International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - 14(1), January, 2022

Pages: 112-118

Date of Publication: 03-Jan-2022


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A Cross-sectional Study on Menstrual Coping among Reproductive Age Group Women in Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu

Author: Chitharaj Rajan Rushender, Vijayakrishnan G, Ameenah Anwar Hussain Siraja

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Context: Menstruation is one of the important indicators of women's reproductive health. As menstruation-related problems are becoming increasingly common both globally as well as in India, dealing with problems during menstruation has become a challenge in the life of women belonging to the reproductive age group. Aims: The present study is designed to assess menstrual coping and various coping mechanisms adopted by women during menstruation. Setting and Design: This study was conducted amongst adolescents/women of reproductive age (Women who are currently menstruating) who visited SRM medical college hospital and its field practice areas (both rural and urban) Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was developed specifically for this study, comprising of questions about the socio-demographic characteristics of the study population as well as menstrual history, emotional coping during menstruation & perception about menstruation. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: More than 2/3rd of the participants (87.38%) reported regular menstrual cycles with a majority of women (90.03%) experiencing 3-5 days cycles. Some of the prominent symptoms experienced by the participants during menstruation were pain (80.73%), backache (29.90%), and headache (23.59%). Conclusions: In the present study, 40% of the women were having emotional problems during menstruation and factors like frequency of symptoms, commitments during menstruation, taking off during menstruation, and responsibility-sharing during menstruation were found to have a significant effect on emotional problems during menstruation.

Keywords: Menstrual coping, Emotional problems during menstruation, Menstrual coping mechanisms, Menstrual coping amongst women in Chengalpattu, Emotional coping during menstruation, Emotional coping mechanisms during menstruation

Full Text:

Introduction

Menstruation is one of the important indicators of women's reproductive health. The adolescent period is the transition between puberty and adulthood and menarche happens to be one of the most important markers of puberty. For most girls in the country, menarche happens between the ages of 10 to 16 years, however, this shows a remarkable range of variation.  The normal range for ovulatory cycles is between 21 and 35 days. While most periods last from 3 to 5 days, the duration of menstrual flow normally ranges from 2 to 7 days1. The pattern of menstruation can be affected by various factors such as ethnicity, family history, smoking, stress, physical activities, and dietary habits2. Globally 75% of girls are experiencing problems associated with menstruation. The World Health Organization reports that 18 million women aged 30–55 years perceive their menstrual bleeding to be excessive3. The major abnormalities are dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and menstrual irregularities. These disorders may lead to problems in daily activities such as academic excellence, achievements in sports, and loss of self-confidence4 which in turn may lead to mental and emotional stress amongst women.

Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent menstrual problems during adolescence and can even cause women to become bedridden. Dysmenorrhea is an important public health problem among various ethnic groups and is associated with loss of school days and poor quality of life5. Menstrual disorders such as menorrhagia, abnormal uterine bleeding, and polymenorrhea contribute to almost 12% of gynecology referrals and are usually associated with a very high chance of surgical intervention2. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of emotional symptoms with or without physical symptoms related to a woman’s menstrual cycle, the prevalence of PMS has been reported in 20 to 32 % of premenopausal and 30-40% of the reproductive female population. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects women’s quality of life, economic productivity, and social performance to a degree that affects their daily lives6. Irregular menstruation is an indicator of health in women, the prevalence of irregular menstruation varies from 5% to 35.6% depending on age, occupation, and country of residence. Irregular menstruation can occur as a result of hormone imbalances and stress. Irregular menstruation is related to a mental health condition such as depression7.

As menstruation-related problems are becoming increasingly common both globally as well as in India, dealing with problems during menstruation has become a challenge in the life of women belonging to the reproductive age group. Addressing the physical and psychological needs related to menstruation is the need of the hour as far as the reproductive health of women is concerned. Although various researchers have been conducted in the areas of menstrual disorders and their prevalence, very little is known about how women cope with menstruation-related problems and how to help women improve to adapt to menstrual changes both physically and psychologically. Hence the present study is designed to fill in the gaps related to menstrual coping and various coping mechanisms adopted by women during menstruation. 

Materials and Methods

            This study was a cross-sectional study. The sample size was calculated to be 264 using a prevalence of 22% for emotional stress and absolute precision of 5%. To account for non-participation amongst the participants a non-participation rate of 10% was considered. Hence, 27 participants (10%) were added and the final minimal sample size was estimated to be 291. The study population included adolescents/women of reproductive age (Women who are currently menstruating) who visited SRM medical college hospital and its field practice areas (both rural and urban). Data were collected between May 2020 to August 2020. Women who are currently pregnant, women who are on oral contraceptive pills & IUDs, women with premature surgical menopause & physiological menopause were excluded from the study.

              A questionnaire was developed specifically for this study, comprising of questions about the socio-demographic characteristics of the study population as well as menstrual history, emotional coping during menstruation & perception about menstruation. Questions such as age, residence, education, SES, Marital status, occupation, and type of family were asked related to the socio-demographic characteristics. Questions such as age at menarche, regularity and duration of cycles, symptoms experienced and commitments during menstruation were some of the questions included in the questionnaire. Regarding the emotional coping and perception about menstruation, questions such as coping methods, a distraction from symptoms, communication with others during menstruation, and family support were included in the questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed using a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis were used to analyze the data. Each study subject was approached individually and written informed consent was obtained for the study. Institutional ethical committee approval was obtained (Institutional Ethical Committee clearance number –1898/IEC/202) and confidentially of the study participants was maintained thought the study. 

Results

            For the present study, a total of 301 women who are in the reproductive age group and presently menstruating were included. The mean age of the participants was 27.90 (±8.01) yrs (Refer Table-1). The majority of the participants (55.48%) were currently married and less than a half of the participants (43.52%) were single. Minorities of the study participants were divorced (0.33%) and widowed (0.66%).  More than half of the participants were living in urban areas (54.15%) and the rest (45.85%) of the participants were living in rural areas. As far as the educational qualifications of the women are concerned, a majority of the participants (39.87%) had qualified for an undergraduate degree followed by the participants who had a secondary school education (15.61%).  

A proportion of (13.29%) women had completed higher secondary school education followed by participants who had qualified a postgraduate degree (8.64%). Of the 301 participants, a proportion of (11.63%) were illiterates. A majority of (82.39%) of the participants belonged to a nuclear family and the rest (17.61%) were from joint families. Most of the participants (33.22%) were housewives and were not employed which was followed by the proportion of students (33.2%) and working women (32.89%). A majority of (80.73%) of the participants belonged to the Hindu religion which was followed by Christians (14.62%) and Muslims (4.65%).  The social economical class was classified according to BG Prasad's scale, the highest proportion of women belonging to the middle class (32.56%) followed by upper lower class (20.27%) and upper class (17.28%). 

Regarding the menstrual history of the participants, the mean age at menarche of the participants was 12.61(±1.79) yrs (Refer Table-2). More than 2/3rd of the participants (87.38%) reported regular menstrual cycles with a majority of women (90.03%) experiencing 3-5 days cycles. Some of the prominent symptoms experienced by the participants during menstruation were pain (80.73%), backache (29.90%), and headache (23.59%). The majority of the participants (35.22%) had a moderate frequency of symptoms followed by women who had symptoms often (33.89%). Most of the participants (77.74%) happened to be tracking their cycles regularly. The majority of the participants (86.38%) followed hygienic practices like the usage of sanitary pads during menstruation. Of all the commitments that participants had during menstruation, family commitments constituted the major proportion (38.21%).

Regarding the emotional coping mechanisms adopted by the participants during menstruation, it was found that more than half of the participants (53.16%) had some form of emotional problems during menstruation. A proportion (32.22%) of the women had an outburst as a method of coping during menstruation. The majority of the participants (44.85%) had mobile phones as a means to distract from these symptoms. More than 2/3rd of the participants (75.75%) had family support during menstruation.

Regarding the association between socio-demographic and menstrual factors with self-perceived emotional problems during menstruation, we found the frequency of symptoms during menstruation (‘p’= 0.000), commitments during menstruation (‘p’= 0.042), taking off from work during menstruation (‘p’= 0.012) and responsibility-sharing (‘p’= 0.017) to be statistically significant, Refer (Table.4).

Discussion

            The present study was conducted amongst 301 women participants, all the participants included were in the reproductive age group and presently menstruating. The mean age of the participants was 27.90 (±8.01) yrs and the mean age at menarche of the participants was 12.61(±1.79) which was similar to the study done amongst adolescent girls by Omidvar S et al.12018. The majority of the participants had graduated with an undergraduate degree (39.87%) and belonged to the middle class (32.56) nuclear families (82.39%) as the majority of the participants were residents of urban areas (54.15%). According to the results of the present study (12.62%) of women were having menstrual irregularities which are close to the study findings of Kwak Y et al. 2019 which was conducted amongst women aged (19-54) on the prevalence of menstrual irregularities in South Korea that reported that (14.2%) women were having menstrual irregularities. This minor variation could be due to the differences in country of residence7.

            Regarding the duration of the menstrual cycle, the present study results show that a majority of the women had a duration of 3-5 days cycle (90.03%) followed by >5 days cycle (5.98%)  and <3days cycle(3.99%). A similar study conducted by Godbole G et al. 2013 to find out the pattern of the menstrual cycle in young adults in Maharashtra also reported similar results8. Pain during menstruation happened to be the major symptom experienced by women in the present study (80.73%).  A study was done by Kural M et al. 2015 to find out the menstrual characteristics and prevalence of dysmenorrhea among college-going girls reported a similar result of (84.2%) of women experiencing pain during menstruation in their study9.

Regarding hygienic practices during menstruation, a majority of the women (62.1%) reported that they used sanitary pads during menstruation. In a study conducted by Bhatia A to find out the usage of sanitary pads and attitude towards acceptance of low-cost sanitary pads in Mumbai, it was found that (62%) of the women were using sanitary napkins during menstruation which is similar to the results of the present study10. About (40.2%) of the women in the present study reported that they had family and household chores as a major commitment during menstruation, Refer (to Table.3). A study conducted by Mathiyalagan P et al. 2017 to find out the menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity amongst adolescent girls in the union territory of India reported that (33.1%) women had household chores during menstruation in their study. The differences in results could be attributed to differences in socio-demographic characteristics between the subjects in both the studies11. Regarding the emotional problems experienced during menstruation, (40%) of the women experienced some sort of emotional problems during menstruation. Negi P et al. 2018  in their study reported a similar result of (40.2%) women experiencing emotional problems in their study4. Regarding the association between socio-demographic variables and menstrual factors with self-perceived emotion problems amongst the participants, frequency of symptoms, commitments during menstruation, taking off during menstruation, and responsibility-sharing during menstruation were found to be statistically significant.      

There are a few strengths and limitations for this present study. This study was done amongst 301 subjects chosen from both rural and urban areas and the sample size is fairly large enough. However, Emotional problems reported by the subjects are self-perceived and we could not grade the severity of emotional problems due to the lack of a standardized tool for grading. Since this is a study done in a single medical college and its rural and urban centers, this may not be a true representative sample from the community.

Conclusion

Emotional problems during menstruation are becoming increasingly common both in India and worldwide. In the present study, 40% of the women were having emotional problems during menstruation, and factors like frequency of symptoms, commitments during menstruation, taking off during menstruation, and responsibility-sharing during menstruation were found to have a significant effect on emotional problems during menstruation.

            It is recommended that health education regarding menstrual problems and how to cope with them should be given to school-going girls from the beginning of their high school period. More health programs to create awareness amongst women of reproductive age groups regarding menstruation-related problems and where to seek help regarding them should be put in place.

Acknowledgment

            We would like to sincerely thank the Medical officers and staff of both Rural and Urban Health centers of SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Potheri, Chengalpattu for their fullest cooperation for the smooth conduct of this study.  

Conflict of Interest

            None declared

Funding information

            There was no external funding for this study

Authors Contribution

            Study conception and design, critical revision – Dr.Chitharaj Rajan Rushender

            Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting of the manuscript – Dr. Vijayakrishnan G

            Acquisition of data - Dr.Ameenah Anwar Hussain Siraja

References:

  1. Omidvar S, Amiri FN, Bakhtiari A, Begum K. A study on menstruation of Indian adolescent girls in an urban area of South India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2018;7(4):698–702.

  2. Rafique N, Al-Sheikh MH. Prevalence of menstrual problems and their association with psychological stress in young female students studying health sciences. Saudi Med J. 2018;39(1):67–73.

  3. Karout N, Hawai SM, Altuwaijri S. Prevalence and pattern of menstrual disorders among Lebanese nursing students. East Mediterr Health J. 2012 Apr;18(4):346-52.

  4. Negi P, Mishra A, Lakhera P. Menstrual abnormalities and their association with lifestyle pattern in adolescent girls of Garhwal, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2018;7(4):804 808.

  5.  Abu Helwa, H.A, Mitaeb, A.A, Al-Hamshri, S. et al. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students. BMC Med. Women's Health(18),18-32.

  6. A DM, K S, A D, Sattar K. Epidemiology of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. 2015 Jul;9(7):ZZ05]. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(2):106-109.

  7. Kwak Y, Kim Y, Baek KA. Prevalence of irregular menstruation according to socioeconomic status: A population-based nationwide cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE 14(3):e0214071. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214071. [Last accessed on 2020 Sep 26].

  8. Bellad G.C, Guru M. Association between body mass index and dysmenorrhea among medical students: A cross-sectional study. Obs Rev: J Obstet Gynecol 2020;6 (2):38-43.

  9. Kural M, Noor NN, Pandit D, Joshi T, Patil A. Menstrual characteristics and prevalence of dysmenorrhea in college-going girls. J Family Med Prim Care. 2015 Jul-Sep;4(3):426-31.

  10. Shaikh Z, Panda M, Gaur D. Acceptability of low-priced, socially-marketed sanitary napkins amongst non-users of sanitary napkins in a slum population of Delhi. Int J Community Med Public Health 2019;6:1754-9.

  11. Mathiyalagen P, Peramasamy B, Vasudevan K, Basu M, Cherian J, Sundar B. A.  descriptive cross-sectional study on menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity among adolescent girls in a union territory, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2017Apr-Jun; 6(2):360-365.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2023 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions