International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - 14(1), January, 2022

Pages: 57-63

Date of Publication: 03-Jan-2022


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An Empirical Study of Procrastination Practices at Workplace and their Associated Factors across Institutions: Case of Healthcare Administrative Professionals

Author: Mohamed Khedhiri, Hanan Althagafi

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Little research has explored procrastination in Healthcare Institutions rather than business settings, especially in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia where the healthcare sector is growing rapidly. Objective: To perform an empirical study of procrastination practices at workplace and their associated factors across institutions in a cross-sectional data setting when the target population is healthcare administrative professionals. Method: A specific questionnaire was prepared to address the stated objective. Two estimation procedures were performed: (i) seemingly unrelated regression was used to determine the effect of routine procrastination practices on project management procrastination; (ii) White's heteroscedasticity consistent covariance estimator is used to estimate a single model. Results: The main finding is that the routine procrastination practices have a positive impact on project management procrastination 1% level, there is sufficient evidence to support the claim that neuroticism and project procrastination are not related, indicating that people have rational choices and obey to the time-consistent preferences. In addition, we found that people working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals were more likely to procrastinate at workplace than any other healthcare institutions. A further finding highlights a more general issue: respondents' bad habit is an important factor for people to procrastinate at workplace. Conclusion: This paper contributes to past procrastination in project studies; estimating each model separately and ignoring the inter-relation between these models provide biased results, and hence wrong policy decision makings.

Keywords: Procrastination, Project, Healthcare, Habits, Neuroticism, Questionnaire

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

There is a growing literature on procrastination over the past decades. Only few studies have explored procrastination from a management perspective over employees,1 and little research has explored procrastination in Healthcare Institutions rather than business settings, especially in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) where the healthcare sector is growing rapidly. The Kingdom increased the budget of the Ministry of Health by 7.40% during the fiscal year of 2020, the highest increase in more than a decade despite a government deficit of SAR186, 935million, and the highest percentage of the Kingdom’s GDP on healthcare among the GCC countries. The main goal of this increase is to support its healthcare transformation strategy (HTS) proposed in the vision 2030 of the Kingdom. 2 The HTS is the first of three five–year phases. Each phase will put the Kingdom on track to reach the ultimate goals of its vision.2,3

Motivated by the HTS, the focus of this paper is on the negative form of procrastination practices at workplace, when the target population is healthcare administrative professionals working in the Kingdom; that means the irrational delay of behavior.4

Therefore, the goal of this paper is twofold. The first goal is to perform an empirical study of procrastination practices at workplace and their associated factors across healthcare institutions in a cross-sectional data setting. The collection of the data was performed through a survey that was supervised by the principal investigator to ensure the best procedures were adopted. The second goal is to determine the impact of routine procrastination practices on project procrastination practices. This latter is subsequently tested, and the results are compared to a broad single equation model.

Literature review

Langton5 suggests that procrastination is the process of doing more pleasurable things in place of less pleasurable ones, thus delaying tasks to later time. A more in-depth analysis of procrastination defines procrastination as a voluntary delay of an intended course because of, (i) fear of success6 or failure,7 or (ii) fear of being alone or dependent. 8Procrastination may cost employers about $10,000 per employee per year9 and reduce earnings by approximately 30%. 10

There are many types of procrastination: (i) academic procrastination, defined as putting academic assignments until the last minute if at all;11 (ii) life routine procrastination, defined as difficulty in scheduling when to do the many recurring life routines and doing them on schedule12and in some studies they called it ‘Trait Procrastination;’8 (iii)decisional procrastination, defined as the inability to make timely decisions in minor matters13, 14 and in major ones;15and (iv) compulsive procrastination defined as decisional and task procrastination in the same person.

A variety of other studies suggested that all procrastinators lack high action identities. 16, 17The generality of the action identity will be referred to as the level of the action identity. 18, 19 On the Decisional Procrastination side, indecisiveness has been defined20 as a trait-related general tendency to experience decision difficulties across a variety of situations, leading to decision delay, worry, and regret. Indecisive individuals not only show uniformly increased delay relative to others, but rather that their delay behavior may be more striking in its unresponsiveness to risk. 21In another study,22 it has been confirmed that there is strong evidence for that indecisive individual in changed shift behavior from the first to the second half of the task. Anticipated regret and perceived fairness were mentioned as possible mediating processes. 23 An experimental study in a bank in Colombia aimed to send reminders about goal achievements with small in-kind prizes every week to remind employees of their goal achievements found effective for fighting procrastination in the workplace. 24

Projects are aspirational efforts using significant resources to reach a better future state by achieving tangible goals. 25 The value of these projects is very known in the literature by studying cost-benefit analysis approach in a broad sense. 26, 27, 28, 29Recent research indicates30 that projects contribute to approximately one-third of the gross domestic product (GDP) in a typical Western economy transitioning from an industrial to a post-industrial setting.

Past research on project procrastination has shown people are most prone to procrastinate on the highest cost of the project stage. 31 If the cost structure is endogenous, people are prone to choose cost structures that lead them to start but not finish projects.32

A meta-analysis33 contains the correlations of 121 studies examining the relation between procrastination and personality variables (motives, affect, and performance), resulted in a negative effect found in relation to conscientiousness and self-efficacy, and a positive relation was found with self-handicapping. Affect was moderately related, as well as performance outcomes, and motives were weakly correlated.

In the next section, we examine the methods used to perform the analysis of this study. Then, the results are reported and discussed. And finally, the paper concludes with some remarks that may refine and improve the validation of our results.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Study design and sampling techniques: The target population for this study was the administrative professionals who worked in the healthcare facilities located in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. The term “healthcare facility” includes Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals, private hospitals, military hospitals, and academic hospitals.

A cross-sectional study was conducted based on the following criteria: (i) Individuals who are working at administrative departments in the hospitals; (ii) A minimum of bachelor’s degree diploma and three years of experience in the field; (iii) Saudi citizen or non-Saudi citizen; (iv)English or Arabic as a native or second language.

A subset of the population working in this area was surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. Based on MOH, 2019, the total number of health administrators is 3920, with a margin of error of 5%, a confidence level of 95%, and a response distribution of 50%, the estimated sample size was 350. Trained research coordinators at King Abdulaziz Medical City conducted the interviews. The collection of the data was supervised by the principal investigator to ensure the best procedures were adopted. After cleaning and editing the data set, only 245 responses were retained and used for this study (response rate = 70%).

Interview questionnaire: A specific questionnaire was prepared in 2020 that addressed the aims of this study. To best of our knowledge, no existing questionnaire has been found that cover this type of analysis. In this paper, we have three continuous dependent variables (Table 1): The first dependent variable is project management procrastination (item 1 and 2), the second dependent variable is routine procrastination practices (item 3 and 4), and lastly, the procrastination practice at work (items 1, 2, 3,4) which includes project management procrastination and routine procrastination practices as well.

The exogenous variables can be classified in two categories. The first category includes two continuous variables: procrastination habits (5 items) and neuroticism (7 items).

In all these items, employees are asked to rate their responses in – Likert response categories – ranging from 1 “strongly disagree” to 5 “strongly agree”. For each variable, items are summed and converted on to a scale of 100 to minimize measurement errors encountered in this type of analysis. The second category includes respondent's personal characteristics such as sex, nationality, age, and experience. 32

Statistical analysis: SAS 9.2 version33was used for data analysis. The internal consistency 34 of each dimension was checked via Cronbach coefficient “alpha >0.70.”

The Kruskal-Wallis 35 test was used to compare the homogeneity among groups. Two estimation procedures were performed: (i) seemingly unrelated regression36 was used to determine the effect of routine procrastination practices on project management procrastination; (ii) White’s heteroskedasticity consistent covariance estimator37 is used to estimate a single model. And finally, our analyses present test of significance of some important factors affecting procrastination at workplace by using an F-test.  

RESULTS

       The summary statistics and internal consistency were provided by Table 1. The study sample was comprised of 71% men and 29% women. 79.6% of respondents are Saudi while 20.4% are non-Saudi. Project management procrastination (PMP), routine procrastination practices (RPP), and procrastination practices at workplace (PPW) represented average below 50% (45.5%, 47.4%, and 46.4% respectively), while habits and neuroticism represented average above 50% (51.9% and 69.8% respectively). Finally, experience had standard deviation 74% half the size of the mean, indicating a wide range of experience across the sample.

The reliability of all variables was determined by using Cronbach’s alpha method. In all dimensions, the overall alpha scale was, at least, equal to or greater than 70%, suggesting that all variables exhibit internal consistency at subscale levels.

The validity of instruments was conceptually difficult to prove quantitatively without a standard. However, some evidence may be built over time. One method is to check construct validity. The construct validity was supported by two evidences: (i) the high internal consistency mentioned above; (ii) the quantitative analysis that will be discussed later in this section.

We used Kruskal – Wallis procedure to test whether healthcare institutions differ significantly among these groups. Table 2 provides the results of this test for PMP, RPP, and PPW. Under the null hypothesis that there is no significant difference among all types of healthcare institutions is rejected for all types of practice. For this reason, we generated four dummy variables that considered this difference (Table 1).

 Table 3 shows the parameter estimates of the statistical models. The effect of routine procrastination practices on project procrastination practices is showed by cross model correlation estimates (estimates= 0.597, p-value = 0.000), and deemed to have significant positive impact at 1% level. Thus, the estimates of the procrastination practice at workplace model are reported in the last column for comparative purposes only.

In a statistical context, and not surprisingly, the RPP estimates show that habits and neuroticism increase procrastination (estimates are 0.515 and 0.124 respectively). These suggest that habits and, with less degree neuroticism, are important factors that enhance procrastination tendencies. Moreover, and across institutions, we found that professionals working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals were more likely to procrastinate at workplace, while Military sector and Private sector did not provide us any effects.

Regarding the PMP estimates, we found similar pattern in terms of sign and significance, except that neuroticism has no significant impact on PMP (the past study also indicates that neuroticism has no direct link to procrastination),38 and the magnitude of the parameters estimates in the PMP model are greater than that of RPP model. 

In terms of respondent personal characteristics, we investigated four factors associated with procrastination. These include respondents' sex, age, experience, and nationality. These factors deemed to be related to procrastination but in more diffuse and nonspecific pattern. Professionals' people with long experience have less procrastination practice for both RPP and PMP models, suggesting people with long experience are more organized in setting their goals. For the RPP model, male professionals tend to procrastinate more than female, while age has no significant effect. The opposite pattern holds for the PMP model, that is mean, older professionals procrastinate more than younger professionals, while sex has no significant effect. Finally, the nationality of professional workers has no

significant effect on both models. To better understand the above findings, we conducted several tests of the most important factors, cross the models, that may affect procrastination, and which are then compared to a single equation estimation model (model PPW, last two columns of Table 3). Table 4 contains the results of these tests. Test 1, states that there is no relationship between procrastination and neuroticism; Test 2, states that healthcare administrative professionals working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals do procrastinate; and finally, Test 3, states that respondent’s sex and age affect, indeed, procrastination.

Results show, also, that neuroticism cannot affect healthcare administrative professionals to procrastinate when managing projects (p-value = 0.142). This result is a little bit different from the PPW model where neuroticism is significant at 10%. Hence, using a single equation estimation may lead to the wrong result. However, Tests 2 and 3 are rejected by SUR procedure, indicating that healthcare administrative professionals working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals do not procrastinate and that sex and age, in general, have a positive effect on procrastination.

DISCUSSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Our empirical analysis identifies several results about procrastination practices at workplace when the target population is healthcare administrative professionals. The key intuition that drives our results is that by just estimating the PPW model as a single equation and ignoring the impact of RPP on PMP, the non-significance of neuroticism cannot be detected. The first reason of the absence of neuroticism is that Healthcare Administration requires effective leadership and business expertise in addition to strong analytical and communication skills. A second reason is that healthcare administrative professionals deemed to be rational in their decision makings and they obey to the time-consistent preferences.39Thus, it is possible to state that neuroticism cannot affect healthcare administrative professionals to procrastinate when managing projects. Another finding of the study that deserves to be mentioned is that healthcare administrative professionals working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals procrastinate more than any other healthcare institution, although the former is more significant than the latter, in a statistical context.

The results in this study highlight a more general issue: respondents’ habit or the environmental cultural is an important factor for people to procrastinate at workplace. Habit is a very complex dimension to measure and evaluate since some of the habit's components are associated with heredity, 40 teamwork activity, friends, etc. One possible solution for policy decision makings is to implement incentives to combat bad habits at workplace. These incentives may include a significant improvement of the institution's environmental culture by providing people adequate training, a meaningful and challenging workplace, and especially, competency-based performance systems. 41, 42, 43

CONCLUSION

This paper focused on performing an empirical study of procrastination practices at workplace and their associated factors across institutions in a cross-sectional data setting. The target population was healthcare administrative professionals in Saudi Arabia. It is important to openly acknowledge the limitation of the data and the potential bias encountered in cross-sectional data. 44

Three models were developed that distinguish among routine procrastination practices (RPP), project management procrastination (PMP), and procrastination practice at workplace (PPW). A seemingly unrelated regression estimation was used to capture the effect of RPP on PMP. Throughout our analysis, we proposed testable hypotheses across the models and their implications for policy decisions making process. The findings of this study indicate that the routine procrastination practices at workplace have, indeed, a positive impact on project procrastination. In addition, and across the models, neuroticism has no relationship with procrastination, and that age and sex have positive impact on procrastination.  Furthermore, we found that professionals working at the Ministry of Health and University Hospitals were more likely to procrastinate at workplace, while Military sector and Private sector did not provide us any significant effects.

We suggest this paper contributes to past procrastination in project studies: estimating each model separately and ignoring the inter-relation between these models provide biased results, and hence wrong policy decision makings. In line with the recognition of the need for more studies on project procrastination in health care sector, we provided models that distinguish among different types of institution.

More research is needed to validate and refine the above findings. A possible strategy for healthcare institutions to curb procrastination would be to increase the sample size at the national level and test how robust the present findings are under different parameterizations and model specifications. We also see a new opportunity on model building on project values28 that allows a more comprehensive understanding of the strategic choices for each institution rather than using project as broad variable. Moreover, additional research on the genetic aspects of procrastination is required to better understand this phenomenon,45 and how these aspects differ across cultures.

Acknowledgement:

Authors acknowledge the support of NGHA for this research. Special thanks to respondents of the questionnaire who provided valuable and constructive information that greatly inspired the research and IJCRR comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.

Source of funding: None

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest

Authors’ Contribution:

Mohamed Khedhiri: Manuscript writing, submission, and revision.

Hanan Althagafi: Questionnaire design and literature review.

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Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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