International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - vol 06 issue 07, April, 2014

Pages: 52-57

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A STUDY ON EVALUATION OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND ANTI-STANING PROPENSITY OF NANO - COMPOSITE DENTURE TEETH

Author: Jyoti Kundu , Ravinder Kumar , Shivam Seshan

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background and Objective: The introduction of nano-filled resin systems has resulted in considerable controversy. Lack of evidence-based scientific information and unavoidable time lag in establishing the precise relationship between their physicomechanical properties and clinical performance sought us to substantiate & qualify relative surface roughness & anti-staining characteristics of three commercially available type of artificial teeth. Materials and Methods: Three brands of three types of artificial teeth were examined .The staining behavior of the artificial teeth after immersion in tea solution for one hour was evaluated by spectrophotometeric analysis. Qualitative SEM analysis was used to assess the surface appearance after treatment with 2% citric acid for four hours. Results: The difference in mean optical density values for unstained and stained specimen suggested least staining with nanocomposite among the combinations used. Examined teeth when subjected to citric acid retreatment showed no qualitative surface changes in nano and micro filled composite but significant surface alterations were observed in dual cross-linked acrylic teeth. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, Nano composite showed significantly improved surface smoothness and stain resistance when compared to microfilled composite and dual cross-linked teeth tested.

Keywords: Nanocomposite denture teeth, surface finish, stain resistance, scanning electron microscope, spectrophotometry.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Artificial teeth are often necessary for prosthodontic rehabilitation when natural teeth are lost. Acrylic resins and porcelains have been used for the fabrication of artificial teeth; however, neither type completely accomplishes the requirements for an ideal prosthetic tooth.1 It is well known that some dietary factors, such as tea lead to extrinsic tooth discoloration. 19Also citric acid , an organic acid found in high percentages in many dietary supplements, cause dental erosion and produces surface roughness of denture teeth. 20 Its been observed that during wear of resin composite teeth, inorganic fillers debond from the resin matrix and leave a void, increasing the surface roughness and forming a surface susceptible to exterior stain3 . The amount of filler content, the geometry and size of the filler particles,and the properties of the polymer matrix have been reported to influence the properties of polymer materials.2,4-12 A new type of denture tooth, fabricated of nano-composite resin, has recently been developed as a highly polishable, stain and impact resistant material.14 Few laboratory tests have been able to substantiate and quantify the surface roughness and anti staining property of polymeric denture teeth. Also, evidence-based scientific information regarding these new types of artificial teeth with respect to composition and physicomechanical properties is lacking. Therefore, studies critically discussing latest peer- reviewed reports and evaluating properties of commercial artificial teeth become necessary.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Three groups of teeth (dual cross- linked acrylic resin, microfilled composite resin & nanofilled composite resin) were analysed for study.

SURFACE ROUGHNESS ANALY

SIS Preparation of samples and methodology for surface roughness evaluation

Fourteen specimens of maxillary central incisors from each type were used for SEM analysis using the sophisticated Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). (JEOL, JFC - 1100E, Hitachi, HighTechnologies Corp, Tokyo, Japan). After vaporcoating with gold by ion sputtering device, the untreated incisal surfaces were examined in the SEM with the back-scattered electron images under high magnification of 1000x operating at 20Kv . Subsequently, these specimens were soaked in l0ml of 2% citric acid solution for 4 hours (assuming that average exposure is 40 sec. per day, thus simulating 1 year of exposure)20 . This was followed by qualitative SEM analysis to assess the surface appearance of the resultant acid treated specimens

STAIN RESISTANCE EVALUATION

Specimen preparation Fourteen specimens of maxillary 2nd molar from each type were used for stain resistance evaluation. Perspex strips of dimension 5x1 cm were prepared and maxillary 2nd molar was mounted at a height of 2.5 cm at an angulation of 45 degrees such that occlusal surface facing outward direction. This was the standardized guideline followed for specimen preparation such that focus of UV- Light of spectrophotometer is identical in position and location for all the specimens to be evaluated. Tea Solution Preparation 100ml of double distilled water was taken in a beaker & allowed to boil . After that 1gm of green tea leaves (Elixir, rohini estate, Darjeeling), measured in electronic balance, were brewed for 5 min. As temperature affects staining reaction ( Addy et al, 1985) so, experiment was planned to be conducted at room temperature 27 . The tea solution was cooled to room temperature and filtered with Whitman filter paper no.6. Wavelength Selection Absorbance decreases gradually from 360nm to 600nm wavelength. At 360nm absorbance of unstained specimen at constant stable position, optical density was 0.513 and at 600 nm, it was 0.153. Since 360-370 nm wavelength is the transition zone, so we opted for 395nm wavelength as the dominant wavelength showing peak absorbance of 0.418. Method of Data Collection Optical density of each of the unstained forty two specimen at selected wavelength of 395nm was noted. Then, all the forty two specimens were immersed in freshly prepared tea solution for 60 minutes & later on washed with distilled water for 30sec & bench dried27. Stained dried specimens were then subjected to spectrophotometer UVlight at same constant stable position and wavelength. Optical density of dried, stained specimens was noted and difference in the optical density of the specimens, before and after staining, was taken as a criteria to measure stain resistance. Lesser the difference, more the stain resistance. Statistical technique used ANOVA One way analyses of variance were used to test the difference between groups. To find out which of the two groups means is significantly difference scheffe’F’ test is used.\

RESULTS

Surface Roughness Analysis Qualitative Assessment as shown in figure 1, 2, 3 ? The SEM image of untreated nanocomposite tooth surface shows the small angular splintered nano-filler complexes of various sizes distributed in the matrix. While on other hand, SEM image of 2% citric acid treated nanosurface looks like the mirror image of untreated one, depicting the excellent surface smoothness even after one hour of citric acid treatment. ? In case of microfilled composite, untreated tooth surface analysis shows angular and spherical prepolymerised microfiller complexes incorporated in organic matrix.Whereas for the treated surface, SEM image shows no topographic changes suggestive of no significant alterations in the surface smoothness. ? Untreated Dual cross-linked acrylic SEM images shows macrofillers of various sizes of identical or different composition admixed in organic matrix of Urethane Dimethacryl (UDMA). But here in this case, noticeable difference was seen on surface treatment with citric acid and prominent surface irregularities were seen, indicative of certain qualitative changes in the surface topography debarring the surface smoothness.

Stain Resistance Evaluation

Table 1 shows the calculated mean and standard deviation of optical density of unstained and stained specimens among three groups. With tea, least staining was seen with nanocomposite while minimum stain resistance was shown by Dual Cross linked Acrylic (DCL) specimen teeth, although data may vary depending upon evaluation designs. The difference in mean absorbance value (optical density) of three groups exist on account of material composition & homogenity.

DISCUSSION

New materials, even if they are proved excellent, often have one or the other limitation, because they may be associated with a re - evaluation of the established systems of use and may not readily be amenable for use. Furthermore, there is an unavoidable time lag in establishing the precise relationship between their properties and clinical performance. Thus, the introduction of nanofilled resin systems has led to considerable controversy, both from the standpoint of the dentist and within the scientific community. However, it is possible to evaluate newer composite resins systems on the basis of their microstructure. Earlier researchers and manufacturers have reported that nano-composites were made up of homogenous urethane organic matrix reinforced by heterogeneous, pre-polymerized silica fillers13,14,22. While the micro-filled composite denture teeth (Endura) are heterogeneous, microfilled composite resins with agglomerated microfillers are similar to traditional macro-filled ones in size and chemistry, but not in structure. Further, they allow a substantial increase in the micro-filler content when admixed to an organic matrix. Such a resin composite has been known to demonstrate excellent finishing and perfect surface qualities. However, not much is known about the in vivo performance of composites with nano fillers. Consequently, available property data on these composite materials is rather limited. The absence of such vital data was the basis for taking up the study reported here. Results of this study clearly indicate that the hybrid (especially the nano-filled) resin composites are markedly superior to the traditional composites and acrylic resins in terms of surface smoothness and anti-staining tendency. Further, as the filler particle size is reduced, the polishability, permanence of surface smoothness, and esthetics of the nano-filled composites improve.

CONCLUSION

Judging by these results, it can be authentically concluded that nano-composite denture teeth may be one of the most promising and appropriate materials for denture teeth in near future. However, further investigation of other characteristics such as wear, impact resistance, and bonding to reparative autopolymerizing resins should be performed.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We acknowledge to Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur and Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore for their immense support.

Conflict of Interest

None declared

References:

REFERENCES

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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