International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 03 Issue 04, April, 2011

Pages: 76-82

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BLOOD CHEMISTRY AND PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF MEAT-TYPE MALE
CHICKENS IN RESPONSE TO EXOGENOUS TESTOSTERONE ENANTHATE

Author: Alabi, O.M, Oguntunji, A.O

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Performance and blood serum parameters of meat type cockerels on five different levels of Testosterone
Enanthate were investigated. Parameters measured included Total Feed Intake(TFI),Initial Body Weight(IBW),Final Body Weight(FBW).Total Body Weight Gain(TBWG),Feed Conversion Ratio(FCR),Efficiency of Feed Utilization(EFU),Feed Cost per unit body weight gain(US$/kg),Total Protein(TP), Albumin(ALB), Globulin(GLB), Uric acid, Glucose, Cholesterol, Serum calcium and enzyme activities. The results revealed that the dosage of the testosterone enanthate had significant (p< 0.05) effect on the performance characteristics investigated. Birds on 0.3mg/kg body weight gave the best results with respect to FBW, FCR, EFU and cost effectiveness. Meanwhile, the serum metabolites were not significantly (p>0.05) affected by the dosage of the exogenous hormone. Exogenous testosterone enanthate can be used to enhance the growth of meat type cockerels economically without adverse effect on the birds.

Keywords: Cockerels, Performance characteristics, Serum metabolites, Testosterone Enanthate

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

The use of hormones such as progesterone, trenbolone, zeranol, testosterone; antibiotics and feed additives are still allowed by the Food and Drug Administration of the United State of America1 and as part of the application of biotechnology for improving feed characteristics, hormones and probiotics are being used as supplements.2 Hormones have been used widely to induce molting in broiler breeder hens,3 inhibition of egg production,4 while laying period of hen can be extended with the use of progesterone.5 Broiler chickens are the major source of table meat but due to high cost of day old broiler chicks and feed, poultry farmers in many tropical countries have resorted into the commercial rearing of cockerels which in actual fact are hatchery wastes in many developed countries.6 In the tropics, cockerel keeping is an important and cheaper way of ameliorating the prevailing animal protein needs. Their cheaper cost at day old, ease of rearing, hardiness and less dependent on high quality feeds present them as suitable objects for food security 7 but they mature over a longer period of time of about twenty or more weeks.8 Various methods have been tried towards promoting growth rate among livestock and apart from nutritional manipulations, the use of natural hormones and other natural growth promoters are practicable. Hormones are widely adopted by farmers to enhance growth and reproductive performances in livestock production without adverse effect on animals and humans after consuming the products thereof.9 Testosterone enanthate is an esterified form of the natural steroid. It is anabolic in action and is secreted by the endocrine glands mostly by the male testes.10 It was reported11 that exogenous testosterone enanthate influenced the live weight of both male and female pigs positively and also that the haematological and serum biochemical values of the pigs were variously affected by the exogenous hormone. The objective of this study is therefore to investigate the effect of testosterone enanthate on the performance of cockerels in terms of feed intake, growth rate, feed conversion ratio, economy of production and physiological response in terms of the serum metabolites profile. food security 7 but they mature over a longer period of time of about twenty or more weeks.8 Various methods have been tried towards promoting growth rate among livestock and apart from nutritional manipulations, the use of natural hormones and other natural growth promoters are practicable. Hormones are widely adopted by farmers to enhance growth and reproductive performances in livestock production without adverse effect on animals and humans after consuming the products thereof.9 Testosterone enanthate is an esterified form of the natural steroid. It is anabolic in action and is secreted by the endocrine glands mostly by the male testes.10 It was reported11 that exogenous testosterone enanthate influenced the live weight of both male and female pigs positively and also that the haematological and serum biochemical values of the pigs were variously affected by the exogenous hormone. The objective of this study is therefore to investigate the effect of testosterone enanthate on the performance of cockerels in terms of feed intake, growth rate, feed conversion ratio, economy of production and physiological response in terms of the serum metabolites profile.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A total number of two hundred and fifty black cockerels of Harco strain from a reputable hatchery was used for this experiment. They were procured at day old, weighed at arrival and brooded for five weeks the time during which they were fed with commercial chick mash with the intake being monitored. At 6th week of age, 225 chicks were randomly allotted into five treatment groups; T1= No testosterone, T2= 0.1mg of testosterone per kilogram body weight (kbwt), T3= 0.2 mg/kbwt, T4= 0.3 mg/kbwt and T5= 0.4 mg/kbwt. Each treatment group had three replicates of 15 birds each in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The birds were allowed to adjust for one week and at 7th week of age, exogenous administration of testosterone enanthate started. The birds were injected between the hours of 7.00 am and 8.00 am intramuscularly at 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th week of age consecutively. Blood samples were collected from the birds at 7th week before administration of hormone started and at 12th, 16th and 20th week of age. Samples so collected were analysed for total protein, albumin, globulin, uric acid, cholesterol, glucose, and calcium and serum enzymes such as Aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase. Blood samples were analysed for the serum metabolites using the enzymatic procedure earlier described.12, 13 Data were subsequently collected in respect of weekly body weight, weekly weight gain, mortality rate and feed intake on cumulative basis while FCR and EFU and feed cost per unit weight gain were calculated. Exogenous Testosterone and Blood Parameters of Cockerels Feed and water were supplied to the experimental birds ad libitum while general routine management practices in respect of vaccination and medication were strictly observed. Meanwhile, the average cost of feed per kilogram during the experiment was N50.00 (US$0.34). The proximate composition of the feed was determined by the methods as earlier described.14

Statistical Analysis

All data generated were subjected to statistical analysis using Analysis of variance procedure of Statistical Analysis Software.15The treatment means where significant were separated using the Duncan option of the same software. the gross composition of the grower mash fed to the experimental birds while Table 2 shows the proximate composition thereof. Table 3 shows the performance characteristics of the cockerels administered with graded levels of Testosterone enanthate. Parameters investigated were Initial body weight (IBW),Final body weight(FBW),Body weight gain(BWG),Total feed intake (TFI) and mortality rate while FCR,EFU and feed cost per unit weight gain were calculated. From the results in Table 3, IBW was the same for all the treatment groups being the average body weight at day old. However, FBW, BWG and TFI were influenced by the exogenous hormone. For FBW, the range was from 1.38kg (T1) to 2.25kg (T4). No significant (p>0.05) difference was observed between the means for T2 and T3 but they differed significantly (p0.05) difference was observed between the intake of birds in T2, T3, T4 and T5 but they all differed significantly (p0.05) affected by the exogenous testosterone enanthate.

DISCUSSION

Testosterone enanthate improved the feed intake of the birds as reflected in the results of this experiment. Being an anabolic steroid, testosterone promotes bone elongation and muscle build-up and it acts on the receptor for appetite stimulation on the hypothalamus hence the increased feed intake. This finding agrees with the earlier report16 that anabolic steroids promote feed intake and body growth in beef calves production. As a result of the enhanced growth with exogenous testosterone, the FCR was better than those in control group so also the EFU with the best result from birds in T4. These imply that the rate at which the feed was utilized to gain body weight was Exogenous Testosterone and Blood Parameters of Cockerels highly efficient with testosterone enanthate and consequently the feed cost per body weight gain. The findings revealed that it is cheaper and faster to raise cockerels to market weight with exogenous testosterone. The mortality rate can not be linked with the effect of exogenous testosterone. Meanwhile, the serum metabolites were not affected by the exogenous testosterone. This implies that the health status and the liver functions of the cockerels were not negatively affected by the testosterone enanthate administration. This agrees with the findings of 17 that reported that the serum metabolites of castrated and intact male pigs were not affected by exogenous testosterone.

CONCLUSION

The findings of this experiment suggest that exogenous testosterone enanthate can be used to enhance the growth of cockerels to market weight with cheaper cost of production and without deleterious effect on the birds and with the best results obtainable with administration of 0.3mg of the testosterone per kilogram body weight of the birds. Exogenous Testosterone and Blood Parameters of Cockerels

References:

1. Aumaitre,A. Quality and Safety of Animal Production.Proc.8th World Conf.on Anim.Prod. 1998; 189-201.

2. Bonneau,M and Learveld,B. Biotechnology in Nutrition Physiology and Animal Health. Proc. 8th World Conf.on Anim.Prod.1998;312-331.

3. Attia,Y.A.,Burke,W.H.and Yamani,K.A. Response of Broilers Breeder Hen to Forced moulting by hormonal and dietary manipulations. Poult.Sc.1983; 73(2):245- 258.

4. Dvorak,M.,Sevcik,B.and Hylik,J. Effect of @33828 on delay of egg production in Pullets and on moulting hen. Veterinarian SPOFA, 1971; 13(5/6):285-296.

5. Prochazka,F.,Hylik,J., Sevcik,B. and Dvorak,M. Effect of VUFB 7319 on inhibition of egg production at the end of laying period and on forced moulting. Veterinarian SPOFA,1971;13(5/6): 329- 345.

6. Alabi, O.M. Effect of Weather Variations on Commercial Broilers Production in South-western Nigeria. Thesis: Dept Of Animal Sc University of Ibadan,Nigeria,1997.

7. Obioha,F.E.and Abnikwe,P.E.N. Utilization of ensiled and sun-dried cassava peels by growing swine. Nut.Rep.Int., 1982;26:961-972.

8. Oluyemi, J.A. and Roberts, F.A. Poultry production in Warm wet Climates. Spectrum Books Ltd. 2000.

9. Ferrando,R. Method of measuring hormone levels in Animal Production. In: Sterol Analysis,Muskin, Grower and Kirk(Eds) Lc and Fertilizer,New York,1990.

10. Adejumo, D.O., Ladokun, A.O., Ososanya, T.O., S okunbi,O.A.and Akinfemi.Haematology and serum biochemical changes in castrated and intact Male pigs administered testosterone enanthate: Proc.18th Ann. Conf. of Anim. Sc. Ass.of Nig.(ASAN),2005, 93-95.

11. Ladokun,A.O.Exogenous hormonal regulation of growth rate,blood chemistry And Fertility in Pigs. Ph.D.Thesis,Department of Animal Sc.University of Ibadan,Nigeria,2006.

12. Henry,R.H.,Sabel,C.and Berkman,S. On the determination of Pancreatic Lipase In Serum Clichem,1957;3:77 

13. Kohn,J. A cellulose Acetate supporting medium for some electrophoresis. Clin. Chin. Acts, 1957;,2:297.

14. A.O.A.C.Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official methods of Analysis. 11th Ed. Washington, D.C.1990.

15. SAS. Statistical Analysis Systems. Institutions Users Guide, SAS Institute, Cary, N.S.1999. Exogenous Testosterone and Blood Parameters of Cockerels.

16. Anthony, R.V., Bellows, R.A., Short, R.E., Staigmiller, R.B., Kaltenbach, C.C and Dunn, T.G. Fetal growth of beef calves.1.Effect of Prepartum Dietary crude Protein on birth weight, blood metabolites and steroid. Hormone concentrations.J.Anim.Sci, 1986; 62:1363-1374.
 

17.Adejumo,D.O.,Ladokun,A.O.,Ososanya, T.O.,Sokunbi,O.A.and Akinfemi. Haematology and serum biochemical changes in castrated and intact Male pigs administered testosterone enanthate: Proc.18th Ann. Conf.of Anim. Sc. Ass. of Nig.(ASAN),2005; 93-95.

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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