International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - 2nd Wave of COVID-19: Role of Social Awareness, Health and Technology Sector, June, 2021

Pages: 101-104

Date of Publication: 11-Jun-2021


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

Prevalence of Psychological Distress Among Undergraduate Medical Students During the Covid 19 Pandemic and Their Perception of the Influence of the Pandemic on Their Academics

Author: Chandra Subhash, KP Lakshmi

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: Undergraduate medical students have been affected by the COVID 19 pandemic and are under psychological distress. Objective: To assess the prevalence of psychological distress among MBBS students using the K10 questionnaire and to assess the influence of the COVID 19 pandemic on the perception of the students on how it has affected their academic activities and skills Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional observational study. A two-section questionnaire was sent to MBBS students of all five years studying currently in the institution. The first section: K10 Questionnaire to assess psychological distress and the second: assess the perception of the MBBS students on how the pandemic has influenced their skills and academics. Participation in the study was voluntary. Results: Among 123 students who participated prevalence of psychological distress was 67.5 % (n=83). The mean K10 score was 24.46\?7.91. 33.3 % of the students had severe psychological distress. 82 % of the students had a perception of reduced clinical skills due to the lockdown and 66 % felt that the pandemic would lead to an extension of their courses. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of psychological distress among medical undergraduate students during the pandemic. There is an increased perception of reduced clinical skills and possible course extension among undergraduate students.

Keywords: COVID19, K10 score, Psychological distress, Clinical skills, Undergraduate students

Full Text:

Introduction

An outbreak of pneumonia of unknown aetiology, which was identified first at Wuhan city in Hubei province of China in December 2019, was caused by a new strain of coronavirus named as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or SARS-CoV 2.1 This virus rapidly spread across the globe, and subsequently a pandemic was declared on March 11, 2020.2 Since its global recognition, the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to over 200 countries in less than five months.3 In India, the first case of COVID-19 was reported on January 30, 2020.4 As of February 7, 2021, 10,827,314 laboratory-confirmed cases and 1,55,032 deaths were reported from India. The case reporting is based on the testing of individuals by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR).5 It is performed by taking nasopharyngeal swabs or throat swab or saliva. A range of RNA target gene is used for detection by different manufacturers, mostly targeting the envelope (E), nucleo-capsid (N), spike (S), RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), and ORF1 (Open reading frame)genes.6

In COVID-19 infected symptomatic individuals, viral load can be detected early from day one of symptoms and it peaks within the first seven days of onset of symptoms. This viral load can be measured by the cycle threshold (Ct) value, which is the number of replication cycles required to produce a fluorescent signal. Thus lower Ct values representing higher viral RNA loads. The positivity of the samples starts to decline by 3rd week and subsequently becomes undetectable.6 If only one SARS CoV-2 target gene is detected in the test (multiplex SARS CoV-2 RT PCR test) with valid internal control, the result should be interpreted as Inconclusive and repeated the test.7 Inconclusive SARS CoV-2 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) reports for the detection of infection in symptomatic patients or during the screening of asymptomatic contacts can cause clinical, diagnostic and infection control uncertainty.8

This study aims to analyze inconclusive results of samples tested at our Centre based on Ct value, duration of symptoms at the time of testing and the results of repeat testing.

Materials and Methods

The study was carried out over 94,443 suspected symptomatic COVID 19 patients as well as asymptomatic groups, such as high-risk contacts or high-risk healthcare workers, as per ICMR guideline9 from June 2020 to December 2020 at COVID laboratory in the Department of Microbiology of Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata.

Sample collection & transport

Nasopharyngeal swab and throat swab were collected in Viral transport media from suspected cases in different wards and designated COVID wards of NRS Medical College & Hospital as per ICMR guidelines10 and sent to our Laboratory.

Samples from other district and rural hospitals were also sent to our laboratory as stated by the West Bengal Department of Health and Family Welfare updated from time to time.

Testing and collection of Data

All the samples were processed in our Laboratory as per standard protocol and tested by quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR test with the kits supplied by ICMR and the state Health Department. Results were analyzed thereafter and all data were collected.

Results

A total of 94,443 samples were tested in the COVID laboratory of Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata for a duration of seven months (June 2020 to December 2020). 8,455 samples were found to be inconclusive (Table 1).

All inconclusive samples were subjected to re-testing (from repeat samples) after 3 days. Out of which, 1287 (15.22%) became positive and 3858 (45.63%) became negative [Table 2]. 1770 (20.94%) samples were found to be inconclusive again. In 1540 (18.21%) cases, they didn’t send their samples again to our Laboratory for re-testing (lost to follow up).

Ct value of these inconclusive results was analyzed and found that among positive samples, 64.96% had Ct value <34, whereas, among negative samples, 72.37% had Ct value >36 [Figure 1].

When all the cases were distributed according to the duration of disease, among positive cases, maximum patients (28.36%) had symptoms of less than 2 days’ duration, whereas, among negative cases, 36.86% cases had symptoms of more than 12 days’ duration (Figure 2).

Discussion

During COVID 19 pandemic in India, there had been a spurt in ‘inconclusive’ reports that are leaving patients and clinicians baffled and postponing treatment. There may be various reasons for being only “one target gene” positive starting from sampling error to a technical error in consideration of the dynamics of target genes like N and ORF1ab gene.

We found that 8.95% of COVID RT PCR reports became ‘inconclusive’ in our study. Although It has been noted that up to 5% of COVID RT-PCR reports may be inconclusive [8]. It may be due to low viral load, faulty sample collection and transport and technical issues related to RNA extraction.8 When all inconclusive samples were subjected to re-collection, RNA extraction and re-testing by RT PCR after 3 days, 15.22% cases became positive whereas 45.63% cases turned negative. When these inconclusive reports were analyzed according to Ct value, 64.96% positive cases after retesting had Ct value <34 whereas, 72.37% negative cases had Ct value >36. Again, after comparing these cases with the duration of disease, it was found that among positive cases, maximum patients (28.36%) had symptoms of less than 2 days’ duration, whereas, 36.86% cases had symptoms of more than 12 days’ duration among negative cases.

This can be explained in this way that during the pre-symptomatic phase of infection, when the virus started to replicate and the disease curve started to ascend, the viral load is too low to detect or may detect one target gene, which when tested later after 3 days turned to be positive. Being asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic cases of less than 2 days’ duration, most of the inconclusive reports with Ct value <34, became positive on re-testing. Thus, a lower Ct value (<34 of one detected target gene) in inconclusive results increases the probability of being positive while re-testing after 3 days. This theory may also be implied for the negative results. At the later stage of disease, especially after 10-14 days, when the disease curve is about to touch baseline, one target gene may be detected again due to low viral load or presence of remnants of RNA or degraded RNA which when tested after 3 days become negative. Higher Ct value (>36) here indicating the increased probability of being negative on re-testing.

Out of total inconclusive samples, 1770 (20.94%) samples became inconclusive again after re-testing. When these cases were analyzed according to the duration of disease, most of the patients (24.41%) were asymptomatic or found of having symptoms of <2 days (20.56%), followed by 22.20% of cases with symptoms within >12 days’ duration. Most of the cases (46.55%) having Ct value within 34-36. This may happen due to various reasons such as – (a) beta coronavirus infections which are not due to SARS-COV2, (b) different analytical sensitivity of individual viral gene PCR, especially at low viral load and (c) nonspecific binding of PCR primer or probe during the late phase of PCR cycles (e.g. after 35 cycles).8 It may be due to problems associated with RNA extraction or due to faulty sample collection, storage and transport procedure.8 It may also because descension of the curve towards baseline is delayed due to aberrant or low immunological activity of patients and it persists for a long time beyond 12 days in samples at low concentration.

We lost for follow up in 1540 (18.21%) cases, as repeat samples were not sent again for further testing. Probable reasons behind it may be that these cases improved symptomatically or may be expired or samples were sent to another laboratory for re-testing due to changing testing strategy of the State Health Department.

Conclusion

An inconclusive result means the patient may be in the recovery stage or very early (pre-symptomatic) stage of infection. Inconclusive results most probably reflect low levels of virus in the sample but may also be due to sampling error, presence of remnants of RNA or degraded RNA or cross-contamination. In these cases, a second swab should be collected 3 days after the first test and re-tested. If the second test is negative, the patient will be considered as negative for COVID. If the second test is positive, the patient will be considered positive for COVID but If the second test remains inconclusive, interpretation is challenging. This patient should be evaluated with clinical symptoms and CT images and advised accordingly to continue home/hospital isolation. Ct value and duration of the disease of these cases may be a clue whether it is going to be positive or not on re-testing. It is also important that the clinician and various stakeholders (infection control experts) are explained about these possibilities. The counselling of the patient and relatives is also important. 8 Sample collection, RNA extraction or testing should always be done meticulously. Quality control and quality assurance of the whole testing procedure including the pre-and post-analytical parts are also essential.

Acknowledgement: I am sincerely giving thanks to the Head of our Institute for his support and kind cooperation. The authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

Conflict of interest: Nil

Source of funding: Nil

References:

1. Doherty DT, Moran R, Kartalova-O’Doherty Y. Psychological distress, mental health problems and use of health services in Ireland. Dublin: Health Research Board. Health Res Board Res Ser 2008;5:14.

2. Kessler RC, Andrews G, Colpe LJ, Hiripi E, Mroczek DK et al. Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychol Med. 2002;32(6):959-976.

3. Koochaki GM, Charkazi A, Hasanzadeh A, Saedani M, Qorbani M et al. Prevalence of stress among Iranian medical students: a questionnaire survey. East Mediterr Health J. 2011;17(7):593-598.

4. Lyons Z, Wilcox H, Leung L, Dearsley O. COVID-19 and the mental well-being of Australian medical students: impact, concerns and coping strategies used. Aus Psychiatry. 2020;28(6):649-652.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions


Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Function name must be a string in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php:487 Stack trace: #0 /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/article_html.php(51): include() #1 {main} thrown in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php on line 487