International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 17, September, 2021

Pages: 65-68

Date of Publication: 12-Sep-2021


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An Extensive Usage of Hand-Held Devices will Lead to Musculoskeletal Disorder Among Paramedical Students of Parul University

Author: Didhiti D, Ishita G, Umang V, Darshana C

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: The usage of hand-held device is increasing with within the adolescents consistent with survey conducted in China, in the year 2018 the share of individuals using smartphones has drastically increased up to 98.6%.consistent with a study conducted by Alphas an et al. in the year 2016 there have been about 52.7% males and 46.9% females who were having their age between 18 to 23 and that they were considered to be addicted for the usage of smartphones. consistent with a study conducted by Alosaimi et al. about 27.2% of people are coming under the age of 20 to 24 years who were using their smartphones for over 8 hours. Topic: An extensive usage of hand-held devices will lead to musculoskeletal disorder among paramedical students of Parul University. Objective: The objective of this study is to find the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder in the upper extremity among students of Parul University due to extensive usage of hand-held devices. As the usage of the hand-held device is increasing nowadays. Method: The subjects were paramedical students at Parul University. 215 subjects were included in this study out of which 209 were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data was collected through a google form. Outcome Measure: DASH questionnaire. Results: Results showed that there was a moderate prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder within the upper extremity due to extensive usage of hand-held devices among paramedical students of the Parul University. Conclusion: Hand-held devices have become a crucial part of life. However, their extensive usage may lead to musculoskeletal disorders keeping this into considerations, further studies should be done in future for spreading awareness among the users.

Keywords: Hand-held device, Extensive, Typing, Musculoskeletal disorders, DASH, Cell phone, Upper extremity

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Hand-held device are those devices that can be carried easily by one’s hand. 1Device like Tab, Cell-phone, Personal data assistants (PADs), iPod and gaming device are kind of hand-held devices. 2 Hand-held devices are having multiple uses like chatting, for calling, sending e-mails, for enjoying games and other entertainment and academic purposes.3Nowadays their usage is increasing worldwide.

The usage of hand-held device is increasing among adolescents. 4consistent with survey conducted in China, in the year 2018 the share of individuals using smartphones has drastically increased up to 98.6%. 4consistent with a study conducted by Alphas et al. in the year 2016 there have been about 52.7% males and 46.9% females who were having their age between 18 to 23 and that they were considered to be addicted for the usage of smartphones. 5consistent with a study conducted by Alosaimietal. there are about 27.2% of people coming under the age of 20 to 24 years who were using their smartphones for over 8 hours. 6,7

The usage of smartphones among students is over 80% and they spend approximately 5- 6 hours each day. 8,9In many studies it’s been concluded that there is an increase in the usage of mobile among college and university students. 10

The increased usage of text messaging across the globe has raised concern that its use could lead to musculoskeletal disorders. Due to the increased usage of hand-held devices like smartphones, the rate of musculoskeletal disorders of the hand, wrist and forearm has also increased across the globe. 3

Because of the long-term usage of the hand-held devices, there has been continuous mechanical stress on the structures like tendon, muscles and parametric tissues and it leads to problems in the thumb and the muscles within the forearm. 3 Also, there’s is the continuous movement of the wrist which ends within the musculoskeletal disorders. 11,12The musculoskeletal disorders are increasing within the upper extremity of college students by 32.9% and 89.3% among different parts of the globe. 10

Musculoskeletal disorders are those injuries and disorders that affect the movements of the human body or musculoskeletal system. 1 They’re a group of inflammatory and degenerative conditions.

Outcome measures are important for the evaluation of the standard of life and performance. 13The measurement of disability is very important for a comprehensive assessment of outcome following injury within the upper limb. 14

Measuring disabilities in patients with upper-limb disorders seem stapes a practical challenge, many distinct questionnaires are developed for the various regions of the upper limb. But due to of presence of multiple disorders or multiple affected regions in many patients, the selection available becomes difficult. 14

So, here Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand outcome measure (the DASH) provides the solution.

PROCEDURE

MATERIALS:

Paper, Pen, Laptop, Calculator, DASH questionnaire.

METHODOLOGY:

This study was a survey study conducted on paramedical students of Parul University. The info was collected by using the DASH questionnaire for knowing the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders because of extensive usage of hand-held devices among paramedical students of the Parul University. The themes were selected on the idea of the following criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Age:18-25.

  • Paramedical students of Parul University.

  • More than 4hours.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Having any injury in the upper extremity.

  • Having any deformity in the upper extremity.

  • Having any neurological problem because of other reasons.

RESULT:

Results showed that among 209 students there were 145 Females and 64 Male and the mean DASH score obtained by data analysis was 43.6013 and the standard response mean was 8.77252. So, the result strongly suggests that there is a presence of moderate difficulty in arm, shoulder and hand among the paramedical students of Parul University.

The bar diagram shows the mean and standard deviation of the Dash score

The graph shows the presence of a moderate amount of difficulty in the upper extremity of paramedical students at Parul University.

DISCUSSION

The present study was conducted to know the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among the paramedical students at Parul University due to the extensive usage of handheld devices. Within the study, the data was distributed and collected in the form of a questionnaire from the campus of Parul University in Vadodara. Subjects responded to the questionnaire and data analysis was done. Based on the result that is obtained from the study, it can be stated that the students were having moderate difficulty in arm, shoulder and hand due to more usage of the hand-held device. It has been reported that University students use their average time texting, emailing, scheduling, and Internet browsing on their mobile phones. 1

A study conducted by Barolo et al. states that there was 46-52% pain in the shoulder among the students and staff members who were using hand-held devices. 15 According to a study conducted by Charu Eapen et al. (2010) it was found that 18.5% of respondents complained of symptoms sin the upper limb due to extensive usage of the cell phone and more than 50% complained that they were having thumb pain and it increased due to excessive texting on cell phones. More than 70% of the subjects complained that the symptoms they faced were due to excessive use of the mobile phone. 16The reasons for the musculoskeletal disorder also depends upon the nature of smartphone use, users use the smartphone with a single hand, which puts stress on the thumb as the thumb moves in 79% of its maximum range of motion in abduction within the abduction/adduction plane and 55% of its maximum range of motion flexion in the flexion/extension plane which results into thumb pain. 17

Due to the overuse of the smartphone, there were continuous muscle contractions within the upper extremity and the neck which resulted in the microscopic damage of muscles, which lead to a collection of the fluid and an increase in pressure of the tissues within the intracellular and extracellular spaces which was the reason for increase within the pain. 18

When there are continuous fast movements which are with more reputations and performed with more force it leads to fatigue of the muscle with ischemic and metabolic changes that damages the muscle enzyme function. The affected muscles and their tendons become more susceptible to micro-tears and inflammatory changes which is also responsible for the pain that persists while doing activities like texting as well as rest. 16

The contributing factors are less spacing on the keyboard, size of the mobile, position of the thumb and the static load which is put on the thumb during text messaging on a hand-held device. Static repeated motion done by the users leads to reduction within the blood circulation as a result of which the supply of nutrients reduces which causes pain and fatigue among the users. 19

Sustained and prolong gripping, the repetitive movement of the thumb has led to musculoskeletal disorders in the thumb and the extrinsic musculature of the forearm. 20

The wrist engages in repeated flexion-extension which puts stress on the carpal tunnel and it results in narrowing of the carpal tunnel as well there is an increase within the pressure of the carpel tunnel, also there is a decrease within the space for the median nerve. 21 Due to the posture of the wrist it has been stated that the extensive usage of the smartphone may affect the flexor pollicis tendon, thumb joint and median nerve. 22

CONCLUSION

This study aimed to determine the prevalence’s of musculoskeletal disorders among the paramedical student of Parul University. Usage of cell phones is crucial; however, more use of cell phones may lead to serious musculoskeletal disorders. Even though the musculoskeletal disorders within the upper extremity due to handheld devices can be treated with proper rehabilitation, users need to understand the risk factors and prevention of the disorders and the users are advised to decrease the total amount of time on the usage of the device. The study concluded that there was the presence of moderate musculoskeletal disorders in the upper extremities among the students due to extensive usage of Hand-held devices. Further studies involving the identification of risk factors in a larger population are recommended to prevent the disorders.

SUMMARY

This study was conducted to know the presence of musculoskeletal disorders in the upper extremity among paramedical students of the Parul University at Vadodara, due to extensive usage of Hand-held devices. This study included 209 subjects age between18-25 years. The purpose for conducting the study was explained to students and the subjects were given a brief introduction regarding the study and the questionnaire. Data was collected in the form of Google Forms. The subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria and data analysis was done through the SPSS software version20.

Thus, the study concluded that there was the presence of a moderate amount of musculoskeletal disorders within the upper extremity among paramedical students of the Parul University due to extensive usage of hand-held devices

FURTHER RECOMMENDATION

    • The duration and the time interval of the study should be increased along with the increase in sample size.

    • The study should also be conducted in different locations and the professions which have high usage of hand-held devices should be included within the study.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We acknowledge Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat for their help in doing this work

Conflict of interest: None

Funding: None

Name of the authors and their contribution

1. DR. DIDHITI DESAI - concepts, design, the definition of intel­lectual content, literature search, data acquisition, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, and manuscript review

2. ISHITA GOSWAMI- literature search, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing

3. UMANG VAGHELA-literature search, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing.

4. DARSHANA CHAUHAN- literature search, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing.

References:

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  17. Berolo S, Wells RP, Amick III BC. Musculoskeletal symptoms among mobile handheld device users and their relationship to device use: a preliminary study in a Canadian university population. Applied ergonomics. 2011 Jan1;42(2):371-8.

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Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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