International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, ResearchBib, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg.

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Advertisement

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 04 Issue 05, March, 2012

Pages: 22-30

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

INFLUENCE OF BODY MASS INDEX ON BALANCE IN SITTING AND STANDING

Author: A.Kumaresan, S.Prathap, Vaiyapuri Anandh

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background and Objective: Functional reach test is used for assessing the dynamic balance. It
is defined as a maximal distance one can reach forward beyond arm?s length while aintaining a fixed (BOS) Base of Support in the standing position. The biomechanical activities of daily living are into mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae. Reaching forward in sitting is a challenge to a person?s postural control and is suggested to be an indicator of sitting balance.
Functional reach test is easy to assess the dynamic balance. It is portable, inexpensive, reliable,
precise and less time consuming for detecting dynamic balance. This study intends to analyze
the effect of various BMI on functional reach test during standing and sitting.
Study Design: observational study
Setting: Outpatient Department, Saveetha college of Physiotherapy, Thandalam - 602105
Outcome Measures: Quantitative parameters: Functional reach test.
Method: observational study design was used for this study. Inclusion criteria- Age: 20-30
year, Vision \? Normal/ corrected vision, Vestibular \? Pathologies are ruled out,
Musculoskeletal- Range of motion: the bilateral shoulder- ranges full (or) for to the test to be
carried smoothly. Exclusion criteria-Visual defect, History of vestibular problem, Restriction
range motion of bilateral shoulder joint. Ninety individual divided in to 3 groups according to
their BMI, each group 30 individuals. All the three groups asked to perform a standing and
sitting functional reach test after obtaining informed consent.
Result:. Group 1 mean maximal standing functional reach was 27.98 cm, ( S.D-2.98, range=
20.6-33.46), mean of sitting functional reach was 29.09 cm, (S.D-2.42, range=24.36-34.23) for
normal individual, Group 2 standing reach was 21.24 cm,(S.D-2.25, range=17.13-25.7), sitting
reach was 24.17cm,(S.D-2.44,range=19.63-29.03) for overweight individual and group 3
standing reach was 15.42cm (S.D-3.08, range=10.07-22.60), sitting reach was 18.26 cm (S.D-
2.10 ,range=14-21.73)for obese individuals. There is a significant difference in between the
groups. Conclusion: The statistical results of this study concludes that overweight and obese
individuals shows less forward functional reach when compared to the normal subjects. Post
hoc test shows that there is a highly significant difference were noticed in between the groups

Keywords: functional reach test, body mass index, forward reaching, overweight, obesity.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
Balance is defined as forces acting on the body are balanced such that the centre of mass (COM) is within the stability limits, Boundaries of base of support (BOS). Balance and upright postural control are fundamental components of movement, this involves both the ability to recover from instability and the ability to anticipate and move in ways to avoid instability (Shumway Cook A.1995).22 Obesity is recognized as a major health problem in many parts of the world, and the condition is escalating at alarming rate obesity has reached epidemic proportion globally with more than 1.6 billion adults are overweight and at least 40million are clinically obese and major contributed to the global burden of chronic disease and disability co-exists. Obesity is complex condition with severe social and psychological dimension, affecting virtually all ages and socio economic group (2006 WHO).32 Obesity is commonly assessed by using body mass index (BMI). It is defined as the weight in kilogram divided by square of height in meters (kg/m2 ). A BMI between 25kg/m and 29.9kg/m is defined as overweight and a BMI of greater or equal to 30kg/m as obese (WHO 2006).32 In spite of significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multifactorial nature of obesity, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. In particular, there is a relative dearth of information pertaining to the functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. The limited number of studies till date has mainly focused on the effect of obesity on the temporospatial characteristics of walking, plantar foot pressures, muscular strength and, to a lesser extent, postural balance (Wearing, Scott C. and Henning 2006).21 The biomechanical activities of daily living are into mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae (S C Wearing et al 2006).21 Sitting balance is a prerequisite for most functional activities, such as dressing, transferring and eating in a seated position (Nicholas DS.1996).Sitting balance is defined as the ability of a person to maintain control over upright postures during forward reach without stabilization. Biomechanically, specific trunk movements have to occur to maintain postural control in sitting. When weight is shifted in any plane, the trunk responds with a movement to counteract a change in the center of gravity staying within the base of support and thereby maintaining the sitting position. (Schenkman M.1990). Dean et al 1999 stated that forward reach distance in sitting was positively associated with the magnitude of the trunk and upper arm segmental motion, as well as the active contribution of the lower limbs in healthy persons3 . Reaching forward in sitting is a challenge to a person?s postural control and is suggested to be an indicator of sitting balance.4 Functional reach test is used for assessing the dynamic balance. It is defined as a maximal distance one can reach forward beyond arm?s length while maintaining a fixed (BOS) Base of Support in the standing position (Duncan PW 1992).8 Functional reach test is easy to assess the dynamic balance. It is portable, inexpensive, reliable, precise and less time consuming for detecting dynamic balance. Normative values of functional reach test for different age groups are available (Duncan et al 1990).7 this study intends to analyze the effect of various BMI on functional reach test during standing and sitting.

METHODOLOGY
Subjects willing to participate in the study were screened for inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were explained about the safety and simplicity of the procedure and information sheet was given and their informed consent was obtained. The height and weight of each volunteer were noted for calculation of body mass index. Total of 90 subjects will be recruited based upon their BMI and they will be classified into 3 groups. Group A will contain individuals with normal weight, group B will have individuals who are overweight and group C will have individuals who are obese. A yardstick was attached to the wall which helps to record the reaching ability of the individual. Detailed procedure of functional reach test is taught and demonstrated to the subjects. Functional reach test was first performed with the subjects in standing (Figure-2). The shoulder was positioned at 90 degree flexion, elbow fully extended and hand was fisted. Then the subjects was asked to reach forward as much as they can without raising the heel and avoid trunk rotation and shoulder protraction and also ensure that the individual does not lean on the wall. The reading corresponding to the 3rd metacarpal were taken before and after performing functional reach test. (Figure- 3). Functional reach test was then performed with individuals in sitting (Figure-4). The subject was made to sit unsupported with the feet flat on the floor and the hip, knees, and ankles positioned in 90 degree flexion. Foot support were provided to ensure proper sitting position and asked the individual to reach forwards. The position of the shoulder was 90 degree flexion, elbow fully extended and wrist fisted. The reading corresponding to the 3rd metacarpal was taken before and after performing functional reach test. (Figure-5). Three trials were performed is each test and the average was calculated.

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
Functional reach test was performed in standing and sitting position in 30 normal, 30 overweight, 30 obese individual. The data collected were for the age group of 20- 30 yrs. The data was used to calculate the mean of the Functional reach test in forward reach direction. Group 1 mean maximal standing functional reach was 27.98 cm, ( S.D-2.98, range= 20.6-33.46), mean of sitting functional reach was 29.09 cm, (S.D-2.42, range=24.36-34.23) for normal individual, Group 2 standing reach was 21.24 cm,(S.D-2.25, range=17.13-25.7), sitting reach was 24.17cm,(S.D-2.44,range=19.63- 29.03) for overweight individual and group 3 standing reach was 15.42cm (S.D-3.08, range=10.07-22.60), sitting reach was 18.26 cm (S.D- 2.10 ,range=14-21.73)for obese individuals.(Table-1&4) A ONE WAY ANOVA, was used to determine that normal individual had a longer reach compared with overweight and same way overweight individuals had a longer reach when compared with obese individuals.(Table-2&5). POST HOC TEST was used to determine the comparison in standing functional reach test in between the groups. (P-.000),and comparison in sitting functional reach test in between the groups. (P-.000). there was a significant difference in between the groups. (Table-3&6).

DISCUSSION According to WHO obesity is a complex condition with social and psychological dimensions affecting virtually all ages and socio economic group and also a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability co-exist. (WHO 2006)32.Currently more than 1.6 billion adults are overweight and at least 400 million of them clinically obese (WHO 2006)32 . The main finding from the present study indicates that balance is influenced by varying BMI. Obese individual shows less standing and sitting functional reach values, when compared to the normal and overweight subjects, overweight individual?s shows less standing and sitting functional reach values when compared to the normal. Statistical Data Analysis proved that there is highly significant difference which exist between the normal and overweight groups in performing standing and sitting Functional Reach Test. (P<0.000), which supported the hypothesis of this study. Forward reach in a standing and sitting position can be measured reliably via a Ruler attached to a wall along the side of the normal, overweight, obese individuals. In this study interrater reliability is weak because only one Rater was available for data collection. Further study using an Interarater design may allow inferences to be generalized to a greater number of situations. Functional Reach test appears to be useful for determining differences in Reach between each groups. This finding appears to be good among various levels of BMI. (Normal, Overweight, Obese). The Functional Reach Test measured reasonable because of their BMI values. In obese and overweight groups there is a high BMI value and less functional reach values in sitting and standing position. The subjects in obese and overweight groups had decreased standing and sitting functional reach distance which can be attributed by decreased muscle activity in lower extremity due to reduced oxidative capacity resulting in decreased force and endurance protection as stated by (orbeil et al. 2001). This same assumption is also supported by (hulens et al. 2001) he states that muscle activity in lower extremity reduces due to altered metabolic state in obesity, overweight individuals.15 Individual body size and shape influenced the static postural stability by altering the location of the centre of gravity as stated by (fregly et al.1968).10 . In this study comparison is made between the normal, overweight and obese individuals BMI (body mass index) and their functional reach values. Then comparison was done in standing and sitting functional reach values in between the groups. The study done in the adult population between 20-30yrs of age, they were analyzed and concluded that whenever BMI increases the forward functional reach decreases significantly. As Duncan et al (1990) studied on normal individuals for arriving at normative functional reach values6 . It could be difficult to use these values for the comparison of overweight and obese individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation. This study analyzed the relationship between BMI and functional reach values. The result will be helpful in arriving reference point to be used for balance rehabilitation for overweight and obese individuals in 20-30yrs of age group. If normative value has been standardized for overweight and obese individuals of different age groups in large sample size it can be used in the neurological rehabilitation program to set a realistic goal. Further studies can be done with all the groups in overweight and obese subjects also who are not considered in this study.

CONCLUSION
The statistical results of this study concludes that overweight and obese individuals shows less forward functional reach when compared to the normal subjects. Post hoc test shows that there was highly significant differences were noticed in between the groups. The functional reach test, a useful test because it is easy and fast to perform and adaptable to many environment. The purpose of this study was to test whether the functional reach test would provide reliable measurements in persons with normal overweight and obese individuals in the age group of 20-30 yrs.(Figure-1)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

References:

1. Bernard PL, Geraci M, Huo, Amato M, Seynneso , Lantieri D,.Influence of obesity on postural capacities of teenagers: preliminary study, Ann read apt med phy. 2003 May;46(4):184-190.

2. Clark DO, Stump TE, Hui SL, Wolinsky FD,(1998) Predictors of mobility and basic ADL difficulty among adults aged 70 years and older. J Aging Health,.vol10 422- 440.(pubmed).

3. Cynthia C.Norkin, Pamela K.Levangeie., Joint structure and function, 3rd edition –. Chapter 4 – Page no : 405.

4. Dean Shephered, R adults; Sitting balance I; Trunk-Arm co-ordination and the combination of the lower limbs during self paced reaching in sitting; Gait and Posture 1999 Oct; 10(2):135- 146.

5. Demura.S.Shin-chi, Takayashi (2007) Simple and easy assessment of falling risk in the elderly by functional reach test using elastic stick.

6. Donahoe B K, Turner D, Wowell T W, The use of functional reach test as a measurements of balance in boys and girls with out disabilities ages 5 to 15 yrs. Pediatrics Phys Ther,1994; vol 6: 189-194

7. Duncan P, Weiner D, Chanler J, Studenski S : Functional reach : a new clinical measure of balance, journal of Gerontology 45:M 192-197, 1990.

8. Duncan P.W, Studenski S, Chandler J, Prescott B : Functional reach test : Predictive validity in a sample of elderly male veterans. Journal of Gerontology 47(3):493-98,1992.

9. Ferraro KF , Booth TL. (1999) Age, body mass index, and functional illness. J Gerontol B psycho Sci Soc Sci .vol 54B S339-S348.

10. Fregly A R, Oberman A, Gray Biel A, Mitchell RE. Non vestibular contributions to postural equilibrium function, Aero med 1968; 39: 33-37.

11. Galanos AN, Pieoer CF, CornoniHuntly JC,Bales C W,Fillenbaum GG.(1994) Nutrition and function: is there a relationship between body mass index and the functional capabilities of community-dwelling elderly? J Am Geriatr Soc. Vol 42,368-373.(pubmed).

12. Goulding A, Jones I E, Taylor R W, Piggot J M, Taylor D, Dynamic and static tests of balance and postural sway in boys. Effects of previous wrist bone fracture and high adiposity. Gait posture;2003 Apr. 17(2):136-141.

13. Han T S, Tijhuis MAR, Lean MEJ,Seidell JC. Quality of life in relation to overweight and body fat distribution. Am J Public Health. Vol 88,1814-1820.(pubmed).

14. Hue O, Simonean M, Marcotte J, Beerigan F, Done J, Marcean P, Marcean S, Tremblay A, Teasdale N, Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability. Gait posture;2006 Aug 21

15. Huleus M, Vasant G, Lysens R, Claessens AL, Muls E, Brumagnes S, study of differences in peripheral muscle strength of lean versus obese women; An allometric approach. Int J obes Relat Metab Disord 2001; 25: 676-681.

16. K J Sandin and B S Smith, (1990) The measures of balance in sitting in stroke rehabilitation prognosis. Stroke Vol 21, 82-86

17. Launer L J, Harris T, Rumpel C, Madans J,(1994), Body mass index, Weight change, and risk of mobility disability in middle aged and older women: the epidemiologic follow-up study of NHANES I. JAMA.vol 271,1093-1098(pubmed).

18. Maffinletti N A, Agosti F, Proietti M, Riva D, Resnik M, Lafortuna C L, Sartorio A, Postural Instability of extremely obese individuals improves after a body weight reduction program entailing specific balance training. Journal Endocrinology Investigation: 2005 Jan; 28(1):2-7

19. Roberta A. Newton et al., Validity of the Multi-Directional Reach test: A practical measure for limits of stability in older adults. (2001) Vol 56 A(4); M248-M252.

20. S.C. Wearing and Hills (2005) musculoskeletal disorder associated with obesity: a biomechanical perspective

21. S.C.Wearing, E M Hearing, N.M. Byrte , J.R.Steel and A.P. Hills: The Biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity. Obesity Reviews volume;2006 Feb: page 7-13.

22. Shumway cook A and woollacott M : Motor control theory and practical application. Williams and wilkins Baltimore, 1995

23. Sobal J et al., Social Influences on Body weight In: Brownell K D, Fair Burn C G,eds. Eating Disorder and Obesity. New York, N Y: Guilford press; 1995:73-77.

24. Susan B O Sullivan., Thomas J.Schmits. Physical rehabilitation 4th edition. Page no : 191.

25. Stuck A E, Walthert JM, Nikolaus T, Buela C J, Hohmann C, Beck JB.(1999) Risk factors of functional status decine in community-living elderly people: a systematic literature review. Soc Sci Med.vol 48,445- 469.(pubmed)

26. Suzanne M,Lynch et al., Reliability of measurements obtained with a modified functwional reach test in subjects with spinal cord injury; Physical therapy, 1998 Feb: Vol 78.,128-133.

27. Teasdale N, Hue O, Marcotte J, Berrigan F, Simone M, Doss J, Marcean, Marcean S,: Reducing weight increases postural stability in obese and morbid obese men.

28. Thompson mary et al., Forward and lateral shifting functional reach in younger middle aged. And older adults; Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy 2007.

29. Weiner DK, Duncan PW, Chandler J, SA : Functional reach ; a marker of physical frailty. JAGS 40:203-207, 1992.

30. Weiner D K et al., Does Functional Reach Improves with Rehabilitation? Archiveves Physical Medicine Rehabilitation;1993 Aug; 74(8):796-800.

31. (William Mcardle, Franky.Katch, Victor L, (Exercise Physiology – 4 th edition, Page no : 541 (18).

32. Who 2006.Http//www.Who.int/medicacentre /factsheet/fs311/en/Index.html

33. Yuk Lan Tsung et al,. Sit and reach test can predict mobility of patients recovering from acute stroke: Archives Physical Medicine Rehabilitation 2004; Vol 85;94-98

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
Hacked By Idamane Ayang img { opacity: 0.6; }
Hacked By Idamane Ayang



Batin Tak Kuatke Ngo Ngempet Larane Mergo Aku Tresno Kowe

contact me: westaukelaran404@protonmail.com

Kelelawar Cyber Team - Pancasila Cyber Team - Jombang Hacker Crew - Padang Black Hat - Jawa Timur Cyber Team - Cidro Xploit - Ponorogo1337 - Ponorogo Black Hat - Ponorogo Cyber Team - Jawa6etar - Ponorogo Hacker Team



List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions