International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - 4(18), September, 2012

Pages: 01-09

Date of Publication: 29-Sep-2012

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF


Author: Raval A.A., Desai P.B.

Category: General Sciences

Abstract:Background and Aims: To combat the extensive use of chemical pesticides and other agrichemicals on plant growth which may be hazardous to soil and in turn human health, a group of rhizobacteria- the Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria- can be employed. This study focuses on the mechanisms exhibited by these rhizobacteria that can further help to promote plant growth. Methods: Antifungal activities of different Pseudomonas isolated from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) rhizosphere were tested against four phytopathogenic fungi. Study of other biocontroling factors like production of Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) and Ammonia were also taken into consideration. The other study was pertaining to the production of several lytic and detoxification enzymes that these bacteria possess. Tolerance of these isolates to heavy metal stress was also found out, as heavy metal pollution is one of the major problems of environmental concern. Important Findings: Results indicated that 30% of isolates inhibited the growth of Fusarium, Aspergillus and Helminthosporium, 50% were antagonistic against Curvularia. Among the other biocontrolling factors studied, two isolates showed presence of HCN and Ammonia. Study of hydrolytic enzyme showed that protease production was observed in five isolates, one produced amylase. Three isolates produced lipase and cellulase enzymes. Two of the isolates tolerated about 120 mM concentration of Chromium and three isolates grew in presence of 9.9 mM concentration of Zinc.

Keywords: Rhizosphere, Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, Biocontrol, Antifungal, Agrichemicals.

Full Text:

In the Bio-Era of today the rhizobacteria are playing a major role in various aspects to sustain agricultural development. Among these, the plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) [1] are the beneficial ones that help to stimulate and enhance plant growth[2]. These bacteria exhibit a wide array of potentials for plant growth promotion. They directly benefit the plant by providing them with phytohormone indole acetic acid, Gibberellic acid, cytokinins etc., solubilizing minerals like Phosphorous and providing Nitrogen. Indirectly the PGPR may act as biocontrolling agents[3] , suppress plant diseases by secreting antifungal metabolites that support plant growth. May they be antibiotics[4], other volatile compounds, ironchelating siderophores, HCN[5], Ammonia[6] , Hydrolytic enzymes[7]. Here the study is focused on an important group of PGPR, the Pseudomonas, which have good potentials of Biocontrol[8] and tolerance to specific amount of heavy metals Lead, Chromium (VI)[9] and zinc.. The Helianthus annuus L. plant in association with these rhizobacteria can help improve phytoremediation[10] and rhizoremediation. Different agricultural plants assimilate and accumulate heavy metals[11] in a specific manner depending on a variety of factors controlling the soil plant system. Microorganisms are an important element in this system. The use of such associations in the rhizosphere may help in improving the structure of derelict and contaminated soils. Sunflower is one of the important oil seed crops in India. India has fourth largest area under Sunflower cultivation in the world and accounts for 10% of world acreage. Its share in total world production is about 5%. However the yield at 570 kg/ha is lowest among the major Sunflower producing countries in the world[12] . The seeds of Sunflower may be subjected to attack by different soil borne and seed borne fungi. The fungi can hinder seed germination and seed quality of Sunflower. Use of PGPR may thus help in controlling such seed borne diseases in these plants. Some common fungi associated with all the Sunflower varieties are Alternaria tenuis (32- 35%), Aspergillus flavus (0.5-47%), Aspergillus niger (8.7-40%). Species of Aspergillus, Fusarium, Alternaria and Penicillium have also been recorded on stored seeds [13] .

Sample Collection: An intact plant Helianthus annuus L. was uprooted with a surface sterilized garden trowel and placed in a sterile plastic bag along with the adhering soil. Three samples were collected. Non rhizosphere soil was collected and suspension was prepared in sterile 0.1 M MgSO4 to disperse the microorganisms [14] . Root systems from the experimental plants with adhering soil were used to isolate rhizosphere microorganisms. Root segments of the plant were shaken vigorously for 3-5 min. in a test tube of sterile 0.1 M MgSO4 to dislodge the adhering soil and attendant microorganisms [2]. To isolate the endophytic bacteria excised surface sterilized roots were macerated with a sterile mortar and pestle diluted in PBS (Phosphate Buffer Solution), containing 20% glycerol. The suspensions were plated onto specialized media for Pseudomonas, King’s B medium. Plates were then incubated at ambient temperature after which growth of bacteria allowed differentiation by morphological characteristics of colonies. All three types of samples were processed and analyzed as follows. Isolation and characterization of isolates: Colony morphology was observed on the specialized media. Then the bacterial strains were characterized by morphological, biochemical and physiological tests including pigment production, gram reaction, catalase and oxidase production, nitrate reduction activities by standard microbiological procedures. Ten different bacterial strains were selected and characterized. Then the bacterial strains were assessed for the antifungal activity. 1. To assess the ability of the bacterial strains to inhibit fungi, each isolate was tested against four different phytopathogenic fungi with the circle method. Briefly bacterial isolates were seeded in a 9 cm diameter circle on a PDA plate. After 24 hr at room temperature, a 5 mm plug of each fungus was placed on the centre of the circle. Plates were incubated at 28° C for 3 days. Plates without bacterial strains were used as control. Fungal growth inhibition was assessed by measuring the mycelial radial growth [3] . 2. Testing of these bacteria in liquid media was also assessed in dual culture. The growth medium for in vitro test of fungal antagonism was sterile yeast extract sucrose-mineral salts broth (YESM). Twenty ml of sterile YESM broth was dispensed into sterile 9 cm glass petri plates. The procedure used in screening for in vitro antagonism of Pseudomonas strains against Fusarium was as follows. One ml bacterial suspension (2.5 x 106 CFU/mL) prepared from a 24 hr culture of each strain was dispensed into 20 mL sterile YESM broth in 9 cm glass petri plates and incubated for 48 hr at ambient temperature for growth of bacteria, after which three 5-mm agar plugs cut from 3 day-old culture of Fusarium were placed in the centre of each plate and further incubated in the dark for three days. Cultures were frequently agitated during incubation for proper aeration of the medium. Control treatment consisted of YESM containing three agar plugs of the fungus but without bacteria. Mycelia of the fungus were collected after three days by passing the culture through weighed Whatman No. 1 filter paper. Then washed twice with 50 mL deionized water. The harvested mycelia on the filter paper were oven dried over night at 60° C. In vitro antagonism of each strain was assessed by comparing the mycelium dry weight of the fungus in the control treatment with that of the fungus in the fungus-bacteria dual culture [14] . Then HCN production by the isolates was detected by the method of Bakker & Schippers [15]. Freshly grown cells were spread on King’s B medium amended with 4.4 g/L Glycine. A sterilized filter paper saturated with 0.5 % solution of picric acid and 2% sodium carbonate was placed in the upper lead of the petri dish. The petri dish was then sealed with parafilm and incubated at 30° C for 4 days. A change in colour of the filter paper from yellow to reddish brown as and index of cyanogenic activity was recorded. An uninoculated control was kept for comparison of results [16] . Production of Ammonia: Production of ammonia was determined by the method of Dye, 1962 by growing the isolates in peptone water in tubes and detecting it by adding Nesslar’s reagent in each tube [17] . The enzymatic activity such as protease and amylase were determined as described by Smibert & Kreig, 1994. Hydrolysis of Tween 20 was recorded as white precipitation around the colonies [18] . Production of cellulase was determined in M9 medium [19] amended with yeast extract and carboxymethyl cellulose. After 8 days incubation at 28º C, isolates surrounded by clear halos were considered positive. Alternatively the plates were flooded with Congo Red solution for 15 minutes then rinsed with 1 M NaCl for 10-15 mins. Clear zones were considered positive. Pectinase production was determined in the same M9 medium with pectin (4.8 g/L). After 2 days of incubation at 28º C, the plates were flooded with 2 M HCL and isolates surrounded by clear halos were considered positive for pectinase production [3] . Heavy metal tolerance: The bacterial strains were grown in a nutrient medium with different concentrations of heavy metals to assess their tolerance to these metals. Metals like Chromium, Zinc and Lead were analyzed. Organisms were grown in increasing concentration of the metals Zn+2, Cr (IV) and Pb+2 and the broth was incubated at 37° C for 48 hr. Bacterial growth was monitored by optical density measurement (OD 660 nm). Maximum resistance level was determined [20] .

A total of ten different strains of bacteria were isolated associated with Sunflower rhizosphere regions. Isolates S1 to S4 were bulk soil isolates, isolates R1, R2, R3 were rhizosphere isolates and isolates ER1, ER2 and ER3 were isolated from endorhizosphere regions. The strains were recovered on King’s B medium. The data presented in table 1 shows the colonial characteristics. Isolates S1, S2, R1, R2 and R3 produced diffusible and nondiffusible pigments of yellow to bluish green colour. The strains were identified from their biochemical, morphological and nutritional characteristics. Assessment of the antagonistic activity of the isolates showed that four of the strains showed more than 50% inhibition of Fusarium. Isolate R1 & ER1 showed 64% inhibition against this fungus. Two of the rhizosphere isolates R1 & R2 showed 75% and 70% inhibition respectively against Aspergillus niger and 56% inhibition was seen in isolate S2. Isolates R1, R2 and R3 showed 73% inhibition against Curvularia species. Isolate S1 and R3 showed 50% inhibition against Helminthosporium and isolate R1, R2 and ER3 showed 75% inhibition against this fungus as compared to controls (Table 2, Figure 1). Dual liquid culture method which was carried out by dry weight determination also showed 48% inhibition of growth of Fusarium in isolate R1 and 36% inhibition of growth in case of isolate R2. From the data presented strain identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (R1) was inhibitory against all the four phytopathogenic fungi tested. These two strains also produced other biocontroling factors like the hydrolytic enzymes, protease, lipase and volatile metabolites HCN and Ammonia (Table 3). The tolerance of the isolates towards heavy metals like Chromium, Zinc and Lead is as shown in the table 4 and 5. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas flourescens tolerated 60 mM and 120 mM concentration of Chromium, 2.2 mM and 4.4 mM concentration of Zinc respectively. 9.9 mM concentration of Lead was tolerated by both of them (Table 6). These data are in accordance with several authors [21] .

The adverse effects of pesticides and other agrochemicals on the environment and human health have generated interest in searching for alternative ways to control pests and diseases in plants. It is more crucial for developing countries like India. Biological control of plant diseases involve the use of antagonists selected by testing their ability in vitro and in vivo [2]. Here the study was carried out on the free living strains of rhizobacteria specifically associated with and important oil crop, the Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). The bacteria which are native to the crop and therefore can be more effective as biocontroling agents and may indirectly help plant growth promotion. Treatment of seeds with such bioagents i.e. Pseudomonas flourescens gave superior results and was at par with chemicals like triadimefom (12.23 q/ha), Carboxin (12.54 q/ha), Carbendazin (13.03 q/ha) and Captan (12.59 q/ha) [23]. Again, taking into consideration the bioremediation aspects, the selected strains were also able to tolerate specific concentrations of heavy metals tested. As pollution by heavy metals is posing a problem to the environment Chromium in higher concentration may prove toxigenic and carcinogenic [21] Chromium toxicity includes poor growth and leaf chlorosis [22]. Lead is also classified as a ‘possible human carcinogen ‘by IARC which lead to lung cancer, stomach cancer and gliomas [24]. Such bacteria possessing multiple capacities of biocontroling and bioremediation capabilities can be effectively used for plant growth promotion as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Such strains when used could be able to survive for carrying out its plant growth promoting functions in soils containing high concentration of these metal ions.

I am grateful to the management Shri Bhartiya Vidya Mandal, The Principal Arts, Science & Commerce College, for their co-operation and support. I also acknowledge my sincere thanks to The Director, SRICEAS, for providing me excellent research facilities.


1. Glick BR. The enhancement of plant growth by free-living bacteria. Can. J. Microbiol. 1995; 41: 109-117.

2. Kloepper JW, Hume DJ, Scher FM, Singleton C, Tipping B, Laliberte M et al. Plant growthpromoting rhizobacteria on Canola (rapeseed). Plant disease. 1988; 72: 42-46.

3. Cattelan AJ, Hartel PG and Fuhrmann JJ. Screening for plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria to promote early soybean growth. Soil Science Society of America Journal 1999; 63: 1670-1680.

4. Keel C, Schnider U, Maurhofer M, Voisard C, Laville J, Burger U et al. Suppression of root diseases by Pseudomonas flourescens CHAO: importance of bacterial secondary metabolite, 2, 4-diacetylphloroglucinol. Mol PlantMicrobe Interact 1992; 5: 4-11.

5. Bano N and Musarrat J. Characterization of a New Pseudomonas aeruginosa, strain NJ-15 as a Potential Biocontrol Agent. Current Microbiology 2003 Vol. 46, 324-328.

6. Dye DW. The inadequacy of the usual determinative tests for identification of Xanthomonas spp. NZT Sci. 1962; 5:393-416.

7. Compant S, Duffy B, Nowak J, Clement C and Barka EA. Use of plant growth promoting bacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases: Principles, Mechanisms of Action and Future Prospects.

8. Johri BN, Rao CVS, Goel R. Flourescent Pseudomonads in plant disease management. In: Dadarwal KR (ed.) Biotechnological approaches in soil microorganisms for sustainable crop production. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, 1997; 193-221.

9. Faisal M and Hasnain S. Plant growth promotion by Brevibacterium under Chromium stress. Research Journal of Botany. 2006; 1(1): 24-29

10. Zadeh BM, Firozabadi GRS, Alikhani HA and Hosseini HM. Effect of Sunflower and Amaranthus culture and Application of Inoculants on Phytoremediation of the Soils Contanimated with Cadmium. AmericanEurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 2008; 4(1): 93-103

11. Tahsin N, Hristeva T and Masheva V. Productivity and Rhizosphere microflora of different Sunflower Genotypes grown in an industrially polluted region. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology 4, 2003; No. 1, 39-43.

12. Anonymous, Sunflower in India, Directorate of Oilseed Research, Hyderabad, 2003; 3-5.

13. Ramegowda, Studies on seed viability in relation to storage in Sunflower. M.Sc. (Agri.) thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 1980

14. Wocoma E C. Studies on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria isolated from Choba rivers state Nigeria. Asian Jr. of Microbiol. Biotech. Env. Sc. 2008; Vol. 10, No. (4):739- 747

15. Bakker AW, Schippers B. Microbial cyanide production in the rhizosphere in relation to potato yield reduction and Pseudomonas sp. Mediated plant growth stimulation. Soil Biol Biochem. 1987; 19:451-457.

16. Samuel S and Muthukkaruppan SM. Characterization of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and fungi associated with rice, mangrove and effluent contaminated soil. Curr. Bot. 2011; 2(3): 22-25.

17. Saxena AK, Lata, Shende R and Pandey AK. Culturing of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in Basic Research and Applications of Mycorrhizae (Eds.) Podila G K, Varma A. I., K. I. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. (2005)

18. Egamberdiyeva D. The effect of plant growth promoting bacteria on growth and nutrient uptake of maize in two different soils. Applied Soil Ecology. 2007; 36: 184-189.

19. Miller JH. Experiments in molecular genetics. 2 nd ed. Cold Spring Harbour lab. Cold Spring Harbour. New York. 1974

20. Upadhyay A and Srivastava S. Evaluation of multiple plant-growth promoting traits of an isolate of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain Psd. Indian Journal of experimental Biology. 2010; Vol. 48 pp 601-609.

21. Losi ME, Amrhein C., Frankenberger WTJ. Environmental biochemistry of chromium. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 1994; 136:91- 131.

22. Faisal M and Hasnain S. Growth improvement in Sunflower seedlings by Cr (VI)-resistant bacteria. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology. 2005; Vol. 3, No. 2; 114-120.

23. Lakshminarayana Rao MS, Dept. of plant pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. Ph.D. thesis. (2006) 

24. Jarup L. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin. 2003; Vol. 68:167-182. DOI: 10. 1093/bmb/ldg 032.

25. Smibert RM, Kreig NR. Phenotypic characterization. In: Gerhardt P., et al. (Eds.), Methods for General and Molecular Bacteriology. American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC. 1994; 607- 654.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in

Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

Copyright © 2024 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions