International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 4(20), October, 2012

Pages: 162-169

Date of Publication: 20-Oct-2012

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Author: Yousef Aldebasi

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: The regular use of contact lens for improving vision has seen an increasing trend worldwide and this can be attributed to increase in awareness through better advertisement, easy availability and handling, better products through advanced manufacturing strict guidelines. Our Objectives was to assess knowledge and compliance regarding contact lens wear and care among female college students in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from March to May, 2010, among randomly selected 50 female students of King Saud University, Riyadh, who were aged between 18 \? 25 years. Data were collected through pre-designed, pre-tested self- explained questionnaire with the help of optometrist. Results: It was found that significant number of the study population (88%) was regularly cleaning the lens case. However, only 58 percent of them cleaned their hands before putting the contact lens in the lens case while the remaining either did not clean at all (18%) or cleaned irregularly (24%). There were findings related to the habit of immersing the lens, only half the lens in the cleaning solution (34%). Regular visit to eye practitioners (38%) and use of contact lens beyond the expiry date (10%). Conclusion: It appears that primarily it is poor hand hygiene, inadequate care of the lens and the lens case, improper use of the cleaning solution and irregular follow up visits to the eye practitioners for eye check among the young female population.

Keywords: Contact lens, Saudi Arabia, eye infections, lens care.

Full Text:

Contact lens use for the correction of refractive error is gaining momentum world-wide. This could be attributed to the advancement in contact lens manufacturing technology; improved lens materials, production techniques as well as storage and care products. There have also been improvements on awareness and/or education on the proper use of contact lenses and contact lens care products. In Saudi Arabia, contact lens use has also been on the increase.[1] Apart from its use for the correction of refractive error and management of problem of ocular adnexa such as in exophthalmos to prevent exposure keratopathy or cornea problems such as keratoconus,[2, 3] contact lens has also been used for prosthetic and cosmetic reasons for example to enhance eye colour. There are lots of different designs available in terms of lens type and materials and at an affordable cost. These have made contact lens wear popular among the young people particularly females in Saudi Arabia. Contact lens can act as a vector for microorganisms to adhere to and transfer to the ocular surface if not used and cared properly. In the presence of reduced tissue resistance, microorganisms or transient pathogens can invade and colonize the cornea or conjunctiva to produce inflammation or infection.[4] Noncompliance has been implicated as one of the causes of complications in contact lens wear; the inadequate adherence to the practitioner’s instructions on the use of contact lenses and care products.[5] These complications which range from mild eye irritations to keratitis have in most cases posed a threat to the oculo-visual function. Studies,[6, 7] have identified several risk factors associated with lens wear complications in an attempt to encourage successful lens wear and to minimize disease burden. Amongst the identified risk factors, some are non-modifiable such as gender or age,[8] of which we cannot influence whereas others are modifiable such as poor hand cleaning and lens case hygiene[9] hence can be targeted in minimizing vision loss and maximizing successful lens wear. Ocular health education or knowledge in the correct and careful practice regarding contact lens wear can prevent complications resulting from the wearer's inappropriate behavior. One of the ways of investigating this is from the person's perception regarding his own knowledge of contact lens wear.[10] There are three primary areas of concern namely: contact lens wear schedule, lens care, and contact lens replacement schedule. Consequently the study of knowledge of compliance can contribute to the planning of educational and health campaigns aimed at reducing some of the ocular complications associated with contact lens wear. Whilst many eye care practitioners are familiar with the notion that many contact lens wearers are non-compliant, there is very little up-to-date objective data available to support this belief in Saudi Arabia. In this report we present independent research which describes the lens wear and care habits of female contact lens wearers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Educational status of patients is one of the factors thought to influence compliance.[11] The current study was conducted among the female college students with a primary objective to assess the knowledge and compliance of contact lens care and their practice related to contact lens use, cleaning and maintenance.

A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted using a structured questionnaire among the female students at King Saud University in Riyadh aged 18-25. The study got clearance from the University Ethics Committee and was implemented among the female students. Any female who has ever worn contact lens for any period of time and for whatever reason was enrolled in this study. To get a better understanding of some questions and to capture appropriate information, a pilot study (pre- test) was conducted on 10 students a week prior of starting research work and after review few modifications were done in the questionnaire for the final research work. A total of 50 contact lens wearers were identified and a structured questionnaire was introduced to collect the information from March to May 2010 after getting the informed consent for the participation in this study. The questionnaire was in Arabic language and had 35 questions. The tool was validated by three Optometry experts working in the Department of Optometry before using in this present study. For analysis purpose the questionnaire was also back translated in English to ensure the same meaning is conveyed. The questionnaire was based on the knowledge and practices of contact lens wear, care and its possible complications. All the questions were prepared in Arabic language and the answers were also given in Arabic language by the participants who participated in the study. The questionnaire was designed in a very comprehensive manner which consisted of 35 questions related to general demographic data, socio economic status, contact lens hygiene and hand cleaning, compliance to eye care provider's instructions and behavioral aspects. The tool was objective type which was not time consuming as the participant has to tick her answer on the appropriate box (answers being 'Yes', 'NO'and/ 'Sometimes'). The data that was collected in the questionnaires was coded and it was analyzed using Epi_info software version 3.5.1 2008, (CDC Atlanta). RESULTS Demographic characteristics: Fifty females participated in the study and their age distribution was as follows; 54% were under age group of 18- 21 years and the remaining 46% were between 22- 25years (Table-1). 74% (37) students were single while the rest 26% (13) were married (Graph -1). Out of the fifty contact lens users, 92% (46 females) were using soft lens and 8% (4 females) were RGP lens users. Majority of the participants 66% (33) were using contact lens for cosmetic purposes while the remaining 34% (17) were using for refractive purpose. It was observed that 52% (26) of them got their contact lenses from cosmetic center while 38% (19) got theirs from optical shop and only 10% (5) got their lenses prescribed from hospital (Table 2) Lens supply: It was also found that 82% (41) of the lens users were cleaning the lens case regularly. Out of fifty participants, 46 (92%) of them clean their hands before using contact lens and 4 (8%) of them doesn’t clean their hands before inserting contact lens in the eye. Only 58% (29) of them clean the hands before putting the contact lens in the lens case and remaining either do not clean at all 6 (12%) or clean sometimes 15 (30%) (Table 3) Lens care: Other significant finding of the study is that 74% (37) immerse the lens in cleaning solution completely while 26% (13) of them place the lens half immersed in the cleaning solution. It was also established that only 62% (31) of them visit the eye practitioner regularly. There was also usage of expired contact lens by 10% (5) participants regularly, and 16% (8) of them use the expired contact lens sometimes (Table-4). The distribution of subjects according to the usage of cleaning solution was shown in Graph 2. It showed 72% (36) subjects don’t have any ocular problem while on changing the cleaning solution, 24% (12) were using the same brand and the remaining 2 (4%) uses water temporarily. Compliance associated with Contact lens wear: Regarding history of lens related complications, 10% (5) reported having experienced a contact lens related complication. Patients were also queried on their knowledge of complications associated with contact lens wear. More than half of the patient surveyed (65%) reported that they had not experienced a contact lens-related complication. Pearson Chi square test was used to find out the association between the age, level of education and compliance of contact lens care based on the subject’s responses. There was a statistically significant association between age and Cleaning the lens cases (p=0.002), washing hands before inserting contact lenses (p=0.054), cleaning hands before keeping the lens in the lens cases (p=0.000), Immersing lens in cleaning solution (0.000), whereas no statistically significant association noted between age and follow up with the eye care practitioner among our subjects (p=0.109). The level of education showed statistically significant association with cleaning of lens case (p=0.005), cleaning hands before keeping lens in the lens case (p=0.000), Immersing lens in cleaning solution (p=0.002) and Follow up visits with the eye care practitioner (p=0.004), whereas washing hands before inserting contact lenses in the eye does not showed any significant association with level of education (p=0.295). (Table 5)

Contact lenses are a convenient alternative to eyeglasses and it is considered as a better option for certain eye conditions, such as keratoconus and irregular astigmatism. Contact lenses usually provide better vision and freedom of movement for some users, but improper care and cleaning of these products can cause discomfort, blurred vision and pain. Contact lenses are not only worn to correct vision and it can be worn for cosmetic or therapeutic purposes. In this study, 34% of females were found to be wearing CLs to correct refractive error and 66% were using CLs for the cosmetic purposes. In this study patient’s compliance on the use and care of contact lenses were weighed against lens supply, lens care regimen and contact lens replacement schedule. The place of contact lens supply; cosmetic centers, Optical showrooms and hospitals, has been found to be associated with contact related complications,[9] as there are limited instructions given to patients on the use of contact lenses. In this study, 52% of the participants agreed to have purchased their contact lens from the cosmetic centers while only 10% had obtained there lenses from an optometrist from hospitals. This is contrary to the recent study in Australia by Wu and Stapleton,[12] where majority (66%) of the participants was said to have obtained their lenses from the optometrist. This disparity between these studies reflects the difference in years of contact lens practices and laws on who can and cannot fit contact lenses as well as level of education given to patients in the two countries. In Saudi Arabia for instance, contact lens practice is more recent compared to Australia. Another reason for the differences in the two studies could have stemmed from the sample size and the demography of this study as the study had considered only female contact wearers. According to Claydon et al,[13] the major areas of non-compliance in contact lens wear have been highlighted as the lack of hand and lens-case hygiene, the over wearing of contact lenses, the poor attendance of patients at aftercare appointments and the inadequate use of care and maintenance systems. In our study, majority of the participants cared for their lens cases regularly and 92% of lens wearers reported cleaning their hands before putting on the lenses in the eye, and this was also seen in the study by Wu and Stapleton.[12] However, over half of the subjects (58%) actually cleaned their hands before replacing the lenses in the case. In the present study also, 74% of the participants immerse their lenses completely in the solution while cleaning the lenses. In a similar study conducted by Mayers et al,[14] 71% of contact lens wearers put their lenses directly into the lens case without rinsing and rubbing the lenses to clean them; 11 percent rinsed only, and only 7 percent performed rinseand-rub” cleaning technique. The lack of hands’ cleaning before touching the lens could introduce dirt on the lens surface which can be transferred to the eye, resulting in irritation and/or infection especially where the lenses are not properly cleaned. This study also found that 31% of contact lens wearers wait up to 12 months to replace their lens case and most the lens wearers reported to visit the optometrist regularly. A study done by Hickson-Curran et al,[15] among 787 contact lens wearers revealed that 48 percent replaced their case annually. Compliance with contact lens care and maintenance instructions is considered to be the most important aspect of the safe and comfortable use of lenses. The use of contact lenses is known to increase the microbial load in the eye which can adversely affect corneal health (16), ranging from a mild ocular redness and irritation to a very severe sight threatening situation like Acanthamoeba keratitis. Poor contact lens hygiene and microbial contamination of the lens storage case have been observed to be related to microbial keratitis(17,18,19) .A proper hand wash and hygiene plays an important role in controlling the risk of infection while handling contact lenses. In this study, 30% of subjects’ clean their hands before inserting CLs in the eye and remaining 12% doesn’t wash their hands at all. This may cause risk of ocular infections secondary to CL wear. Appropriate counseling regarding contact lens care, maintenance instructions and personal hygiene should be given to the subjects in the clear manner by eye care practitioners. Proper lens care is essential for safety and success, but so is adherence to prescribed replacement schedules and recommended wearing schedules, as well as regular return visits to the eye-care practitioner. In our study, 92% of subjects were using soft CLs and 8% were using RGP CLs. Soft contact lenses deteriorate over time as they become worn, dirty and accumulate protein deposits that cannot be removed even by elaborate cleaning. This can affect visual acuity and increase discomfort. There are chances of infection of the lens leading to corneal ulcer. Regular visit to the optometry clinic is believed to encourage prompt replacement of lenses as faults or abnormalities would be identified on time and appropriate management initiated. Also, each patient encounter is an opportunity to review and reinforce proper wearing and replacement time and contact lens care. Continually educating patients that contact lenses are medical devices and reviewing proper lens wearing and replacement schedules is the best way to avoid noncompliance.

Many patients see contact lens solely as a cosmetic item and not as a medical device. This attitude leads to the purchase of contact lens and care products from the cosmetic shops and over the internet. Therefore, there is need to enact laws that will regulate dispensing of contact lenses by unqualified persons as well as purchase or sale of contact lenses and care products over the internet. Education, improving communication, behavioral modifications are the main factors that helps to improve the compliance level in any population. When eye care practitioners dispense contact lenses, there is need to educate patients on the proper wearing schedule; for example not to sleep in lenses that are not approved for overnight wear. This gives patients the opportunity to ask to be fitted in a higher-Dk lens if overnight wear is an option. Patients should also be given helpful tips or written instruction on the steps to follow while cleaning the lenses as well as while fitting and replacing the lens in the case. Eye care practitioners should equally educate patients on the replacement schedule of their lenses. It is relatively easy to blame patients for poor compliance but experience has shown that poor compliance can be avoided or at least reduced by proper training at the initial fitting of contact lenses and reinforcement at the follow up visits. While some contact lens patients are noncompliant on purpose, most patients would be more compliant with their replacement schedule if they had reminders or a way of remembering when to replace their lenses. There should be a place on an eye care practitioners written contact lens prescription for the recommended wearing time, replacement schedule.

Contact lenses are the safest forms of vision correction when patients follow the proper care and wearing instructions. Contact lens wearers could be damaging their eyes by not using proper hygiene in caring for their lenses. Poor hand hygiene, inadequate lens care and not remembering when to come back for aftercare visits are the common non-compliant behaviors in lens wearers. Higher educational status does not always mean higher compliance amongst contact lens wearers. Proper contact lens care and regular follow-up visits to their eye care practitioner are essential for a patient’s safety and wearing success. Appropriate counseling regarding contact lens wear and care should be given to the subjects by contact lens dispensers or Optometrists or Ophthalmologists. Clean and safe handling of contact lenses is one of the most important measures where contact lens wearers should follow to protect their ocular health and sight. However, due to the limitation of the study to only females, this may not be generalized to the general population in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, there is need for more studies that will involve both, male and females.


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3. Assiri, A., et al., Incidence and severity of keratoconus in Asir province, Saudi Arabia. Br J Ophthalmol, 2005. 89: p. 1403-1406.

4. Gray, T., et al., Acanthemoeba, bacterial, and fungal contamination of contact storage cases. Br J Ophthalmol, 1995. 79: p. 601-605.

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6. McLaughlin-Borlace, L., et al., Bacterial biofilm on contact lens storage cases. Br J Ophthalmol, 1998. 84: p. 827-838.

7. Collins, M. and L. Carney, Compliance with care and maintenance procedures amongst contact lens wearers. Clin Exp Optom, 1986. 69: p. 174-177.

8. Dart, J., et al., Risk factors for microbial keratitis with contemporary contact lenses: a case study. Ophthalmology, 2008. 115: p. 1647-1654.

9. Stapleton, F., et al., The incident of contact lens-related microbial keratitis in australia. Ophthalmology, 2008. 115: p. 1655-1662.

10. De Oliveira, P., et al., self evaluation of contact lens waering and care by college students and health care workers. eye and Contact Lens Journal, 2003. 29: p. 164-167.

11. Claydon, B. and N. Efron, Non compliance in contact lens wear. Ophthal Physiol Opt, 1994. 14: p. 356-364.

12. Wu, Y. and F. Stapleton, Contact lens user profile, attitudes and level of compliance to the lens care. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, 2010. 33: p. 183-188.

13. Claydon, B., N. Efron, and C. Woods, A prospective study of non-compliance in contact lens wear. Journal of British Contact lens Assoc, 1996. 19: p. 133-140.

14. Mayers, M., Callan B., and R. Borazjani, et al. , Complaince and contamination in contact lens wear., After American Academy of Optometry meeting, 2010; San Francisco.

15. Hickson-Curran, S., R. Chalmers, and S. Sencer, Making the case for daily disposable contact lenses: patient non compliance with storage case hygiene and replacement., 2010.

16. Dart JK, Stapleton F, Minassian D. Contact lenses and other risk factors in microbial keratitis. Lancet 1991;338:650-53

17. Radford CF, Minassian DC, Dart JK. Acanthamoeba keratitis in England and Wales: incidence, outcome, and risk factors. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86:536-42

18. Butler TK, Males JJ, Robinson LP, Wechsler AW, Sutton GL, Cheng J, Taylor P, McClellan K. Six-year review of Acanthamoeba keratitis in New South Wales, Australia: 1997-2002. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2005;33(1):41-6

19. Szczotka-Flynn LB, Pearlman E, Ghannoum M. Microbial contamination of contact lenses, lens care solutions, and their accessories: a literature review. Eye Contact Lens 2010;36(2):116-29


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
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A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
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A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
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A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
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A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
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A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
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A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
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A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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