International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 10(4), February, 2018

Pages: 55-60

Date of Publication: 17-Feb-2018

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Prevalence of Risk Factors for Diabetes Among Construction Workers in Majmaah City, Saudi Arabia

Author: Mohammad Shakil Ahmad

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: Considering the fact that diabetes is one of the most prevalent non \? communicable diseases in the world today, secondary prevention can at best prolong life of those affected by it. But arguably it has been proved time and again that primary prevention will always lead to a better quality of life. Risk factors have been the major factors studied worldwide to prevent diabetes and due to a high rate of migration of people around the world it should be considered as an essential tool to diagnose the risk of diabetes among migrants.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors that play a significant role in causing diabetes among construction workers.
Methods: The risk factors data was collected from 120 (150) construction workers (response rate=80%) staying in two residential compounds. The workers were asked to fill in a pre \? tested, structured and close-ended questionnaire to evaluate the risk factors. In addition, we measured the BP and BMI by using weight scale, measuring tape, and mercury sphygmomanometer.
Results: The results showed that construction workers had an acceptable quality of life but the risk factors were also present that could pose a threat in future to the development of diabetes mellitus. 95.5 % ate all types of food without any consideration. 21.7 % of them were above the normal weight. 62.5 % were sleeping less than 7 hours, which increased the stress level.
Conclusions: Construction workers have good quality of life in Saudi Arabia. However, prevalence of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for developing DM is considerable. Primary preventive measures need to be inculcated to reduce it to a level where it ceases to be a public health problem.

Keywords: Expatriates, Asians, Risk factors, Diabetes mellitus, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.7324/IJCRR.2018.10410

Full Text:



Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder, which has affected all part of the world, and its prevalence is still increasing. The people living with diabetes are vulnerable to various complications both long term and short term.

According to WHO more than one in three adults worldwide has diabetes – a condition that causes around half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. It has also published that that 347 million people worldwide have diabetes out of which more than 80% of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries with a grim projection that diabetes death will double between 2005 and 2030.2. It is important to note that diabetes is a multifactorial disorder, which is common in genetically susceptible individuals who are, exposed to environmental risk factors especially those who are employed in stressful and difficult environment condition.

Saudi Arabia is one of the largest labor markets in the world with 11 million foreign workers from more than 100 countries work in different sectors and fields. Saudi Arabia is committed to achieve the milestone of Vision 2030 and all efforts are being aimed at making labor market more attractive to foreign workers.

With the globalization of oil and gas industry Saudi Arabia has become an important work destination for many expatriate workers from various countries. Among expatriate workers, common health problems include alcoholism and respiratory problems caused by sand and dust in the air – a situation exacerbated by continuous construction work in most states.

There is lot of evidence available from Multiple studies in the past that there is a much higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases risk factors among expatriates living in a foreign country compared to their own country of origin. There has been mention of few studies in the gulf region about workers health problems like urinary tract infections, hepatitis E infections, accidents and injuries etc. but very rarely any studies have covered health problems like diabetes mellitus among the expatriate workers.

Contributing to the above factors it has been determined that working in shift may itself be an independent risk factor for sleeping quality, diabetes and hypertension even in retired workers. Applicable intervention strategies are needed for prevention of sleep loss, diabetes, and hypertension for shift workers.

With this occupational and environmental background we felt there is a need to look into the risk factors for non – communicable diseases especially diabetes mellitus among apparently healthy non – Saudi construction workers and assess their health behavior and habits that can determine their chances of having the disease in the future. 


Research Problem and Motivation:

This was a baseline pilot study to find out the association of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension among the immigrants workers and their knowledge and attitude toward its prevention in Majmaah, KSA.

Research Methodology:

It was a cross – sectional study of the prevalence of risk factors among the expatriate construction workers for diabetes and hypertension. It consists of two parts:

  1. An interview based pre – tested close-ended questionnaire administered to the participants and the responses entered by the interviewee.
  2. An anthropometric assessment to measure BMI and recording the blood pressure in an ambulatory position.


There were six residential compounds of construction companies in Majmaah where the expatriate workers were residing. Cluster sampling method was used to select two residential compounds for the study.  Since this is a baseline study to find out the prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension among expatriate workers, a complete enumeration method was used to include all the resident workers (150) in the study who were residing in the selected residential compounds.

Total duration of the study was 6 months. The data collection took around 2 months to complete as planned.

Training was given to the data collectors on conducting the survey. A language translator was present during the survey to resolve any issue of communication gap between the investigators and the participants.

     The data collected with the aid of:

  1. A pre – tested, structured and close ended questionnaire was administered by the investigators to the study participants.
  2. A human electric weighing scale calibrated to the nearest 0.5 kgs used for taking weight.
  3. A measuring tape – each 1cm 10 line 5line mean 1\2 cm was used for measuring the height of the participants to calculate the BMI
  4. A blood pressure instrument – calibrated to the nearest 0.5 mm of Hg used to take the blood pressure in the sitting position.

Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20.0 for assessing the qualitative data.


  • Ethical Considerations

Participation consent from the workers was taken in the beginning of the study. They were briefed about the advantages to them as well as to the community due to their participation. All information kept purely confidential and to be used only for the purpose of statistical analysis.

  • Limitations
  • Due to difference in the mother tongue of the participants and the interview a slight probability of communication bias cannot be ruled out.
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • All the workers who are not citizens of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were included in the study.
  • Any study participants who voluntarily refused to participate in the study were excluded.


A total of 120 expatriates (70.6%) participated out of a study sample of 170 residing in the residential compounds of a construction company in Majmaah, KSA. Most of the participants are native of Philippines, India and Pakistan. (Fig - 1)

The mean age of the participants was 35.25+8.78 years. Most of them are married (76.7%) but have left their family behind in their native countries. Even though majority of them are carpenters, there are 16 different occupations that the workers are involved in. Most of the workers come from a poor background (46.9%) but almost 36.7% have finished their education till the secondary school while only 10% are illiterate (Table – 1) (Table – 3)

An analysis of the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors was done from the data collected and it was found that most of them are at risk of diabetes and hypertension.

It was found that 28.3% of the study populations were more than 40 years old and at an increased risk though the family history for the presence of diabetes and hypertension was not significant.

An analysis of the dietary habit showed that even though almost all of them prefer to have homemade food, the regular intake of fruits and vegetables is abysmally low at 4.2%. The dietary habit as shown in (Table – 2)


Looking into the lifestyle preferences of the study participants it was found that 69.2% did exercises like brisk walking on a regular basis while the rest either were irregular or didn’t do any at all. (Table – 4)

Majority of them were either tea or coffee drinkers (92.5%) while more than half (58.3%) consumed aerated drinks on a regular basis. About 12.5% had a history of alcohol consumption in the past. It was also found that more than 22% of the participants smoke on a regular basis. (Fig – 2) The average duration of sleep for most of the participants (62.5%) was less than the recommended minimum of 7 hours per day for keeping good health. (Table – 3)

On calculating the basal metabolic index (BMI) it was found that more than 21% were in the overweight and obese category. (Fig. 3) Even the waist circumference (mean 90.27+9.5 cm) among the 42.5% participants was more than the recommended 90 cm.35These are indicative of at risk population for diabetes and hypertension.

The measurement of blood pressure showed that more than 26.5% of the participants were having a high normal systolic reading (120 – 139 mm Hg) while 19.2% recorded more than 140 mm of Hg. Similarly, 33.3% had a diastolic blood pressure reading of more than 90 mm of Hg. A sizeable number of participants (19.2%) had a high normal diastolic reading between 80 – 89 mm of Hg. This is based on the classification given by the Joint National Committee; USA.36



Analysis of the data shows that on average the expatriates have a good quality of life during their stay in Saudi Arabia with easy access to basic amenities like food, clothing and proper accommodation. Furthermore, since they don’t find the local food acceptable, they prepare the food themselves when they are back from work. This study has shown that there is a significant proportion of expatriates who have non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for diabetes and hypertension.

The results have shown that more than 28.3% of the study population was aged more than 40 years which according to other studies37 is one of the non – modifiable risk factors for developing diabetes and hypertension. The total number of participants with a positive family history was not significant which was in contrast to other studies38, 39, 40that showed a positive correlation between family history and the risk of getting diabetes and hypertension.

Lots of literatures have discussed the harmful effects of smoking and significantly its association with developing cardiovascular diseases among chronic smokers. Thus, there is documentation of a direct causal association between smoking and diabetes41, 42 and this study showed that more than 22.5% of the participants were smokers.

Dietary habit has significantly contributed single handedly to lifestyle diseases both in developed and developing countries. In our study we found that 95.8% of participant ate all types of food while very few took fruits and vegetables in substantial amount for health benefits. Similar studies have indicated that most of the people who consumed non – vegetarian food are at increased risk of diabetes and hypertension.43, 44

 The prevalence of overweight among the participants was 20% and around 1.7% was found to be obese. Many studies45 have cited a direct association between obesity and non-communicable diseases like diabetes and hypertension. Our study showed that there was little awareness among the expatriate workers regarding obesity being a risk factor for diabetes and hypertension. A significant number of participants (42.5%) had waist circumference above 90 cm which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases as given by the WHO.46

An assessment of the frequency of doing physical activity among the expatriates showed that around 30.8% were not exercising even for a minimum of 3 days a week as suggested by the WHO47 to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This showed that they were at increased risk of developing chronic health disorders as supported by similar articles showing this association48

In study done in Guangzhou, China the prevalence estimate of self-reported NCDs was 16.0%. Hypertension and diabetes were reported as the most important NCDs. Of those who responded, 6.8% reported having more than 2 chronic conditions. Since 2002, the prevalence of hypertension has decreased by 13.3%. Awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and diabetes were improved. The estimated prevalence of current smoking decreased, and the prevalence of former smoking increased from 2002. However, the prevalence of overweight and obesity, especially central obesity, increased.49

In a study done in Arab world in 2010, the burden of Disease Study 2010, the burden of non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung diseases, and diabetes) in the Arab world has increased, with variations between countries of different income levels. Behavioral risk factors, including tobacco use, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity are prevalent, and obesity in adults and children has reached an alarming level. Despite epidemiological evidence, the policy response to non-communicable diseases has been weak.50


The magnitude of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases is quite high in the study population. Appropriate preventive measure should be taken to control and prevent risk factors that increase the prevalence of HTN and DM.


To reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases among expatriates working in an alien environment, preventive measures that need to be in place are:

  • Regular medical checkup for the workers especially who have risk factors.
  • Health promotion programs for the workers.
  • Promote balanced healthy diet with regular exercise. 
  • Educational programs about the HTN and DM.


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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

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This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
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A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
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A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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