International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - 4(14), July, 2012

Pages: 96-102

Date of Publication: 31-Jul-2012

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF


Author: Janakiraman Balamurugan, Rajasekaran Venkat Raj

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Back ground: The incidence of obesity in middle age as already rose to an alarming number and many variables have been associated with the decline of level of physical activity in obese middle aged adults. However very little is been studied about the impact of falls/stumbles in decreasing the level of physical activity. Objective: The purpose of this study is (1) to examine the relationship between incidences of fall/stumbles and physical activity level in obese middle aged adults (2) to explore potential explanatory factors and preserve the level of Physical activity. Hypothesis: Incidence of falls might significantly influence the level of physical activity in obese middle aged subjects. Study design: Cross sectional, Observation study Outcome measures: Long form of International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) a)Categorical variable b) Continuous score-MET-min/day/week. Participants: In total 326 obese middle aged subjects of both genders between age 40-60 years (Mean age: 52.3) with BMI ?30 kg/m2 were enrolled in this study. Intervention: Not applicable Methods: Subjects were retrospectively questioned and categorized as Group A (obese fallers), N=73 and Group B (obese non fallers), N=253 using fall history questionnaire. All subjects were evaluated with base line assessment, International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ- long term design) continuous score (MET-minutes)and categorical scoring pattern was used in IPAQ for data collection after obtaining consent. Results: Group A mean MET \?min/day/week was 472.75 (S.D-288.384), Group B mean MET-min/day/week was 739.81(S.D- 341.165) in continuous score comparison .Mann- Whitney U test analysis revealed that there was a significant difference in the level of physical activity between the groups. Chi-square analysis of categorical data between groups states that the significant difference between expected and observed frequencies is not by chance alone. Conclusion: Incidence of falls/stumble is associated with decline in physical activity levels of major domains among middle aged obese subjects.

Keywords: Obesity, Physical activity, fall, MET, International physical activity questionnaire

Full Text:

Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality, causing an estimated 3.2 million deaths globally and deficiency in physical activity is one among the major reasons for obesity in many countries14 , WHO states physical activity as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure and an increasing levels of physical inactivity are seen worldwide, in high income countries as well as low- and middleincome countries. Recent statistics of WHO also says that currently at least 60% of world‘s population gets insufficient exercise14.Obesity is now an epidemic medical condition even in the absence of any associated diseases, so for many studies had proved that the only solution for obesity especially in middle aged people is to maintain a good level of physical activity and exercise. Body mass index is a heuristic proxy for human body fat based on height and weight, WHO recommended BMI guidelines for overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m2 ) and obesity (≥30 kg/m2 ).In the recent past many attempts were made to find out the relationship between basal metabolic rate decline and aging. Age related decline in Basal metabolic rate is due to decrease in lean body mass17 (Lazzer S, Bedogni G 2010) which makes middle aged people gain weight easily. According to Rosenblatt NJ, Grabiner MD Unlike healthy weight fallers, most obese fallers failed to initiate or complete the recovery steps before full-body harness support. So obesity does not appear to increase the overall fall risk but fall rates after laboratory-induced trips were notably higher, potentially due to altered recovery responses. Thus in middle aged obese people a relatively high incidence of falls/stumbles occurs due to diminished static balance21 . Several studies have addressed the importance of physical activity levels and energy expenditure through activities in management of obesity. Inactive people are often not aware of their inactivity. Providing feedback on the actual physical activity level by an activity monitor can increase awareness and may in combination with an individually tailored physical activity advice stimulate a physically active lifestyle. This study aims on determining whether the incidence of fall/stumbles could significantly reduce the level of physical activity among obese middle aged subjects therefore this research would help identifying the risk group and this information would enable health care professional to better estimate the functional consequences of excess body weight thereby preserve or improve the level of physical activity as low levels of physical activity in middle aged obese individual can result in adverse health consequences.

Subjects In this study a total of 326 obese subjects of age group between 40-60 years of both gender were randomly selected from a population of 639 community dwelling middle aged adults of Chennai. Prior to the selection, participants were subjected to baseline evaluations to check for selection criteria and details of the study were explained to the individual before obtaining consent. As a first step subjects were retrospectively questioned about the incidence of fall and stumbles in the last one year using fall history questionnaire Based on the incidence of fall/stumble the subjects were divided into group A i.e. fallers consisting of 73 subjects and group B non fallers consisting of 253 subjects. Inclusion criteria for the samples are age 40-60 years, both sexes, BMI ≥30. Exclusion criteria‘s for both groups were BMI 60 years, neurological disorders, visual impairments, musculoskeletal disorders and hypotensives.

Physical activity questionnaire
The purpose of utilizing International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) as a measuring scale is to obtain comparable estimates of physical activity, the questionnaire is very feasible with excellent reliability for measuring physical activity in large groups or populations and it is used internationally 13 (Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom SM). The long format of IPAQ asks in detail about walking, moderate-intensity and vigorous intensity physical activity in each of four domains i.e. Work domain, Active transportation domain, Domestic and garden work domain and Leisure-time domain. Based on Continuous scoremetabolic equivalent (MET) of all four domains in minutes per day per week were calculated to get total physical activity MET scores and categorical variable of the questionnaire classifies the subjects into 3 levels, depending on their physical activity in the last seven days as high, moderate and low levels. This categorical scoring method provides different thresholds for measurement of physical activity which is useful mechanism to distinguish variation in population groups18 .

The subjects were explained about the International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ).Four interviewers were trained, supervised and given feedback by first author during data collection and questions were explained in native language when needed.The long version (31 items) was designed to collect detailed information within the domains of household and yard work activities, occupational activity, self-powered transport, and leisure-time physical activity as well as sedentary activity. A probe protocol were implemented by the interviewers to limit any sort of over-reporting of activities in IPAQ, after recording of time (min) of activity in four domains in each day for the last seven days.A metabolic equivalent (MET) score was assigned to each of the activities and the data collected from the long IPAQ questionnaires were summed within each physical activity domain to estimate the total time spent in occupational, transport, household, and leisure related physical activity to obtain total physical activity i.e. Total MET-minutes/week and based on the level of physical activity they were categorized as high, moderate and low. Institutional ethical committee had approved the study and the duration of data collection was a period of 4 months.

All statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical package for social sciences SPSS, the outcomes of IPAQ are described as mean ± standard deviation. The results were evaluated with Chi-square for categorical variables and Non parametric Mann-Whitney U test was done for MET values of the groups. Table 1 shows in group A only 1.5 % of subjects belong to high level category, when compared with 10.4 % of group B subjects, it is also evident that a total of 55.2% of subjects in group A possess optimal physical activity levels but in group B its only 10.7% .Table 2 shows Pearson chi-square proves that significant difference exist between groups (P.001) and it is not by chance alone. The mean of Group A obese fallers was 472.75 (S.D-288.384), mean of Group B obese fallers was 739.81 (S.D-341.165). NON-PARAMETRIC MANN-WHITNEY U TEST was used to determine the comparison in MET value calculated from IPAQ (P - .000) The significant was set as P < 0.01this significance exist in both categorical variable and continuous score MET value of IPAQ between both the groups (Table 4).

WHO estimates that at least 400 `million adults (9.8%) are obese, with higher rates among women than men and rate of obesity also increases with age at least up to 50 or 60 years14 . The positive health benefits of physical activity in people of middle age have been extensively studied and are now commonly accepted, it is immensely essential for the health care eternity to identify factors that could possibly lead to decline of level of physical activity in risk groups11.This study examined the history of fall or ambulatory stumbles in middle aged obese subjects and related decline in the level of physical activity, Statistical data analysis proved that there exists highly significant difference between obese fallers and obese non fallers in level of physical activity in four domains (P < 0.01) which supported the hypothesis of this study. Table 1 clearly exhibits that many fallers had declined their activity levels to much lower intensity in terms of MET, specifically we also found that increased body mass is associated with increased history of falls /stumbles which negatively affects health related physical activity of life. In middle-aged and older adults, obesity was associated with a higher prevalence of falls and stumbling during ambulation stated by (Cecilie Fjeldstad et al 2008)20. According to the study of (Francesco Menegoni et al 2009) excessive amount of body fat modifies the body geometry by adding passive mass to different body regions which influences the biomechanics of activities of daily living16.Adipose tissue accumulation and body mass increases canbe a major factor contributing to the occurrence of falls, which explains why obese persons appear to be at greater risk than normal-weight subjects under daily postural stresses and perturbations. As suggested by this study decline in activity level can adversely affect the quality of life in obese adults. The limitation of this study could be non-usage of objective scale in data collection.

This is probably the first study to have studied the physical activity level in middle aged obese adults after history of fall/stumbles. The statistical analysis of data and results of this study concludes the existence of compromise in physical activity in obese adults with more stumbles/falls. So, development of a complete screening tool to identify deficiency of activity will help preserve physical activity and diagnose the early changes.

If we are to preserve physical activity in obese subjects, attempts should be made to evaluate the factors contributing to fall/stumbles in obese adults and present level of Physical activity

Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/editors/publishers of all those article, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed. The authors also thank the staffs and colleagues of Madha medical college and hospital for extending their helping hands.


1. Lachman ME, Howland J, Tennstedt S, et al. Fear of falling and activity restriction: the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFE). J Gerontol B PsycholSci Soc Sci. 1998; 53:P43–P50.

2. Han TS, Tijhuis MA, Lean ME, Seidell JC Quality of life in relation to overweight and body fat distribution. Am J Public Health. 1998; 88:1814–1820.

3. Stenholm S, Rantanen T, Alanen E, et al.Obesity history as a predictor of walking limitation at old age. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007; 15:929–938.

4. Corbeil P, Simoneau M, Rancourt D, et al. Increased risk for falling associated with obesity: mathematical modeling of postural control. IEEE Trans Neural SystRehabil Eng. 2001; 9:126 –136.

5. Fjeldstad C, Fieldstad AS, Acree LS, et al. The influence of obesity on falls and quality of life. Dyn Med. 2008; 7:4.

6. Blair SN, Cheng Y, Holder JS. Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits? Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33(suppl):S379–99.

7. Petersen L, Schnohr P, Sørensen TI. Longitudinal study of the long-term relation between physical activity and obesity in adults. Int J ObesRelatMetabDisord2004;28:105–12.

8. Mortensen LH, Siegler IC, et al. Prospective associations between sedentary lifestyle and BMI in midlife. Obesity (Silver Spring)2006; 14:1462–71.

9. Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Hosking J, et al. Physical activity at the government recommended level and obesity-related health outcomes: a longitudinal study (Early Bird 37). Arch Dis Child 2008; 93:772–7.

10. Bouchard C, Shephard RJ. Physical activity fitness and health: the model and key concepts. In: Bouchard C, Shephard RJ, Stephens T, editors. Physical activity fitness and health: International proceedings and consensus statement. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; 1994. p. 77-88.

11. Blair SN, Brodney S. Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999; 31:S646-62.

12. Nelson, M. E., Rejeski, W. J., Blair, S. N., Duncan, et al. (2007, August). Physical activity and public health in older adults: American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 8, 1435–1445.

13. Cora L. Craig 1, Alison L. Marshall2, et al, International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-Country Reliability and Validity Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, American college of Sports medicine, 1381- 1395.

14. Puska, P., C. Nishida, and D. Porter, Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. 2003, World Health Organization (WHO).

15. Finkelstein EA, Chen H, Prabhu M, The relationship between obesity and injuries among U.S. adults. Am J Health Promot2007;21:460–468

16. Francesco Menegoni1,2, Manuela Galli1, Elena Tacchini2 et al, Gender-specific Effect of Obesity on Balance. Nature publishing group. Obesity (2009) 17, 1951–1956.

17. Stefano Lazzer1,2, Giorgio Bedogni3, Claudio L., et al, Relationship Between Basal Metabolic Rate, Gender,Age, and Body Composition in 8,780 White Obese Subjects. . Nature publishing group. 2009. Page 71-78.

18. Randy Rzewnicki1,*, Yves Vanden Auweele1 and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij2 et al Addressing over reporting on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) telephone survey with a population sample. Public Health Nutrition: 6(3), 299–305

19. Sander M Slootmaker1, Marijke JM Chin A Paw*1, Albertine J Schuit2,3 et al Promoting physical activity using an activity monitor and a tailored web-based advice: design of a randomized controlled trial BMC Public Health 2005, 5:134 1471-2458-5-134

20. Cecilie Fjeldstad1, Anette S Fjeldstad1, Luke S Acree1 et al, The influence of obesity on falls and quality of life. Dynamic Medicine 2008, 7:4 1476-5918-7-4

21. Rosenblatt NJ, Grabiner al Relationship between obesity and falls by middle-aged and older women. American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine 2012 368-372


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in

Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

Copyright © 2024 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions