International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 04 Issue 23, December, 2012

Pages: 16-21

Date of Publication: 15-Dec-2012


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ACCESSIBILITY TO RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BY FARMERS UNDER BORNO STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, NIGERIA

Author: Ibrahim A.A., Mustapha S.B., Idris Y.L.

Category: General Sciences

Abstract:The study assessed the accessibility of farmers to rice production technologies in Borno State, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling method was used to select 534 upland, lowland and Fadama rice farmers in the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools. The descriptive tools include; frequencies, percentages, Means, and standard deviation. The results indicated that most of the respondents (31.5%), claimed to have been contacted by the extension agents on fortnightly basis, while 17.2% indicated that they have never been contacted by the extension agents in the study area. The study shows that all the rice production technologies apart from farm labour were affordable and most of the respondents reported that rice variety was very affordable. The accessibility to the rice production technologies by respondents had a mean score of 35 in the study area. The results further showed that majority (81.5%) of the respondents claimed that the husbands alone made decision on which rice field to use. The study recommended that Input supply units of extension agencies should be strengthened to make available and at affordable rates of rice production inputs in the study area.

Keywords: Accessibility, Rice Technologies, Development Programme, Nigeria

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION Rice plays an important role in both producers’ and consumers’ life in Nigeria. The technology adoption aims to increase production not only for national food security but also for export. Though there have been trainings and campaigns to trigger farmer using of the technologies, the adoption extent was still low. Idiong (2005) reported that rice variety has special role in increasing agricultural production. The increase of total agricultural production of Nigeria in the past was due to the introduction of new varieties (Bzugu, 2002). The Borno State Agricultural Development Programme has varieties of rice; ITA 212and ITA 257, Exchaina, Faro -37 and Faro-38 BU 90/2 and DA 29 and Faro – 14 and Faro - 27, with recommended production technologies, which were disseminated to farmers with a view to increasing rice production in the State. However, the rate of farmers’ use of rice production technologies in Nigeria was low (Imolehin, and Wada, 2000) the primary reasons for such low rice productivity could be among others inaccessibility of farmers to improved technologies. Researches have been carried out on the adoption of rice production technologies in Nigeria (Imolehin and Wada, 2000; Umar, Ndanisa and Olaleye,2009). However, various studies indicated that there is a wide gap between available technology and its accessibility, especially in rice cultivation among farming communities in Nigeria. Furthermore, there has not been any study on the accessibility to rice production technologies of farmers implied in Borno State, Nigeria. Therefore, this study was undertaken to fill this gap of scientific knowledge in the study area.

Objectives of the study
The main objective of the study was to assess the accessibility of farmers to rice production technologies in Borno State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to:

i) identify respondents’ access to extension contact in the study area;

ii) investigate level of affordability to rice production technology by respondents;

iii) examine accessibility to improved rice production technologies by respondents; and

iv) assess household decision on rice farming activities by respondents;

METHODOLOGY
The Study area
The study was carried out in Borno State which lies between longitudes 11o 05 and 11o 451 and latitudes 09o 10 and 14o 20 (BOSADP, 2003). The state has the largest land mass among the states in the Federation. It is bordered internationally by Cameroon to the East, Niger to the North and Chad to the Northeast. Borno state shares internal boarders with Adamawa State to the South, Bauchi to the Southeast and Yobe to the West (Daura, 2001). According to the National Population Commission (2006), the State has a population of 4, 151, 193 million people with an annual growth rate of about 3.2 percent. The state has a mean annual rainfall of 250mm in the extreme North and a maximum of 1000mm in the South. The State has a tropical climate marked by alternating dry and rainy seasons, and the average temperature is 38.6o C (BOSADP, 2003).

Sampling Procedure and Sample
Size Sampling for administering questionnaires was done using the three Agricultural zones. Thus, three (3) Local Government Areas (LGAs) were randomly selected from each of the three zones giving a total of nine (9) LGAs namely; Dikwa, Marte, Mobbar, Jere, Konduga, Bama, Bayo, Askira-Uba and Shani for the study. Three (3) rice producing villages were randomly selected from each of the nine (9) LGAs, bringing a total of 27 villages from all the three zones. A stratified random sampling method was used to select the upland, lowland and Fadama rice farmers in the study area. Due to the heterogonous nature of the rice producing farmers in the state, the respondents were divided into three stratified into three sub-groups. The first stratum (sub-group) consists of farmers whose activity was primarily upland rice farming, the second stratum (sub-group) consists of producers from lowland areas and the third stratum (sub-group) was the Fadama rice farmers. The BOSADP provided the sampling frame for the proportionate selection of the respondents in each stratum bringing a total of 534 rice farmers used in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools. The descriptive tools include; frequencies (f), percentages (%), Means (?), and standard deviation (sd).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Access to Extension Contact by Respondents
Table 1 shows that most of the respondents (31.5%), claimed to have been contacted by the extension agents on fortnightly basis, 22.1% of the respondents had been contacted by the extension agents every other month, 18.9% of them opined that they have been contacted by the extension agents weekly, 17.2% indicated that they have never been contacted by the extension agents and 4.5% of the respondents opined to have been contacted by the extension agents daily. The rest (5.8%) of the respondents did not indicate their opinion on level of contact with extension agents. The 31.5% affirmed to have been contacted by extension agents fortnightly. This response of farmers in the study area might be in line with BOSADP official schedules of field extension agents to meet with farmers once every two weeks (fortnightly).The result of this findings shows that the more frequent period of contact by extension agents to rice farmers were fortnightly and this makes it easier for extension agents to reach more rice farm families at different times.

Affordability to Rice Production Technology by Respondents
Table 2 shows that the highest unaffordable factor was labour (56%), but all the rest fell below 20%, suggesting that all technologies apart from farm labour were affordable. Most of the respondents reported that rice variety was very affordable, while 27.9% of them said pesticides application was very affordable. Only 20% reported tractor hiring was very affordable, 14.6% indicated herbicide application, 22.5% use of threshing, 17.0% of the respondents were of the opinion that modern storage system was very affordable, though 22.5% of the respondent said disease control, 17.0% of them claimed that modern irrigation methods were very affordable. Similar finding was reported by Bzugu (2002) that there was a significant relationship between adoption of farm technology and level of production. He asserted that those farmers who are likely to adopt farm technologies have high income and large farm size. This assertion may not be true with farmers in the study whose farm sizes were small and may lead to low income from rice marketing, but adoption of rice technologies could be due to the increased yield for high profit gain. The availability of improved rice varieties with their rice production technologies constitutes a major factor of adoption by farmers (Ogunwale, Ayoade and Ayansina, 2006). Respondents’ opinion on their their levels of affordability of the rice production technologies were presented in Table 2. Respondents who reported rice varieties and rice production technologies were very unaffordable constituted about 15 on the average with a standard derivation of 3. Respondents who opined rice varieties constitute about 35% on the average and had a standard deviation of 20%. This implies that BOSADP had influenced the level of accessibility and motivation for farmers to afford the purchase of the rice varieties and its production technologies. The study was in agreement with that of Umar, Ndanisa and Olaleye (2009) who stated that, adoption of rice production technology could be based on its profitability, cost effectiveness, accessibility and availability of such technologies. They further stressed that farmers will first of all select technologies in a package that exhibit the required attributes and only add other technologies after having experienced positively the technologies already adopted. However, the result of this finding can be related to recommend improved rice varieties promoted by IITA to Nigerian farmers through ADPs nationwide.

Accessibility to Improved Rice Production
Technologies by Respondents

Table 3 shows those respondents who reported inaccessibility to had good access to all farm rice production technologies, rated below 32%. The accessibility to the rice production technologies by respondents had a mean score of 35 in the study area. This result was in accordance with Chinaka, Ogbokiri, and Chinaka (2007) who reported that one viable and conceivable means of raising agricultural productivity in Nigeria is to make farm inputs readily available, accessible and at affordable prices to the farmers.

Household Decision for Rice Farming
Activities by Respondents

Table 4 shows that 18.5% of the respondents claimed that the husbands alone made decision on which rice field to use(81.5%), which rice variety to grow (62.5), purchasing fertilizer (77.2%), hiring of labour (66.5%), application of herbicide (57.1%), allocation of family labour (31.6%), rice processing (27.3%), rice storage (45.3%), rice marketing (51.9%), use of income from rice (46.4%) and rice consumption (7.3%), with a mean score of 50% and standard deviation SD 22. The respondents reported that their wives alone affirmed to have made decisions on which rice field to use (1.7%), which rice variety to grow (8.9%), purchasing fertilizer (4.5%), hiring farm labour (3.9%) herbicide application, (2.6%), allocation of family labour (2.4%), rice processing (7.5%), rice marketing (6.6%), use of income from rice (21.3%) and rice consumption (10.3%). The mean of the respondents was 9% with a standard deviation (SD) of 8. The findings revealed that less number of women participated in rice farming decision which is contrary to the findings of Imolehin and Wada (2000) who reported that female labour is regarded as supplementary to that of male and consequently the benefits of development programme are only expected to filter drawn to women through their men folks.

CONCLUSION
The study indicated that the highest unaffordable factor in adoption of rice production technology by respondents was labour, while all the other factors were affordable. The respondents indicated that the most important inaccessible factors was wash borehole in the study area. The results further showed that household decision on rice farming activities were significantly under taken by husbands alone in the study area.

RECOMMENDATIONS Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made; -

1. Input supply units of extension agencies should be strengthened to make available and at affordable rates of rice production inputs in the study area.

2. Extension agencies should create more awareness among farmers in promoting the rice production technologies in the study area.

3. Farmers should form cooperatives to take advantage of accessibility of rice production technologies from government and development agencies in the study area.

 

References:

1. BOSADP. Borno State Agricultural Development programme (BOSADP). AnnualReport, Bomo State of Nigeria; 2003.

2. Bzugu P. M. Factors Influencing Adoption of Farm Technological Innovations among Cereal Crop Farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria; 2002.

3. Chinaka C.C, Ogbokiri L. C. and Chinaka E. C. Adoption of Improved Agricultural Technologies by Farmers in Aba Agricultural Zone of Abia State. Proceedings of the 41st conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria, IAR/ABU Zaria, Nigeria, 2007; Pp. 531-534.

4. Daura M.M. The physical environment and development: A study of Borno region in environment and development issues in Sub – Sahara Africa. Seminar Series, vol.1. Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Maiduguri,Nigeria,2001. PP34– 47.

5. Idiong I. C. Evaluation of Technical, Allocative and Economic Efficiencies in Rice Production in Cross Rivers State. Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation Presented To The Department of Agricultural Economics, Michael Okpara University of Technology, Umudike, Nigeria;2005.

6. Imolehin E. D. and Wada A. C. Meeting Rice Production and Consumption Demand of Nigeria with improved Technologies, International Rice Commission Newsletters; 2000, Vol.49 FAO, Rome

7. National Population Commission (NPC). National Planning Commission, Federal Office of Statistics, Abuja Nigeria, 2006.

8. Ogunwale A. B, Ayoade A. R. and Ayansina S. O. Extension Service of Farmers’ Production Activities in Ogbomoso Agricultural Zone of Oyo State. Nigeria, Journal of Agricultural Extension, 2006 Vol. 9 Pp 150 – 155.

9. Umar S, Ndanisa M.A. and Olaleye S.R.. Adoption of Improved Rice Production Technologies Youth Farmers in Gbako Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 2009; 13(1), pp1-8.

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by situs slot and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. situs slot "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma situs slot entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by situs slot et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression situs slot
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease situs slot
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D situs slot  Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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