International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 05, March, 2016

Pages: 01-03

Date of Publication: 13-Mar-2016


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DEVELOPMENT AND ANALYSIS OF OIL FINISH ON COTTON FABRIC

Author: S. Grace Annapoorani, S. Yamuna Devi

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Aim: In the present scenario of environmental consciousness the requirement of environment friendly textiles is increased. Plant extracts and oils demonstrating antifungal properties may provide protection for textile application. Methodology: This study was to evaluate the antifungal properties of natural plant extracts, such as essential oils, for se on wood. Three essential oils were evaluated for their ability to inhibit growth of Aspergillus Niger, Trichoderma Reesis. Lemon grass oil, pepper mint oil and pine oil inhibited growth of fungi. Cotton fabric is chosen for the study and the selected oils are applied on to the fabric by dip dry method. Result: The treated fabric is tested with two fungal pathogens(Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma reesis). It shows the better antifungal properties. Also the fabric show better result for physical test. Conclusion: These findings support the application of essential oils for surface treatment or vapour exposure of textile to prevent fungal infection and fungal growth.

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INTRODUCTION Textile finishing is an important process in the textile industry to obtain good properties of finished fabrics such as wrinkle resistance, flame retardant, water-and-oil repellent finishing, etc. Antimicrobial textiles with improved functionality find a variety of applications such as health and hygiene products, specially the garments worn close to the skin and several medical applications, such as infection control and barrier material. Cotton is a cellulosic fiber and it has a Comfortable Soft hand, Good absorbency, Color retention, Prints well, Good strength. Lemon oil, Pine oil, Peppermint oil having antifungal properties and also having many medicinal properties.

METHODOLOGY SELECTION OF FABRIC Cotton is a cellulosic fiber and it has a Comfortable Soft hand, Good absorbency, Color retention, Prints well, Good strength. Woven cotton fabric is selected for this study.

DESIZING Desizing is the process of removing the size material from the warp yarns in woven fabrics. Sizing agents are selected on the basis of type of fabric, environmental friendliness, ease of removal, cost considerations, effluent treatment, etc.

SELECTION OF LEMON GRASS OIL Lemongrass oil is extracted from the leaves of the plant. It has a thin consistency, and a pale or bright yellow color. It has a strong, fresh, lemony, and earthy scent. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon) is a tall perennial plant from the Poaceae grass family, which thrives in tropical and subtropical regions.

Extraction: Get two lemongrass stalks and remove the leaves. Crush the stalks using a mortar and pestle to release the oil. Fill a jar with your carrier oil of choice and put the crushed stalk in it. Leave the jar for two days in a place where it can get plenty of heat and sunshine. After two days, strain the oil using the cheesecloth and transfer it into another jar. Make sure to press and squeeze the stalks until they’re completely dry. You may need to repeat the process using fresh new stalks to achieve the desired lemongrass fragrance.

SELECTION OF PEPPERMINT OIL Peppermint oil is derived from the leaves of the peppermint plant or Mentha pipertita, a hybrid of the water mint and spearmint plants, and M. arvensis var. piperascensa, a plant from the Labiatae family. The essential oil is often used as a home remedy for stomach problems, muscle pain, and headaches. Aside from being available in its oil form, peppermint oil can be found in supplemental capsule form. Extraction Wash the peppermint leaves, then crush or chop them. This will release their natural oil. Place them in the jar and pour the carrier oil. Make sure the oil covers the leaves completely. Afterward, seal the jar tightly and wait 24 hours. Next, strain the oil and add more chopped peppermint leaves and carrier oil, then reseal. Repeat this process for five days. Remove the peppermint leaves by straining and pour the oil into another container. Store in a cool place.

SELECTION OF PINE OIL Pine oil is extracted from scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris). This high, evergreen tree has a reddish-brown and deeply fissured bark that grows pair of long, stiff needles. Largely produced in the Baltic states, the essential oil from this species is a hypertensive, tonic stimulant.

EXTRACTION Pine oil is extracted by steam distillation of fresh twigs, buds and yield about 0.1 – 0.5%, although another type of oil can also be extracted by steam distilling the needle.

FINISHING ON COTTON FABRIC WITH OIL BY USING EXHAUST METHOD The fabric sample was finished with the prepared herbal extracts microcapsules according to the following recipe with 8% binder. One liter of solution containing 700 grams of capsules is used to finish one meter of fabric. The fabric was immersed in the solution with 8% binder for 30 mins under 50?C in oven. After 30 mins, the fabric was removed from the dub and air dried in shade.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

ANTIFUNGAL ASSESSMENT BY AATCC 30 – 2003 TEST METHOD The antifungal activity of the finished fabric (100% cotton woven finished with LG, PM and PI was performed using the fungal strains of Aspergillus niger and Trichodrema reesei. Zone of inhibition was seen on both the plates. The activity was found according to ATCC 30 – 2003 test method.

From the above Table I and Table II indicate that the, Trichoderma reesei (81) zone of inhibition shows a higher range of zone than Aspergillus niger (75) and lemon grass show the better antifungal result than peppermint and pine oil.

CONCLUSION The above study interprets that the natural ailing herbs can be used in the recent trends to cure many skin problems. The recent approaches that are dealing with English medicines are taking a back step leaving the herbal medicines forward. Herbal medicines are the naturally produced products that are used in the treatment of many skin problems with no chemical thus no side effects.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Firstly, I would like to express my sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr.S.Grace Annapoorani for her guidance during my research. Her support and inspiring suggestions have been precious for the development of this article contents. We acknowledge the editor and reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.

References:

1. Bajaj P., “ Finishing of Technical Textiles”, in Handbook of Technical Textiles, Horrocks A.R and Anand S.C (ed), Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, 152- 172 (2000).

2. Duke J A, Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, (CRC Press inc., Boca Raton, Fla), 1985.

3. H Mucha, D Hoter and M Swerve: Antimicrobial Finishes and Modifications, Melliand International, May 2002, Vol 8, PP 148- 151.

4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desizing

5. http://www.tradeindia.com/fp2934248/Lemongrass-Oil.html 6. articles.mercola.com/herbal-oils/peppermint-oil.aspx

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One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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Best Article Award

A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
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List of Awardees

Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Study by Dheeraj Kumar Chopra et al. entitled "Lipid-Based Solid Dispersions of Azilsartan Medoxomil with Improved Oral Bioavailability: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation" published in Vol 12 issue 19


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