International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, ResearchBib, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, BOAI, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, e-Print, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg, SciPeople.

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Readers around the world

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 16, August, 2014

Pages: 53-57

Date of Publication: 20-Aug-2014


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

SCENARIO OF ACUTE POISONING IN A SUB DIVISION HOSPITAL OF WEST BENGAL, INDIA

Author: Md. Hamid Ali, Arijit Sinha, Kapildev Mondal, Subhra Jyoti Mitra, Anupam Mandal, Pranab Kumar Maity

Category:

Abstract:Background: Acute poisoning is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Review of the sociodemographic profile of poisoning is of much important for recognizing this public health concern and to find the way out. Objective: Few literatures are available regarding the poisoning in eastern India. . In India incidence of accidental and selfpoisoning are increasing day by day .Our objective is to study the sociodemographic profile of acute poisoning and its outcome. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was done among patients admitted with acute poisoning in a subdivision hospital of West Bengal,India,during the year 2011 and 2012. Our study included 1237 patients admitted with acute poisoning admitted through emergency in one year period. The demographic pattern, type of poisoning, route of exposure,seasonal variation, patient survival and referral were collected in a pre-structured proforma. Data collection was performed according to hospital regulations after approval by the hospital authorities.Then the data were analyzed by descriptive statistical method by using software. Results: Acute poisoning cases are burden of 2.72% of total admission and 5.08% of medical ward admission. Highest number of admission are seen in September (n=147) and October(n=149) months. Male to female ratio of poisoning is 1.22:1. Organo phosphorus (n=594) poisoning is the commonest and next is snakebite (n=451). Overall death rate is 4.36% (n=54). Commonly affected age groups are 11 to 20 years (n=435), 21 to 30 years(n=414). Death is also common in age group of 11 to 20 (n=18) and 21 to 30 years(n=16).Rate of referral to higher center is 2.10%. Average hospital stay is 2 days. Among self- poisoning cases
(n=746), 1.73% (n=13) were already under treatment for psychiatric illness. Conclusion: As the affected patients are mostly in adolescent and young age group and as they are the future of a nation, it is important to take measure to prevent poisoning. Psychological assessment, social and economic security is important in this regard.

Keywords: Acute poisoning; organophosphorus; snakebite.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
A poison is any substance that is harmful to our body by means of inhalation, ingestion, injection or absorption through skin. Acute poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. In India incidence of accidental and self-poisoning are increasing day by day. Over the last few decades, agricultural pesticides have become common household items in the developing world, which are commonly used for self poisoning. Acute poisoning is an important cause of body injury IJCRR which may be accidental or self-inflicted. During the year 2008 about 24.26% death occurred due to poisoning in India [1]. Acute poisoning is responsible for 10% hospital admission in U.K. and in-hospital mortality is less than 1%. [2]. Commonest cause of acute poisoning in India is pesticides (organophosphorus compounds) due to their low cost, easy availability, particularly in rural areas. Snake bite is the most common accidental poisoning and accounts for 0.47% of total deaths in India with male preponderance (59%) [3]. Anxiety, depression, isolation, unemployment, failure in examination, marital disharmonies are the common precipitating factors for self poisoning [4].Rural populations of low socioeconomic groups are commonest sufferer. It is important to know the patterns and outcome of acute poisoning.

MATERIAL AND METHOD
The present study is a retrospective, observational, epidemiological study conducted over a period of one year (1.1.2011 to 31.12.2011) at Jangipur subdivision hospital, Murshidabad district of West Bengal (India). Ethical clearance was obtained before the study data were collected. Patients admitted with history of acute poisoning were included in this study but those who absconded were excluded. All patients in the study were examined clinically with details history taken from patients and their relatives. Previous psychiatric illnesses of poisoning cases were assessed from history and past medical records. After discharge patients were advised for psychiatric consultation. Patients economic condition, race, sex, educational qualification, residential area, age group, type of poison, hospital stay, death rate, referral rate were assessed. Total 1237 number of patients was included in this study. Socio economic status was judged by APL, BPL (above or below poverty line) card issued by government authority. Patients of non-municipality areas were designated as rural and of municipal areas were urban. Then the data were analyzed by descriptive statistical method by using computer based software.

Observation
Our present study consists of 1237 patients, of which 682 were male and 555 were female (M: F=1.2:1).Total number of acute poisoning cases were 2.72% of total hospital admission (n=45375) and 5.08% of medical ward admission (n=24337) during that year. Among them self- poisoning cases were 746(60.30%) and accidental cases were 491(39.70%). Accidental cases included snake bite, wasp, bee or scorpion sting, ingestion of kerosene oil in children, exposure to organophosphorus compounds during spraying. 1008 cases (81.48%) were BPL category and 229 cases (18.51%) were APL category. 864 (69.84%) were Hindu and 373(30.75%) were Muslim. Age wise incidences were 0-10 years (n=36,2.91%),11-20 years(n=435,36.16%), 21-30 years (n=414,33.46%),31-40 years (n=184,14.87%), 41-50 years (n=96,7.76%), 51-60 years 9n=46,3.63%), 61 years+ (n=26,2.10%). Month wise incidences were January (n=56,4.52%), February (n=32,2.58%), March (n=81,6.54%), April (n=109,8.81%), May (n=117,9.45%), June (n=142,11.47%), July (n=144,11.64%), August (n=129, 10.42%), September (n=147,11.88%) October (n=149,12.04%), November (n=93, 7.51%), December (n=38,3.07%). Types of poison were organophosphorus (n=594,48.01%), Snakebite (n=451,36.45%), sedatives (n=39,3.15%), rat killer(n=38,3.07%) bee and wasp(n=25,2.02%), acid ingestion (n=23,1.85%), kerosene ingestion(n=21 ,1.69%),dhatura(n=9,0.72%), lice killer(n=8,0.64%), unknown(n=8,0.64%), organocarbamate (n=4,0.32%), paracetamol(n=4,0.32%), phenyl(n=2,0.16%), Gamoxene (n=2,0.18%) and contraceptive pills (n=2,0.18%), scorpion sting(n=2,0.18%). Snake bite was the major accidental poisoning (n=451) and month wise incidence were-January (n=5,1.1%), February (n=6,1.33%), March (n=12,2.66%), April (n=20,4.43%), May (n=35,7.76%), June (n=64,14.19%), July (n=72,15.96%), August (n=77,17.07%), September (n=73,16.18%), October (n=53,1.75%), November (n=29,6.43%), December (n=5,1.10%). Organophosphorus poisoning was the major self-poisoning and month wise incidences were-January (n=37,6.22%), February (n=21,3.53%), March (n=56,9.42%), April (n=69,11.61%), May (n=60,10.10%), June (n=58,9.70%), July (n=54,9.09%), August (n=35,5,89%), September (n=58,9.76%), October (n=72,12.12%), November (n=48,8.08%), December (n=26,4.37%).13 patients (1.74% of self-poisoning cases) were under treatment for psychiatric illness (depression 69.23%, schizophrenia 23.07%,anxiety 7.69%). Other precipitating factors for self-poisoning were impulsion, unemployment, poverty, marital disharmony, stressful life events, alcohol abuse, divorce, isolation, failure in examination.26 patients (2.10%) were referred to higher medical centre. Average hospital stay was 2 days. Among 1237 patients, 54 (4.36%) were expired in hospital. Among dead patients male were 33 and female were 21 (M: F=1.57:1) and age group wise incidence were 11-20 years (n=18,33.3%) 21-30 years (n=16,29.62%) 31-40years(n=8,14.81%), 41-50 years (n=7,12.96%), 51-60 (n=5,9.29%). Month wise death (n=54) were – January (n=3,5.55%), February (n=2,3.70%), March (n=4,7.40%), April (n=6,11.11%), May (n=8,14.81%), June (n=7,12.96%), July (n=8,14.8%), August(n=4,7.40%), September (n=1,1.85%), October (n=4,7.40%), November (n=5,9.25%), December (n=2,3.70%). Among death cases 2 died from snake bite (0.44% of snake bite cases), 2 from acid poisoning (8.69% of acid poisoning cases) and 50 for organophosphorus poisoning (8.41% of organophosphorus poisoning cases).

DISCUSSION
Acute poisoning may be self-inflicted or accidental. With increasing of population and socio-psychological hazards the burden of acute poisoning is increasing day by day. Poisoning ranked in the 5th position in India according to priority [5]. Acute poisoning accounts for about 10% hospital admission in United Kingdom in-hospital mortality is less than 1%[6].Types of poisoning varies from country to country and state to state. Paracetamol is the drug most commonly used in U.K while an insecticide (organophosphorus and carbamates) is more common in India. On the other hand aluminium phosphide is more common in Haryana followed by organophosphoruscompounds [7]. In our study total 1237 acute poisoning cases are 2.72% of total hospital admission and 5.08% of medical ward admission patients.Of them 81.48% was BPL category and 74.2% was of rural origin.It is 1% of medical ward admission in a study in Nepal [8].In our study self-poisoning was 60.30% and accidental poisoning was 39.70%, whereas in a study conducted in Haryana,91.4% was self-poisoning, 8.1% was accidental poisoning and 0.5% was homicidal poisoning, 75% patients were of lower socio-economic status [7]. In a study by Srivastava etal male to female ratio was 53:43,suicidal cases was 53% and accidental 45% [9]. Murad Zaffar Mari etalfound male to female ratio 1.5:1 with 34.30% at the age group of 20-30years[10].In our study male to female ratio is 1.2:1 and commonly affected age groups are 11-20years (35.16% ) 21-30years(33.46%). Acute poisoning are more common in the month of June (11.47%), July (11.64%), August (10.42%), September (11.85%),October (12.04%). Among them snake bite are more common in the month of June (14.69%),July (15.96%), August (17.07%), September (16.18%), October (11.75%). Mahapatra B,Warrel DA etal found maximum cases of snake bite during June to September[3]. Organophosphorus poisoning are more common in the month of April(11.61%),May(10.10%) and October(12.12%).1.05% of all acute poisoning cases and 1.74% of self-poisoning cases had history of treated psychiatric illness. Among them 69.23%(9/13) were suffering from depression, 23.07%(3/13) from schizophrenia, 7.69%(1/13) from anxiety disorder, which are correlating to previous studies. [8] Commonest type of accidental poisoning is snake bite(36.45%) and self- poisoning is organ phosphorus poisoning (48.01%) but kerosene is more common in children. Ramesh KN et al [11] found that organophosphorus was the commonest suicidal poison and Thomas M. et al. found kerosene as the commonest poison in children. [12] In present study mortality is 4.36% among total acute poisoning cases and mostly in the age group of 11-20 years,(33.33%) and 21-30 years (29.62%). Individually mortality are 0.40% in snake bite cases, 8.69% in acid poisoning cases and 8.4% in organophosphorus poisoning cases.The overall mortality in acute poisoning varies in different studies – 4%[11], 3.3%[12],6.9%[8] and it is in organophosphorus poisoning varies from 5 to 20 % in Asian countries[13].

CONCLUSION
As the affected patients are mostly in adolescent and young age group and as they are the future of a nation, it is important to take measure to prevent poisoning. Psychological assessment, social and economic security is important in this regard.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
To Dr.Sawasata Mondal, Superintendent and staffs of record section, Jangipur SD Hospital,West Bengal,India.

References:

1. Government of India(2010). National health profile 2009,Central Bureau of Health Intelligence, Ministry of Health and Family welfare, New Delhi. Chapter 199, page118-119.

2. Thomas S.H.L White J Poisoning Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine, 21st Edition 2010,chapter 9, page203-208.

3. Mahapatra B Warrel DA Suraweera W Bhatia PDhingra N etal(2011), Snake bite mortality in India, A nationally representative mortality survey, 12Apr 2011PLOS Neglected Trop Dis 10.1371/journal .pntd.0001018.

4. Shaffer D Suicide: risk factors and public health, Am J Public Health, 1993, February, 83(2),171-172.

5. WHO (2002) Health situation in the South-East Asia Region, Priorities for Policy and Action, SEA/Injuries/ AI,www.searo.who/int/entity/health_situation_trends/ documents/health_situation_sear_99-2000.pdfS_2560k

6. Thomas SH Watson 1D on behalf of the National Poisons Information Service and Association of Clinical Biochemists. Laboratory analysis for poisoned patients.Ann.Clin. Biochem2002; 39:328-339.

7. Siwach SB Gupta A .The profile of acute poisoning in Haryana, JAPI, 1995, 43(11), 756-9.

8. Maskey A Parajuli M Kohli SC Baral SBasnet S and Poudal N. Scenario of poisoning in adults admitted in Manipal teaching hospital, Pokharan, Nepal. Nepal Journal of Medical Sciences, 2012,1(1), 23--26.

9. Srivastava A Peshin SS Kalec Kal T Gupta SK An epidemiological study of poisoning cases reported to the National Poisons Information center. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 2005, June 24(6) 279-85.

10. MuradZafar Marry Farhat Hussein Mirza Qudsia HassanPattern incidence and mortality rate of acute poisoning at Karachi—one year study. Hum. Exp. Toxicol.1996, www. medforum.pk/index.php

11. Ramesh KN Krishna Murthy BH Ganesh SK etal.Pattern and outcome of acute poisoning cases in tertiary care hospital in Karnataka, India. Indian Journal of Critical care Medicine 2009,13,152-5.

12. Thomas M Anandan S Kuruvilla PJ et al. Profile of hospital admission following acute poisoning—experience from a major teaching hospital in South India. Adverse Drug Toxicol Rev. 2009, 19, 313-317.

13. www.toxonet.nim.nih.gov, National Library of Medicines Toxonet:a hazardous substances data bank, including Toxins for references to literature on drugs and other chemicals 67-56-1.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

SCOPUS (2014, 2019, 2020, 2021 (Till June) currently under re-evaluation)

COPE guidelines for Reviewers


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Leow Jun Xian and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. entitled "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Study by Dheeraj Kumar Chopra et al. entitled "Lipid-Based Solid Dispersions of Azilsartan Medoxomil with Improved Oral Bioavailability: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation" published in Vol 12 issue 19


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2021 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions