International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - 14(1), January, 2022

Pages: 94-97

Date of Publication: 03-Jan-2022


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Cadaveric Study of Branches of Facial Artery in the Face

Author: Ramya Pavithran

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: The facial artery is the anterior branch of the external carotid artery and forms the major source of nourishment to the face and terminates as the angular artery. The variations in the facial artery is highly useful to surgeons and clinicians in facial reconstructions and evaluating various clinical conditions. Aim: To identify and trace the branches of the facial artery in the face. Settings and Design: It is an observational study. Methods and Material: The present study is a descriptive observational study done by dissection method in 50 cadavers. The facial artery branches were identified and traced from their origin to the termination. Care was taken not to damage the vessels. Variations were documented and analyzed. Statistical Analysis Used: The data obtained were entered in a master chart. All qualitative data obtained were quantified according to the frequencies. Frequencies were calculated as percentages. Results: In 73% of cases all the facial branches were present. The facial artery terminated as the angular artery in 82% of cases, as lateral nasal in 12%, superior labial and alar artery in 3% of cases each. 10% of cases showed the presence of the alar branch and pre masseteric was seen in 18%. Conclusions: Variations in the facial artery are useful to anatomists and surgeons alike. These studies provide information that is welcome in this world of cosmetic surgeries of face.

Keywords: Facial artery; Premasseteric branch; Angular artery; Lateral nasal artery; Alar artery; Labial arteries; Facial reconstruction

Full Text:

Introduction:

The facial artery forms the main arterial supply of the face along with the superficial temporal artery and branches from the ophthalmic arteries. Facial artery arises from the external carotid artery at the level of greater cornu of the hyoid bone within the carotid triangle. It has a tortuous course throughout and passes onto the face at the anteroinferior border of the masseter muscle. The facial artery supplies branches to the skin and muscles of the face. The branches on the face are the pre masseteric branch, the superior and inferior labial arteries and the lateral nasal artery. Beyond the lateral nasal the facial artery terminates as the angular artery.1 The facial artery may be rudimentary or hypoplastic. It can terminate as the submental artery (not reaching the face), as labial arteries or as nasal arteries. In its absence, it can be replaced by either the nasal branch of the ophthalmic artery at the medial side of the orbit, the transverse facial, or the maxillary artery. The buccal, posterior alveolar, or infraorbital artery can also be larger than usual, compensating for a deficiency of the facial artery.2

The facial artery pulsations can be felt on the base of the mandible at the anteroinferior angle of the masseter. The anaesthetists feel the facial artery pulsations for monitoring the patients during surgeries(facial artery is also known as the Anaesthetist’s artery). The branches of the facial artery anastomose with each other and with other arteries of the face. The deep wounds and incisions involving the face will bleed profusely. The facial wounds will usually heal quickly and rarely necrose. The anatomical knowledge of the facial artery and its branches become important in cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries. FAMM flap (Facial artery myomucosal flap) is an effective means for reconstructing defects in and around the oral cavity. The FAMM flap was first used by Pribaz.3 Francis Henry et al.4, Hui Ling Chia et al.5, Dupoireux et al.6, Tereck Ayad et al.7 have studied the use of the FAMM flap. The Abbe flap used for the reconstruction of the lips, cleft lip, philtrum and palate also depend on the anatomy of the facial artery. Koshy John C et al.8 and Theodore T Nyame et al.9 have conducted recent studies on the same. The masseter muscle is often exploited to correct facial palsies, benign masseteric hypertrophy, neurectomy induced atrophy of muscle traumatic or non-traumatic upper and lower lip defect repairs and also in other maxillofacial surgeries. If the pre masseteric branch is not taken care of, it can lead to profuse bleeding during the procedure.10

Proper anatomical knowledge of the facial artery and its variations would help the clinicians and surgeons alike.

Materials and Methods:

The present study was done on 100 hemi-facies from 50 properly embalmed and formalin fixed cadavers in the Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Kozhikode used for the undergraduate teaching of MBBS and BDS students as a part of the thesis work on the variations of the facial artery. The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. The facial artery was identified and traced from its origin to the termination. Care was taken not to damage the vessels. Mutilated bodies were excluded from the study.

Results:

In 73% of the specimen the facial artery showed the presence of all branches in the face, in 27% the artery lacked one or the other branch. Angular artery was absent in 7 specimen (14%), of which 6 specimen showed bilateral absence of the angular artery. Out of the 50 cadavers dissected, lateral nasal artery was not seen in 13 cadavers (26%). In 4 cases, there was bilateral absence of the lateral nasal artery, in 6 cases it was absent on the right and in 3 on the left. The absence of the inferior labial artery was seen in 1 case on the right side. Unilateral absence of the superior labial was seen in 4%, one on right and left side each. Pre masseteric branch was noted in 18% (figure 1), 2 cases showed bilateral pre masseteric branch, unilateral right and left pre masseteric were noted in 5 and 2 cases respectively. The presence of the alar artery directly from the facial artery was seen in 10%. Bilateral alar artery was seen in 2 cases, unilateral right side was seen in 3 cases. Left-sided alar branch from facial artery was noted found in the present study. Sometimes one or the other branch of the facial artery may arise as a common trunk and then divide to form separate arteries. In one of the specimen (1%), the left facial artery gave a common trunk for the labial arteries near the angle of the mouth (figure 2). This common trunk then bifurcated into the superior and the inferior labial arteries, which coursed upper and lower lip areas respectively. In another case, the superior labial and the lateral nasal originated as a common trunk from the facial artery on the left side(figure 3). The facial artery then continued as the angular artery.

Discussion:

In the study by Midy et al.11, facial artery gave angular artery in 27.5%, superior labial in 40% and nasal type in 30%. In 2.5% abortive type was seen. In the study by Niranjan NS12, facial artery terminated as angular artery in 68%, lateral nasal artery in 26%, superior labial artery in 4%. In 2% cases artery terminated at the alar base. Koh KS et al.13 noted 44% lateral nasal and 36.3% angular artery. YA Pinar et al.14 noted that facial artery terminated as angular artery in 22%, as nasal facial in 60%, alar in 12%, superior labial in 4%. Hypoplastic type was seen in 2%. Orhan Magden et al.15 noted that the pre masseteric artery originated as a separate trunk in 14 cadavers studied. Bayram et al.16 classified facial artery into 3 types based on termination. They noted Type I (Facial artery terminated as angular artery) in 76%, type II(facial artery terminated as superior labial) in 12% and type III(Facial artery terminated as inferior labial) in 12%. Ashish S Kulkarni and Geetha KN17 noted that the facial artery terminated as the angular artery in 36%, lateral nasal in 44% and superior labial artery in 20%. In 95% they noted the presence of the pre masseteric artery.

According to George Dickson et al.18, the facial artery had been grouped into 6 types based on termination, as

Type I: facial artery terminating as the superior labial artery

Type II: facial artery terminating as the inferior labial artery

Type III: facial artery terminating as the lateral nasal artery

Type IV: facial artery terminating as the superior alar artery

Type V: facial artery terminating as the inferior alar artery

Type VI: facial artery terminating as the angular artery

Angular artery was seen in 27.5%, lateral nasal in 15%, superior labial in 27.5%, inferior labial in 15% and alar type 15%.

 Facial artery terminated as the angular artery in 56%, lateral nasal in 12%, superior labial in 12% and was abortive in 2% in the study by Vasudha et al.19. The premasseteric branch was found in 6% of cases. The percentage of occurrence of various branches of the Facial artery with that of previous studies have been compared in table 1.

Conclusion:

The facial artery forms the major arterial supply of the face. Proper anatomical knowledge of the facial artery and its variations would help the clinicians to diagnose various pathological conditions and also avoid various complications during the procedures. The knowledge of the branching pattern of the facial artery becomes important in various flap surgeries and other procedures of the face, parotid region etc. It also has importance in face lift procedures, dermal filler injections etc. which are cosmetically challenging.

Acknowledgement:

“Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.”

Source of funding: Nil

Conflict of Interest: Nil

Authors’ Contribution:

Dr Ramya Pavithran- Collection of data, compilation and presentation.

IEC Letter No: GMCKKD/ RP 2016/EC/215

Figure 1: Right side of the face showing the pre masseteric branch of the facial artery

FA- facial artery, PM- pre masseteric branch, TFV- transverse facial vessels

FA- facial artery, PM- pre masseteric branch, TFV- transverse facial vessels

Figure2: Left facial artery with a common trunk for the labial branches.

FV- facial vein, FA- facial artery, IL- inferior labial artery, SL- superior labial artery

Figure 3: Left facial artery with a common trunk for the superior labial and the lateral nasal

List of abbreviations:

FAMM- Facial artery myomucosal flap

AN- Angular artery

LN- Lateral nasal

SL- Superior labial

IL- Inferior labial

AL- Alar artery

PM- Premasseteric branch

H- Hypoplastic

References:

1. Standring S. Gray’s anatomy: the anatomical basis of clinical practice. 2016.

2. Bergman RA, Thompson SA, Afifi AK, Saadeh FA. Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog. Atlas World Lit. 1988;86.

3. Pribaz J, Stephens W, Crespo L, Gifford G. A new intraoral flap: facial artery musculomucosal (FAMM) flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992 Sep;90(3):421–9.

4. Henry FP, Leckenby JI, Butler DP, Grobbelaar AO. An algorithm to guide recipient vessel selection in cases of free functional muscle transfer for facial reanimation. Arch Plast Surg. 2014 Nov;41(6):716–21.

5. Chia H-L, Wong C-H, Tan B-K, Tan K-C, Ong Y-S. An algorithm for recipient vessel selection in microsurgical head and neck reconstruction. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2011 Jan;27(1):47–56.

6. Dupoirieux L, Plane L, Gard C, Penneau M. Anatomical basis and results of the facial artery musculomucosal flap for oral reconstruction. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1999 Feb;37(1):25–8.

7. Ayad T, Kolb F, De Monés E, Mamelle G, Temam S. Reconstruction of floor of mouth defects by the facial artery musculomucosal flap following cancer ablation. Head Neck. 2008 Apr;30(4):437–45.

8. Koshy JC, Ellsworth WA, Sharabi SE, Hatef DA, Hollier LH, Stal S. Bilateral cleft lip revisions: the Abbe flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jul;126(1):221–7.

9. Nyame TT, Pathak A, Talbot SG. The abbe flap for upper lip reconstruction. Eplasty. 2014;14:ic30.

10. Kumar N, Nayak SB, Shetty S, Guru A. Unusual posterior (premasseteric) branch of facial artery–a case report. IJAV. 2011;4:161–3.

11. Midy D. A contribution to the study of the facial artery, its branches and anastomoses. Application to the anatomic vascular bases of facial flaps. Surg Radiol Anat. 1986;8(2):99–107.

12. Niranjan NS. An anatomical study of the facial artery. Ann Plast Surg. 1988 Jul;21(1):14–22.

13. Koh KS, Kim HJ, Oh CS, Chung IH. Branching patterns and symmetry of the course of the facial artery in Koreans. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003 Aug; 32(4):414–8.

14. Pinar YA, Bilge O, Govsa F. Anatomic study of the blood supply of perioral region. Clin Anat N Y N. 2005 Jul;18(5):330–9.

15. Ma?den O, Göçmen-Mas N, Senan S, Edizer M, Karaçayli U, Karabekir HS. The pre masseteric branch of facial artery: its importance for craniofacial surgery. Turk Neurosurg. 2009 Jan;19(1):45–50.

16. Bayram SB, Kalaycioglu A. Branching patterns of facial artery in fetuses. NJ Med. 2010;27:227–30.

17. K.N G, Kulkarni A. Variations in Branching Pattern of Facial Artery: An Anatomical Study in 50 Indian Adult Cadavers. 2011.

18. Dickson G, Clark SK, George D, Mackenzie F, Mann NA, Wright K, et al. The variability of the facial artery in its branching pattern and termination point and its relevance in craniofacial surgery. Eur J Plast Surg. 2014 Jan;37(1):1–8.

19. Vasudha TK, DivyashanthiD’Sa, Gowda S. A STUDY ON COURSE AND VARIATIONS OF FACIAL ARTERY ON THE FACE. Int J Anat Res. 2018 Feb 5;6(1.2):4928

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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