International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 07, April, 2021

Pages: 70-73

Date of Publication: 12-Apr-2021


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Occupational Therapy and Yoga for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder for Rehabilitation Professional

Author: K. Kalaichandran, P. Swarnakumari, R. Sankar

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is being identified in an ever-increasing number of countries,1 Research to date children with these disorders will have poor gross motor skills and the rate of fall risk are increase among these children, an effective intervention for understudied Autism Spectrum Disorder is needed. Therefore, we investigated to find out the effectiveness of Occupational Therapy along with Yoga intervention including gross motor skill and fall risk for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Objective: To find out the effectiveness of gross motor skill for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and to educate and train the children with Autism Spectrum Disorder who are prone to fall. Methods: Nine children with Autism Spectrum Disorder who are prone to fall were selected for this study. Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) and Modified Berg Balance Scale (BBS - M) Pediatric Balance Scale were used for the objective measurement of children fall risk. The pre and post-therapy values were statistically analyzed on the effect of Occupational Therapy and Yoga intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Results: The statistical analysis of Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) mean value is 86.7777 vs post-treatment mean value is 121.444 (t = -8.95182; p< 0.00001). The Statistical analysis of Berg Balance Scale between pre-treatment mean values is 24.777, S.D is 3.18948 and post-treatment mean value is 40.222, S.D 4.7088, t-test value of BBS is 7.68085 and pvalue is < .00001. Based on the statistical report it is suggested that the gross motor skills were improved and the rate of fall was comparatively reduced for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Conclusion: Occupational Therapy and Yoga can be used effectively as one of the interventions as an integrated therapy to improve gross motor skills and to prevent falls in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Therapists may consider these interventions when treating children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Keywords: Occupational Therapy, Yoga, Fall prevention, Berg Balance Scale (BBS-M) Pediatric Balance Scale, Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs), Autism Spectrum Disorder

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Autism is a neurodevelopment syndrome that is defined by deficits in social reciprocity and communication, and by unusual restricted, repetitive behaviours (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Autism is a disorder that usually begins in infancy, at the latest, in the first three years of life. Autism is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include certain infections during pregnancy such as rubella as well as valproic acid, alcohol, or cocaine use during pregnancy.1-3 Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes; for example, the vaccine hypotheses, which have been disproven. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. In the DSM V, autism is included within the autism spectrum (ASDs), along with Asperger syndrome which is less severe, and a pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).4-6

Autism symptoms range in presentation and severity. Autism children commonly have an intellectual disability, but in some cases, autistic children will have average intelligence. Children with autism may also have motor abnormalities, fear, anxiety, seizures, sleep cycle disturbances, gastrointestinal problems, immune dysfunction and sensory disturbances. Not all the features are present in every child. Instead, a subset of features underlies autism in each individual.7,8

            Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) and Modified Berg Balance Scale (BBS) / Pediatric Balance Scale as a Standardized screening tool to assess gross motor function and fall in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, the score of less than 0-20 are indicative of a high fall risk that may have limited activities of daily living (ADL) skills and demonstrates increased risk of fall.9 The ability to maintain balance during activities of daily living is essential functional independence and safety of these children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.10

         Yoga is a popular and now common form of exercise for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. It helps teach calming techniques, building muscle, and increasing flexibility, balance, and more. Occupational Therapy helps students organizing sensory systems and increase body awareness. Occupational therapy and yoga have a natural affinity for one another. Both disciplines promote improved physical and functional outcomes and used together create a dynamic state of improved wellness. Yoga has emerged as a potential and valuable tool to boost a child’s ability to focus, as well as control anxiety and sensory-related ecological by Radha krishna , Rosen blatt. Yoga as an effective behavioural treatment for children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder by triggers, Porter and Jennifer.11,12

         Literature suggests that gross motor and balance training of both yoga and occupational therapy helps to improve gross motor skills and to prevent falls in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, only a few studies have mentioned the fall prevention training programme and children education for Autism Spectrum Disorder.9-13 Therefore, in this study, evaluation is done on the effectiveness of gross motor skills and fall prevention training programme for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Participants

         Participants of this study were a convenience sample of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. All children were between ages 4-8 [Mean] age 5.97) and attended 22-week Occupational Therapy and yoga program. A total of 9 patients included, 5 Male Children and 4 Female Children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder participated in this study. All children attended the intervention phase of the study, for both Occupational Therapy and Yoga program. This study was ethically approved by the Institutional Ethical Committee (IEC) with Ref No: 000113/ 0207/2018 Dated 4/07/2018.

Procedure

The participants were randomly assigned for occupational therapy and yoga program, pre and post-test were done in front of parents/caregivers. Standardized assessment tool which includes Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) and Modified Berg Balance Scale (Pediatric Balance Scale) to assess Gross Motor function and Fall in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and intervention was provided for 22 weeks training program with appropriate occupational therapy management such as peg-board activities, dexterity, puzzles, balancing, ball play and yoga program such as for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The entire children received the intervention of 45 min each over 22 weeks, for both occupational therapy and yoga intervention.

Criteria for selection

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder for both male and female those who are prone to fall and poor gross motor skills were selected for this study.

RESULTS

          The statistical analysis of Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) mean value is 86.7777, SD 7.89905 and post-treatment mean value is 121.444, S.D 7.5881, t-test value of GMFM is -8.95182 and p-value is < .00001. The Statistical analysis of Berg Balance Scale between pre-treatment mean values is 24.777, S.D is 3.18948 and post-treatment mean value is 40.222, S.D 4.7088, t-test value of BBS is 7.68085 and p-value is < .00001.  Table 1 shows the Mean and SD value of Pre and Post-therapy Management of the Gross Motor Functional Measure scale (GMFMs) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Table 2 shows the Mean and SD value of the Pre and Post-therapy Management of Berg Balance Scale (BBS) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

 This statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference between pre and post-therapy values of both GMFM and BBS score. Hence, it is suggested that the gross motor skills were improved as well the rate of fall was comparatively reduced for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

      It is observed that the t value is greater than the table values hence, the null hypothesis is rejected. It implies that there is a significant difference in the mean values before and after treatment. Hence, it is concluded that the treatment significantly shows improvements in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. We can recommend that the period of treatment might increase and further studies are warranted to increase the sample size.

CONCLUSION

Throughout this study, I have concluded that Occupational Therapy and Yoga can be used effectively as one of the techniques to improve gross motor skills and to prevent fall in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Therapists may consider these interventions when treating children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Acknowledgement: I Thankful to my Most bellowed Research Supervisor Dr.P.SwarnaKumari Madam and my Family Members.

Conflict of Interest and: - This work has done my interest.

Source of Funding: - Done, my own cost

Patient informed consent:

Parent consent form, parental permission for children participation in research were approved by the institutional ethical committee (IEC), Post Graduate & Research, Department of Rehabilitation Science, Holy Cross College, (000113), which was obtained from all the participants of this study.

Ethical committee approval and consent to participate

We would like to inform you that, our research  has been approved by institutional ethical committee (IEC), Post Graduate & Research, Department of Rehabilitation Science, Holy Cross College, (000113), which was obtained from all the participants of this study and which is enclosed

Financial supports and sponsorship / Funding:  We did not receive any specific grant from founding agencies in the commercial or public sectors.

Conflict of interest: There are no conflicts of interest to declare.

Author Contribution: We (KK, PS & RS) have spent lot of time and lit bit of our own money.

  1. Kalaichandran Kothandapanihttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4682-7842

  2. Dr. P. Swarnakumari:                 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6683-5743

  3. Dr. R. Sankar:                          https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1045-9507

References:

  1. Amaral DG, Geschwind DH. Autism Spectrum Disorder. Oxford University Press. 2011.

  2. Minjarez MB, Williams SE, Mercier EM, Hardan AY. Pivotal response group treatment program for parents of children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord 2011;41(1):92-101.

  3. Porter J. Yoga as an Effective Behavioral Intervention for Children Diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Graduate Annual 2013;9.

  4. Bharah S. Yoga India Teaching Manual Level 1 and 2. One Month Yoga Teacher Training Course In Mumbai, India (theyogainstitute.org) 

  5. Cox A, Hopkinson K, Rutter M. Psychiatric interviewing techniques: II. Naturalistic study: Eliciting factual information. Br J Psychiatry 1981;138:283-291.

  6. Cox A, Rutter, M, Holbrook, D. Psychiatric interviewing techniques: Experimental study: Eliciting factual information. Br J Psychiatry 1981;139:29-37.

  7. Volkmar FR, Cicchetti DV, Bregman J, Cohen DJ. Childhood disintegrative disorder: Issues for DSM-IV. J Autism Dev Disord 1992;22:483-492.

  8. Fombonne E. Is there an epidemic of autism? Pediatrics 2001;107:411-413.

  9. Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, Available at website

  10. Fong L, Wilgosh L, Sobsey D. The experience of parenting an adolescent with autism. Int J Disabil Dev Edu 1993;40(2):105-113.

  11. Ron L, John M, Eachin JD. Work in Progress: Behavior Management Strategies and a Curriculum for Intensive Behavioral Treatment of Autism. 1999. 0966526600 (ISBN13: 9780966526608)

  12. Rahmanova S, Sabirovna S. To Study the Effects of Viral Diseases on the Human Body and Their Effective Treatment. Int J Curr Res Rev 2021;13(01):52-55.

  13. Priyanka C. Efficacy of Fumigation in Management of Rodents in Rice Shellers in District Kaithal, India. Int J Curr Res Rev 2020;12(24):130-134.

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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