International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, ResearchBib, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, BOAI, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, e-Print, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg, SciPeople.

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Readers around the world

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 04 Issue 05, March, 2012

Pages: 63-68

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

INVITRO ANTIBACTERIAL SCREENING OF ARCTOSTAPHYLOS UVA URSI LEAF EXTRACT ON SELECTED ORAL PLAQUE FORMING MICROORGANISMS

Author: Lakshmi.T, Aravind Kumar S, Arun A.V

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Oral health influences the general quality of life and poor oral health is linked to chronic
conditions and systemic diseases. dental caries/plaque is an extremely prevalent infectious
disease that has been shown to be associated with serious health problems. The objective of our
study is to evaluate the antibacterial activity of ethanolic leaf extract of Arctostaphylos Uva ursi
against selected cariogenic oral bacteria that causes dental plaque in fixed orthodontic
appliances patients. Arctostaphylos Uva ursi is used medicinally since second century. the
ethanolic extract of uva ursi leaf were used to find out the antibacterial potency against
streptococcus mutans, streptococcus mitis streptococcus sanguis ,streptococcus salivarius,
streptococcus sobrinus and Lactobacillus acidophilus. the extract exhibited significant
antibacterial activity against streptococcus mitis, streptococcus mutans ,streptococcus sanguis
& streptococcus salivarius, streptococcus sobrinus with minimum bactericidal concentration of
1mg/ml and 5mg/ml respectively. whereas, the extract does not show antibacterial activity
against Lactobacillus acidophilus.

Keywords: Arctostaphylos Uva ursi, anti bacterial evaluation, MBC, oral bacteria, dental plaque.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
Orthodontic treatments may induce oral ecologic changes, leading to increase of Streptococcus mutans in saliva and plaque.[1,2 3] Orthodontic brackets play a significant role in gathering microbial plaque .[4, 5] Orthodontic appliances, both fixed and removable, impede the maintenance of proper oral hygiene and result in plaque accumulation. Many studies report that changes in the dental flora occurs after starting the orthodontic treatment. Human dental plaque was one of the ecosystems in which microorganism was first observed. dental plaque refers to the aggregates of bacterial cell embedded in a polysaccharide and protein matrix which adheres to the teeth by a characteristic bacterium, Streptococcus mutans. This organism metabolizes sucrose in a peculiar way, producing an extracellular adhesive polysaccharide , a sticky insoluble glucan which promotes the firm adherence of the organisms to the tooth surface contribute the formation of dental plaque, subsequently leads to localized decalcification of the enamel surface .[6,7] Arctostaphylos uva ursi which is also known as bearberry, grows in the northern United States and Europe. In fact, until the discovery of sulfa drugs and anti-biotics, Uva Ursi is the treatment of choice for bladder and related infections through modern day scientific research in test tubes and animals, researchers have discovered that Arctostaphylos uva ursi's antibacterial properties, which can fight infection, are due to several chemicals, including arbutin and hydroquinone.[ 8] The herb also contains tannins that have astringent effects, helping to shrink and tighten mucous membranes in the body. That, in turn, helps reduce inflammation and fight infection.uva ursi is used to treat cystitis. It increases renal circulation and stimulates tubular function. [9] The leaves, long used by practitioners of herbal medicine, have antiseptic effects. The leaf extract is also a diuretic, helping to remove excess liquids from the body. As a popular home remedy, Arctostaphylos uva ursi was traditionally used for treatment of renal infections, and renal stones. It was also recommended for treatment of bronchitis. The herb has also been used as a general tonic for weakened kidneys, liver or pancreas. Native Americans used it as a remedy for headaches, to prevent and cure scurvy and to treat urinary tract infections. [10] This herb helps prevent postpartum infection. Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi is also helpful for chronic diarrhea. as a nutritional supplement and muscle relaxant, it soothes, strengthens, and tightens irritated and inflamed tissues. The herb neutralizes acidity in the urine, increasing urine flow, therefore reducing bloating and water retention, making it beneficial for weight loss. Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi's astringent properties may also assist in the treatment of some bed wetting problems. [11] Japanese researchers conducted a study on comparing arbutin extracted from Arctostaphylos Uva ursi with indomethacin and proved it as good anti inflammatory drug, the results was published in Journal of pharmacological society of Japan. Research shows uvaursi possess potent anti bacterial,anti fungal ,anti plaque, [12] anti viral activity. Several anti-plaque agents are being available in the market. However, due to several unwanted side effects associated with these agents stimulated the search for alternate agents .[13] In recent years, there has been focus on plants or plant products used in folk dental practice for curing oro dental infections .[14] Hence an attempt was made to evaluate the antibacterial potency of Arctostaphylos Uva ursi leaf extract against selected oral microbes causing dental plaque in fixed orthodontic appliance patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Plant material Arctostaphylos Uva ursi ethanolic leaf extract were obtained from Green Chem Herbal Extracts and Formulations. Bangalore, India Test microorganisms Bacterial strains used were streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) ,streptococcus salivarius (ATCC 25975),streptococcus mitis (ATCC 9811),streptococcus sanguis(ATCC 10556) streptococcus sobrinus (ATCC 27607)Lactobacillus acidophillus (ATCC 4356).The organisms were obtained from Department of Microbiology , Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai . Methodology The herbal extract 200mg were weighed aseptically into a sterile tube and dissolved in 2ml of sterile Tryptic soy Broth (TSB).From the stock solution various concentrations were prepared,viz.,62µg,125 µg, 250 µg,500 µg/100µl ,1mg,5mg,10mg/100µl respectively in to wells of micro plates.100µl of these concentration were taken and the plates were incubated at 37°C for 24hrs.

Screening of Antibactericial activity The tested organisms was grown in (TSB) Tryptic soy broth medium [Hi media ,Mumbai] for 24hrs at 37°C and concentration was adjusted to 0.5 McFarland standard.[15-17]The above concentration of extracts were taken in 100µl quantities in a U bottom micro culture plates. 100µl of the bacterial suspension was added to each well. control well received plain broth without plant extract. the plates were kept in sealed covers and incubated at 37°C overnight and growth/no growth was detected. All the tests were done in duplicate to minimize the test error. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) Minimum inhibitory concentration of herbal extracts against tested microorganism was determined by broth culture method .[18] A series of two- fold dilution of each extract ( 62 µg/100µl to 10mg/100µl) was made in to which 100μl of the standardized bacterial suspension containing 106 organisms was made in Tryptic soy broth as specified by National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS, 1990)[22]The control well received plain broth without herbal extract .The plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 hours and observed for visible growth. As the extracts were colored, MIC could not be read directly by visual methods. hence subcultures from all the wells were made and growth/no growth is detected. then the MBC were obtained. Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) The MBCs were determined by selecting wells that showed no growth . The least concentration, at which no growth was observed, were noted as the MBC RESULT and DISCUSSION The human mouth is a unique infrastructure. Our teeth is capable of holding a great deal of germs.In fact, dental plaque itself contains 1,000 bacteria. For this reason, dental plaque is considered the human body?s most diverse form of biofilms.[19] Dental plaque , a colorless biofilm that forms around the tooth surfaces. It can attach on every tooth surface especially on intedental surface, occlusal surface, irregular surface of the tooth enamel, and close with the gingival tissue. The biofilm forms just 1-2 minutes after brushing your teeth. The teeth are covered by a film of salivary mucoproteins which is colonized by 350 different kind of bacteria. The most important are Streptococcus mutans, salivaris, mitis, Lactobacillus, acidophillus etc.They use carbohydrates stuck on the tooth surface for their metabolism and multiply making dental plaque thicker and more complex. Dental plaque can also give rise to dental caries (tooth decay) or periodontal disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis.[20] Fixed orthodontics may be associated with accumulation of Mutans Streptococci (MS), enamel demineralization, and an increased number of carious lesions, predominantly in sites adjacent to brackets.[.21 ] Multi bracket orthodontic appliances increase dental plaque retention and make teethbrushing more difficult for patients. As a result, advice from the orthodontist on oral hygiene along with patient motivation regarding teeth brushing are particularly important One change that alters the nature of dental plaque is the placement of orthodontic bands and arch wires. In a study Bloom and Brown [22 ] found an average increase of 90,000 lactobacilli/ml of saliva in orthodontic patients after the placement of bands and arch wires. Since lactobacilli require a special plaque environment, this 3,500% increase represents a striking change in the plaque after banding procedures. In our study table 1 indicates that Arctostaphylos Uva ursi ethanolic leaf extract shows No growth (MBC) at a concentration of 5mg/ml against streptococcus mutans and streptococcus mitis.and streptococcus sobrinus. The extract also shows No growth (MBC) at a concentration of 1mg/ml against streptococcus sanguis and streptococcus salivarius. In conclusion , Arctostaphylos Uva ursi leaf extract is highly effective against streptococcus sanguis , streptococcus salivarius and less effective against streptococcus sobrinus streptococcus mutans and streptococcus mitis comparatively.however the extract showed no activity against lactobacillus acidophillus. Our finding suggest the presence of No growth is an indication of high effectiveness of the extract whereas presence of Growth indicates the less effectiveness of the extract , that is documented in table 1

CONCLUSION
Orthodontics help both children and adults not only with achieving a beautiful smile but with dental health as well. For instance, overcrowded teeth can cause problems with brushing and flossing creating the perfect breeding ground for cavity-causing bacteria and plaque. The occurrence of mutans streptocooci and streptococcus sobrinus together makes the oral environment more conductive to caries/plaque. acid production by both S. mutans and S. sobrinus plays an important role in the pathology of dental caries/plaques..the results of our study clearly indicates that ethanolic extract of Arctostaphylos Uvaursi possess good anti bacterial activity against oral plaque forming microbes , hence we conclude that Arctostaphylos uvaursi as an potent antibacterial herb to treat dental plaque associated with fixed appliances patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. further studies are also required to isolate and elucidate the bioactive principle responsible for anti bacterial activity of the herbal extract.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Our Heartfelt thanks to Mr.Rajendran, Green Chem Herbal Extracts and Formulations, Bangalore, India for Providing us the ethanolic leaf extract of Uva ursi as a gift sample to conduct this In vitro Study and we wish to thank Dr.Auxilia Hemamalini, HOD of Microbiology , Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals,Chennai for providing the test organisms for the study.

Conflict of Interest
Nil

References:

1 F. Lundström and B. Krasse, “Caries incidence in orthodontic patients with high levels of Streptococcus mutans,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 117–121, (1987).

2 F. Lundström and B. Krasse, “Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli frequency in orthodontic patients; the effect of chlorhexidine treatments,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 109–116, (1987).

3 S.-J. Ahn, B.-S. Lim, and S.-J. Lee, “Prevalence of cariogenic streptococci on incisor brackets detected by polymerase chain reaction,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial orthopedics Volume 131, Number 6 June (2007).

4 S.-J. Ahn, B.-S. Lim, H.-C. Yang, and Y.-I. Chang, “Quantitative analysis of the adhesion of cariogenic streptococci to orthodontic metal brackets,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 666– 671, (2005).

5 B. Øgaard, E. Larsson, R. Glans, T. Henriksson, and D. Birkhed, “Antimicrobial effect of a chlorhexidine-thymol varnish (cervitec) in orthodontic patients. A prospective, randomized clinical trial,” Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 206–213, (1997).

6 Scherp HW (1971) Dental caries: Prospects for prevention. Science. 173, 1199-1205.

7 Ooshima T, Minami T, Aono W, Tamura Y and Hamada S (1994) Reduction of dental plaque formation in humans by Oolong tea extracts. Caries Res. 28, 146-149.

8 Beaux D, Fleurentin J, Mortier F. Effect of extracts of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth, Hieracium pilosella L., Sambucus nigra L. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. in rats. Phytother Res. 13(3):222- 225(1999).

9 Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Boston: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000:389-393.

10 Chauhan B, Yu C, Krantis A, Scott I, Arnason JT, Marles RJ, Foster BC. In vitro activity of uva-ursi against cytochrome P450 isoenzymes and Pglycoprotein. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2007;85(11):1099-107.

11 Sunshine herbs available at http://hartonweb.com/nspherbs/sunshineherbsyuma.com/?sn=71 0-9

12 Schee A (1989) Modes of action of currently known chemical antiplaque agents other than chlorohexidine. J. Dental. Res. 68, 1609-1601.

13 Memory FE (1986) In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Clinical Pharmacology in Devceloping Countries (Eds. Saxena RC and Gupta TK), pp: 1-9.

14 J.H Jorgenson and John turniegd Susceptibility test methods dilution and disc diffusion methods,Manual of Clinical microbiology vol 1 ,9th edition pg no.1153-1172.ASM Press Washington.

15 Betty A.Forbes., Daniel F.Sahm., Alice S.Weissfeld. Bailey and Scott?s Diagnostic Microbiology 11th edition Mosby page no 229 – 257.

16. Ananthanarayan R and Paniker„s: Textbook of Microbiology: 8th edition: Publishers University Press: Hyderabad (2009): 618.

17. Jennifer MA: Determination of Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2001; 48, (SI): 5 -16.

18. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards: Methods for Disc Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically: NCCLS Document M2-A7: National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards: Wayne, USA: 2000; 7.

19. http://www.dentalcareplan.com/treatment-dental-plaque/

20. Dentalplaque biofilms available at http://dentalcarestamford.com/pdf/Dent a%20Plaque%20Biofilms.pdf

21. Derks A, Katsaros C, Frencken JE, van?t Hof MA, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM. Caries-inhibiting effect of preventive measures during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances Caries Res. 2004 Sep-Oct; 38(5): 413-420.

22. Bloom, R.H., and Brown, L.R.: A Study of the Effects of Orthodontic Appliances on the Oral Microbial Flora, Oral Surg, 17:758-767, 1964.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Leow Jun Xian and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. entitled "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. entitled "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Study by Dheeraj Kumar Chopra et al. entitled "Lipid-Based Solid Dispersions of Azilsartan Medoxomil with Improved Oral Bioavailability: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation" published in Vol 12 issue 19


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2021 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions