International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 03 Issue 05, May, 2011

Pages: 10-16

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EIGHT WEEK EQUAL DISTANCE WALKING AND
RUNNING IN REDUCING BODY FAT OF YOUNG MALE STUDENTS MEASURED BY SKIN FOLD THICKNESS

Author: B.Sankarmani , I. Mohammed Ameer Hussain

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Objectives: To know about the effectiveness of walking and running in reduction of body fat
mass, to know about the better method in reduction of body fat mass and to improve the fitness
of the general people and sports person by reducing body fat mass.
Subjects: A sample of 30 students between 15 to 17 years were selected from the population
by selection criteria and randomly allotted into two groups.
Methods: Two groups of 15 each assigned for walking and running with pre and post
evaluation of BMI and skin fold thickness and compared.
Results: The result shows that Body mass index (BMI) value reduced in walking (0.78) and
running (0.74)groups. Percentage of body fat reduced in walking (4.66%) and running groups
(2.94%). When comparing the effectiveness between walking and running group, higher
significant level seen with the walking group (0.001) than running group (0.01).
Conclusion: Walking and running reduces the body weight and both can be prescribed to the
healthier younger individuals to reduce body weight as fat mass.

Keywords: Body fat mass, Skin fold thickness, Walking, Running

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

“Practice Does Not Make Perfect, Perfect Practice Makes Perfect” Every sports person must be fit enough for an event selection. Fitness can be defined easily in a single word as a person's fitness, but it consists of cardio respiratory fitness, muscular strength, endurance, flexibility and range of motion, body composition and nutrition. A person is considered to be fit if only he fulfills all categories. Professional athletes and sports persons are adequately fit when comparing with the other persons, who exercise occasionally. Obesity is one of the common problems among these groups of amateur players. For example professional athlete's average body fat is less when comparing with the college runners. Obesity is a commonest problem among peoples, who are sedentary in their life style. Obesity is an independent risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease and is frequently a predecessor of type II diabetes and causes risk for weight related problems like hypertension hyper cholesterolemia, hyper insulinemia and hyper triglyceridemia all of which increases the risk for cardio vascular disease. Development of obesity in adolescence has been shown to correlate very strongly with obesity in adulthood and also the increased risk of disease. Lack of exercise and nutrition are significant factors in adolescence obesity. In active person any chronic imbalance on the energy input results in increased body mass (Energy input> Energy output). 1-2 Early intervention in adolescence obesity will prevent the adulthood obesity and its related disease. It is important to establish an ideal effective treatment in reducing adolescence obesity. Reduction of obesity will increase their self-esteem, psychological well being, and a positive feedback to be active and fit throughout their life. Alteration in fat mass can be achieved in two ways, 1. Modification of early nutrition and 2. Exercise Regular aerobic exercise like walking, jogging, running, cycling reduces body fat mass and preserves the lean body mass by burning fat for energy. But dieting reduces both the body fat mass and lean body mass. To maintain body composition, younger and healthier individuals can be involved in any one of activity but not advisable in case of old age and unhealthy individuals. Exercise prescription to maintain body composition should be a practicable, valuable and should consider according to the individual. Nowadays adolescent obesity emerges as a social problem and needs necessary action to be taken to prevent the social stigma. This should be properly controlled to avoid adulthood obesity and to reduce morbidity rates. 3 Walking and running are the most common activities followed by many people to reduce their body fat. Both walking and running has their own merits and demerits. Running requires less time to cover a distance than walking but cannot be followed by all for a long duration. Theories supports that fast walking requires more energy than running. Increased energy expenditure utilizes fat for energy and results in better weight reduction as fat mass and is useful for maintaining a good body composition.4-5 Walking, running are the common form of aerobic exercise followed by people to reduced their body weight by increased caloric expense by the exercise. Review of literature shows that walking at faster speeds requires higher energy expense than running. If walking is better than running, then the people can follow the walking to reduce their body weight, which is comparatively easier, and risk free than running. Sports persons also can use the better method to maintain their body weight in the off-season period along with their routine specific exercise. The understanding of the effectiveness of walking and running will guide the physiotherapists to select the better method for the needed person to reduce their body fat mass.

METHODOLOGY

Research Design Single Blinded Randomized study Setting of the study This study was conducted on eleventh standard boys of T V S Higher secondary School, Madurai. Sample A sample of 30 students were selected from the population by selection criteria and randomly allotted into two groups. Criteria for sample selection 1. Male students 2. Age group 15 to 17 years 3. Students without any medical problem

OUTCOME MEASURES 1. Body Mass Index

Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated by using the following formula before and after intervention.

BMI = Weight (Kg) / (Height) 2 in meter

2. Percent of Body fat

Percent of body fat is calculated based on skin fold thickness and the equation for less than or equal 18 years males is,

Percent of Body fat = 0.735 (Σ 2 SKF triceps, sub scapular) + 1.6

Skin fold thickness (SKF) All skin folds should be taking on the dominant side. 2 to 3 measurements should be taken at each site averaging those within 1mm of one another. The site shall be Abdominal, Biceps, Triceps, Chest/Pectoral, Mid axillary, Subscapular, Suprailiac, Thigh and Medial calf. These two outcome measures were been used to collect data before and after eight weeks of intervention. Tester The tester of this study was a sports physical therapist working in a fitness center with 5 years of fitness testing experience. PROCEDURE

 Both running and walking group were taught to do their workout in the following sequence. After each session the subjects were asked for their difficulty in running/walking. 1. Warm up (Stretching) - 5 to 10 Minutes 2. Walking/Running 3. Cool down (Stretching) - 5 to 10Minutes

1. Warm up

All 30 students were taught to do warm up daily before their work out. • Gentle movements of upper and lower limb (2-3 minutes) • Calf and hamstring stretching in stride standing. • Calf stretching on the edge of step. • Quadriceps stretching in one leg standing. • Stretching maintained for 10-20 seconds and repeated 3 times each.  2. Walking/Running A. Walking Randomly allotted 15 students in Group I were asked to walk briskly a distance as in the following manner. First Week: Distance – 1.5 Km, Frequency – 4 days/week, Speed – 8-9 Km / hour. Second to Eighth Week: Distance – 1.75 Km, Frequency – 4 days / week Speed – 8-9 Km / hour B. Running Randomly allotted 15 students in Group II were asked to run a given distance as in the following manner. First Week: Distance - 1.5 Km, Frequency - 4 days / week, Speed - 11-12 Km / hour Second to Eighth Week: Distance - 1.75 Km, Frequency - 4 days / week Speed - 11-12 Km / hour Cool Down • All 30 students were taught. • Stretching maintained for 10-20 seconds and repeated 3 times each.

RESULTS

The result shows that • Body mass index (BMI) value reduced in walking and running groups. Group I (Walking) – 0.78 Group II (Running) – 0.74 • Percentage of body fat reduced in walking and running groups. Group I (Walking) – 4.66% Group II (Running) – 2.94% • Both walking and running significantly reduced the body weight as fat mass. Group I (Walking) – 0.001 level of significance Group II (Running) – 0.01 level of significance When comparing the effectiveness between walking and running group, higher significant level seen with the walking group (0.001) than running group (0.01).

DISCUSSION

Percent of body fat measurement The selected subjects were sedentary and they had greater fat mass even they were in the normal body mass index (BMI) level. This supported by ACSM‘s resource manual that BMI is a poor predictor of percent of body fat. So in this study BMI is used as a tool to exclude the students who were very low in weight to their height. To predict percentage of body fat in children there are two formulas given by SLAUGHTER5 . One formula uses triceps and subscapular skin fold thickness and the other is triceps and medial calf. The subjects of this study goes to school by bicycle or walk, rarely by motorized vehicle and they were very minimally shown the medial calf skin fold thickness, but all the subjects showed the greater thickness in sub scapular site when comparing with Triceps and calf. To minimize the bias caused by skin fold thickness of medial calf, as it is already on regular aerobic exercise, the upper body sites of sub scapular and triceps were measured to calculate percent of body fat by Slaughter‘s formula. Intensity of training The first day of first week the students were asked to complete the distance of 1.5km. After the session the subject‘s pulse rate and respiratory rate were checked and asked about their difficulty feeling. They were able to complete the task with little difficult. Then they were advised to cover the same distance for the whole first week. At the end of last session of first week they said that their difficulty level is reduced. From second week onwards they were advised to complete 1.75km. This distance continued until the end of whole schedule for 8 weeks. Every week after completing the first session they were asked about their difficulty level orally and pulse rate and respiration was checked. The heart rate shown that they have achieved the 80 percent of their Target Heart Rate. BMI changes The results show the reduction of weight and BMI in both groups. This supported by CRAIG BW et al, MC ARDLE WE and TONER MM, WILMORE JH statements that endurance exercise reduces body weight6 . But there was no significant difference between the two groups this supported by POLLOCK ML et al7 . In this study, the subjects were free from diet control; even though they reduced their body weight this support by MILESIS CA et al and GETTMAN CR et al8 . Changes in percent of body fat The study results show the walking group reduced the percentage of body fat higher than the running group. This significant difference may be due to the increased caloric expense at the faster speed walk (> 8 km/hour) than walking at slower speed. The economy of walking at faster than 8km/hour was one half of that for running at similar speeds and it is more economic to jog/run rather than to walk at speeds greater than 8km/hour so the study results, the walking group significantly reduced their body fat mass than the running group. Clinical implication • Walking is one of the easier ways of doing aerobic exercise, which can be followed by anyone. • The results of this study showed that walking reduces greater fat mass when comparing with running. • So we can prescribe the walking to reduce the storage fat mass for all categories of people. • Risk of injury is high in running when comparing with the walking group.

CONCLUSION

Walking and running reduces the body weight and both can be prescribed to the healthier younger individuals to reduce body weight as fat mass. According to the individual‘s need and physique proper advice should be given to reduce the body weight. Walking at greater speeds reduces the body weight by greatly reducing the body storage fat in the young male students who were sedentary in their lifestyle. This walking type of exercise provides better start for endurance training with reduced risk of injury.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Authors are greatful to Dr.Duraiarasan, Director, Alagar Fitness center, Madurai for working with us as blinded tester.

References:

REFERENCES

1. G R Hunter, R L Weinsier, P A Zuckerman and B E Darnell, Aerobic fitness, physiologic difficulty and physical activity in Black and White women ,International Journal of Obesity (2004) 28, 1111–1117.

2. B Gutin Diet vs. exercise for the prevention of pediatric obesity: the role of exercise Int J Obes 35: 29-32; advance online publication, July 20, 2010; 10.2010.140.

3. Fulton J, Dai S, Steffen L, Grunbaum J, Shah S, Labarthe D. Physical activity, energy intake, sedentary behavior, and adiposity in youth. Am J Prev Med 2009; 37: S40–S49.

4. Stevens S, Murray D, Baggett C, Murray D, Baggett C, Elder J et al. Objectively assessed associations between physical activity and body composition in middle-school girls. The Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls.Amer J Epidemiol 2007; 166: 1298–1305.

5. Slaughter MH, Lohman TG, Boileau RA, etal, Skinfold equation for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Human Biolo 1988; 60: 709- 723.

6. Katch FI, McArdle WD. Prediction of body density from simple anthropometric measurements in college age men and women. Human Biolo 1973: 45: 445-55.

7. Jackson AS, Pollock ML, Ward A. Generalized equations for predicting density of women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1980: 12: 175-81.

8. Pollock ML, Gettman LR, Milesis CA, et al Effects of frequency and duration of training on attrition and incidence of injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1977; 9: 31-6.

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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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