International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 03 Issue 04, April, 2011

Pages: 29-33

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A RARE ANATOMICAL VARIANT OF THE EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY

Author: Takkallapalli Anitha, Neelee Jayasree, Krishnamurthy Asha, Dattatray Dombe

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:During routine dissections in the lab, the position of external carotid artery [ECA] and internal carotid
artery [ICA] were found to be mutually displaced. ECA was formed and coursed antero-laterally while ICA formed and coursed postero-medially, in one cadaver on the right side out of 50 cadavers dissected. Though rare, such variations must be given utmost importance before planning for any neck surgeries to avoid post operative complications.

Keywords: External carotid artery, variation, position

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Common carotid artery [CCA], internal carotid artery [ICA] and external carotid artery [ECA] provide the major source of blood to the head and neck. Normally right common carotid artery is a branch of brachiocephalic trunk formed at the level of sterno- clavicular joint. The artery courses vertically upwards in the carotid sheath to the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx which also corresponds to C3, C4 inter vertebral disc. The CCA terminates into external and internal carotid arteries. At their origin in carotid triangle ECA and ICA are normally situated anteromedially and posterolaterally respectively. External carotid artery extends from the level of upper border of the lamina of thyroid cartilage, ascends slightly forwards and inclines posteriorly and laterally, to pass midway between tip of mastoid process and angle of mandible. In the substance of parotid gland, behind the neck of mandible, it divides into its terminal branches, the superficial temporal and maxillary arteries. In the carotid triangle, the ECA gives five branches namely superior thyroid artery, lingual artery, facial artery, occipital artery and ascending pharyngeal artery. ICA ascends vertically upwards without giving any branch to enter into the lower opening of carotid canal at the base of the skull. The variations of CCA bifurcation and position of its terminal branches, ECA and ICA have been described by few anatomists though it is of utmost importance to know this rare position of ECA, to avoid unnecessary complications during carotid end-arterectomy.

METHODOLOGY

The present study was conducted in the department of anatomy at Chalmeda Anandrao Institute of Medical Sciences. The study period was one year from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2010. Fifty cadavers who were dissected in the department during routine dissection process were included in the study. The dissection was carried out as per Cunningham‘s manual. Observations are mainly carried out for the placement of ECA and ICA ande the findings were noted down.

RESULTS

Anterolateral position of ECA on right side was found in one cadaver out of 50 cadavers dissected [2%]. The route of same variant artery found in an approximately 50 year male cadaver is given below:-

[a] Normal bifurcation of right CCA at the level of upper border of lamina of thyroid cartilage where it terminated into external carotid and internal carotid arteries.

[b] The formation and initial course of right ECA and right ICA differed from the normal pattern i.e. ECA was situated anterolateraly and ICA was situated posteromedially [Figure-1].

[c] The anterior branches of ECA, the superior thyroid artery, lingual artery and facial artery crossed ICA to reach their destination and this is the cause for their increased length and course [Figure-1]. [d] The ICA on the right side was postero medial and normal in its course.

DISCUSSION

We observed this rare positional variation only on right side, where ECA was anterolateral and ICA was posteromedial. As per the available literature, Handa et al [1] mentioned that the first description of the lateral position of the ECA was reported by an anatomist Hyrtl in 1841.He described that medial or lateral ECA migration during embryogenesis may be responsible for this anatomical variation, Handa et al explained that, this variation may be age related, secondary to elongation and tortuosity of atherosclerotic carotid arteries. Prendes et al [2] observed an anatomic variant for the position of ECA at the carotid bifurcation in 5.3% of patients investigated by Doppler ultrasound and contrast angiography. In his study, ECA was posterolateral to the ICA. Ueda S et al [3], reported an unusual case of peripheral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by lateral position of the ECA and with an abnormally high position of bifurcation of CCA. The patient improved after cutting and ligation of ECA at its origin, which is due to compensatory dilatation of anastomotic arteries. Bergman et al [4] explained that:-[a] The ECA may be absent unilaterally or bilaterally. [b] When unilaterally absent, the branches, usually derived from it, arose from the CCA or from the contralateral vessel through anastomosis. [c] The artery may be located superficially and run lateral to the stylohyoid muscle or between the posterior belly of digstric muscle and the stylohyoid. J.P. Trigaux et al [5] performed intravenous digital subtraction angiography to determine the positional variations of the common carotid bifurcation and course of ECA and ICA in 100 consecutive patients with clinically suspected arteriosclerotic diseases. They observed [a] the position [97/200; 46.5%] of the ECA was anteromedial to the ICA. [b] Position of the ECA anterolateral to ICA was noted in 20/200 [13%]. [c] But the anatomical variant was more common on the right [21/100 than on the left [5/100].

According to Bussaka et al [6], lateral position of ECA is seen in 17 cases [4.3%] of which 13 cases were on the right side and 4 cases on the left. They expressed that it is necessary know this rare position of ECA, to avoid unnecessary complications during carotid endarterectomy. They emphasized that it is very important to ensure that the artery being ligated is ECA rather than ICA, as ligation of the latter cause‘s high risk of hemiparesis. MC Rusu et al [7] observed during dissections, a rare anatomical unilateral variant in the right carotid triangle of a adult male. They observed that the CCA on right side bifurcated slightly above the normal level, but the ECA was posterolateral to the ICA and its anterior branches initially crossed anterior to the ICA before continuing with a normal anatomical course. M.A Bailey et al [8] observed that. [a] In 2 cadavers [ aged 82 and 83] Right ECA was lateral. [b] The superior thyroid, lingual and facial arteries coursed medially, and partially obscured the ICA thus potentially limiting surgical access to the vessel. [c] They stated that when this anomaly is encountered during carotid endarterectomy initial recognition is crucial in order to preserve the hypoglossal and internal laryngeal nerves during ICA exposure. They expressed that this problem can be facilitated by circumferential ECA dissection and medial mobilization to reveal the lateral surface of the ICA. [d] They stressed that, the vagus nerve, located deep to the ECA, must also be identified and preserved while performing any neck surgery. Jasmin Delic et al [9] investigated the mutual relation of the initial parts of the ICA and ECA, as well as the height of crossing these blood vessels. They evaluated 50 patients by using magnetic resonance imaging of the neck and observed that [a] ECA is placed medially and coursed anterior to the ICA in 90% of cases. [b]In 7% of cases the right ECA was placed lateral to the ICA. [c] The ICA and ECA crossed approximately 3.04 cm above the bifurcation (at right 3.05 cm and at left 3.12 cm) and the height of the crossing varies from 1.3cm to 4.2cm (at right 1.3cim to 4.2cm, and the left 1.5cm to 4.1cm). [d] The height of crossing is symmetric in 18% of cases. They explained that the inversed disposition of the ICA and ECA must be held in mind while performing arterial ligatures in the carotid triangle, to avoid damage to the ICA and haemorrhagic accidents.

CONCLUSION

Our observation of anterolateral position was in one cadaver out of 50 present on right side [2%]. Though rare, positional variation of ECA and its branches must be observed by every surgeon while performing any surgery in neck. Prior angiographic and USG observation will be helpful for a proper planning of surgery and for better prognosis.

References:

1. Handa J, Matsuda M, Handa H. Lateral position of the external carotid artery, report of a case, Radiology 1972 ; 102 ; 361 - 2

2. Prendes JL, Mckinney

WM, Buonanno FS, Jones AM, Anatomic variations of the carotid bifurcation affecting Doppler scan interpretation J. Clin. Ultrasound 1980; 8: 147 - 50

3. Ueda S, Kohyama Y, Takase K; peripheral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by lateral position of external carotid artery by an abnormally high position of bifurcation of the external and internal carotid arteries, a case report stroke 1984; 15 : 736 - 9.

4. Bergman RA, Thomson SA, Afifi AK, Saadeh FA, compendium of human anatomicvariations, Urban and Schwarzenberg, Baltimore-Munich 65, 1988.

5. J.P. Trigaux, MD, F.Delchambre, MD and B.Van Beers MD, Anatomical variations of the Carotid bifurcation: implications for digital subtraction angiography and ultrasonography, The British Journal of Radiology, 1990, 63, 181-185.

6. Bussaka H, Sato N, Oguni T, Korogi M, Yamashita Y, Takahashi.M, Lateral position of external carotid artery G. Rhinso Hoshasen 1990; 35 : 1061 - 3.

7. M. C. Rusu, A. Vasilescu and V. Nimigean published Elsevier Ltd. Volume 35, issue 11, Novemeber 2006, pages 1066 - 1067.

8. M.A. Bailey, D.J.A. Scott, R.G. Tunstall, M.J. Gough Lateral External Carotid Artery: Implications for vascular surgeon. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2007, Vol. 34, Issue 4, Page 492.

9. Jasmin Delic, Alma Bajtaveric, Eldar Isakavic : positional variations of the external and internal carotid artery 2010  Acta medica Saliniana.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions