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IJCRR - 2nd Wave of COVID-19: Role of Social Awareness, Health and Technology Sector, June, 2021

Pages: 93-97

Date of Publication: 11-Jun-2021


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Stress in Nursing Professionals Who Work in Three Hospital Institutions That Care for Patients with COVID-19 In Lima, Peru

Author: Rosa PS, Hernan MS, Eduardo MS, Anika RA

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: Stress in nursing professionals is one of the predictors generated by the care patients with COVID-19 and their ability to cope is important to provide good care. Objective: To determine stress nursing professionals who work in three Hospital Institutions that care for patients with COVID - 19 in Lima. Methods: It is a quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional study with a total population of 329 nursing professionals, who answered a survey with sociodemographic data and the Nursing Stress Scale. Results: We observe that 97 (29.5%) of nursing professionals present low stress, 173 (52.6%) medium stress and 59 (17.9%) high stress. Conclusion: It is concluded, the detection of mental and emotional problems will allow the development of prevention strategies to protect the psychological well-being of nursing professionals.

Keywords: Stress, Nursing professional, Pandemic, Coronavirus, Work stress

Full Text:

Introduction

The new coronavirus disease (COVID - 19) that has affected the entire world has become one of the large-scale health challenges during these times for health professionals who are in the first line of care for patients with COVID–19,1 and as a result, many of the health professionals, due to the high demand for patients, the excessive hours of work and the environment in which they are found, have affected their mental health.2,3

Because of the high transmissibility and expansion of COVID – 19, it is considered one of the high occupational risks in health professionals, especially in nursing professionals,4,5 since they are professionals vulnerable to experiencing acute stress disorder because they are in the first line of care for COVID-19,6 where they are in direct contact 24 hours a day for their care, and therefore stress, exhaustion and overload work negatively influence their care.7,8 For this reason, the mental health of nursing professionals is becoming more vulnerable,9 since the cases of COVID - 19 today continue increasing, where the supply found in hospitals is no longer sufficient,10 where the high demand for care causes nursing professionals to increase their stress levels, bringing consequences that affect both personal and occupational levels.11

Therefore, to counteract stress in nursing professionals in the first line of care  of patients with COVID-19, it is important to seek support strategies so that they can cope with it and be able to reduce the stress and work exhaustion that occurs in them,10 not only to improve on a personal level but also to improve their care and in their work environment.12 In a study carried out in Egypt,13 it was observed in 374 nursing professionals, in their results of stress due to COVID - 19, 13.4% presented mild stress, 26.2% severe stress and 52.1% moderate stress, interpreting that factors such as fear of infection, the work environment, fear of infecting the family, are predictors of increased stress in nursing professionals. In a study carried out in Spain,14 with 605 professional nursing participants, they stated about stress, that exhaustion and emotional overload in younger and less experienced professionals were witnessed higher levels of stress compared to professionals who already had more than 5 years of experience. In a study carried out in Jordan,15 with 448 professional nursing participants, in its results it was observed that 64% presented an acute stress disorder (ASD) and 41% presented psychological suffering, where the younger nurses were more vulnerable to perceive psychological anguish and due to this, while the perception of psychological anguish increases, the levels of ASD becomes higher.

Therefore, the objective of the study is to determine stress in nursing professionals who work in three Hospital Institutions that care for patients with COVID - 19 in Lima. Research hypothesis is that stress compromises the mental health of the nursing profession, making them more susceptible to being infected by COVID - 19.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Type of Research

The research for its properties is quantitative, its methodology is descriptive, not experimental, cross-sectional. 16

Population

The population is made up of a total of 329 nursing professionals.

Inclusion criteria

  • Nursing professionals who have been working for 1 to more years

  • Nursing professionals who work only in hospital centres

  • Nursing professionals who have voluntarily agreed to be present in the study and who signed the consent informed ACTA N°048-2020-CE/UMA UNIVERSIDAD MARIA AUXILIADORA.

Technique and Instrument

A questionnaire was carried out, in which the data instrument The Nursing Stress Scale (NSS) is written. It has been structured as follows:

In the first block are the sociodemographic data such as age, sex, marital status, type of family and years working and in the second block is the NSS instrument that comprises 34 items divided into 3 dimensions, in the Physical Environment dimension it consists of 6 items, Psychological Environment with 18 items and Social Environment with 10 items, which is assessed with a Likert-type scale with 4 response options: “0 = Never”, “1 = Sometimes”, “2 = Frequently” and “3 = Very frequently ”, in which a total score of 0 to 102 points is obtained, where“ 0 to 34 ”is a low-stress level,“ 35 to 68 ”is a medium stress level and“ 69 to 102 ”is a high-stress level, the higher the score, the higher the level of stress in nursing professionals.

The validity of the instrument to measure stress was determined based on the exploratory factor analysis technique. The Kaiser-Mayer-Olkin sample adequacy measure obtained a coefficient of 0.956 (KMO> 0.5), while the Bartlett sphericity test obtained significant results (X2 approx. = 7783.760; gl = 561; p = 0.000).

The reliability of the instrument was determined based on the Cronbach's Alpha statistical test, for all the items (i = 34), resulting in a coefficient of 0.965 (α> 0.8).

The data collection processing was carried out in a data matrix designed in the statistical program IBM SPSS Statistics Base 26.0, its corresponding analysis was carried out, in which it will allow us a better data processing for the realization of tabulations and figures that will be described and interpreted in results and discussions, respectively.

Instrument location and application

The questionnaire was carried out to measure stress in nursing professionals who work in three hospital institutions in Lima in the Agustino district. First, we coordinate with each of the nursing professionals so that they voluntarily agree to be participants in the research work, in addition to being detailed about the study. After that, the questionnaires were carried out, where the support of each of the nursing professionals was seen since it was satisfactory at the time of data collection.

Results

In Figure 1, we can see that 97 (29.5%) of nursing professionals present low stress, 173 (52.6%) medium stress and 59 (17.9%) high stress.

In Figure 2, we observe that in the nursing professionals in the physical environment dimension, 87 (26.4%) present low stress, 178 (54.1%) medium stress and 64 (19.5%) high stress.

In Figure 3, it is observed that in the nursing professionals in the psychological environment dimension, 102 (31%) present low stress, 167 (50.8%) medium stress and 60 (18.2%) high stress.

In Figure 4, it is observed that nursing professionals in the social environment dimension, 143 (43.5%) present low stress, 159 (48.3%) medium stress and 27 (8.2%) high stress.

In Figure 5, it is observed in nursing professionals concerning sex, where 14 (21.9%) of the male sex present low stress and in the female sex 83 (31.3%), in medium stress 44 (68.8%) are male and 129 (48.7%) female and in high stress 6 (9.4%) male and 53 (20%) females.

Figure 6 shows the relationship of stress with the work condition of nursing professionals, where 62 (23.9%) of the hired professionals present low stress and 35 (50%) in appointed professionals, 139 (53, 7%) of the professionals hired present medium stress and 34 (48.6%) are appointed professionals; and 58 (22.4%) of the hired professionals present high stress and 1 (1.4%) in appointed professionals.

In Figure 7, the relationship of stress with the years of service of nursing professionals is observed, where it is observed that in nursing professionals with 1 to 5 years of service, they are those who present the most stress, 40 (29.2 %) high stress, 61 (44.5%) medium stress and 36 (26.3%) low stress.

Discussion

This study is carried out from the mental health perspective in the prevention of stress in nursing professionals who are in the first line of care in the face of COVID-19, were coping with stressful situations is becoming higher. The development of strategies that reduce stress will be of great help at a personal and work level in nursing professionals.

In the results regarding stress in nursing professionals, we can observe in the results that most nursing professionals present medium stress, we can interpret that the nurse is being mentally affected by COVID - 19, not only due to the fact of the attention and the increase in infections that are becoming more noticeable, even factors such as the work environment, the excessive demand of patients, the excessive workload due to overtime, makes nursing professionals, the level of stress tends to increase dramatically and, over time, stress contributes to serious health problems, either at a cardiac or mental level in professionals. The authors argue that the increase in stress in health professionals, especially in nurses, is due to the excessive burden of patients for a single nurse, where care is not done effectively, being done every time more noticeable, since the fear of being infected by treating COVID-19 patients causes the nurse to become mentally overloaded, generating stress.13

Concerning its dimensions, we can observe that in its physical, psychological and social environment dimension, nursing professionals show a medium level of stress, this is interpreted that in nursing professionals factors such as general well-being, work environment, the presence of any mental or physical illness, lack of concentration and the alteration of relating to others, causes stress levels to increase, therefore, the mental pressure present in nursing professionals brings consequences since their ability to cope is seen hindered, and therefore it will be difficult for them to relate to others. They argue that factors such as exhaustion and emotional overload in professionals make their environment where they work become increasingly difficult, where the relationship of nurse-patient, communication and quality care is interrupted due to stress.14

About sex, we can observe that the female sex presents medium stress, where we can interpret it that the way of responding to stress is different in both sexes, in the female sex that implies being more emotional and wearing out more with emotional stress, due to the difference in roles in the workplace, where the role of care and empathy, makes them more prone to stress. They argue that women are vulnerable to stress because their mental health is more emotional and sentimental with the patient.15

Concerning the years of service, we can observe that professionals who have experienced no more than 5 years present medium stress, this is because the incoming professionals, due to the little experience they present in caring for COVID-19 patients, makes them more susceptible to presenting symptoms of stress, because the management of equipment and advanced care in patients infected by COVID - 19 cannot handle it or they do not understand it, since the care of COVID - 19 patients and the high demand of themselves makes it increasingly susceptible to symptoms of stress. The authors argue that newly admitted nursing professionals, being young and lack experience makes it more related to increased stress since the management of COVID-19 patients is something new for them, and who feel the fear of providing inadequate care, where also, the fear of catching it makes them more susceptible to stress.10

Conclusions

Mental health problems in nursing professionals on the first line of care for COVID - 19 need care that seeks to strengthen at the psychosocial level to improve their mental resilience. The detection of mental and emotional problems will allow the development of prevention strategies to protect the psychological well-being of nursing professionals. An intervention program for stress management should be carried out in nursing professionals who care for COVID-19 patients. The research work will be beneficial both for nursing professionals and for other studies in our country since it will allow observing in other regions how nursing professionals are at a mental level during the care of COVID-19 patients.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Funding Source: This research work doesn’t have Funding Sources

Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals, and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

Author’s Contributions

Rosa PS: Conceived and designed the analysis, wrote the paper and translation.

Hernan MS: Collected the data, Performed the analysis.

Eduardo MS: Contact the people for the survey-taking.

Anika RA: Contributed data and analysis tools.

Figure 7: Stress in relation to years of service in Nursing Professionals who work in three Hospital Institutions that care for patients with COVID-19 in Lima

                                                                                                                 

References:

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2.        Aslan H, Pekince H. Nursing students’ views on the COVID-19 pandemic and their perceived stress levels. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2020;1(7):128.

3.        Walton M, Murray E, Christian M. Mental health care for medical staff and affiliated healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur Hear J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2020;9(3):241–247.

4.        Arnetz JE, Goetz CM, Arnetz BB, Arble E. Nurse reports of stressful situations during the COVID-19 pandemic: Qualitative analysis of survey responses. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(21):1–12.

5.        Ferreira V, Yuri T, Pereira A. Dificultades y temores de las enfermeras que enfrentan la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil Difficulties and fears of nurses facing the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Humanidades Médicas  2020;20(2):312–333.

6.        Yan S, Xu R, Stratton T, Kavcic V, Luo D, Hou F, et al. Sex differences and psychological stress: responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in China. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1–8.

7.        Carrasco O, Castillo E, Salas R, Reyes C. Estresores laborales y satisfacción en enfermeras peruanas durante la pandemia de COVID–19. SciELO Prepr. 2020;1(1):1–14.

8.        Dos Santos L. Stress, Burnout, and Low Self-Efficacy of Nursing Professionals: A Qualitative Inquiry. Healthcare. 2020;8(4):424.

9.        Salari N, Khazaie H, Hosseinian A, Khaledi B, Kazeminia M, Mohammadi M, et al. The prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression within front-line healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-regression. Human Resour Health. 2020;18(1):1–14.

10.      Zhang Y, Wang C, Pan W, Zheng J, Gao J, Huang X, et al. Stress, Burnout, and Coping Strategies of Frontline Nurses During the COVID-19 Epidemic in Wuhan and Shanghai, China. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:1–9.

11.      Ali H, Cole A, Ahmed A, Hamasha S, Panos G. Major stressors and coping strategies of frontline nursing staff during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2020 (Covid-19) in Alabama. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2020;13:2057–68.

12.      Dutton S, Kozachik S. Evaluating the Outcomes of a Web-Based Stress Management Program for Nurses and Nursing Assistants. Worldviews Evidence-Based Nurs. 2020;17(1):32–38.

13.      Hendy A, Abozeid A, Sallam G, Abboud H, Ahmed F. Predictive factors affecting stress among nurses providing care at COVID-19 isolation hospitals in Egypt. Nurs Open. 2021;8(1):498–505.

14.      Del Pozo P, Garrido R, Santolalla I, Gea V, García P, de Viñaspre R, et al. Psychological impact on the nursing professionals of the rioja health service (Spain) due to the sars-cov-2 virus. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(2):1–13.

15.      Shahrour G, Dardas L. Acute stress disorder, coping self-efficacy and subsequent psychological distress among nurses amid COVID-19. J Nurs Manag. 2020;28(7):1686–1695.

16.      Fernández C, Baptista P. Metodología de la Investigación. 6ta ed. México: Mc Graw-Hill/Interamericana.. 2015. 1–634 .

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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