International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - 2nd Wave of COVID-19: Role of Social Awareness, Health and Technology Sector, June, 2021

Pages: 205-209

Date of Publication: 11-Jun-2021


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Uncertainity at Rohingya Camps: Health Crisis of Rohingya Refugees in India Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Nancy Puri, C. R. Akhouri

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Literature indicates that Rohingya refugees health has been severely impacted and effected by the novel corona virus disease (COVID- 19) in India. Aim: The aim and objective of the paper are to explore the risk factors faced by the Rohingyas refugees in India during the novel coronavirus (COVID- 19) crisis. Methods: A detailed and related Review of the literature of the previous work has been collected to extract the information about the vulnerable conditions of Rohingyas refugees in India amid novel coronavirus. Tables have been presented to highlight the issue. The paper is based on a qualitative research design. Data has been collected from official reports, documents, newspapers, journal articles, books based on Rohingyas refugees in India. Result: The evidence suggests that in overcrowded places or camps, COVID-19 viruses can spread more rapidly. Various international agencies and humanitarian organizations have adopted numerous preventive measures to curb the virus at the refugee's camps in India. However, the Government of India has declared Rohingyas as illegal immigrants into India Conclusion: The paper will conclude with suggestions or recommendations to curb the virus to spread among the Rohingyas communities in India.

Keywords: COVID - 19, Crisis, Health, India, Rohingyas

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

The world is facing an unprecedented crisis, namely COVID-19 also known as Novel Coronavirus disease, which is resulting in thousands of deaths in the world. In December 2019, the virus originated from Wuhan in the Hubei province of China and soon spread globally. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID- 19 a pandemic disease.1 The outbreak of a large-scale infectious disease has also spread to most of the South Asian countries. South Asia, being one of the most populated regions of the world comprising of the least developed nations of the world. India is one of the most populated countries in the South Asian region and such a country,  it becomes difficult to combat the virus from spreading in the community. Though, in such populated countries, various refugees are residing in India such as Rohingya Refugees.2

Rohingyas are living illegally in India and the Government of India has denied them the status of refugees and they are continuously portrayed as “illegal immigrants.” India is hosting more than one million Rohingya refugees who fled from Bangladesh and Myanmar. However, many refugees are currently living in shelters that are overcrowded refugee camps. Maintain preventive measures such as social distancing, wearing the mask, washing hands and feet with soap are impossible for Rohingya refugees because they are living in such unhygienic and congested camps.3

While reviewing some of the available data on this subject, it was found to be inadequate as the pandemic is an evolving crisis that is still to be observed by social science researchers in terms of its impact and trajectory. In India, there are a large number of vulnerable populations living in overcrowded places and COVID- 19 is now a litmus test that how a country has overcome lethargic tendencies towards Rohingya refugees. This has particularly affected Rohingya refugees that reside in informal settlements, squatter camps, overcrowded places and the absence of social distancing in such camps. Due to the novel coronavirus outbreak, Rohingyas met with social crisis and discrimination on medical grounds in the host communities.4

The Government of India has implemented $2 billion packages for the COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health System which facilitates for the public. However, in such schemes, Rohingya refugees are not even mentioned. However, it has been observed that Refugees are often considered carriers of the virus.5 The health care personnel and social service personnel are interconnected to protect the life of the individuals. Though, in such COVID- 19 pandemic era, the life savings medicines are available based on the proof of Aadhar Cards of the individuals. Even medical centres asked for proof of permanent residence to contact and trace the people.6  Though, Rohingya refugees lack even this provision.

This paper is based on a review of the literature. Title and abstract were screened carefully and studies that are related to the paper were included. Initially, 30 articles were selected, some of them were found unrelated and some were duplicate. Hence, they were excluded from the study. Only full-text articles were reviewed by the authors and finally, 18 articles were selected for this study. After reviewing such articles, a gap has been found that Rohingya refugee’s health is more vulnerable due to the risk of COVID- 19 pandemic, as compared to the other communities living in India.

Research Questions

The research intends to seek answers to the following research questions. These are:

  1. Why Rohingya’s health is extremely vulnerable to COVID- 19 pandemic?

  2. What are the other health issues of Rohingya Refugees in the current pandemic phase?

METHODOLOGY

A detailed literature survey of previous work has been collected to extract the information about the vulnerable health conditions of Rohingyas refugees in India amid novel coronavirus. Tables and diagrams have been presented to highlight the issue. The paper is based on a qualitative research design. Data has been collected from official reports, documents, newspapers, journal articles, books based on Rohingyas refugees living in India during COVID- 19 pandemic era.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

Risk of COVID- 19 on Rohingya Refugees in India

The novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is spread to almost the entire world. In early March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared novel coronavirus (COVID- 19) as pandemic disease. In India, numerous Rohingyas refugees are living in very congested and unhygienic camps with a dense population,7 of who carries the risk because they lack access to clean water, adequate sanitation system and medical facilities. India is facing a very uncertain future for the Rohingya refugees.8 Lack of COVID- 19 testing and medical facilities led to the spread of the virus very rapidly in the Rohingyas camps in India.9 As a result, it can lead to a risk of community transmission in the country. The Rohingya refugees’ camps are more prone to COVID- 19 infections because of the compact area and practically it is difficult to follow social distancing, hygiene rules and physical isolation etc. in such camps. (Figure 1). So, it is the biggest challenge to maintain social distancing at Rohingya refugee camps. In India, Rohingya refugees lack awareness and have insufficient knowledge about the symptoms of novel coronavirus (n- COV 2019). There are some other factors also that lead to the risks of community transmission.10 On the other hand, some Rohingya refugees hold a belief that COVID- 19 is a punishment sent by Allah.11 Rohingyas have a misconception that if they get infected by the virus they would be taken away by the Indian citizens and killed or

Little access to healthcare

In India, Rohingyas refugees are living in uncertain conditions and they have to face many barriers to access public health and social services. This implies the future hardship of vulnerable communities like Rohingya refugees. (Figure 2). These aspects significantly complicate the efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in such a populated country.13 The increasing number of cases is raising a grave concern about the future trajectory of the outbreak.14 Due to the outbreak of coronavirus, Rohingya’s camps became weaker with the health system and poor baseline health status of the refugees.15 In an overcrowded place with a few public bathrooms are shared between wall to wall, in this way the virus can spread more rapidly and more easily.16 Another, the major risk faced by Rohingya refugees in India is the lack of resources like medicines, face masks, gloves and soaps. COVID- 19 Pandemic posed a substantial financial burden on the poor populations and the immigrants.17 Due to economic hardship, Rohingyas refugees have been exposed to prolonged mental health conditions in refugee camps.18 Rohingya refugees faced a lack of clean drinking water supply. World Health Organization predicts that people affected by novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and some additional diseases such as tuberculosis are confronting the worst situation of a country. It is considered that tuberculosis and malaria are highly prevalent in refugee populations.19 Though, the vulnerable Rohingya refugees in India continues to be at the highest risk for exposure to COVID- 19 Pandemic.

Current Health Status of Rohingya refugees in India

Apart from COVID- 19 disease, Rohingya refugees in India are suffering from other such diseases as well. According to WHO 2020 data, nearly 54% of Rohingya refugees children, 60% of Rohingya refugees women and 10% of Rohingya refugees pregnant women’s are residing in India. According to a study, the major health problems prevailing among Rohingya refugees are unexplained fever (2,27,928), acute respiratory infection (2,23,651) and diarrhoea (1,92,560). In August 2020, the Rohingya refugees camps located in India are experiencing a sudden outbreak of diphtheria and measles were also spread among the community in June 2020. (Table 1). In India, the cases of tuberculosis (TB) in Rohingya refugees camps are highly prevalent among the vulnerable Refugees, because Myanmar is one of the top 30 countries with the highest TB has ridden country.20

According to a report of September 2020, it is estimated that in India approx. 51.5 % had hypertension and 14.2% had diabetes. Additionally, 36,930 refugees were suffering from injuries. Most of the Rohingya refugees in the congested camps are addicted to alcohol, tobacco etc. Nutritional deficiencies are exceedingly predominant among Rohingya refugees, particularly among children. In Rohingya refugees camps, it is found that children aged among six to 59 months are anaemic and one-fourth had Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM).21

MEASURES TO BE TAKEN

The International Organizations and the Government of India should address the prevailing conditions of Rohingya refugees and must provide humanitarian assistance to the vulnerable communities in India particularly the Rohingyas. In the COVID- 19 pandemic phase, it is necessary to provide services and assistance to lactating mothers, pregnant women’s and their reproductive health as well as to offer adequate provisions for the newborn child, particularly for Rohingya refugees.  International health experts have to be prepared to guarantee satisfactory health promotions, advancement of cleanliness, and a domestic visit to pregnant Rohingya refugee women’s.22

During the lockdown phase, many of the Rohingya refugees faced mental health issues. So, International organizations must provide mental health services to Rohingya refugees. It is essential to provide proper and detailed information to Rohingya refugees about the risk factors related to COVID- 19 pandemic. In the current phase of the COVID- 19 pandemic, a quick measure need to be adopted for the upliftment of the refugees and it is necessary to provide reliable solutions that remain paramount. 23 Most of the Rohingya refugees has been illegally migrated from Bangladesh to India. So, both countries must also take proactive measures to stop infiltrating the migrants.

Thus, International Organizations should pay more attention to the collection of data. Rohingya refugees situation is aggravated due to financial constraints and unhealthy livings conditions in congested camps. All these factors worsen their access to health care facilities, making them prone to various dangers of life and diseases that can easily flare up in the camps. Thus, the Government of India and International Organizations should collaborate to assist and improve the health status of Rohingya refugees.

CONCLUSION

The paper is based on a Review of Literature. We emphatically prescribe context-specific procedures to address the health issues of the Rohingya refugees in India. COVID-19 undoubtedly had a signi?cant adverse impact on the everyday existence of the entire human society. Moreover, the COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic disease by WHO in March 2020, which highlights it as a global threat, calls for a  global response. India is one of the most populated countries in the South Asian region and various refugees are residing in India. In such countries, it becomes difficult to combat the spread of the virus. In India, Rohingya refugees are living illegally and are living in such congested and unhygienic camps, where they are prone to more risk of the virus. Rohingyas must be equipped with necessities such as safe food and water, a hygienic environment, and the essential proper awareness about the COVID-19 crisis must be provided by the Government of India and International Organizations. After recognizing all the problems and several severe consequences for refugees, there is an urgent need to take care of Rohingya refugees in India.

Conflict of Interest- There is no conflict of interest carried out in this research paper.

Source of Funding: None

AUTHORS CONTRIBUTION

Nancy Puri contributes to data collection and analysis of research data and is responsible for the findings of the article.  Dr. C.R. Akhouri studied the concepts in the article.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors acknowledged the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in the references list of the manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/ editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.  

 

 

References:

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  2. Hossain S Md. Rohingya Identity Crises: A Case Study. Saudi J of Hum & Soc Sci. 2019; 4(4): 238-243.

  3. Marshilong D.L. Refugees Status in India: A special reference to Rohingya Refugees. Int J of Sci & Res. 2018; 8(7): 1357-1363.

  4. Soltani KS, Cumming C R, Delpierre C, Irving K M. Importance of collecting Data on socio-economic determinants from the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak onwards. Epid Comm Health. 2020; 74(8): 620-623.

  5. Marshilong D.L. Refugees Status in India: A special reference to Rohingya Refugees. Int J of Sci & Res. 2018; 8(7): 1357-1363.

  6. Eiset AH, Wejse C. Review of infectious diseases in refugees and asylum seekers-current status and going forward. Pub Health Rev.2017; 38(1):1-16. 

  7. Nott D. The COVID-19 response for vulnerable people in places affected by conflict and humanitarian crises. The Lan. 2020; 395(10236): 1532-1533.

  8. Sehgal D. R. Condition of Refugees in COVID-19 Crisis. iPleaders. 2020; 1(1): 1-15.

  9. Banik R.M, Sikder T, Gozal D. COVID-19 in Bangladesh: Public awareness and insufficient health facilities remain key challenges. Pub Health. 2020; 183: 50-51.

  10. Brockmann, P. Preparing for COVID-19 in the world’s largest refugee camp. Med Sans Frontiers. 2020; 1:1-16.

  11. Marlene S, Yasmin U, Nwangwu. The Rohingya and COVID- 19: Towards an inclusive and sustainable Policy response. Policy Rep. 2020; 1-15.

  12. Brockmann, P. Preparing for COVID-19 in the world’s largest refugee camp. Med Sans Frontiers. 2020; 1:1-16.

  13. Hargreaves S, Zenner D, Wickramage K, Deal A, Hayward E S. Targeting COVID-19 interventions towards migrants in humanitarian settings. The Lancet. 2020; 20(6): 645-646.

  14. Wang C, Horby W, Peter HG, Frederick G, F George. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet. 2020; 395(10223): 470-473

  15. Orit A, Altare C, Lauer A St, Grantz H K, Azman S A, Spiegel P. The potential impact of COVID-19 in refugee camps in Bangladesh and beyond: A modelling study. Plos Med. 2020; 17(6): 1-15.

  16. Ayeb K, Geest K A, Huq S, Warner K. A people-centred perspective on climate change, environmental stress and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh. Sust Sci. 2016;11(1): 679-694.

  17. Wang C, Horby W, Peter HG, Frederick G, F George. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet. 2020; 395(10223): 470-473

  18. Li SS, Liddell BJ, Nickerson A.  The relationship between post-migration stress and psychological disorders in refugees and asylum seekers. Curr Psy Rep. 2016; 18(9):82-92

  19. Dookeran NM, Battaglia T, Cochran J,  Geltman PL. Chronic disease and its risk factors among refugees and asylees in Massachusetts, 2001-2005. Prev Chronic Disease. 2010; 7(3): 51-55.

  20. World Health Organization (WHO). Rohingya Refugees Crisis- WHO weekly situation report (June, 2020). https://reliefweb.int/

  21. Early Warning Alert and Response System (EWARS). Epidemiological bulletin Week, 25 June 2020.

  22. WHO REPORT. 2020a, COVID- 19 India situation report November 2020: situation report 40  from https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/wrindia/situation-report/india-situation-report-40  (Retrieved on 29 November 2020)

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Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
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List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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