International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 13, July, 2016

Pages: 24-27

Date of Publication: 12-Jul-2016


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ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL IN FEMALE STUDENTS OF RESIDENTIAL COLLEGE USING GLOBAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYSIS

Author: Hiral Shah, Hitarthi Dhami, Tarpan Shah

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: We are facing a rising trend of NCDs (Non-communicable diseases) associated with sedentary lifestyle. Students who are obese or develop obesity during college years are at increased risk for continued obesity throughout adulthood. Present study was conducted with an objective to study prevalence of sedentary lifestyle among college students and its epidemiological correlates, in particular with the association with hostel residence.
Methodology: Cross-sectional analysis of 50 female residential students of age ranged from 19-22 years was conducted for assessment of BMI and Physical activity level by Global Physical Acivity Questinnaire (GPAQ). Informed consent was obtained prior. From GPAQ questionnaire Physical activity level and BMI data was collected and analysis was done.
Result: Out of 50 subjects 26% subjects were having vigorous PA. 62% subjects were having moderate PA. 12% subjects were having low PA. Out of 50 subjects 42% subjects were in normal categories. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight.
Discussion: In present study, reason for poor physical activity level in 12% students may be physical inactivity during the daily routine and travel domain. They can be encouraged to improve their physical activity level on daily basis. College activities should include compulsory extra-curricular activities to be undertaken by the students such as including sports, athletics, aerobics or yoga.
Conclusion: 12% subjects were found to have low PA. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight. There is still a need to encourage students in residential college to be active on routine basis to prevent shattering burden of non-communicable diseases in society.

Keywords: Physical inactivity, Hostellers, NCDs, BMI, Physical activity level assessment, Physical activity level questionnaire

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Physical activity (PA) is a health enhancing behavior when practiced regularly, PA reduces the risk for a range of chronic disease. Also among the young, current and future health benefits can be obtained through engaging in physically active lifestyle. It helps building strong bones, healthy joints, a strong heart, a good mental health and prevents today’s major public health concern obesity. 1 College is a time of great change for young adults. Newly found independence allows the college student to make decisions and choices that were often previously made for him or her. One of the most important decisions a college student may make is how to incorporate physical activity (PA) into a busy lifestyle 2. After a decade into the 21st century, we are facing a rising trend of non-communicable diseases associated with sedentary lifestyle. Studies have shown sedentary lifestyles to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and all-cause mortality. 1 Physical activity has been defined as ant bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that results in energy expenditure. 3 Benefits of Physical Activity: Although gaps still exist in the literature, there is evidence that physical activity is an integral component of health and wellness in children. Potential benefits of physical activity include: Chronic disease risk reduction, Obesity risk reduction, Enhanced cognitive function and academic performance, Enhanced body image and self-esteem. 1

Recommended Daily Levels of Physical Activity for Children and Youth
Physical activity guidelines specifically targeted for children and youth are a relatively recent development. Since the early 1990s, recommendations for daily levels of physical activity for children and youth have been developed by a number of different governments, agencies and organizations.4, 5, 6 Some areas of consensus between the differing recommendations include the following: Children and youth should accumulate at least 60 minutes of physical activity on a daily basis. Youth should engage in a variety of different types and intensities of physical activity.Children and youth should be actively encouraged to reduce the amount of time spent in sedentary activities. Extended periods of time spent on sedentary pursuits are associated with decreased physical activity levels and an increased risk of overweight and obesity. Children and youth should participate in activities that are age appropriate.7 Physical Inactivity Studies have shown sedentary lifestyles to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and allcause mortality. Some estimates from developed countries indicate that only 15% of the population older than 18 years of age get regular vigorous activity (three times a week for at least 20 min), and 60% report no regular leisure time activity at all, with 25% not active at all.1 Television is unquestionably a sedentary activity, and many studies have hypothesized that increase in television viewing may be partly to blame for reductions in PA.2 The students who are obese or develop obesity during the college years are at increased risk for continued obesity throughout adulthood.8 The apparent protective effect of being more active, and consequently less inactive, was identified first through studies of occupational activity over 50 years ago. Today, there is a significant amount of literature quantifying and qualifying the role of physical inactivity as a risk factor and worldwide interest and efforts to increase levels of participation.9 Obesity, physical inactivity and smoking are of public health concerns due to their association with chronic diseases such as heart disease, hypertension and type II diabetes. Regarding physical consequences, major health organizations have come to an understanding that obesity is linked to serious medical conditions including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, arthritis, sleep disturbances, breathing problems and cancer 7, 10, 11 There are many good sources of assessment of physical activity, in both youth and adults. There are many methods that can be used, including pedometer, accelerometers, questionnaires/surveys and diaries.12

Measuring Physical Activity in Youth
Self report instruments are a straightforward means for population health researchers to gather information on the physical activity levels of children and youth in school and colleges, and outside of school as well. These instruents are generally reliable and valid, are relatively simple and inexpensive to administer, and are appropriate for use in population studies.7 One of the subjective measures is GPAQ – GLOBAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE. The global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed by World Health Organization (WHO) for PA surveillance in countries.13 GPAQ collects information on PA participation as well as sedentary behavior.14 The present study was conducted with an objective to study the prevalence of sedentary lifestyle amongst college students and its epidemiological correlates, in particular with the association with hostel residence.

MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY
The study was a cross-sectional analysis of college students studying in college in Kadodara Surat. To have a representation of various academic disciplines, we purposively selected paramedical college students. The sample consisted of a total of 50 female residential students of age ranged from 19-22 years (mean 20 years). Students were approached randomly and were explained about the questionnaire. Students of the college present in the premises were eligible to participate, allowing for voluntary participation. Informed consent was obtained prior to conducting the interviews. To get an adequate representative sample, we targeted a minimum sample size of 50 students from the college.

Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)
The global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed by World Health Organization (WHO) for PA surveillance in countries.13 GPAQ collects information on PA participation as well as sedentary behavior. This instrument was mainly developed for use in developing countries. The major strengths of GPAQ include the fact that it is domain specific, which implies that it assesses different types of PA undertaken in three domains plus sitting. The three domains include: Activity at work, travel to and from places and recreational activities.14 Here 50 subjects were taken. Questions were asked to them individually which are included in GPAQ Scale end by it, data was collected. According to it, MET minutes/week PA was calculated for all the participants. For the calculation of physical activity the following MET values are used: 13

RESULTS
Out of 50 subjects 26% subjects were having vigorous PA. 62% subjects were having moderate PA. 12% subjects were having low PA.

BMI
Out of 50 subjects 42% subjects were in normal categories. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight.

DISCUSSION
In this study, 26% subjects were found to have vigorous PA, 62% subjects were having moderate PA. 12% subjects were having low PA. 42% subjects were found to be in normal category of BMI, 10% subjects in Overweight category and 48% subjects were in Underweight category. Using GPAQ scoring for calculating physical activity across the domains of work, transport and recreation, 13 (26%) students were found to have high physical activity, 31 (62%) had moderate while 6 (12%) had low activity level. Previous study comparing physical activity level in day scholers and hostellers has reported hostellers had significantly lesser physical activity compared to the day scholars in the transport domain and recreational domain (p<0.001). On further analysis, hostel residence was found to be the significant risk factor for low physical activity.15 In the present study, reason for poor physical activity level in 12% students may be physical inactivity during the daily routine and travel domain. They can be encouraged to improve their physical activity level on daily basis. Low physical activity during the most active period of a person’s life can predict middle-aged behavior adapting into an even more sedentary lifestyle. This may lead to various diseases like coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer etc. in their future life as adults.16 Increasing the public knowledge about adopting physical activity habits in daily routine has been suggested for planning effective preventive strategies. Group health discussions, pamphlets, posters etc. can be used for the purpose. College activities should include compulsory extra-curricular activities to be undertaken by the students such as including sports, athletics, aerobics or yoga. All these health measures should be regarded not as an indulgence but an investment.17

CONCLUSION
Present study found 26% subjects to be having vigorous PA. 62% subjects were found to have moderate PA. 12% subjects were found to have low PA. Present study found 42% subjects were in normal categories of BMI. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight. There is still a need to encourage the students in residential college to be active on routine basis to prevent shattering burden of noncommunicable diseases in the society.

ETHICAL CLEARANCE
Ethical clearance for the present study was obtained from ethical committee of Shree Swaminarayan Physiotherapy College.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The author acknowledges the immense help received from the Scholars whose article are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed. The authors are extremely grateful to IJCRR editorial board members and IJCRR team of reviewers who have helped to bring quality to this manuscript. Abbreviations: Noncommunicable diseases- NCD, GPAQGlobal Physical Activity Questionnaire, PA- Physical Activity, BMI- Body Mass Index, CVD- Cardio vascular diseases. Source of Funding There was no source of funding. Conflict of Interest There was no conflict of interest.

References:

1. Allison KR, Dwyer JJ, Makin S. Perceived barriers to physical activity among high school students. Prev Med 1999; 28: 608–615.

2. Anderssen N, Wold B. Parental and peer influences on leisuretime physical activity in young adolescents. Res Q Exerc Sport 1992; 63: 341–348.

3. Department of Health and Aging. Australia’s Physical Activity Recommendations for Children and Young People. On-line: Available: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-active-recommend.htm. (Retrieved: February 15, 2005).

4. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Physical Activity for Children: A Statement of Guidelines for Children 5 - 12, 2nd Edition. On-line. Available at: http://www.aahperd. org/naspe/template.cfm?template=ns_children.html (Retrieved: February 19, 2005).

5. Health Development Agency. Recommended Amounts and Types of Physical Activity. On-line. Available at: http://www. hda.nhs.uk/html/improving/physicalactivity.html. (Retrieved: February 19, 2005).

6. National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity and Health: A Report to the Surgeon General. Online. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ sgr.htm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005).

7. Bar-Or O, Foreyt J, Bouchard C, Brownell KD, Dietz WH, Ravussin E, Salbe AD, Schwenger S, St. Jeor S, Torun B. Physical activity, genetic and nutritional considerations in childhood weight management. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30: 2–10, 1998.

8. Anthsel KM, Anderman EM. Social influences on sports participation during adolescence. J Res Dev Educ 2000; 33: 85–94.

9. American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment: Reference Group Data Report Spring 2008. Baltimore, MD: American College Health Association; 2008

10. National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity and Health: A Report to the Surgeon General. Online. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ sgr.htm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005).

11. Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (CAHPERD). Position Statement on Quality Daily Physical Education (QDPE). On-line. Available at: http:// www.cahperd.ca/eng/physicaleducation/about_qdpe.cfm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005)

12. United States Department of Health and Human Services/United States Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2005). On-line. Available at: http://www.healthierus.gov/ dietaryguidelines/. (Retrieved: February 15, 2005).

13. World Health Organization (2006). Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Geneva: World Health Organization

14. Misra P, Upadhyay R, Krishnan A, Sharma N,Kapoor S. A Community Based Study to Test the Reliability and Validity of Physical Activity Measurement Techniques. Int J Prev Med. 2014 Aug; 5(8): 952–959.

15. Khera R, Sharma R. Physical inactivity among college students is associated with living in hostels: a study from Delhi, India. GJMEDPH, Vol 1(5) September- October 2012

16. World Health Organization. The global strategy on diet, physical activity, and health. World Health Organization; 2012 Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/goals/en/ Accessed March 10, 2012

17. Kelishadi R, Ghatrehsamani S, Hosseini M, Mirmoghtadaee P, Mansouri S, Poursafa P. (2010). Barriers to physical activity in a population-based sample of children and adolescents in Isfahan, Iran. Int. J. Prev. Med. 1(2): 131–7, 2010

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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