International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, ResearchBib, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg.

Search Articles

Track manuscript


Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 09 Issue 22, November, 2017

Pages: 22-25

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

Juvenile Psammomatoid Ossifying Fibroma - A Rare Entity

Author: Evelyn Elizabeth Ebenezer, Volga Harikrishnan, Chitra Srinivasan

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Aim: Juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF) is a rare fibro-osseous neoplasm in young children.
Case Report: 14 year old boy presented with a painless swelling over the palatal region for two months duration which was clinically diagnosed as pyogenic granuloma.
Discussion: JOF is defined as a variant of the ossifying fibroma, and latter includes juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (JPOF) and juvenile trabecular ossifying fibroma (JTOF). Both variants involve the craniofacial bones with the trabecular variant being more common in the jaws and the psammomatoid variant being more common in the paranasal sinuses. JPOF may exhibit erosion and invasion of the surrounding bone accompanied by rapid enlargement. JPOF can be distinguished from other maxillofacial fibro osseous lesions by its tendency to recur and its clinical mimicry of malignant bone tumors.

Keywords: Ossifying fibroma, Psammomatoid ossifying fibroma

DOI: 10.7324/IJCRR.2017.9225

Full Text:


Fibro-osseous lesions are a group of diseases characterized by replacement of normal bone tissue by fibroblast, fibrous tissue, and variable quantities of mineralized material.[1]

Fibro-osseous lesions do not represent a specific diagnosis represent a group of disease such as: (1) Fibrous dysplasia, (2) osseous dysplasia and (3) ossifying fibroma[1].Thou they have similar clinical, radiographic and histopathological features but present different in biological behavior. Ossifying fibroma is a neoplasm while Fibrous dysplasia and osseous dysplasia are reactive lesions.[1]

Ossifying fibroma has been referred to as fibro osteomas, osteofibroma benign fibro-osseous lesion. Ossifying fibroma was first described by Menzel in 1872, but the term was coined in 1972 by Montgomery

Ossifying fibromas are classified into two groups based on the clinicopathological presentation as Conventional and juvenile. Conventional ossifying fibromas are usually present in the third and fourth decade of life and present as a slow growing mass. They can be treated with simple curettage and the recurrence is rare, but in contrast to the form seen at adults, the juvenile ossifying fibroma(JOF) occurs in much younger age and presents as a  more aggressive  mass with increased recurrence rate.[2]

JOF is further subdivided into two distinct histopathologic variants of as Trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma (TrJOF) and Psammomatoid Juvenile ossifying fibroma (PsJOF).

The Psammomatoid variant was first reported in the year 1938 by Benjamin’s, who described it as osteoid fibroma with atypical ossification of the frontal sinus. Later, in 1949  Gögl, termed it as  psammomatoid ossifying fibroma of the paranasal sinuses and nose. In 1952 Johnson et al further modified the term as juvenile active ossifying fibroma. Following a review of 86 cases by Makek, it was considered to be a variant of osteoblastoma and was termed as psammous desmo osteoblastoma.It was in the year 1985, Margo et al introduced the term psammomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma.[2]

Other names that have also been considered are  psammo osteoid fibroma, psammous desmo osteoblastoma, juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma, and juvenile aggressive psammomatoid ossifying fibroma. [2]

The distinctive features of PsJOF are a predilection for the sinonasal complex and orbit of young people, with an aggressive, infiltrative growth pattern, and a high incidence of recurrence.[2]

Here we report a case of Juvenile ossifying fibroma involving the maxilla in a 14 year old boy.


A 14 year old boy presented to the OPD of oral and maxilla facial surgery at Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India with complaints of a painless swelling over the palatal region for two months duration gradually progressive in size. No history of trauma or similar lesion noted. Other Medical and Dental history were not contributory .General physical examination revealed no abnormalities. Extraoral examination revealed mild facial asymmetry. On intraoral examination the swelling was 3x2cm over the palate on the oral mucosal surface near the first and second incisor tooth. It was pedunculated, nontender and firm in consistency (fig 1).The mouth opening of the patient was normal and there were no decayed teeth in the lesion are. Oral hygiene was good. With the above clinical features a Differential diagnosis of Traumatic fibroma or pyogenic granuloma was considered. Complete surgical removal of

The lesion (enucleation) was carried out under local anesthesia with conscious sedation. Post-operative course was favorable. The excised tissue was sent in 10% Neutral buffered  formalin and subjected to histopathological evaluation.


Gross Examination: Received specimen measured 2.5 x1 cms, well defined, pale brown and firm in consistency, External surface was smooth. Cut surface was uniform pale brown. The tissue was all embedded and processed for microscopic examination.

Microscopy: Hematoxylin and eosin stained slides were examined under light microscopy. Sections showed stratified squamous epithelium with focal ulceration and granulation tissue formation.(Fig 2).with underlying sub epithelial stroma shows fibrosis, haphazard bony fragments and many psammoma body like structures (Fig3).With the above features a Confirmatory diagnosis of Juvenile psammomatois ossifying fibroma was given.


Ossifying fibroma is a rare benign osteogenic neoplasm. It comprises of 2% of oral tumors in children. This rare neoplasm can present as a clinical enigma and a pathological dilemma, due to its overlapping clinical and morphological features. There are persistent differences in terms of classification and diagnosis of fibro-osseous lesions in craniofacial area, a dilemma does exist amidst these lesions. All present as a replacement of normal bone tissue with fibroblast and collagen fiber tissue along with varying quantities of mineralized material.[3]

JOF has a slight male predominance. [3] The average age of occurrence for trabecular JOF is 8 1/2 to 12 years, while the psammomatoid variant occurs during 16-33 years. Our patient was 14 years old. 75% of PsJOFs predominantly occur in the orbit, paranasal sinuses and calvaria, and 25% involve the maxilla or mandible, as in our case. The TrJOF predominantly involve the jaws, with a predilection for the maxilla.[4]

Although the underlying cause is unclear, there are been few articles reporting trauma as a causative factor in areas of the lesion. Postulating a connective tissue reaction rather than a neoplasm.

Suggested hypothesis include:

According to Kempsoh[5] — bone deposition and resorption occurring on the same spicules of the bone. It was postulated that ossifying fibroma resulted from excessive resorption of bone with fibrous repair of the defect.

• Hammer suggested ossifying fibroma — considered as tumor of periodontal ligament origin (mesenchymal blast cells).[6]

• Trauma induced stimulation of progenitor cells has been suggested by Weing.[3]

It also occurs in the jaws  due to maldevelopment of basal generative mechanism that is essential for root formation.[7]Ossifying fibroma are sporadic , but incidence of familial inheritance by the presence of nonrandom chromosomal breakpoints at Xq26 and 2q33 resulting in (x,2) translocation have been reported in few instances.[8]

Clinically the tumor evolves as an asymptomatic tumor that reaches a point causing a painless swelling of the involved bone, as seen in our cases, few cases present with functional and cosmetic deformities such as displacement of the teeth with intact overlying mucosa. Centrifugal growth of the tumor causing bowing of the inferior border of the mandible.

Radiologically, JOF presents as a well-defined, concentrically expanding solitary mass with bone density or unilocular to multilocular lesion with central opacification or ground glass appearance.[10] This variation is due to stage, duration and histology of neoplasm. The circumscribed nature of ossifying fibroma distinguishes it from fibrous dysplasia.[9]

Histologically, they present as a benign lesion, composed of highly vascular and fibroblast rich connective tissue, which produce calcified substance either a cementum or bone. Clumps of osteoblast are also present. Psammomatoid type of JOF shows highly cellular fibrous stroma often with whorled pattern containing closely packed spherical ossicles resembling psammoma bodies

Complication includes intracranial extensions, cysts, recurrences and ocular disturbances. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. [9]. The incidence of JOF is unknown. A literature review revealed 17 cases reported between the year 2003 and 2010.[11]



Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma requires early detection, complete surgical excision and a long term follow-up bears importance in clinical management due to their aggressive nature and high recurrence rate. In the case examined, surgical excision of the lesion was carried out. Patient was recalled at regular intervals. No evidence of recurrence was seen


Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors / editors / publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

Ethical Clearance: N/A

Informed Consent: N/A

Source of Funding: Nil

Conflict of interest: Nil


  1. Márcia de andrade et al. Ossifying fibroma of the jaws: A clinicopathological case series study. Brazilian dental journal.2013; 24(6): 662-666
  2. Keles B. Juvenile ossifying fibroma of the mandible: a case report. J oral maxillofac res. 2010(apr-jun);1(2):e5
  3. Khaji SI, Shah S, Baheti MR. Ossifying fibroma of the maxilla: an uncommon tumor presenting diagnostic and management dilemma for the clinician: a rare case report. J dent allied sci.2014;3:53-7
  4. Malathi N et al. Psammomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma of the jaws. J oral maxillofac pathol.2011;15:326-9.
  5. Hahn SB, Kang ES, Jahng JS, Park BM, Choi JC. Ossifying fibroma. Yonsei med j.1991;32:347-55.
  6. Hamner JE 3rd, Scofield HH, Cornyn J. Benign fibro-osseous jaw lesions of periodontal membrane origin. An analysis of 249 cases. Cancer.1968;22:861-78.
  7. Solomon MC, Khandelwal S, AR, Carnelio S. Psammomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma of the mandible – A Histochemical insight!. Internet j dent sci.2009;7
  8. Neville BW, Damm DD, Allen CM, Bouquot JE. Oral and maxillofacial pathology.2009 3rd ed. India: Elsevier publishers; P. 648
  9. Moghe S et al. Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma. IOSR. Journal of dental and medical sciences (IOSR-JDMS). Jun.2014. Volume 13; 6: 43-45
  10. Jithender Reddy Kubbi , Navadeepak Kumar K , Vivekanandh Reddy , Ramlal G. Juvenile ossifying fibroma. Journal of dental sciences and research.2011. vol. 2, issue 2, pages 1-5
  11. Breheret et al. R. Juvenile ossifying fibroma of the maxilla, european annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases. 2011. 128, 317- 320.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
Hacked By Idamane Ayang img { opacity: 0.6; }
Hacked By Idamane Ayang

Batin Tak Kuatke Ngo Ngempet Larane Mergo Aku Tresno Kowe

contact me:

Kelelawar Cyber Team - Pancasila Cyber Team - Jombang Hacker Crew - Padang Black Hat - Jawa Timur Cyber Team - Cidro Xploit - Ponorogo1337 - Ponorogo Black Hat - Ponorogo Cyber Team - Jawa6etar - Ponorogo Hacker Team

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in

Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.

Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions