IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 05, March, 2016
Date of Publication: 13-Mar-2016
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DEVELOPMENT AND ANALYSIS OF OIL FINISH ON COTTON FABRIC
Author: S. Grace Annapoorani, S. Yamuna Devi
Abstract:Aim: In the present scenario of environmental consciousness the requirement of environment friendly textiles is increased. Plant extracts and oils demonstrating antifungal properties may provide protection for textile application. Methodology: This study was to evaluate the antifungal properties of natural plant extracts, such as essential oils, for se on wood. Three essential oils were evaluated for their ability to inhibit growth of Aspergillus Niger, Trichoderma Reesis. Lemon grass oil, pepper mint oil and pine oil inhibited growth of fungi. Cotton fabric is chosen for the study and the selected oils are applied on to the fabric by dip dry method. Result: The treated fabric is tested with two fungal pathogens(Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma reesis). It shows the better antifungal properties. Also the fabric show better result for physical test. Conclusion: These findings support the application of essential oils for surface treatment or vapour exposure of textile to prevent fungal infection and fungal growth.
INTRODUCTION Textile finishing is an important process in the textile industry to obtain good properties of finished fabrics such as wrinkle resistance, flame retardant, water-and-oil repellent finishing, etc. Antimicrobial textiles with improved functionality find a variety of applications such as health and hygiene products, specially the garments worn close to the skin and several medical applications, such as infection control and barrier material. Cotton is a cellulosic fiber and it has a Comfortable Soft hand, Good absorbency, Color retention, Prints well, Good strength. Lemon oil, Pine oil, Peppermint oil having antifungal properties and also having many medicinal properties.
METHODOLOGY SELECTION OF FABRIC Cotton is a cellulosic fiber and it has a Comfortable Soft hand, Good absorbency, Color retention, Prints well, Good strength. Woven cotton fabric is selected for this study.
DESIZING Desizing is the process of removing the size material from the warp yarns in woven fabrics. Sizing agents are selected on the basis of type of fabric, environmental friendliness, ease of removal, cost considerations, effluent treatment, etc.
SELECTION OF LEMON GRASS OIL Lemongrass oil is extracted from the leaves of the plant. It has a thin consistency, and a pale or bright yellow color. It has a strong, fresh, lemony, and earthy scent. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon) is a tall perennial plant from the Poaceae grass family, which thrives in tropical and subtropical regions.
Extraction: Get two lemongrass stalks and remove the leaves. Crush the stalks using a mortar and pestle to release the oil. Fill a jar with your carrier oil of choice and put the crushed stalk in it. Leave the jar for two days in a place where it can get plenty of heat and sunshine. After two days, strain the oil using the cheesecloth and transfer it into another jar. Make sure to press and squeeze the stalks until they’re completely dry. You may need to repeat the process using fresh new stalks to achieve the desired lemongrass fragrance.
SELECTION OF PEPPERMINT OIL Peppermint oil is derived from the leaves of the peppermint plant or Mentha pipertita, a hybrid of the water mint and spearmint plants, and M. arvensis var. piperascensa, a plant from the Labiatae family. The essential oil is often used as a home remedy for stomach problems, muscle pain, and headaches. Aside from being available in its oil form, peppermint oil can be found in supplemental capsule form. Extraction Wash the peppermint leaves, then crush or chop them. This will release their natural oil. Place them in the jar and pour the carrier oil. Make sure the oil covers the leaves completely. Afterward, seal the jar tightly and wait 24 hours. Next, strain the oil and add more chopped peppermint leaves and carrier oil, then reseal. Repeat this process for five days. Remove the peppermint leaves by straining and pour the oil into another container. Store in a cool place.
SELECTION OF PINE OIL Pine oil is extracted from scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris). This high, evergreen tree has a reddish-brown and deeply fissured bark that grows pair of long, stiff needles. Largely produced in the Baltic states, the essential oil from this species is a hypertensive, tonic stimulant.
EXTRACTION Pine oil is extracted by steam distillation of fresh twigs, buds and yield about 0.1 – 0.5%, although another type of oil can also be extracted by steam distilling the needle.
FINISHING ON COTTON FABRIC WITH OIL BY USING EXHAUST METHOD The fabric sample was finished with the prepared herbal extracts microcapsules according to the following recipe with 8% binder. One liter of solution containing 700 grams of capsules is used to finish one meter of fabric. The fabric was immersed in the solution with 8% binder for 30 mins under 50?C in oven. After 30 mins, the fabric was removed from the dub and air dried in shade.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
ANTIFUNGAL ASSESSMENT BY AATCC 30 – 2003 TEST METHOD The antifungal activity of the finished fabric (100% cotton woven finished with LG, PM and PI was performed using the fungal strains of Aspergillus niger and Trichodrema reesei. Zone of inhibition was seen on both the plates. The activity was found according to ATCC 30 – 2003 test method.
From the above Table I and Table II indicate that the, Trichoderma reesei (81) zone of inhibition shows a higher range of zone than Aspergillus niger (75) and lemon grass show the better antifungal result than peppermint and pine oil.
CONCLUSION The above study interprets that the natural ailing herbs can be used in the recent trends to cure many skin problems. The recent approaches that are dealing with English medicines are taking a back step leaving the herbal medicines forward. Herbal medicines are the naturally produced products that are used in the treatment of many skin problems with no chemical thus no side effects.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Firstly, I would like to express my sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr.S.Grace Annapoorani for her guidance during my research. Her support and inspiring suggestions have been precious for the development of this article contents. We acknowledge the editor and reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.
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