International Journal of Current Research and Review
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IJCRR - Vol 13 Issue 07, April, 2021

Pages: 09-15

Date of Publication: 12-Apr-2021


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Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome and its Influence on Job Performance Among Nurses

Author: Reham Mohammad Kharabah, Abdulaziz Saleh Eid Aljohani, Khalid Ahmad Amara

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a wide range of emotional and physical symptoms and behavioural changes, happening before the menstruation phase of the menstrual cycle and dropping after the starting of the menstrual period. Objective: To determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its influence on job performance among nurses. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of 310 nurses working at Madinah maternity and child hospital and affiliated Primary Health care Centers in AlMadianh, from January to February 2019 in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMS). The data were analyzed with Version 22.0 of the Statistical Package for Social Science. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, independent t-test and one way ANOVA test was used. Results: The prevalence of PMS among the nurses was 52.0%, with a mean score of 114\?32. The premenstrual syndrome was significantly higher in younger nurses, those with less number of children, those who had pain before and during the period, those with disappearance symptoms before and with the onset of menstruation, those who use regulated medicine, those who experienced dysmenorrhea, cramps and back pain (p< 0.05). The premenstrual syndrome was significantly affected daily work (p< 0.0001). Conclusion: The premenstrual syndrome was found in more than half of the nurses who participated in the study. The premenstrual syndrome was higher in younger nurses who suffered from pain before and during the period and used regulated medicine. There was a statistically significant negative effect of PMS on daily work performance.

Keywords: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Nurses, Work related quality of life, AlMadinah, Saudi Arabia

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

      Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a wide range of emotional and physical symptoms and behavioural changes, happening before the menstruation phase of the menstrual cycle and dropping after the starting of the menstrual period, 1-6and it is classified as physical disease in the 10th revision list of the international classification of disease (ICD).6,7,8

           PMS is variously defined.2 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) defined PMS as “a clinical condition characterized by the cyclic presence of physical and emotional signs and symptoms unconnected to any organic illness that show during the 5 days before menses in each of the three previous menstrual cycles and vanish within 4 days of the onset of menses, without repetition until at least the day 13th of the cycle.4,9 Also, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has determined criteria for the diagnosis of severe PMS or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).4,10 Where women are diagnosed with PMDD when their lives are considerably affected by moderate to severe symptoms as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition.4,11

           PMS disturbs the daily lives of women and can worsen their quality of life and social skills.3,12,13 The severity of PMS symptoms is associated with its duration in how it ruins the daily lives of women.3,13 Known risk factors for PMS are hormonal imbalance, fluid retention, thyroid dysfunction, genetic factors, hypoglycemia, stress and psychological factors.6,14,15 Over 200 premenstrual symptoms have been reported; however, very few are explained by changes in the menstrual cycle.5,16

         Symptoms widely associated with PMS include physical symptoms such as bloating, headache, breast swelling and tenderness, nausea, weight gain and sweating, and psychological symptoms such as restlessness, anger and irritability.1-6 The incidence of PMS is very common among women of reproductive ages.3 Studies have stated that the rate of PMS with moderate and severe symptoms ranges from 4.1% to 80.2%.1-6,17-19 Where PMS prevalence rates can vary due to cultural characteristics, sample differences, and diagnostic methods.3

         Few epidemiological studies have investigated the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its influence on job performance among nurses, particularly in Saudi Arabia. The current study aimed to  investigate the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its influence on job performance among nurses in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia,

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Study design

This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among nurses working at Madinah maternity and child hospital and affiliated Primary Health care Centers in Madinah. The calculated sample size was 300 with 95% confidence limits, 5% accepted errors, the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome =4.1% to 80.2%, 1-6and a 10% (27 nurses) was added to the sample to avoid withdrawing and refusing to participate.

Procedure      

A stratified random technique (proportional allocation) was applied to select the required sample size representing different clinical departments. Targeted departments were: Emergency department, Intensive care Units, medical department, surgical department, pediatric department, Oncology Physiotherapy and 7 primary healthcare centres PHCCs.

A structured self –administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was taken from previous studies4,5,20,21 and modified by two experts from family medicine, it contains four main parts; A – Socio-demographic characters of the nurses. B –Menstrual and premenstrual characteristics. C –Premenstrual symptoms. D- Premenstrual syndrome scale.

Variables      

The dependent variable of the study was Job performance. And the independent variable were sociodemographic characteristics, menstrual and premenstrual characteristics, and premenstrual symptoms.

Statistical analysis

Data was entered and processed by using SPSS software version 21 for analysis and interpretation. P-Value is considered statistically significant if it is ≤ 0.05.

Study approvals

The following approvals were obtained: the research ethical committee, ministry of health, and the general Directors of Madinah maternity and child hospital (MMCH) and affiliated primary healthcare centres (PHCCs) in AL-Madinah. Written consent was obtained from each participant. And the collected data was handled confidentially.

RESULT

The Shapiro-Wilk statistic test was done for the following continuous variables (PMS score, age, children number, body mass index (BMI), absence days by week, absence days by months and age at first ministration). The result for PMS score was ( 0.991, p value= 0.745) indicating normal distribution. On the other hand the result for the rest continuous variable were (0.943, 0.851, 0.321, 0.465,0.485 and 0.963) with (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001). Indicating non normally (non-parametric)  distributed.

       Out of  310 female nurses, 176 (56.8%) were married and 112 (36.1%) were single, with an average age of 31.8±6.7. The majority 270 (87.1%) were Saudi. Half of the nurses 158 (50.9%) had a bachelor degree, 134 (33.6%) reported regular exercises,67 (21.6%) were smokers. Less than fifth 40 (12.9%) had a chronic illness. The mean score of BMI was 25.8±4.9, where 134 (43.2%) had normal weight, were 96 (31%) overweight, and 62 (20%) were obese. More than half 174 (56.2%) worked day shift, and 100 (32.2%) worked rotating shift. The median scores of days absence weekly and monthly were 1 & 1 respectively (Tables 1 & 2).  

    Out of 310 nurses, 166 (54.5%) reported a positive family history of PMS, with the average age at first ministration 12.8±1.7. The majority 272 (87.7%) reported pains before and during mensuration and 236 (76.1%) had regular mensuration, 144 (45.5%) reported dysmenorrhea, only 37 (11.9%) received regulated medications. Almost half had moderate cramps 147 (47.4%) and back pain 144 (45.5%). The most common pain relief methods were Taking pain pill by 140 (36.5%), hot applications by 115 (29.9%),   and resting by 94 (24.5%). While the most common reasons for increasing pains were cold weather by 193 (55.8%) and family problems by 47 (13.6%). Regarding Premenstrual syndrome 26 (8.4%) diagnosed with it and 33 (10.6%) received treatment for it. More than half 177 (57.1%) stated that Premenstrual syndrome affected their daily work. Symptoms disappear in almost half  151 (48.7%) (Figures 1 & 2).

      The PMSS mean score was 114±32 rang (51-211) and was divided into two categories with cut off > 110, of the 360 nurses, 164 (52%) had premenstrual Syndrome (PMSS score > 110), and 146 (48%) did not have premenstrual Syndrome (PMSS scores ≤110) (Figure 3).

    The results showed a significant association between PMS and the following demographic data, job discerption, and menstrual and premenstrual characteristics (Pain before and during M, Regulated medication, Dysmenorrhea, Cramps, Back pain, Premenstrual syndrome treatment, Premenstrual syndrome affect daily work, and symptoms disappear before menstruation ) where those who had pain before and during menstruation, those who received regulated medication, that who had dysmenorrhea, those who suffered from severe cramps and severe back pain, those who received premenstrual syndrome treatment, those who premenstrual syndrome affect their daily work, and those who’s symptoms don’t disappear before menstruation showed higher scores in PMSS (p=0.02, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, and p=0.015) respectively. On the other hand, the rest variables didn’t show any significant association (Table 3).

DISCUSSION

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a natural situation that can cause psychological, physical, and social problems in women.22 Women with PMS are usually affected during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.23

       There are no precise physical examination findings or lab tests definite to the diagnosis of PMS.4 A symptom calendar can help women recognize the most worrying symptoms and confirm the diagnosis of PMS.5 To diagnose PMS, the American Obstetric and Gynecologists Association stated that the symptoms should be seen 5 days before the onset of menstruation and disappear within 4 days post the onset of menstruation. 24Several previous studies reported the negative influence of PMS such as; decreasing the efficacy and capacity to work and to study.25 The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its influence on job performance among PHC nurses in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

Results of the current study showed that more than half of the nurses had PMS. In K?rcan et al study 60.1% of nursing students had PMS,26 and in Demirbas study PMS was determined in 56.6% of medical faculty students.27 In Sut study, 38.1% had a PMS diagnosis according to the PMSS.3 In a study conducted on Thai nurses, the PMS prevalence was reported as 25.1%.28 PMS incidence in women working in health care has been reported to be 20.1%.29 In a recently published meta-analysis, the PMS prevalence was reported as 47.8% for all studied groups; however, rates varied from 12% (France)  to 98% (for Iran).30 This indicates that PMS prevalence differs from country to country.

      These differences came from the number and structure of samples, cultural differences, or differences in diagnostic methods. Also, emotional and physical abuse in early life affects PMS prevalence.31 PMS symptoms can start at any age after menarche. In the current study, the mean age of first menstruation was 12.8±1.7. Similar results were found in Demirbas study, where the mean age of first menstruation was 13.07±1.07.27 The most prevalent (87.1%) menstrual disorders were cramped, followed by back pain (84.2%), then dysmenorrhea (45.5%). In  Abdelmoty et al study, dysmenorrhea was the most prevalent (93%) menstrual disorder, followed by PMS (65%) and abnormal cycle lengths (43%).32

       The main factors which increase pain were cold weather (55.8%) and family problems (13.6%). This consistent with two Turkish studies (66.5%  & 15.9%) and (53.2% & 27%).27,33 Premenstrual complaints reduce job's productivity and quality and cause economical losses as well as an increase in the accident rate, as well as effect self-confidence, social relations, and attendance.34 In the current study, complaints due to the menstrual period affected daily work were 57.1%. In 2012 a study by Babacan-Gümü? done among college students, reported that premenstrual complaints influenced 31.2% of daily activities.34 Borenstein et al reported a greater number of lost workdays due to health reasons and a decrease in work productivity in women with PMS.35

       In dealing with PMS, both nonpharmacological approaches and pharmacologic approaches can be used.36,37 Where, women prefer pharmacologic methods. In the current study, 36.5% used analgesic drugs, used 24.5% rest, and 29.9% used hot application. In Turkey study among married women,  almost the third 32.5% used painkiller drugs, and the fourth  27.5%  rest to decrease pain before menstruation.38 In a study by Weisz and Knaapen,  they stated that hormonal treatment and painkiller drugs were the common utilized in France for PMS treatment, while herbal therapy was the common utilized in Germany.37

       Findings of the present study showed that PMS were significantly higher (p<0.05) among those who had pain before and during menstruation, those who received regulated medication, those who had dysmenorrhea, those who suffered from severe cramps and severe back pain, those who received premenstrual syndrome treatment, those who premenstrual syndrome affect their daily work, and those who’s symptoms don’t disappear before menstruation. While age and running exercises weren’t significant but close to being statistically signi?cant (p=0.06), where younger age and who don’t perform exercises showed higher PMS score.

         These findings indicate that PMS is a major health problem for nurses that negatively affects daily work activities and the compatibility of nurses in working with other health care professionals. Distractibility and irritability in clinical nursing practices, which may occur due to PMS, may cause incorrect applications and irreparable health outcomes.  PMS also negatively affects a nurse’s patient communication and care, which in turn threatens patients’ safety.

CONCLUSION

PMS was common among more than half of the nurses, even that the majority had regular ministration. Almost half had moderate cramps and back pain. The main pain relief methods were taking pills, rest, and hot application. While the main factors which increase the pain were cold weather and family problems. PMS was significantly higher among the nurses who had the following; pain before and during menstruation, received regulated medication, dysmenorrhea, severe cramps and severe back pain, received premenstrual syndrome treatment, the premenstrual syndrome affects their daily work, and whose symptoms don’t disappear before menstruation. While Younger age and who don’t perform exercises showed higher PMS score close to being statistically signi?cant. The authors recommended the following; Encourage nurses to request professional help to decrease PMS. Further nation-wide studies on detecting the prevalence of PMS need to be conducted in larger sample size and regions other than Am Madinah Almonawarah, to identify the prevalence and underlying causes. Present the most significant points in this study to hospitals and PHCCs administrators. And designing diverse interventional programs to improve effective preventive strategy for this problem.

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank all study participants for their participation kindly cooperation.

Source(s) of support: Nil

Presentation at a meeting: Nil

Conflicting Interest (If present, give more details): Nil

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Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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