International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - 4(20), October, 2012

Pages: 106-111

Date of Publication: 20-Oct-2012

Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF


Author: Janakiraman Balamurugan, Paulraj Anantha Raja, Nagaraj S. Ramachadran Arunachalam

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Background: Accurate quantification of clinically significant changes of balance impairment is a key factor in understanding the effects of various disorders and treatment techniques on balance, the sway graph instrument is designed to measure the shift in COG in standing posture. Objective: To test the reliability of sway graph and to develop it as an accurate outcome measure of balance impairments. Subjects: One hundred and eighty nine community dwelling older adults (Mean age: 66 years) participated. Study design: Prospective study design Methods: Subjects were tested twice with sway graph by the same examiner on consecutive days to evaluate intra rater reliability and Subjects were tested by two examiners with sway graph to evaluate inter rater reliability. The reliability was calculated using intra class correlation coefficients (ICC). Results: The ICC result for inter rater reliability and Intra rater reliability of sway deviation variables were r-0.98, r-0.96 for A-P swing and r- 0.96, r-0.97 Lateral swing. The SDD of the variable were 19.391and 19.828 for A-P swing and 13.837and14.281 for Lateral swing. Cronbach's alpha index score were very proximal to 1(0.983, 0.981) proving excellent internal consistency. Conclusion: The study showed good reliability results for sway graph and notably minimal systematic error in measuring sway with in elderly subjects.

Keywords: Centre of gravity (COG), Balance, Reliability, Sway

Full Text:

The ability to balance and maintain a nonswaying posture in standing underlies the level of performance of physical activities and also minimizes the incidence of fall in potentially susceptible group of subjects. The capacities to hold and align body segments specifically depends on the ability to fix and restore Centre of gravity in optimal position.2 There are three systems that give input to the CNS regarding status and maintenance of balance which includes Vestibular, Visual and Somatosensory. During rehabilitation of postural and balance impairments the exact role of various protocols which attempts to slow down the decline in postural control, retraining balance is yet unclear. One major obstacle to the researches involved in examining the impact of treatments, age and diseases on balance is lack of an ideal tool to quantitatively measure balance. Health care professional have thrived to invent a measuring tool/device, which can detect and quantify even a very minimal change in balance. An ideal clinical tool would be the one which has reproducibility, sensitivity, cost effective, safe and uncomplicated in procedures. Measure of balance may be highly related to other variable such as lower extremity strength due to its force generating capacity and a thorough evaluation of the independent contribution of balance requires evaluating these other relationship to accurately determine the true magnitude of effect1 Several tools have been reported in literatures to measure balance which includes centre of pressure (COP), Brunel balance assessment, Berg balance scale, Trunk impairment scale, arm raise and forward reach tests, step/tap and stepup tests reached and Time up and Go (TUG) tests.6 A recent review of literatures shows dissatisfaction with parameters of static postural recordings has led researchers to develop dynamic testing protocols using moveable platforms, visual images and weighted pulleys, all designed to test subjects reaction to external forces.3, 4, Hausdortt JM states that there seems to be a need to perform reliability assessments of postural control in groups with identified fallers and non-fallers. No reliability studies have been reported that specifically included fallers. However, since one-third of community-dwelling people over 65 years of age experience one or more falls each year, it seems important to include elderly subjects in reliability studies on balance measuring tools.15Clinical studies need an objective and valid measure of balance to compare groups of patient, effectiveness of treatments, prognosis and progression. We have attempted to develop a safe, less expensive and accurate outcome measuring tool (sway graph) which can quantitatively measure swaying in standing postures and the primary objective of this study is to test the reliability of sway graph in elderly population. If proven to be reliable this tool could very easily become a major innovative step towards development of new tool to measure balance in various postures.

Subjects A total of 189 subjects were selected from a population of 562 community dwelling old aged subjects with a mean (S.D) age of 66 years (4.0), the mean height was 159 (5.5) cm, the mean weight was 59 (10.3) kg. The scholars involved in the study were all faculties of our medical college and none of the subjects reported any neurological condition, postural hypotension, musculo- skeletal impairments and psychological disorders. The study was approved by the institutional ethical committee and all the subjects provided written informed consent. Raters The study involved four raters (I, II, III, and IV) to record sway graph. The rater I and III were post graduate students of the institution and they possess an under graduate degree with at least 1 years of clinical experience and rater II andIV were consultant physiotherapist of the institution with vast experience. Procedure As an initial step in the beginning session, all raters tested all subjects. The order in which the raters tested the subjects was randomly assigned from a series of order obtained from a numbers encoded Latin square design. The test was demonstrated to subjects prior to commencement and standardized instructions were given. The subjects were made to wear the sway graph device, which consist of a lumbar belt, a back pointer with pen holder (matching S2 spinous process) and graph sheet to record the sway readings with two degree of freedom which measures Anterior-Posterior swing and Lateral swing. Now, the subjects were made to stand on a static platform e.g. floor for 45 seconds with their back facing the table with graph, so that the pen is in contact with the graph sheet, a standard foot position (4 inches apart) and angle (150 toe out) was used and the table height is adjustable in par with the subjects height. After the first reading the subjects were turn over to the next rater and the procedures were repeated. Each rater was unaware of the scores of other raters and the marks on subjects are removed following each rater, the subjects were not shown their graph pattern after the test. To obtain intra rater data’s the test was conducted again after a week period by rater I.

All data were analyzed statistically using SPSS 20 for windows software. The Intra class correlation coefficient was used as parameter of reliability and ICC model 3 was used to determine intra rater reliability, inter rater reliability was computed using ICC model 2. The 95% confidence interval was used to determine statistical significance. Cronbach’s alpha reliability estimates were used as an index to determine internal consistency or average correlation and higher the score, the more reliable the generated scale is. Nunnaly (1978) has indicated 0.7 to be an acceptable reliability coefficient but lower thresholds are sometimes used in the literature.18 RESULTS Inter rater reliability The mean value of Anterior –Posterior swing deviation and Lateral swing deviation for both the raters were shown in Table 01.Inter rater reliability was excellent with a high ICC value of 0.98 for Anterior –Posterior swing deviation and ICC of 0.96 for Lateral swing deviation. The standard deviation for both variables A-P swing and LAT swing were 19.391 and 13.837 respectively. There was a statistically significant similarity between the data of the raters and the smaller value of SE is indicating very minimal systematic error. Cronbach’s alpha reliability estimates were 0.981 Intra rater reliability There was no significant difference between Test 1 and Test 2 of rater I in both variables. The ICC value (0.96, 0.97) and small SE value (0.5, 0.5) of table 01 clearly indicates existence of minimal random and systematic error. The standard deviation value of both variable were A-P swing 19.828 and Lateral swing 14.281.The data of both Test 1 and Test2 of the rater showed excellent similarity as suggested by r value. Cronbach’s alpha reliability estimates were 0.983

Though impairment in balance is acknowledged as a major predictor of falls, there have always been limitations in recommending specific clinical assessment scales of balance.8, 9, 10, 11 Our study suggests that Antero-Posterior swing and Lateral swing measurement by sway graph device can be reliably performed by the same therapist and also by different therapist with accuracy. The amount of measurement error being reasonably low is indicative of an evidence to support the use of sway graph as an objective measurement tool among other scales in practice. The clinical assessment of balance is used as a means for measuring the integrity of the postural stability system, which involves the integration of information from somatosensory, musculoskeletal, visual, and vestibular systems and cognition.12 According to Horak and Shumway-Cook evaluating balance by observing subjects response under given conditions of varying sensory input provides information on the mechanism of postural control and this approach provides a systematic evaluation. According to David Levine Chattecx balance system (CBS) has a least reliability in antero-posterior direction because the base of support is relatively short in this position, but the postural sway occurs about the ankle joint, which is physically separated by a large distance from the centre of gravity of the body.17 The reliability found in our study may be due to the fact that the displacement of COG is recorded from close proximity to S2 unlike pressure distribution recorder which is used to measure  balance, error can be introduced from foot movements without COG displacement. The most important characteristic feature of the device has been though, there is a difference in the skill levels and experience of the therapists (raters) there exist no short fall in the repeatability of balance measurements by Sway graph. The sway graph device constructed by our team measure with only two degree of freedom and it allows only static balance measure in standing posture, which makes it rather odd to be used in certain population of patient with severe impairments. But, with the given potential uses and reproducibility of this tool to all health care professionals, further development and testing are in order.

This study clearly demonstrates the potential of the device as a clinical tool with good reproducibility; sway graph device will definitely add more cost effective objectivity to static balance measurements in standing posture. More over these results may form a basis for further research examinations of this tool with more added features and to investigate validity issues.

Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors / editors / publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed. The authors are also thankful to the engineers of Anna University for helping us in constructing the device.


1. Horak FB. Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls. Age Ageing. 2006; 35 (suppl 2):ii7–ii11.

2. Berg K.Balance and its measure in the elderly: a review Physiother can 1989; 41:240-246.

3. Nashner .Adapting reflexes controlling the human posture. Exp Brain Res 1976;26:59- 72

4. Nashner LM.Fixed patterns of rapid postural responses among leg muscles during stance.Exp Brain res 1977; 30:13-24.

5. Nashner LM, Black FO, Wall C.Adaptation to altered support surfaces and visual conditions in patients with vestibular deficits neurosci 1982; 2:536-544.

6. SF Tyson LA Connell, How to measure balance in clinical practice Clinical rehabilitation September 2009; 23: 824-840.

7. Shumway-Cook A, Horak F.B Assessing the influence of sensory interaction on balance. Suggestion from the field. Phys Ther 1986; 66:1548-1550.

8. Scott V, Votova K, Scanlan A, Close J. Multifactorial and functional mobility assessment tools for fall risk among older adults in community, home-support, longterm and acute care settings. Age Ageing. 2007; 36: 130–139.

9. Perell KL, Nelson A, Goldman RL, et al. Fall risk assessment measures: an analytic review. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci.2001; 56:M761–M766.

10. American Geriatrics Society; British Geriatrics Society, and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Panel on Falls Prevention. Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc.2001; 43:664–672.

11. National Institute of Clinical Excellence. Clinical Guideline 21: The Assessment and Prevention of Falls in Older People, 2004. Accessed June 21, 2005.

12. Susan W. Muir, Katherine Berg, Bert Chesworth, et al. Balance Impairment as a Risk Factor for Falls in CommunityDwelling Older Adults Who Are High Functioning: A Prospective StudyJ Apta Phys ther. 2010; 90: 338-347.

13. Berg KO, Maki BE, Williams JI, et al. Clinical and laboratory measures of postural balance in an elderly population. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1992; 73:1073–1080.

14. Berg KO, Wood-Dauphine´e SL, Williams JI, Maki B. Measuring balance in the elderly: validation of an instrument. Can J Public Health. 1992; 83(suppl 2):S7–S11.

15. Hausdortt JM, Edelberg HK, Mitchell Sl, Goldberger AL Increased gait unsteadiness in community dwelling elderly fallers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil1997, 78:278-283.

16. Byl NN. Spatial orientation to gravity and implications for balance training. Orthopedic Physical Therapy Clinics of North America, October 1992:207-40.

17. David Levine, Michael W.Whittle, MD, Jeannette A. Beach et al Test-retest reliability of the Chattecx Balance System in the patient with hemiplegia Journal of Rehabilitation Research and development, Vol.33, February 1996, 36-44.

18. J.Reyanldo A.Santos Cronbach’s Alpha: A tool for assessing reliability scale.Vol.37, April 1999.22-25.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A study by Dorothy Ebere Adimora et al. entitled \"Remediation for Effects of Domestic Violence on Psychological well-being, Depression and Suicide among Women During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-cultural Study of Nigeria and Spain\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 23
A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
A study by Shafaque M. et al. entitled \"A Case-Control Study Performed in Karachi on Inflammatory Markers by Ciprofloxacin and CoAmoxicillin in Patients with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 17
A study by Ali Nawaz et al. entitled \"A Comparative Study of Tubeless versus Standard Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) \? A Randomized Controlled Study\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 16.
A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in

Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

Copyright © 2024 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions