working in basic health units (employee) and the community representative (sarpanch). Public private partnership is also important; in this type of partnership Private institution provides human resource for health units and in return government provides land and other incentive like tax relaxation etc. Everyone has to give hundred percent to improve the quality of services and the health of people. The objective of healthcare management is to accomplish the organizational puproses. The healthcare organization‘s purposes are ?to provide the community with the services it needs, at a clinically acceptable level of quality, at a publicly responsive level of amenity, at the possible cost? but doing so is its that simple?15 Largely the study is all about proper Training, Management, improved infra structure and incentives for the employees. With the Involvement of community, public private partnership is required to improve the health of nation. The management issues that need to be addressed on priority in the towns of Jaipur include improved monitoring and supervision, filling of vacant positions and training of staff must be the top priority of government. The health facilities require enhancement in terms of its services delivery system.


This is a small scale model study on the Management, Staff, Community and Public Private Partnership with emphasis on reducing constraints in order to improve the health of people. A health strategy has to be based on a determination of which are the leading health problems in the population, and what are the principal requirements to make the health care delivery system more effective. One major task of improving the health of the population is the development of human resources and educating health service providers. Equipping individuals and health service providers with the necessary knowledge will be a major step towards advancement of the health system. Sufficient number of Health teams and workers at all levels should develop a caring ethos and commit themselves to the improvement of the health status of their communities. Every effort should be made to ensure the improvement in the quality of services at all levels. Emphasis should be placed on reaching the poor, the underserved, the aged, women and children, who are amongst the most vulnerable and incentives must be given to health service providers for motivational purposes.


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7. Park.K. Park‘s Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Jabalpur:M/s Banarsidas Bhanot, Jan 2005, 18th Edition page :693.

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10. MajumdarB, AmarsiY, CarpioB. Pak community health workers Can Nurse. 1997 May;93(5):32-4.

11. Islam A. Health sector reform in Pakistan: future directions. J.Pak Med Assoc. 2002 Apr:52(4) 174-82

12. Hezekiah J. The pioneers of rural Pakistan: the Lady Health Visitors. Health Care Women Int. 1993 NovDec;14(6):493-502.

13. Tabish. A. Hospital and Health Services Administration Principles and Practice. New Delhi: Manzar Khan Oxford University Press, 2001, Page 85.

14. Nowicki. M. The Financial Management of Hospital and Healthcare Organizations, Washington, D.C.: AUPHU Press, 2001, page 03-04.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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