International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 12, June, 2014

Pages: 43-48

Date of Publication: 23-Jun-2014


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CULTURAL PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH FEEDING AMONG UNDERFIVECHILDREN IN A RURAL AREA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Author: Vijayashree Mathad, Shivprasad S

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Cultural practices associated with faulty feedingamong underfive is one of the major problems, which is exaggerated by discarding of colostrums, giving of prelacteal feeds and wrong weaning practices. Objective: To assess the cultural practices associated with feeding among under fives. Material and Method: This cross sectional study was conducted in Kakati-A sub centre, under Primary Health Centre Vantamuri of Belgaum district. The sample size was 290. Data collection was done using pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire.

Keywords: Under fivechildren, Culturalpractices, Rural area, Breast feeding, Weaning.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Cultural practices regarding rearing of underfive children plays a vital role in the growth and development of underfive children. Various myths associated with culture like discarding of colostrums, giving prelacteal feeds, improper weaning foods has serious implecation on the health status of underfive children. Proper feeding practices which includes early initiation of breast feed, avoiding prelacteal feeds and exclusive breast feeding for 6 months and timely weaning are important determinants of growth and development of under five children.1 Exclusive breast feeding protects the child from various infections like gastrointestinal and respiratory tract and also promotes Cognitive and immunological growth. Weaning prior to 6 months may lead to infectious diseases like diarrhea due to inadequate hygiene and the food introduced in developing countries are of concern due to its low energy and nutrient intake.2 Breast-feeding lowers thefrequency and duration of acute respiratory infection and diarrhea ininfants under six months of ageand delayed weaning leads to growth deficiency.3, 4, 5 Optimal under five child feeding practices and appropriate complementary feeding prevents 6% of mortality among under five children.6 According to World Health Organisation (WHO) and systematic review from the Bellagio Child Survival Study Group about1.3 million child deaths could be prevented by 6 months of exclusive breast feeding and continued breast feeding for 1 year and improved complementary feeding. Consequences of faulty feeding practices are poverty reduction and poor socioeconomic development.7, 8 According to the United Nations declaration “the child shall enjoy special protection and shall be given opportunities and facilities by law and order and by means to enable him to develop physically and mentally in a healthy and normal manner and in a condition of freedom and dignity”. In the millennium declaration of September 2000, member states of the United Nations made a most passionate commitment to address the crippling and multiplying misery that grip many areas of the world. Governments set a date of 2015 by which they would meet the Millennium Development Goals. Among this, the first goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, which is measured by the prevalence of underweight children. The target is to halve the burden of under nutrition. The next important goal with regards to children is to achieve two third reduction in under 5 mortality and infant mortality by 20159 Proper feeding practices constitute an important component of child rearing along with socio demographic and cultural practices. There is an urgent need for education and promotion of proper feeding practices and child care among mothers of under five children.10 Meager amount of information is available regarding the cuktural practices associated with rearingof under five children in this part of the nation and in our field practice area. Hence the present study was undertaken to evaluate the cultural practices and the socio demographic factors associated among children aged under five in Kakati-A sub centre.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Source of data The present study was conducted in Kakati-A sub centre, under Primary Health Centre Vantamuri of Belgaum district. It was a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 10 months from March to December 2010. Eleven Anganwadicentres were providing non-formal pre-school education and rendering other services under Integrated Child Development Service Scheme in the village. A total of 290 underfive children were included in the study. The data was collected by interviewing the caretaker after obtaining the informed consent. Information was collected on socio-demographic variables and feeding practices using pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire.

DATA ANALYSIS

Data was analyzed and expressed as percentages. Chi-square test was used to evaluate association between socio- demographic variables and cultural practices.

ET The study was approved by the institutional HICAL CONSIDERATIONSethics committee and written informed consent was taken from the parents or caregivers of the child.

RESULTS

Basic information was obtained from290 householdsresiding in rural area of south India aged 0-5 years, 155(53.44%) were male and 135(46.55%) were female children. With regards to age distribution it was observed that in 0-12 months age group 19 (6.55%), in 13-24 months age group were 63 (21.73%), in 25-36 months 62 (21.38%), similarly in 37-48 months 59 (20.34%) and 49-60 months age group were 87 (30.00%). Majority 252 (86.90%) children were Hindus and with regards to socio-economic status, 203 (70.00%) belonged to Classes IV and V according to modified B.G. Prasad’s classification. Maximum 179 (61.94%) of underfive children fathers occupation was coolie and 260 (89.96%) of mothers were housewives. The literacy rate of underfive children fathers and mothers was 95.17% and 92.07% respectively.In context to birth order, 127(43.79%) of the children were of 2nd Birth order, 111(38.27%) of 1st Birth order, and 52 (17.94%) where of 3rd, 4th and 5th Birth order.With regard to type of family 149 (51.38%) of the children belonged to the nuclear family, 98 (33.79%) to three generation family, 38 (13.10%) to joint family and 5 (1.72%) belonged to problem family. Majority 168(58.13%) of the mothers got the information regarding breast feeding practices from health care provider, 61(21.10%) from their mother, 55(19.03%) from their mother in law and 5(1.73%) mothers were self informed or got information from sisters and neighbours. 50(17.30%) mothers discarded the colostrum. The reasons cited were: they felt the colostrum was dirty milk 21(42.00%), told by mother in law 12(24.00%), thought not good for baby 9(18.00%) and told by mother and sister, causes diarrhea, evil spirits milk and toxic for child. Most of them 245(84.78%) practiced demand feeding as compared to time bond feeding. According to feeding practices followed by mothers 141(48.79%) children were breast fed within one hour of birth, 53(18.34%) children were started within 1-6 hours, and others 95(32.76%) started later than 6 hours. Prelacteal feeds which is considered as a major wrong practices by WHO was given by 124 (42.76%) of mothers. The common Pre lacteal feeds given to newborn were honey, sugar water and plain water. Exclusive breastfeeding of 6 months as recommended was not practiced by most of the mother, which included early initiation of top feeding before 6 months by 179(61.72%) mother, mainly during 4th month the top feeds included 101(34.83%) buffalo’s milk, 55(18.97%) cow’s milk, 19(6.55%) cerelac and 4(0.79%) children were given goats milk. And delayed weaning later than 6 months was seen in 87(30.00%) children. Correct feeding practicesincluding initiation of breast feeding, feeding colostrumand not giving prelacteal feeds was significantly associated with socio economic status (p<0.05).Correct feeding practice of exclusive breast feeding of 6 months was significantly associated with mothers literacy (p=0.032), socioeconomic status (p=0.035), religion (p<0.001) and birth order (p=0.004). Correct weaning at 6 months was significantly associated with religion (p=0.022) of the child (Table 1,2)

DISCUSSION

According to a study done in of Delhi and Nepal regarding infant and child feeding practices, it was observed that only 16.7% mothers initiated breastfeeding within one hour, 48.3% mothers practiced complementary feeding during 6-9 months and exclusive breastfeeding rate (0-6 months) has been found to be 60.5% and 54.8% mothers discarded the colostrum which is comparable to the result of this study. And initiation of breastfeeding wasassociated with only two variables type and size of family, with smaller sized and nuclear families lesslikely to initiate early breastfeeding. Where as in this study there was association betweensocio economic status, mother’s literacy status and birth order. The main problems revealed from various studies were late initiation of breastfeeding, low rates of exclusive breastfeeding, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices.10,11,12,13 In a study conducted at Varanasi rural district, 1.19% of rural children were delayed of breast feeding by one day and the colostrums was discarded in 90% children, pre-lacteal feeds were commonly given, like goat’s milk and boiled water with honey and sugar water in 56.55% of the children which is similar to the data of this study which shows 42.76% were given prelacteal feeds. 14According to NFHS 3 the percentage of children who were given exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months was found to be 59% in Karnataka which is more than this study which revealed 38.28%.11 Our study has shown that the practice of discarding colostrum has declined from previous observation of 45% to 17.30%.7 Regarding pattern of breastfeeding, over 84.78%of the mothers reported breastfeeding on demand or used acombination of demand and regular feeding, which is recommended by the WHO for the childto have adequate nutrition.15 Only 38.28% of the mothers in our study started complementary feeding at 6 months which is the ideal age of starting. Almost 30% of the mothers started complementary feeds at a much earlier age than recommended by the WHO. At 4 months, 61.72% of mother had started complementary feeding for their babies which is less than other studies. By 7 months 38.3% ofthe mothers had still not started complementaryfeeding. This is an incorrect practice because delayed weaning effects the nutritional status of children.16

CONCLUSION

Majority of the mother’s incorrect cultural practicesin feeding was associated with socio economic status, literacy and birth order. Therefore the female literacy needs to be given more importance. The need for the family planning should be emphasized to the couples at individual basis. Hence appropriate feeding practices as per the guidelines of WHO is to be given importance. Healthy community will result in better contribution to Nations growth and prosperity.

References:

REFERENCES

1. Teresa G, Juan R, Hortensia M,3 Monterrubio E and Jaime S. Poor Compliance with Appropriate Feeding Practices in Children under 2 y in Mexico Cited from jn.nutrition.org by guest on July 26, 2012

2. Victora C, Smith PG, Vaughan JP, Nobre LC, Lombardi C, Teixeira AM et al. Evidence for protection by breast-feeding against infant deaths from infectious diseases in Brazil. Lancet. 1987 (2) 319–22.

3. Brown K, Black R, Roman G, Kanashiro H.Infantfeeding practices and their relationship with diarrheal and other diseases in Huascar (Lima) Peru. Pediatrics J Nutr. 1997 (127) 436–4.

4. Kramer MS, Chalmers B, Hodnett ED, Sevkovskaya Z, Dzikovich I, Shapiro S, Collet JP, Vanilovich I, Mezen I, et al. Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. JAMA. 2001 (285) 413–20

5. World Health Organization. Complementary feeding of younger children in developing countries: a review of current scientific knowledge. Geneva: WHO/NUT/98.1; 1998.

6. Apurba S, DiptaK,Mukhopadhyay, Tanmay K. Panja, Asit B. Saren, Nirmal K. Mandal, and Akhil B. BiswasInfant- and Young Childfeeding Practices in Bankura District, West Bengal, India J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2010 Jun;28(3):294-299

7. National Family Health Survey. http://www.nfhsindia.org/data/ka-pre.pdf. (Cited on 24-12-2010).

8. Katiyar GP, Agarwal DK, Tripathi AM, Agarwal KN. Feeding practices in Varanasi district. Indian Pediatrics. 1981; 18(1): 65-70.

9. Bloss E, Wainaina F and Bailey RC. Prevalence and predictors of underweight, stunting and wasting among children aged 5 and under in western Kenya. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 2004; 50 (5): 260-270.

10. Dinesh K, N.K. Goel, Poonam C. Mittal and PurnimaMisra Influence of Infant-feeding Practices on Nutritional Status of Under-five Children Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 2006(73) 417-422.

11. . David O, Kirti M,Tumbahangphe,DejShrestha et al. Cross sectional, community based study of care of newborn infants in Nepal. BMJ 2002 (325) 10-63

12. Subba SH, TS Chandrashekhar, Binu VS, Joshi HS4, Rana MS, Dixit SB Infant feeding practices of mothers in an urban area in Nepal Kathmandu University Medical Journal 2007 (5) No. 1. 17, 42-47.

13. Apurba S, Dipta K, Mukhopadhyay, Tanmay K, Panja, Asit B et al. Infant- and Young Child-feeding Practices inBankura District, West Bengal, India.J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2010 Jun;28(3):294-299

14. Katiyar GP, Agarwal DK, Tripathi AM, Agarwal KN. Feeding practices in Varanasi district. Indian Pediatrics. 1981; 18(1): 65-70.

15. Complementary feeding of young children in developing countries: A review of current scientific knowledge. WHO/NUT/98.1

16. Moffat T. A bio-cultural investigation of the weanling's dilemma in Kathmandu, Nepal: do universal recommendations for weaning practices make sense? - J Biosocial Sciences. 2001; 33(3): 321-38.

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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