International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - 14(21), November, 2022

Pages: 01-07

Date of Publication: 10-Nov-2022

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Relation between Prakriti and Mental Health: An Observational Study

Author: Jyoti Yadav, K. N. Singh

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Mental Health issues are the chief reason for many health diseases. The list of health problems ranges from anxiety, heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. Ayurveda cleaves up the population on the basis of the Prakriti. There are seven types of Prakriti. All the Prakriti has different psychosomatic combination. The Prakriti of an individual can be evaluated with the help of the traits that are explained in ancient Ayurveda literature. The evaluation of Prakriti can be helpful in knowing the Mental Health Status (MHS) of an individual and lastly helping them to maintain their Mental Health Status and keep Mental Health issues away. Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to see the relationship between Prakriti and Mental Health Status. Material and Methods: Questionnaire of Mental Health Inventory and Prakriti were distributed to 380 educated unemployed youth aged between 21 to 35. Prakriti and Mental Health Status were evaluated from the received responses from the respondents. The data was analyzed to see if there is any relationship between them. Conclusion: The study shows that in the psychosomatic combination of an individual KaphaPrakriti is said to be the most important factor and Vata Prakriti is more prone to negative Mental Health Status. They face more mental issues. The frequency of negative Mental Health Status can be reduced with proper care and management.

Keywords: Prakriti, Mental Health, Mental Health Issues, Psychosomatic Combination, Unemployed Youth, Panchmahabhuta

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Ayurveda, the Indian traditional medicine system contemplates Panchmahabhuta (i.e., Aakash, Vayu, Jal, Prithvi, Agni) to be the basic charter of the physical universe comprising the human body.1 These Mahabhuta are apparent in Tridhosa (i.e., Vata, Pitta, and Kapha).2 Thought all three Doshas remain in each human being, but the dominancy of one decides the Prakriti of an individual. Prakriti is determined on the basis of physical, physiological, psychological, and behavioral characteristics.3 Prakriti of a person decided by genetic and acquired factors. The genetic factors it is based on Shukra (sperm) and Shonita (ovum), while acquired factors include heredity, age, season, race, climate, and region.4 Prakriti is an important notion of Ayurveda that explains individuality. There are seven types of various combinations of Doshas and the dominancy of Doshas from the different types of Prakriti. The seven types of Prakriti are as follows Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Vata- Kapha, Pitta- Kapha, Vata- Pitta, and Sama Doshas Prakriti.5,6

The physical and Mental traits of every single Prakriti are explained in Ayurveda. The traits of physical Prakriti comprise physical attributes as well as psychological attributes.7

The capacity to manage mental health status is different in every single person. Mental Health Status (MHS) can differ with the types of Prakriti.8 This particular study is commencing to see if there is any relation between Prakriti and the Mental Health Status of a person.


Mental Health Status is the main factor for many health issues. If we could be able to guess the Mental Health Status of an individual, we would be able to prevent Mental Health induced diseases. The objective of the study is to assess the Prakriti and the Mental Health Status of the volunteers.



For the current study (Ethical No. Dean/2020/EC/2334) the Educated Unemployed Youth of Varanasi City were considered, aged between 21 to 35 with a total number of 380 sample size.

Sampling Method- In the present study Cluster sampling technique were used.

Assessment of Prakriti- We have taken the Prakriti Questionnaire originally developed by Kishor Patwardhan and Rashmi Sharma which is later on modified by Piyush Kumar Tripathi, Kishor Patwardhan from the Dept. of Rachana Sharir, Faculty of Ayurveda and Girish Singh of Dept. of Biostatistics and Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. The questionnaire was used as it was available as it was already validated by the authors.

Assessment of Mental Health Status-The questionnaire which was used for knowing the Mental Health status was developed by Dr. Jagdish, Department of Psychology, RBSPG College, Agra, and Dr. A.K. Srivastava, Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. The Mental Health status was graded as Very Good, Good, Average, Poor, and Very Poor.

A total of 380 volunteers were taken and after that Prakriti and Mental Health were evaluated by using the collected data. Seven type of Prakriti was listed and separated. The Mental Health Status of every individual was with their Prakriti.


Data was collected in Excel Sheet and analysis was done by using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) Version 23.0 Software.


A total number of 380 were taken out in which 204 are Male respondents and 176 are Female respondents. The number of Vata Prakriti respondents are 220 and Pitta Prakriti respondents 239 while Kapha Prakriti has 46 respondents. Talking about the subject who have dual Prakriti, there are 32 respondents of Pitta- Kapha, Vata-Kapha had 09 number of respondents, and Vata- Pitta Prakriti had 22 respondents. Talking Sama Prakriti it had 12 respondents.     

Total 380 respondents taken participation in the study.(Table 1 and figure 1A). The total number of respondents in Vata Prakriti was 220, PittaPrakritihas 39, and KaphaPrakritihas 46. When we talk about Dual Prakriti people i.e., Vata- Pitta, Pitta- Kapha, and Vata- Kapha were 22, 32, 09 respondents respectively. People with SamaPrakriti(Vata, Pitta&Kapha) were 12 respondents.

There are 112(29.5%) candidates having Very Poor Mental Health Status (MHS) ,115 (30.3%) candidates have Poor Mental Health Status and 110 (28.9%) respondents having Average MHS and there are no respondents having Very Good Mental Health Status. (Figure 1B)

Table no. 2 and fig. no. 2(A) portrays that out of 380 only 43 participants had good Mental Health Status. There is only one participant with Vata- Kapha Prakriti had Good Mental Health Status. There are no single respondents with Vata, Pitta and Vata- Pitta Prakriti had good Mental Health Status. The highest number of respondents was from Kapha Prakriti. The number of Pitta- Kapha and Vata- Kapha Prakriti was 3 and 1 respectively. 2 respondents with Sama Prakriti (VPK) had Good Mental Health Status.

Figure number 2B shows that Kapha Prakriti individual comprises 80.40% of the group, Sama Prakriti people have 16.70%, Vata- Kapha Prakriti people have 11.10% and Pitta- Kapha Prakriti have 9.40% of people having Good MHS.

Table no. 3 and fig no. 3A Depicts that out of 380respondents total 110 respondents had Average Mental Health Status (MHS). 14, 7, 8 respondents with Vata, Kapha and Vata- Pitta Prakriti had Average MHS. The highest number of respondents with Average MHS was from Pitta Prakriti with 38 in number. The count of Pitta- Kapha Prakriti, Vata- Kapha and Sama Prakriti was 29, 6 and 8 respectively who had Average MHS.

Figure No. 3B: Percentage of Respondents with Average MHS

Fig. no. 3B shows that Vata, Kapha and Vata- Pitta Prakriti individual comprises 6.40%, 15.20%and 36.40%respectively of the group, Pitta Prakriti had highest people 97.40% in the group, Pitta- Kapha Prakriti people are 90.6% and Vata- Kapha Prakriti people are 66.70% in the group. 66.70% people with Average MHS had Sama Prakriti.

Table no. 4 and figure no. 4A shows that out of 380 respondents 115 respondents had Poor MHS. 101 respondents with Vata Prakriti had poor MHS. Pitta, Kapha and VataPitta had 1,1 and 9 respondents respectively.10 respondents with Vata- Kapha and 2 respondents with Sama Prakriti had Poor Mental Health Status(MHS).

Figure no.4B shows that Vata Prakriti had the highest number of respondents having Poor MHS. Pitta Prakriti people are 2.60% and Kapha Prakriti has 2.20% people in the group. Vata- Pitta Prakriti people are 40.90% in the group. No respondents with PittaKapha Prakriti is said to have Poor MHS. 11.10% and 16.70 % of people with poor MHS had Vata- Kapha and Sama Prakriti respectively.


Table no. 5 and figure no. 5A shows that out of 380 respondents 112 respondents had Very Poor MHS. 105 respondents with Vata Prakriti had Very Poor MHS. 5 respondents with Very Poor MHS had Vata- Pitta Prakriti. While Kapha and Vata- Kapha Prakriti had 1,1 respondents in the group. Pitta and Sama Prakriti had zero respondents in the group.

The above diagram (figure 5B) shows that there are no respondents with Pitta and Sama Prakriti said to have Very Poor MHS. Vata Prakriti people are 47.70% and Kapha Prakriti people are 2.20% in the group. 22.70% of people with Very Poor MHS had Vata- Pitta Prakriti and 11.10% of people had Vata- Kapha Prakriti.       


Mental Health issues are an inescapable factor in life. One must be knowing the management of it. When the mental status is disrupted homeostasis of hormones as well as important components of (Doshas) the body is also disrupted. Health issues like Heart disease, Migraine, Hypertension, Anxiety, and Diabetes are ill mental health-induced problems. The Psychosomatic combination of an individual explains his/her psychological and physical traits.9-12

The psychological traits of Vata Prakriti person are unstable, impatient, and violent. The person of Vata Prakriti has talkative in nature and experiences anger, irritability, intolerance for cold things, and lesser strength. Their sleeping pattern is not good enough and their mind is never steady.13-16

Pitta Prakriti people are radiant, brave, and have sharp physical strength. They are intolerant of hot things, it is not easy to defeat them easily. They are unsparing to negative people while they behave softly to good people. These individuals have highly intellectual and middling strengths. They are mighty and short-tempered.17-19

The psychological manifestation of Kapha Prakriti individuals is that they are slow in action, and they never get very much depressed. These types of people are patient, hardworking, and never get angry. They easily forgive and are soft in nature and voice. Generally characterized by a pleasing appearance, happiness in the face, stability of the body, and decent. They also have a good sleeping pattern.20-22

The individual having duel Doshas Prakriti have the psychosomatic manifestation of both the Doshas. The dominant Dosha in the duel Dosha Prakriti has more influence on the psychological and physical attributes of an individual. While people having Sama Prakriti had characteristics of all three Doshas. Because of their manifestation, Kapha and Sama Prakriti are said to be the good Prakriti in all types of Prakriti as they are capable in coping with all psychological distress easily in comparison to others.23-25

Individual who has a dominant of Kapha are psychologically strong. Their soft, patient and tolerant nature makes them strong enough to face difficult situations. When an individual has dominancy of Kapha Dosha in their combination, they can handle mental health issues very well. Their quality of good sleep also assists them to maintain hormone levels so they abide calm, and less mental health issues, and stress.26-28

The people having dominancy of Pitta Dosha are brave enough and intellectual. This quality in this individual makes them confident enough for facing the challenges. While Vata Dosha's dominant individuals are psychologically impatient and unstable and intolerant.29 Due to these factors, an individual with Vata dominant Prakriti is bad in facing mental stress and having poor mental health status. But if an individual has Kapha dominant Vata- Kapha Prakriti, the individual gets the benefits of Kapha in Mental Health Status(MHS).

The respondents for the present study are educated unemployed youth of Varanasi City. Being educated and having no job hits the mental level of youth very badly. Hence, nobody came under the category of Very Good Mental Health Status(MHS). People having Vata Prakriti are more in this sample.

A total of 59.80% of people who had Poor Mental Health status had either Vata or Vata- PittaPrakriti. An individual with Kapha dominated Prakriti had Good MHS.

28.90%people had Average MHS had Pitta or Pitta- Kapha Prakriti dominated Prakriti. Pitta and Kapha dominated individuals with the highest number in Average MHS. The group of Pitta- Kapha Prakriti people was on the second number in the group. An individual having Vata-dominated Prakriti is least in the Dwandaj (Duel) Prakriti group with an Average MHS. The Pitta- Kapha Prakriti person assessed themselves as Average in MHS.

Total of 11.30% of individuals had Good MHS had Kapha-dominated Prakriti. Kapha Prakriti had the highest number of people having Good MHS. The group of Sama Prakriti have the second number in the group. There is no single individual with Vata-dominated Prakriti had Good MHS.

Interestingly, The Good MHS group had a dominancy of Kapha, the Average MHS had a dominancy of Pitta and the Poor MHS had a dominancy of Vata Prakriti.

The psychosomatic manifestation of Vata Dosha is characterized by bad MHS. Précised systematic conditions need heedful meticulous like Anxiety, Hypertension, Renal and Respiratory diseases, and heart diseases.30-32 Many studies related to this are available.33-38


Anxiety Test, IQ tests and many psychological test are customary assessment tool in our society that are used for many years. If the individual’s Prakriti is assessed at early age, we can able to get a hint regarding their Mental Health status (MHS). Maintaining their MHS is very important in this modern developing world. The youth is under massive mental health problems due to their job, education and carrier. By conducting the Prakriti assessment, we can able to steer clear of Mental Health related issues.

Scope for further study:

For more accurate results one can give a try with a bigger sample size.


We thank Bajrang B. Yadav (Biostatistician), Anurag S. Gautam (Research Scholar) and Divya Jaiswal (Psychologist) for their immense support.

Conflict of Interest: None

Source of funding: None

Authors’ Contribution:

Jyoti Yadav, the corresponding author has done the review of the literature with collection and analysis of the data. She has also prepared the result and reported the findings.

Dr. K.N. Singh has designed and supervised the study.


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A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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