International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 03 Issue 05, May, 2011

Pages: 17-22

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF ADENOMYOSIS AT HYSTERECTOMY

Author: Ramesh B.H, Shashikala P, Manjula, Doddikoppad, Chandrasekhar H.R

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: Adenomyosis is a relatively frequent finding in the series of hysterectomies preformed for menorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea. In spite of the fact that it causes distressing and often serious functional
disturbances requiring major operation for correction, many physicians, even gynaecologists have only a
passing acquaintance with this entity.
Aim:
The present study sought to evaluate the clinopathological aspects of adenomyosis. Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive analysis of 896 hysterectomies received to the department of pathology J.J.M Medical College, Davangere, for a period of 2 years. Adenomyosis
reported in 896 (49.04%) of 1827 uteri were included in the study irrespective of the preoperative
diagnosis. When adenomyosis was found it was recorded and graded as to depth of penetration and degree
of involvement.
Results:
The prevalence of adenomyosis in 1827 hysterectomy specimen was 49.04% (896). Age of patients ranged from 20 \?75 years. The parity ranged from one to ten. Menorrhagia was the commonest
symptom. Leiomyoma was the common associated pathological lesion. In correlating adenomyosis with
clinical symptoms, menorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea increases in frequency as the depth of penetration
and degree of involvement of adenomyosis increases.
Conclusion:
Adenomyosis is not a rare histopathological finding. Available evidence seems to generate
uncertainty regarding a casual relationship between adenomyosis and the symptoms attributed to it.
Majority of the patients with adenomyosis presented with various clinical features, which were clinically
attributed to associated diseases.

Keywords: Adenomyosis, Parity, Grading

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Adenomyosis was first described by Rokitansky in 18601 . In spite of long cognizance and many publications regarding adenomyosis there is still widespread disagreement as to its incidence, theories of origin, and associated pathology. Hyperestrinism has been frequently cited as the initiating factor in adenomyosis. This has never been substantiated, but the frequent association of endometrial hyperplasia and myomas with adenomyosis certainly tends to link adenomyosis in some way with uncompensated estrogen stimulation in many cases2 .

In reviewing the literature, adenomyosis is indeed an ?elusive? lesion. There are several reasons for this. First, the exact aetiology of adenomyosis is not known. Second, its precise incidence in surgical specimens is not known and variance between 8% - 40% is reported, depending on which study or text one reviews. Certain reviews reports a correct pre-operative diagnosis is less than 10% of the instances of proved adenomyosis3 . In spite of the fact that it causes distressing and often serious functional disturbances requiring major operation for correction, many physicians, even gynaecologists have only a passing acquaintance with this entity2 . In 60 to 80% of women with this condition also have other associated pelvic diseases such as leiomyomas, endometriosis and endometrial polyps. According to some authors, this frequent association tends to indicate hyperestrogenism as a common denominator4 . The present study sought to evaluate the clinopathological aspects of adenomyosis.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

During the study period of 2years 1827hysterectomy specimens were received in the department of pathology J.J.M Medical College, Davangere. These specimens were fixed in 10% formalin for 24-48 hrs. Gross morphology of uterus with associated pathology was noted. Tissue bits from representative areas (3-6 blocks) were taken for histopathology examination. Multiple sections of 5 microns thickness stained with haematoxylin and eosin were studied. Adenomyosis reported in 896 uteri irrespective of the preoperative diagnosis were included in the study. The diagnostic criteria used in the identification was the presence endometrial glands and stroma at least one low power field below the basal layer of endometrium surrounded by myometrium. When adenomyosis was found it was recorded and graded as to depth of penetration and degree of involvement3 . Based on depth of penetration Grade I: one low power field below the basal endometrium, Grade II: penetration to mid myometrium and Grade III - penetration beyond mid myometrium. With respect to degree of Involvement were categorized as Slight: few (1-3) endometrial glands / low power field, Moderate: several (4- 9) endometrial glands / low power field and Marked: many (10 or more) endometrial glands/ low power field. These pathologic results were then reviewed and an attempt was made to correlate the pathologic findings with data, preoperative diagnosis and other clinical parameters.

RESULTS

Of the 1827 hysterectomy specimen received during the 2year period, adenomyosis was reported in 896 uteri (49.04%).

Patient profile

Age of patients ranged from 20 – 75 years with a mean age of 39.8years. Peak incidence was seen in fourth decade with 48.43% cases. Of these 892 patients were parous (99.55%) and only four were nulliparous (0.45%). The parity ranged from one to ten. Menorrhagia was the commonest symptom [Figure 1].

Histomorphology Of the 896 uterus studied, 475(53%) cases were normal in size, 391(43.64%) were bulky and only 30(3.36%) uteri were atrophic. On cut section, myometrium showed characteristic coarse trabeculated appearance which was diffuse in 677(75.55%) uteri and focal in 189(21.09%) uteri. However it was difficult to appreciate these features in 30 atrophic uteri. Small cyst like spaces with dark brown areas was observed in 150 adenomyotic uteri. 122(13.61%) uteri were associated with leiomyomas. Microscopically grade I adenomyosis was encountered in 528 uteri (58.93%), Grade II in 340 uteri (37.95%) and 28 uteri (3.12%) showed Grade III adenomyosis. Analysis of the degree of involvement of adenomyosis, slight or mild degree was commonest encountered in 580(64.73%) uteri followed by moderate involvement in 281 (31.36%) uteri and severe degree in 35(3.91%) uteri. Endometrial changes in Adenomyotic uterus: Proliferative phase was seen in 471 cases (52.56%) followed by secretary endometrium in 296 cases (33.04%) and cystic glandular hyperplasia in 72 cases (8.04%). Atrophic endometrium was found in 57 cases (6.36%). In 326 (36.38%) cases various associated pathological lesions were observed along with adenomyosis [Table 1].

 

DISCUSSION

The true incidence of adenomyosis is unknown. The frequency of adenomyosis reported in the literature ranges widely from 5 to 70%. The incidence of adenomyosis in the present study was 49.04% and preoperative clinical diagnosis of adenomyosis was done in only 31 cases (3.46%) similar to other studies1-3,5 .

Age/parity

In the present study the peak age incidence of adenomyosis was in fourth and fifth decades (73.88%) which is in accordance with other studies1-3,8. Adenomyosis typically affects multiparous patients1,4. In our study, most of the patients were multiparous (99.55%) as comparable to other studies2-4, 8,9. The overwhelming population of parous patients in various studies lends support to the concept that child bearing may play a role in the aetiology of adenomyosis2 .

Symptoms

The symptom association with adenomyosis is excessive uterine bleeding accompanied by worsening dysmenorrhoea. However adenomyosis may be entirely asymptomatic3,4. In the present study, incidence of menorrhagia in patients with adenomyosis was 50.55% similar to other studies3,7. Dysmenorrhoea from present study correlates with other studies1-3,6,7. As with other studies in the present study reported symptoms in cases of adenomyosis were heterogenous, nonspecific and probably related to the associated diseases4

Histomorphology

Diffuse enlarged uterus that is soft and tender on palpation is associated with adenomyosis3 . In the present series, adenomyotic uterine size was normal in 53% of cases, slightly enlarged or bulky in 43.64% of cases and was atrophic in 3.36% similar to other studies2 . This study shows that adenomyosis is not always associated with clinically demonstrable uterine enlargement, unless associated with leiomyomas similar to other studies2 . Grade I adenomyosis was commonest, found in 58.93% of uteri, followed by Grade II in 37.95% and Grade III in 3.12% in accordance with other studies3 . Present study showed mild adenomyosis in 64.73%, moderate degree in 31.36% and severe degree in 3.91% of uteri in contrast to other studies3 .

Association of Adenomyotic uteri with Clinical symptoms

Incidence of menorrhagia is directly proportional to the degree of involvement3 . With respect to degree of involvement the results in the present study was in accordance with other studies3 that, as the degree of involvement increases more frequent is the occurrence of menorrhagia. Present study shows dysmenorrhoea correlated with depth of penetration and degree of involvement Similar to other studies3, 4,11. which showed dysmenorrhoea increases in frequency as the depth of penetration and degree of involved increases, which substantiates Halls hypothesis3 .

Association of adenomyosis with other uterine pathology

In the present study, most of the uteri with adenomyosis showed proliferative phase (52.56%) followed by Secretory phase (33.04%), endometrial hyperplasia (8.04%) and atrophic in 6.36% of uteri which are in accordance with other studies2-4 . Present study shows additional pelvic pathology in 36.38% of adenomyotic uteri which is less in comparison to other studies2 . The incidence of leiomyoma in our study (13.61%) is similar to other studies7, 10,12 .

 

CONCLUSION

Adenomyosis is not a rare histopathological finding. Available evidence seems to generate uncertainty regarding a casual relationship between adenomyosis and the symptoms attributed to it. Majority of the patients in this study with adenomyosis presented with various clinical features, which were clinically attributed to associated diseases.

 

 

References:

1. Azziz R. Adenomyosis: Current perspectives. Obstet Gynaecol Clinics of North America 1989; 16: 221-35.

2. Molitor J. Adenomyosis: A clinical and pathologic appraisal. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 1971; 110: 275-84.

3. Bird CC, Mcelin TW, Manola EP. The elusive adenomyosis of the uterus- revisited. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 1972; 112: 583-89.

4. Vercellini P, Ragni G, Trespidi L, Oldani S, Panazza ,S.et al: Adenomyosis: A Déjà vu ? Obstet and Gynaecol Survey 1993; 48: 789-94.

5. Vercellini P, Parazzini, Oldani S, Panazza S, et al. Adenomyosis at hysterectomy; a study on frequency distribution and patient characteristics. Human reproduction: 1995; 10:1160-2.

6. Kilkku P, Erkolla R, Gronroos M. Non specificity of symptoms related to adenomyosis: A prospective comparative survey. Acta Obstet. Gynaecol. Scand 1984; 63: 229-31.

7. McCausland A.M. Hysteroscopic myometrial biopsy: Its use in diagnosing adenomyosis and its clinical application. Am. J. Obstet. and Gynaecol 1992; 166:1619-28.

8. Wéry O, Thille A, Gaspard U, van den Brûle F. Adenomyosis: update on a frequent but difficult diagnosis. Gynaecol obstet Biol Reprod 2005; 34:633-48.

9. Bergholt T, Eriksen L, Berendt N, Jacobsen M, Hertz JB. Prevalence and risk factors of adenomyosis at hysterectomy. Hum. Reprod 2001;16: 2418-21

10. Yeniel O, Cirpan T, Ulukus M, Ozbal A, Gundem G, Ozsener S et al. Adenomyosis: prevalence, risk factors, symptoms and clinical findings. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 34: 163-7.

11. Sammour A, Pirwany I, Usubutun A, Arseneau J, Tulandi T. Correlations between extent and spread of adenomyosis and clinical symptoms. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2002; 54 :213-6.

12. Taran AF, Weaver AL, Coddington C, Stewart EA. Characteristics indicating adenomyosis coexisting with leiomyomas: a case–control study. Hum. Reprod 2010; 25: 1177-82.

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions


Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Function name must be a string in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php:487 Stack trace: #0 /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/article_html.php(51): include() #1 {main} thrown in /home/u845032518/domains/ijcrr.com/public_html/footer-bottom.php on line 487