International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 07, April, 2021

Pages: 124-131

Date of Publication: 12-Apr-2021


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Transactional Model of eGovernance: Empirical Evidence from the Healthcare Sector of India

Author: Sumeet Gill, Priya Vij

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: A vast array of ICT based eGovernance initiatives are being put into practice in the healthcare sector in India to facilitate the populace and other stakeholders. However, a structural and strong healthcare management system postulates the development of an updated governance model. Objectives: The paper proposes to develop a Transactional Model governance model for the healthcare sector to augment the efficiency and social influence of eGovernance web portals. Methods: Twelve dimensions, extracted based on extensive literature review, models, NeSDA and UNDESA methodology and through Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (EFA and CFA) have been used. Responses of 600 doctors, healthcare staff and patients have been collected through an in-depth interview and observation checklist. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) has been applied to develop and propose a transactional model of governance after statistical testing. Results: The outcome depicts a significant positive impact of identified dimensions on Intention to Use and Service Quality construct of healthcare-related eGovernance services which ultimately improves efficiency thereby leading to social influence. Conclusion: The paper proposes an integrated and efficient governance model framework to enhance the social influence of eGovernance services in the healthcare sector. The promising outcome evinced that the proposed framework may serve as a roadmap for policy and decision-makers

Keywords: eGovernance, Efficiency, Corruption, Mismanagement, Resources, Social influence

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

The coherent elevation and adoption of Information Communication Technology (ICT) driven eGovernance applications in the healthcare sector has transformed the mode of contact, connect and transact between hospitals, administrators, doctors, healthcare supporting staff and patients. The synthesis of the utility of ICT based eGovernance in the healthcare sector in India started with Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) of the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) initially via using traditional communication technology viz. Electronic Media (Community Radio, and telephone), and gradually elevated to use of state-of-the-art technology viz. Video and Teleconferencing (Telehealth, Tele-medicine and Tele-referrals, online video consultations); Internet?enabled Web-based centres (Information kiosks, common service centres, eOffice, eHospital, voice web etc.);  and Cloud-based eHealth and hospital administrative services. The NeGP 2.0, eKranti, and Digital India movement facilitates services like Aadhar based online registration, appointments, payments, access to diagnostic reports, real-time tracking of data and registrations, efficient information management, patient monitoring, medical education and communication, Vaccine Tracker, eRakt Kosh); Online Medical Counseling and Admissions, online continuous medical education courses through webinars and live streaming; Swasth Bharat (Disease, Lifestyle, First Aid), NHP Indradhanush; eHMIS, Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centre (HWC) portal, Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) Portal, Mera Aspataal – patient Feedback mechanism and many more.1

The thrust of the National Health Policy (NAP) supported by the Digital India initiative is on augmenting the eGovernance revolution by offering medical facilities through the web, mobile, and cloud (MeghRaj) accessible to the populace equitably round the clock.2 Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India is endorsing eHealth to develop an efficient, evidence-based, ethical healthcare system that shall encourage, educate, and empower patients and other stakeholders through information dissemination thereby improving public healthcare delivery.1 However, the current COVID 19 pandemic situation raised a serious question about our health machinery. 

Over the years governments and bureaucrats considered healthcare only as a medical subject and ignored the acute need for a structured health management system for the second largest populated country. India ranked 145 as per Global Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) index, ranks lower than Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Sudan and also slipped to 150th rank in healthcare and survival as per World Economic Forum (WEF).3,4 Health staff always remain under stress due to scarcity of infrastructural and human resource i.e. one government doctor on 10,189 residents, one government bed on 2,046 residents and one government hospital on 90,343 residents.5

On the other hand, the Supreme Court of India has termed patient care as ''deplorable” and ''pathetic”, as patients are running from pillar to post to get admission to hospitals, whereas a large number of beds are lying vacant in the hospitals.6 The problem is not merely inadequate resources i.e. infrastructure and human, but also mismanagement of health institutions. Furthermore, not much attention is being paid to ethical issues related to the adoption of technology and the safety of personal and sensitive information related to patients.8 Besides, the most serious ethical crisis i.e. corruption in the healthcare sector is poorly addressed and doctors and hospital staff are key actors behind the same.7,8 20% of health costs in the country is due to corruption and there is corruption in healthcare education as well.9 The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimates that 45 % of global citizens believe that the health sector is corrupt or very corrupt. Insufficient regulatory oversight and lack of transparency in governance breed corruption and reduce the quality of healthcare services.10

Apart from issues related to infrastructural, human resources, mismanagement, poor GDP allocation4 and inadequate attention towards governance11 are responsible for the pathetic situation of healthcare in India.  The outcome of various research studies has established a significant correlation between poor governance and mismanaged public healthcare services across countries.12 The gaps are visible between the ground realities and the policies framed to address them.

Many strategies exist for making the healthcare environment conducive, viz. adequate funding to the public healthcare system, remunerating health care workers adequately, ensuring social accountability, etc. but eGovernance is the most vital and cost-effective strategy for the national healthcare system to work optimally.10 The induction of web, mobile and cloud-based portals in native languages has enhanced the popularity of healthcare-related eGovernance services among all and the healthcare sector steadily advanced from the eGovernance transactional phase to transformational phase i.e. participation of end-users in decision and policymaking and implementation.10

With the proliferation of information channels, the expectations of the patients related to the accessibility of public health services in a convenient, integrated, transparent, and cost-effective manner have been boosted. However, the complexity of the eGovernance in the healthcare sector has enhanced with time. The contrary research outcomes and amplified implementation challenges encouraged researchers, governing institutions and research labs towards the development of an eGovernance model viz. “DeLone and McLean IS Success Model (DandM Model), Technology Acceptance (TAM) model, Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), Gartner's Four Stage Model, Layne and Lee Four-Stage Model, Heeks Design Reality Gap Model, Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Structuration Model of Technology (SMT), United Nations Five-Stage Web Presence Measurement Model, Diffusion of Innovation (DOI), Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), Heeks Onion Ring Model, EGOVSAT model” and many more to enhance the competence of the eGovernance initiatives. However, a significant gap in the expansion of existing theoretical and technology-oriented models conceptually and practically is evident in research outcomes.13 Further, the enormous failure rate of eGovernance initiatives supported by research gaps necessitates rapid and consistent horizontal and vertical assessment from the stakeholders’ perspective.

National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment 2019 (NeSDA) assessed eGovernance services portals of six sectors (Finance, Labour & Employment, Education, Local Government & Utilities, Social Welfare, Agriculture, Health and Environment) based on seven key constructs i.e. Accessibility, Ease of use, End service delivery, Integrated service delivery, Content Availability, Information security & privacy,  and Status & Request tracking, based upon Online Service Index (OSI) of UNDESA eGovernment Survey in 2019 and published survey outcome in February 2020.14 The low level of stakeholders’ satisfaction evinced in the survey particularly related to health sector demands for development of an integrated model and with this in view, the present paper proposes to develop a transactional model of eGovernance for healthcare sector from stakeholders’ perspective, with emphasis on enhancing efficiency and social influence of eGovernance web portal. 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The process of model development encompasses various phases, exploring the dimensions of eGovernance using EFA by collecting responses from 600 doctors, healthcare staff and patients through in-depth interview related to twelve dimensions i.e. “Performance Expectancy, Compatibility, Job Fit, Facilitating Conditions, Intention to Use, Ease of Use, Competence, Reliability, Usefulness, Responsiveness, Product Portfolio, and Security dimensions” extracted based on extensive literature review, models, NeSDA and UNDESA survey methodology. The extracted dimensions and their relationship were affirmed using CFA. 

The healthcare staff involved in governance projects serving at Central and State-funded Post Graduate Institutions of Medical Sciences (PGIMS) and patients were considered as sample unit and 600 respondents were selected based on Judgment sampling. The doctors and healthcare staff having more than three years of experience in eGovernance activities and patients possessing Smartphone with hands-on knowledge, ready to interact and participate were included in the study. 

The respondents were contacted through Snowball Approach and responses were recorded on Likert Seven Point Summative Scale (SD (1) to SA (7)) through an in-depth interview and observation checklist. The data were tabulated and statistically analyzed using open source software “Jamovi” Version 0.9.5.12 and EFA, CFA, SEM was applied. The respondents were apprised regarding the objectives of the research before starting the interview. Further, the respondents were assured that their identity shall not be revealed. 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The value of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test of Sampling Adequacy was 0.907 and the P Value of Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity was less than 0.05, which endorse the application of EFA (Tables 1 and 2). The principle Components Analysis (PCA) method was applied to execute EFA. All extracted factors having Eigenvalue >1 were retained for further analysis.

Tables 3 and 4 explained extraction of 28 statements due to communality value less than 0.50, data adequacy and existence of relationship among the 21 remaining statements on which final EFA was applied. The cumulative percentage of variance was 70.546 that inferring 70 per cent of eGovernance portal efficiency is explained by these twelve dimensions. Further, CFA was applied for overall construct validation and statements falling in each of the factors derived from EFA were tabulated in Table 5.

CFA was applied on twelve dimensions and model fit indices/summary (Table 6) and GFI, CFI, NFI and RMSEA values tabulated in Table 7. CFI value of 0.9 and above testifies strong unidimensionality; GFI value of more than 0.9 shows the best fit of the model, and value of RMSEA 0.079 also makes the model acceptable. The relationships between the statements and factors were strong and significant (Figure 1). All the relevant assumptions of SEM were satisfied and the transactional model of eGovernance for the healthcare sector proposed in Figure 2.

CONCLUSIONS

The outcome depicts the significant positive impact of “Performance Expectancy”, “Compatibility”, “Job Fit”, “Facilitating Conditions”, “Ease of Use”, “Competence”, “Reliability”, “Usefulness”, “Responsiveness”, “Product Portfolio”, and “Security” on Intention to Use and Service Quality constructs of eGovernance which ultimately improves the efficiency of the eGovernance in the healthcare sector and efficiency leads to positive social influence. The proposed transactional model of governance will guide the policymakers to focus on identified constructs to enhance and maintain efficiency and social influence. The suggested model may be tested after integrating it with new constructs based on empirical outcomes for an update. However, the masses will not be benefited unless administrative, social and political measures ensure equitable access to all.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors acknowledge the help of the open source society for providing software’s access required for statistical analysis.  The authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references to this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

Source of Funding: Self Funded

Conflict of Interest: Non

References:

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  2. e-Health India, NHP Admin. 2017. https://www.nhp.gov.in/e-health-india_mty

  3. Vinay A. COVID-19 – Mismanagement and urgent need for Indian Medical Services. The Northline [Internet]. 2020 July. http://www.thenorthlines.com/covid-19-mismanagement-and-urgent-need-for-indian-medical-services/

  4. Medical Dialogues Bureau. India Slips To 150th Rank In Healthcare: World Economic Forum. Medical Dialogues [Internet]. 2019 Dec 17. Available from: https://medicaldialogues.in/india-slips-to-150th-rank-in-healthcare-world-economic-forum?infinitescroll=1

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  6. Sumit S. Delhi govt hospitals a spectacle of mismanagement (IANS Investigation) (Delhi Health Emergency-II). Outlook [Internet]. 2020 June 13.  https://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/delhi-govt-hospitals-a-spectacle-of-mismanagement-ians-investigation-delhi-health-emergencyii/1865342

  7. Sanjay K. Health care is among the most corrupt services in India. BMJ 2003;4(10):326-37.

  8. Subrata C. Corruption in healthcare and medicine: Why should physicians and bioethicists care and what should they do? Indian J Med Ethics 2013;10(3):153-159.

  9. Corruption blamed for healthcare sector woes. The Hindu [Internet]. 2019. https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kozhikode/corruption-blamed-for-healthcare-sector-woes/article26361494.ece

  10. Crossing the Global Quality Chasm: Improving Health Care Worldwide. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Health Care Services; Board on Global Health; Committee on Improving the Quality of Health Care Globally. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2018. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK535646/

  11. Chandrasekhar CP, Jayati G. Covid-19: Why is India faring worse than its neighbours?. Business Line [Internet]. 2020 August 11. https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/columns/c-p-chandrasekhar/covid-19-why-is-india-faring-worse-than-its-neighbours/article32318486.ece

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  14. Alawneh A., Al-Refai H., Batiha K. Measuring user satisfaction from eGovernment services: lessons from Jordan. Government Information Quarterly. 2013; 30(3), 277–288. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2013.03.001

  15. Department of administrative reforms and public grievances (India). National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment 2019, e-Governance Landscape – India’s Transformative Journey. New Delhi: Department of administrative reforms and public grievances, Ministry of personal grievances and pensions, Government of India; 2020.  https://www.nesdaportal.in/NeSDA_2019_Final_Report.pdf

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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