International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 06, March, 2014

Pages: 01-08

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A STUDY OF MUSCULAR BRANCHES OF RADIAL NERVE: SIGNIFICANCE IN TREATMENT OF HUMERAL FRACTURE

Author: Bharati Prabhakar Nimje, P. S. Bhuiyan

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:The most common indications for surgical exposure of the radial nerve, along its course from axillary fossa to proximal part of forearm is repair of its open or closed traumatic injuries, surgical removal of nerve tumors and for treatment of entrapment neuropathies. Purpose of this work was to analyze topographical relations of radial nerve in the arm with reference to easily detectable anatomical landmarks. 114 upper limbs from 57 formalin-fixed cadavers were dissected meticulously to expose the radial nerve from its origin to its termination. The distance of origin of radial nerve and origin of branch to long head of triceps brachii and branch to medial head of triceps brachii originating in axilla is measured from tip of coracoid process of scapula. The distance of origin of branch to lateral head of triceps brachii and branch to medial head of triceps brachii originating in radial groove were measured from medial epicondyle of humerus. Distance of origin of branch to brachioradialis, branch to extensor carpi radialislongus and branch to anconeus were measured from the lateral epicondyle of humerus. Although efforts have been made by several authors to obtain precise anatomical data regarding the course of radial nerve and its topographical relations, measurements of radial nerve position with reference to reliable anatomical landmarks in the arm are seldom reported.This data will be useful for understanding the effect of entrapment or traumatic lesions along the course of radial nerve, for choosing the correct procedures and for allowing safe positioning of fixation implants.

Keywords: Radial nerve, triceps brachii, radial groove, medial epicondyle, topography, entrapment

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Nature created the radial nerve to enable us to perform a variety of tasks with our arms, ranging from riding a scooter to performing complicated surgical procedure, not to mention various day to day activities. Anatomical knowledge is required for performing physical examination and diagnostic tests, interpreting their results and instituting treatment, particularly surgical procedures1 . Radial nerve is the one which comes in direct contact with humerus and that is why it is prone to get damaged in fracture of shaft of humerus2 . As a treatment of humeral fracture, either a closed manipulation or open reduction with internal fixation is done2 .Often, in orthopedic surgery, the radial nerve has to be exposed in order to permit the positioning of fixation implants for humeral fractures. The common operative exposure of the radial nerve in this area is the posterior approach, with the patient in lateral decubitus or in prone position.For open reduction, it is mandatory to know all the branches of radial nerve so as to save the movements of elbow and wrist. As Dr. Bergman indicates, it is only through human dissection that gross anatomical variation is really appreciated3 . Although bony structures may be altered in some pathological conditions like fractures and dislocations, anatomical landmarks may be useful for allowing surgeons to accurately identify the radial nerve, at least when normal anatomy is preserved, thus decreasing the likelihood of iatrogenic damage. Anatomical landmarks used in this study were tip of coracoid process of scapula, lateral and medial epicondyles of humerus. The parameters included in this study analyzed the topographical relationship of the radial nerve and its branches with that of the bony landmarks. In the arm, the radial nerve can be frequently injured due to fractures of the distal half of the humerus or iatrogenically after posterior surgery for open reduction and internal fixation of humeral fractures4, 5. Early exploration is advised by many authors for humeral shaft open fractures, spiral fractures and longitudinal fractures of the distal third of the humerus. Chronic radial nerve compressions at different sites at the arm are less frequently noted4 . MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study was done on 114 upper limbs of 57 cadavers. The cadavers were embalmed with 10% formalin.The upper limb in each supine cadaver was abducted and laterally rotated. Skin was incised from manubrium sterni to both xiphoid process of sternum as well as acromion process of scapula. Further, the skin was incised from xiphoid process extending upwards and laterally, along the floor of axilla, to the middle of the arm. Incision was further extended from middle of the arm up to apex of cubital fossa. The skin and superficial fascia were reflected from the deep fascia by blunt dissection. The deep fascia was then incised to expose muscles. The pectoralis major and minor muscles were reflected laterally to expose axilla. The axilla was dissected by removing loose connective tissue and fat. The axillary fascia was then incised and lymph nodes were removed to expose the cords of brachial plexus. The coracobrachialis and short head of biceps brachii muscle were then exposed. Radial nerve was identified. The long head of triceps brachii was exposed. Branches of radial nerve in axilla were identified and measured from the tip of the coracoid process by bisector and scale. (Figure 1) The cadaver was then pronated to expose the posterior aspect of the arm. The skin and superficial fascia were reflected from deep fascia by blunt dissection. The deep fascia over triceps brachii was incised. The lateral and medial heads of triceps brachii were identified. The radial nerve passes in between the two heads. To expose the radial nerve, the lateral head of triceps brachii was cut and reflected. Muscular branches of radial nerve were identified and the origin of each branch was measured from medial epicondyle by thread and scale. Radial nerve pierces the lateral intermuscular septum to come into anterior compartment of arm. (Figure 2) The cadaver was again put in supine position with arm abducted to 90o . The radial nerve was identified in-between brachialis and brachioradialis.The branches to brachioradialis, extensor carpi radialislongus muscles were identified and their origin from lateral epicondyle was measured by bisector and thread. (Figure 3)

RESULTS

1. Branch to the long head of triceps brachii (Table 1)

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to long head of triceps from the tip of the coracoid process in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 69.4mm ranging from 46mm to 96mm and that of right side was found to be 75.9mm ranging from 51mm to 99mm

2. Branch to the medial head of triceps brachii

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to medial head of triceps from the tip of the coracoid process in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 77.2mm ranging from 9mm to 104mm and that ofright side was found to be 77.8mm ranging from 50mm to 108mm. (Table 2 a) The mean distance of the origin of first branch to medial head of triceps from the medial epicondyle in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 189.1mm ranging from 139mm to 220mm and that of right side was found to be 192.8mm ranging from 153mm to 225mm. (Table 2 b)

3. Branch to lateral head of triceps brachii(Table 3)

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to lateral head of triceps from the tip of the coracoid process in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 199mm ranging from 148mm to 246mm and that of right side was found to be 201mm ranging from 152mm to 225mm. 4. Branch to brachialis (Table 4)

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to brachialis from lateral epicondyle in 7 specimens of left side was found to be 51.4 mm ranging from 43mm to 59mm and that in 6 specimens of right side was found to be 55.5 mm ranging from 49 mm to 63 mm.

5. Branch to brachioradialis (Table 5)

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to brachioradialis from lateral epicondyle in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 44.4mm ranging from 24mm to 89mm and that of right side was found to be 45.1mm ranging from 28mm to 72mm.

6. Branch to extensor carpi radialislongus (Table 6)

The mean distance of the origin of first branch to extensor carpi radialislongus from lateral epicondyle in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 41mm ranging from 20mm to 85mm and that of right side was found to be 42mm ranging from 22mm to 78mm. 7.

Branch to anconeus (Table 7)

The mean distance of the origin of branch to anconeus from lateral epicondyle in all 57 specimens of left side was found to be 67.2mm ranging from 34mm to 124mm and that of right side was found to be 68.3mm ranging from 42mm to 171mm.

DISCUSSION As per Sunderland, all the branches to triceps brachii were distributed through axilla and radial groove, in all the specimens6 . The motor branches to triceps brachii did not originate only in the axilla or only in the radial groove. The present study also confirms the same findings. As per the study done by de Seze et al., branch supplying the long head of triceps brachii arose from the axillary nerve but not from the radial nerve unlike in the present study, the branch to long head of triceps brachii arose from the radial nerve only7 . As per Sunderland, anconeus was supplied by the branch to medial head of triceps brachii which descended in the substance of that muscle6 . In the present study a branch to medial head of triceps was given from the radial nerve in the radial groove which descended in the substance of medial head of triceps brachii. This branch then divided into two branches nearer to the elbow joint one of which supplied the anconeus muscle and the other one supplied the elbow joint. According to the present study, branch given to the medial head of triceps divided 50- 100mmproximal to the lateral epicondyle of humerus. According to Sunderland, in half of the specimens, the lateral head of triceps brachii was innervated before its medial head regardless of the order of branching6 . In majority of these cases, the branch to the lateral head left the nerve before that to the medial head6 .Contradictory to it in the present study, branch to the medial head of triceps brachii arose before that of the lateral head; in the axilla. But if only radial groove was considered; Sunderland’s statement was comparable to the present study in which branch to the lateral head of triceps brachii arose from radial nerve trunk proximal to that of the medial head in the radial groove. Both of them ran along the sides of the parent trunk of radial nerve in radial groove as collaterals6 . As per Sunderland; in half of the specimens, the lateral head of triceps brachii were supplied by branches leaving the nerve in radial groove. In one third of the specimens, the medial head of triceps brachii were supplied by branches leaving the nerve in radial groove. Majority of them were in contact with the bone6 . As per Linell, other than the branch to medial head of triceps brachii which arose at the upper limit of radial groove, no other muscular branch arose while the main trunk of radial nerve was in the groove6 . In the present study, the branch to the medial head and lateral head of triceps brachii arose in the radial groove. Findings in the present study matched with Sunderland’s findings but it differed from the findings of Linell. According to Sunderland, the muscle innervated by the nerve in the furrow commonly received several branches. No branch from the radial nerve in the furrow left at a higher level than 60mm above the lateral epicondyleexcept for the branch to brachialis6 . In the present study, it was seen that branches to brachioradialis arose at a distance more than 60mm above the lateral epicondyle of the humerus in 7% of specimens. Branches to extensor carpi radialislongus arose at a distance more than 60mm above the lateral epicondyle of the humerus in 2% of specimens. As per Sunderland, multiple branches were present in the intermuscular furrow; highest and lowest were destined for brachioradialis and extensor carpi radialisbrevis respectively6 . Observations of the present study showed that though the highest branches were destined for brachioradialis, lowest were destined for extensor carpi radialislongus and not extensor carpi radialisbrevis. According to the study done by Sunderland, the mean distance between the site of origin of branch to brachialis muscle and lateral epicondyle of humerus was 59 mm which matched with the present study which observed it to be 54 mm6 . According to the study done by Blackburn et al, the mean distance of origin of the branch to brachialis muscle was 69 mm with a range of 45- 100 mm8 . The present study observations differed from his study with findings of the mean of the distance being 54 mm and the range being 43-63 mm. The present study matched with the study of Frazer et al who stated the mean distance between the site of origin of branch to brachialis muscle and lateral epicondyle of humerus to be 61 mm with a range of 21-72 mm9 . (Table 8)

CONCLUSIONS The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to long head of triceps brachii and the tip of the coracoid process of scapula was found to be 69.4mm +/- 12.56 mm on left side while 75.9mm +/- 10.48 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to medial head of triceps brachii given in the axilla and the tip of the coracoid process of scapula was found to be 77.2mm +/- 16.11 mm on left side while 77.8mm +/- 11.83 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the medial head of triceps brachii and the medial epicondyle of the humerus was found to be 189.1mm +/- 18.7 mm on left side while 192.8mm +/- 16.33 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to lateral head of triceps brachii and the medial epicondyle of the humerus was found to be 198.6mm +/- 18.73 mm on left side while 201.1mm +/- 16.03 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to brachialis and the lateral epicondyle of humerus was found to be 51.4mm +/- 5.32 mm on left side and 55.5mm +/- 4.97 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to brachioradialis and the lateral epicondyle of the humerus was found to be 44.4mm +/- 11.17 mm on left side while 45.1mm +/- 9.3 mm on right side. The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to extensor carpi radialislongus and the lateral epicondyle of the humerus was found to be 41.4mm +/- 12.31 mm on left side while 41.7mm +/- 10.26 mm on right side. Bharati Prabhakar Nimje et. al. A STUDY OF MUSCULAR BRANCHES OF RADIAL NERVE : SIG The average distance between the site of origin of the branch to anconeus and the lateral epicondyle of the humerus was found to be 67.2mm +/- 16.44mm on left side while 68.3mm +/- 19.75 mm on right side. The present study provides reliable and objective data for surgical anatomy of the radial nerve, obtained from dissection of embalmed cadavers, which should always be kept in mind by surgeons approaching to the surgery of the arm, in order to avoid iatrogenicinjuries. Awareness of the position of the branches of radial nerve would assist the surgeon to better orientate during surgery and thus reduce the surgical complications. Thus this study could be of help for various surgical approaches of open reduction of humeral fracture like anterolateral approach and posterior approach.

 

References:

REFERENCES

1. Sinnatamby C S. In: Sinnatamby C S, editor. Last’s anatomy: regional and applied. 11th ed. London: Churchill livingstone; 2006, vii.

2. Maheshwari J. Injuries around shoulder, fracture humerus. In: Maheshwari J, editor. Essential orthopedics. 3rdEd. New Delhi: Mehta publishers; 2002; 72-78.

3. Bergman R A. Thoughts of human variations. Ciln. Anat. 2011; 24: 938-40.

4. Artico M, Telera S, Tiengo C, Stecco C, Macchi V, Porzionato A, Vigato E, Parenti A, De Caro R. Surgical Anatomy of the Radial Nerve at the Elbow. J. Surg. Radiol. Anat. 2009; 31: 101-106.

5. de Seze M P, Rezzouk J, de Seze M, Uzel M, Lavignolle B, Midy D, Durandeau D. Does the motor branch of the long head of triceps brachii arise from the radial nerve? An anatomic and electromyographic study. SurgRadiol Anat. 2004; 26:459-46.

6. Sunderland S. The Radial Nerve- Anatomical and Physiological Features. In: Sunderland S, editor. Nerve and Nerve Injuries, Second ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1978; 802- 819.

7. Guse T R, Osrtum R F. The surgical anatomy of the radial nerve around the humerus. Clin. OrthopRelatRes. 1995; 320:149-153.

8. Blackburn SC, Wood CPJ, Evans DJR, Watt DJ. Radial nerve contribution to brachialis in the UK Caucasian population: position is predictable based on surface landmarks. Clin. Anat. 2007; 20:64-67.

9. Frazer E A, Hobson M, McDonald S W. The distribution of the radial and musculocutaneous nerves in the brachialis muscle. Clin. Anat. 2007; 20: 785-89.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions


Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Function name must be a string in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php:487 Stack trace: #0 /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/article_html.php(51): include() #1 {main} thrown in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php on line 487