International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 4(3), February, 2012

Pages: 53-58

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Author: Arvind Rehalia, Rajat Kumar

Category: Technology

Abstract:Rapid advances and developments in information technology and telecommunication have brought in picture a promising technology, called mhealth, for delivery of health-care facilities via mobile communication technologies. For accelerating the potential of mhealth, it is important to carefully study the barriers and gaps in policies and collaboration between governments and health-care institutions. This paper presents a detailed analysis of current and emerging trends in mobile health, with particular emphasis on case studies.

Keywords: Child-Count, Colecta-Palm, Mobile Midwife, mhealth.

Full Text:

In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000X was the first mobile phone to be commercially available. From then onwards, mobile technologies have grown many-folds with an initial start from telephony systems to the modern systems that support a large array of services like text messaging, email, gaming, photography, internet access, short range wireless communication etc. Mobile phones have successfully bridged the the digital divide among different sections of developing economies and have reached the bottom of the economic pyramid. No other innovation has ever provided such parallel and distinct opportunities for instant communication and thus the utilization of potential of such a technology for health-care facilities has become important and obvious. Mhealth refers to the delivery of health care facilities supported by mobile devices using cellular, blue-tooth or wireless networks. The field of mhealth has emerged in the last decade or so and has put in place various applications of health-care service delivery for remote monitoring, emergency telemedicine, telematics, tele-radiology, education, awareness and other direct provisions of care. In recent years, several mhealth technologies have been implemented all across the globe under various research and health-care projects. The objective of the current paper is to present a review on mhealth systems and technologies. This paper has been divided into different independent sections and provides analysis of the concerned section accordingly. Next section presents a brief overview of current mobile communication technologies and their future design and considerations. After that a section on overview of related work done through published conference and journal papers has been placed. Next, a section on case studies has been presented and finally the paper wraps up with concluding remarks.

This section describes the main wireless technologies used in mhealth systems and their future designs and considerations. SMS functions and real-time voice communication collectively forms the backbone of cellular communication. However with the development of technologies like that of smart phones and PDAs, the scope of mhealth is not just limited to cellular network integration. GSM is the current technology in use and was developed by European Telecommunications Standards Institute under the secondgeneration (2G) technologies. GSM operates under a carrier frequency range of 900 MHz to 1800 MHz with a limited data transfer rate of 9.6 Kbit/s. However, in recent years 2.5G (iDEN, GPRS, EDGE) and 3G ( TD-CDMA, W-CDMA, CDMA) technologies have evolved having higher data transfer rates as compared to GSM. Apart from GSM and 3G systems, Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) and satellite systems also provide a means for data transfer for mhealth systems. The satellite systems provide global coverage and can operate under various frequencies and data transfer rates. WLAN links two or more devices using speed spectrum or OFDM radio methodology and provide data connectivity with user mobility (roaming unit). After a detailed analysis, the following limitations were observed in the current mobile communication technologies:

1. High cost of Communication Links and Infrastructure.
2. Limited bandwidth and data transfer rate.
3. Lack of network reliability of cellular networks.
4. Security challenges during data transfer.
5. Absence of guidelines for cellular phones to be used as imaging device.

The next generation mobile technologies must eliminate the limitations of the current system and on the other hand it should seamlessly integrate the current technologies for a better and advanced design. It is expected that the 4G technology will incorporate the fundamentals that will ensure costeffectiveness and high data transfer rates. The LTE Advanced technology (4G) promises to provide download speeds up-to 1Gbit/s and 100Mbit/s to mobile users. Further, the 4G will be based on iPv6. Considering the continuous improvements, it is almost certain that the ability of mhealth will grow many times as with larger bandwidths and faster data transfer rates, good imaging will become possible.

This section reports the related work done by research community all across the globe for development of an effective system for implementation of mhealth for health-care service delivery. Different databases like IEEE, INSPEC etc. were searched and finally a total of ten research papers published in various journals and conference proceedings were selected on the basis of the technologies involved and the area of application. The work listed table 1 provides a snapshot of implementation and integration of different technologies for health-care service delivery by mhealth concept. It was found that the current topic of focus among biomedical researchers is about development of systems for remote patient monitoring and wireless BODY AREA NETWORK. Further, there has been a continuous work going on for improving and integrating ambulatory emergency services and mhealth for better care of patient. Table 1, clearly suggests that mhealth is now not just confined to cellular network technologies and other technologies like ZigBee, Blue-tooth, satellite etc. have also stepped in as other communication network technologies for the development of mhealth systems.

CASE STUDIES A total of five case studies based on different areas of application of mhealth along with results, findings and other necessary details are presented here in this section. They are as under:

AREA OF APPLICATION : Disease and Epidemic Outbreak Surveillance. Description : This program was started in India and Sri-Lanka with an objective to study and analyze mhealth systems for improving early detection and notification system for disease and epidemic outbreak. Under this program, 29 front line health workers in India and 16 in Sri-Lanka were chosen for digitizing the current paper based system of forms and patient health records by using mobile phones. The mobile phones were equipped with a customized application, called mhealthSurvey, developed jointly by IIT Madras and Rural Technology and Business Incubator. 4 primary health centres and 25 health sub-centres located in Tamil Nadu in India and 17 hospitals and clinics all across the country in Sri-Lanka were selected for implementation. Front line health workers digitized the patient's data at health centres and transferred them to central server. A statistical data analysis software developed by AUSTON LAB at Carnegie Mellon University was used for analysis at central server and results were sent to regional and local health officials through mobile and other communication technologies for issue of notification, if required.

RESULTS AND FINDINGS 1. It was observed that in India about 86% of the data was submitted in other-time and only 14% data in real-time. This suggests that the health workers faced difficulty in real-time submissions, mainly, due to high frequency of visiting patients. On the other hand, in SriLanka around 70% of the data was submitted in real-time. 2. Indian health workers were almost accurate in data submissions and 100% accurate in the last four weeks of the program. However, there was very large amount of errors in submissions made by SriLankan health workers. 3. It was observed that in Sri-Lanka front line health workers were aged 18-35 and were able to complete the whole process easily. However, in India front line health workers aging 30-50, even many of them with experience of 10 years or more were unable to complete the process without guidance. This suggests that younger generation is more adaptive to newer technologies than the older ones.

2. COLECTA-PALM [12]: AREA OF APPLICATION : Patient Monitoring and Support. Description : This project was started in Peru under the initiative of University of Washington and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia Lima. Collecta-Palm is a web based application delivered on PDAs to HIV/AIDS patients for antiretroviral treatment and reducing transmission by safer sex behavior. This application uses intranet based secure connection for transfer of web surveys to HIV/AIDS patients. A research analysis on 15 people with HIV/AIDS (PWLHA) in two clinics in LIMA was carried out. RESULTS AND FINDINGS : Nine out of fifteen patients were satisfied with this technology and rated 3.7/5. They found this system easy-to-use, private and innovative.

3. CHILD-COUNT [13]: AREA OF APPLICATION : Point-of-care Support and Diagnosis. Description : This program was started in July 2009 in Sauri, Kenya under the partnership of Millennium Villages Project, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, UNICEF Innovation Group, Sony Ericsson and Zain. Under this project, more than 9500 children under five years of age were monitored for community based management of acute malnutrition by measuring a child's mid upper arm circumference, home based testing of malaria and home based treatment of children with diarrheal illness using ORS and Zinc supplements. The implementation was done by using a mobile application based on RapidSMS ( a free open-source framework for data collection, logistics and communication using SMS technology ) by 100 community health workers. They used SMS messages to register a patient with all the necessary details and demographics.

RESULTS AND FINDINGS 1. Initially duplicate child registrations made problems, however, changes made to the registration algorithm later solved out this issue. 2. It was found that community health workers required additional training for efficient use of the system. 3. It was found that about 10% of the total registration messages sent by the community health workers were rejected due to improper formatting by them. 4. Many of the phones went missing or needed replacement, thus adding to the overall cost of the project.

4. m-MONEY FOR WOMEN WITH FISTULA [14] : AREA OF APPLICATION : Health Financing Description : This project was started in Kenya as a combination of mobile banking, public information and free treatment. In Kenya, money transfers through mobile phones (Safaricom), constitute about 11% of GDP. Also, in a statistical survey, called msurvey, about 42% of the respondents didn't have access to formal bank accounts but use their mobile phone for financial transactions. Considering the potential of mobile banking in Kenya, this project was started to address the problems faced by poor rural women in fistula repair services. The cost of transportation to a fistula unit and lack of information about treatment options are the main problems of the concern. Under this project, a women can call a free hot-line to aquire information about fistula repair and if money is needed by women for transportation to a fistula unit, financial transfers are made via M-PESA ( a mobile banking product of Vodafone).

5. MOBILE MIDWIFE [15] : AREA OF APPLICATION : Health Education and Awareness. Description : This project was started in east Ghana, under the program, called, Mobile Technology For Community Health (MOTECH). This initiative is a result of partnership among Ghana Health Service, Grameen Foundation and Columbia University's Mailman School Of Public Health and is funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The objective of this project is to improve the antenatal and neonatal care of rural women. In this community health workers, register the patient using MOTECH forms on mobile phones and issue a particular patient ID number. The patient then receives voice or text messages regularly regarding health information and information on essential vaccination and childhood diseases after the birth. In case a patient has a query, then she can clarify that by making a call citing reference to her patient ID.

CONCLUSION The current paper provided a brief overview of mhealth systems and technologies. The case studies clearly suggest the need for development of low cost ,secure and effective solutions for successful implementation of mhealth. Education and awareness about new technologies among community health workers is important and organizational changes should be incorporated for a better future of the telemedicine industry. While much research and development still needs to be done, the mhealth technology has already started making its impact and the future will definitely witness a revolutionized health system that will benefit the citizen and the society as a whole.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of the manuscript. Authors are also grateful to author/editor/publisher of all those articles/journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.


1. Hernandez A.I, Mora F, Villegas G, Passariello G, Carrault G. Real-time ECG Transmission via Internet for nonclinical applications. Proceedings of IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine. 2011 Sept; p. 253-57.

2. Aart Van Halteren, Richard Bults, Katarzyna Wac, Dimitri Konstantas, Ing Widya, Nicolay Dokovsky et al. Mobile Patient Monitoring: The Mobihealth System. The Journal of Information Technology in Health Care. 2004; 2(5): 365-73.

3. Yoshiko Yamada, Usui S, Kohn M, Mukai M. A vision of Ambulance Telemedicine Services using the Quasi-Zenith Satellite. Proceedings of 6 th International Workshop on Enterprise, Networking and Computing in Health-care Industry, HealthCom 2004. 2004 June 28-29; p. 161-65.

4. Eduardo A. Viruete Navarro, Jose Ruiz Mas, Julian Fernanadez Navajas, Cristina Pena Alcega. Enhanced 3G- Based mhealth System. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer as a Tool, Eurocon 2005. 2005 Nov. 21-24; p. 1332- 35.

5. Pandian P.S, Safeer K.P, Shakunthala D.J, Parvati Gopal , Padkai V.C. Interent Protocol based store and forward wireless telemedicine system for VSAT and WLAN. Proceedings of International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication and Networking. 2007 Feb. 22-24; p. 54-8.

6. Zuehlke P, Li J, Talaei-Khoei A, Ray P. A Functional Specification for mobile ehealth (mhealth) Systems. Proceedings of 11th International Conference on e-health Networking, Application and Service. Dec. 16-18; p. 74-8.

7. Christian Sax, Elaine Lawrence. Point-oftreatment: Touchable E-nursing user Interface for Medical Emergencies. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Mobile Ubiquitous Computing, Systems, Services and Technologies. 2009; p. 89-95.

8. Rifat Shahriyar, Md. Faizal Bauri, Gaurab Kundu, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Md. Mostafa Akbar. Intelligent Mobile Health Monitoring System (IMHMS). International Journal of Control and Automation. 2009 Sept; 2(3): 13-28.

9. Minutolo A, Sannino G, Esposito M, Depietro G. A rule-Based mhealth System for Cardiac Monitoring. Proceedings of IEEE EMBS conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences. 2010 Nov. 30- Dec 2; p. 144-49.

10. Blumrosen G, Avisdris N, Kupfer R, Rubinsky B. C-SMART: Efficient Seamless Cellular Phone Based Patient Monitoring System. Proceedings of IEEE IREHSS 2011: Third International Workshop on Interdisciplinary Research on E-health Services and Systems. 2011 June 22-25.

11. Gordon A. Gow, Nuwan Waidyanathan. Using Mobile Phones in Real-time Biosurveillance Program: Lessons from the front lines in Sri-Lanka and India. Proceedings of International Symposium on Technology and Society (IEEE). 2010 June 7-9; p. 366-74.

12. Walter H. Curioso, Ann E. Kurth, Robinson Cabello, Patricia Segura, Donna L. Berry. Usability Evaluation Of Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) to support HIV Treatment Adherence and Safer Sex Behavior in Peru. Proceedings of AIMA 2008 Symposium. 2008; p. 918.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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