International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - 5(4), February, 2013

Pages: 23-30

Date of Publication: 28-Feb-2013

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Author: Matthew Apeh Adejoh, Loveth Lare Adejoh

Category: General Sciences

Abstract:Deviant behaviours by front \? line employees have negative impacts on service organisations which depend on people as most valuable assets. This study was aimed at finding out the nature, incidence and impacts of negative deviant behaviours by front line employees on service organisations and their customers. A population of 150 was sampled from an hotel and a bank, out of which 112 adequately completed and returned questionnaire distributed. The questionnaire which was structured contained options that provided answers to the research questions, based on 5-point Likert scale to assess the level of acceptance or otherwise by the respondents on issues raised. A mean test and standard deviation were performed on the data collected and results show that many front-line employees in service organisations engage in one form of deviant behaviour or the other. The implication is that if nothing is done, the service industry will face colossal irretrievable loss es in view of the fact that they market products that are intangible and highly perishable.. It is recommended that careful staff selection and updated training would go a long way in providing a team of employees that can break barriers and take their organisations to an enviable height.

Keywords: Deviant Behaviour, Customer Satisfaction, Service Organisations

Full Text:

Most service organisations spend millions of naira to advertise to be able to sell their services.. They employ the services of consultants to recruit assumed team of personnel that can deliver. Yet their effort continues to yield little and because of the less attention paid to personnel characteristics that guarantee success through service quality delivery. Quality Service delivery is critical to the customer's assessment of an organization's service quality as observed by [1] and [2a]. Most of the researches on the service delivery have focused on front-line employee behaviours that promote customer satisfaction [3]. The reality is that the encounter between the front-line employee and customer can frequently be a negative and even distressing experience. Therefore, a study that probes into the nature of the service encounter is necessary to understand how and why employees engage in deviant behaviour in the workplace. Front-line employee deviant behaviour is particularly detrimental to service organizations as it will not only influence the customers' satisfaction but also whether or not they will continue to use the services The workplace deviance is about antisocial behaviour, counterproductive behaviour, dysfunctional behaviour and organizational misbehaviour commonly being perpetrated by the employees to intentionally harm or potentially cause harm to individuals within the organization or to the organization itself, violating organizational or social norms [4].

This survey aimed to find out the nature of, causes of and remedies for workplace deviance in hotel and banking organisations. Managers are interested in reducing deviant organizational behavior because it can be a very disruptive and costly problem in terms of both the financial and the emotional tolls [5]

The Nature of Work Deviance
 The service encounter is an irreversible, never to be repeated interaction between strangers - a special form of human interaction that is cocreated by employee and customer with each playing defined roles [6]. Front-line employees are paid to smile and create a welcoming and warm atmosphere irrespective of what they are really feeling, be it pressure of the job or the way the customer is treating them. Reference [5] refers to this commercialisation of emotions as emotional labour where employees are required to regulate their emotions to provide a satisfying service experience to customers. Employees are required to express organizationally desired emotions according to an emotional script or set of 'display rules' [7]. This is particularly required for the success of hotel and banking businesses in city centres where competition is very stiff and organisational survival is tied to customer – employee relationship. It is commonplace to find front-line employees who perform emotional labour over a long time and who have to deal with abusive customers or who feel uncomfortable expressing hostile emotions, which could have negative consequences. These could include job dissatisfaction, emotional exhaustion, alienation, and emotive dissonance [8]. Employees can resort to withdrawal behaviours such as slowing down or performing their job in a mediocre way or even more aggressive behaviours such as inflicting physical abuse on a deviant customer. Reference [9] recorded six instances where waiters fought with guests in hotel restaurants, two occasions where counter staff in a bank aggressively assaulted customers who were adjudged as ‘arrogant’. There are two types of workplace deviance as identified by [11]: organizational deviance (OD) which is non personal and is directed at harming the organization; and interpersonal deviance (ID) which is interpersonal and harmful to individuals. Behaviours within each of these types of deviance range from relatively minor acts to more severe and serious acts. The hybrid of these two dimensions, directed at either individual or organization and the severity of the act, whether minor or serious gives rise to four quadrants of deviant behaviour - political deviance, personal aggression, production deviance and property deviance

  • Production deviance involves employees doing the bare minimum and includes employees calling in sick, being late and letting co-workers carry the work load. Reference [10] describe this form of deviance in terms of employees withholding effort
  • Property deviance involves employees engaging in acts of sabotage, stealing company property, accepting kickbacks and disclosing confidential company information [10].
  • Political deviance is defined as acts that reflect 'engagement in social interaction that puts individuals at a personal or political disadvantage' such as gossiping, spreading rumours and management showing favouritism towards specific employees [11]
  • Personal aggression covers hostile behaviours such as sexual harassment, threats to physically harm co-workers and publicly belittling subordinates. [12].

Causes of Deviant Behaviour in the Workplace
In order to better manage the growing occurrence of deviant behaviour in the service encounter it is important to understand why front-line employees would engage in such acts of deviance. Reference [13] focus on individual or personal factors and organizational and job related factors as well as the role of the customer in influencing front-line employee deviant behaviour.

Personal Factors
A notable range of individual factors such as gender, age, personality traits and employee perceptions of injustice are responsible for the incidence of workplace deviance In the service context, younger employees and males tend to be more inclined to engage in overt acts of deviance [2b] while older employees will overuse display rules by faking and engaging inauthentic behaviour. Employees with high levels of agreeableness do not engage in deviant acts despite negative perceptions of justice and organizational support [14] When employees perceive they are being treated unfairly at work, [15] observe that they are more likely to engage in - stealing - sabotage - lying - revenge or - withdrawal behaviour, aggression, and hostility.

Organisational Factors
Various organizational and job factors have been found to be associated with front-line employee deviant behaviour. Reference [12] and [2] find these factors to include ? Weak organisational service culture. - Front-line employees are more likely to force customers to comply if the service culture is weak. An organization with a weak service culture lacks the passion for service and is not customer focused. It is characterised by unsupportive management and company policies and procedures that make it difficult for customer contact staff to carry out their job. ? Inequity and Unfairness - Employees perceptions of inequity and unfairness in the design and implementation of human resource management (HRM) practices such as selection, performance management and pay systems make it more likely that they will engage in deviant behaviour ? Job conditions- The conditions of the job, such as prolonged contact with customers and a deviant workgroup sub cultures make employees engage in deviant behaviour. ? Perceived autonomy - Perceived autonomy and discretion to make decisions about work has also been linked to employees defying organizational expectations for acceptable conduct and engaging in acts of interpersonal deviance. Reference [16] also subscribe to this view. ? Constraints in the Workplace - Constraints within the workplace such as insufficient job information, lack of assistance from supervisors and co-workers and time pressures can also lead employees to engage in both interpersonal and organizational deviance Customer Behaviour The attitude and behaviour of the customer have also been found to cause the negative behaviour of the employee [17]. The marketing philosophy that customers are kings, makes front-line employees to be faced with the untenable reality of dealing with customers who believe they can behave as badly as they want to [18]. Not willing to take this relegation, employees take revenge on customers. Revenge is a way by which front-line employees attempt to equalise the playing field – i.e. ‘do me, I do you’ Reference [18] identified categories of behaviours that front-line employees engage in to prepare themselves to deal with deviant customers and coping strategies to deal with the deviant customer during and post the incident of deviant customer behaviour. These behaviours include such as consuming drugs before an incident, ignoring, bribing, exploiting sexual attractiveness and manipulating the services during an incident and gaining revenge later. For the fact that there is great implication of work deviance for both organisation and individuals at work, it is essentially necessary to devise means for reducing the adverse impact. There are ways to ensure that employees cope with the negative consequences of emotional labour. These include selecting individuals whose natural emotional and expressive style match the requirements of the 'display rules', and training employees to manage their emotional responses when dealing with the customer [19] Organisational justice and the organizational climate are also critical, since the quality of the work experience can impact employee behaviour in the workplace, be it procedural, distributive or interactional justice [20] RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The research design of this study was a survey. It aimed at investigating the deviant behaviour of the front – line employees in hotel and bank service delivery. A population of 150 was targeted but 112 actually completed and returned questionnaires administered. The respondents were made up of receptionists, waiters, room maids and guests from hotels and receptionists, counter staff, supervisors and customers from a bank. Sixty respondents were from hotel and fifty – two from bank, 79 workers and 33 customers. The worker respondents were made of 7 managers / supervisors and 72 rank and file who had served between 1 and 10 (See Table 1) The instrument used in data collection was a structured questionnaire directed at the research questions on types of negative employee behaviours, their frequency of occurrence and causes and likely remedies for ameliorating them. A 5 – point Likert scale, ranging from Strongly Agree (5) to Strongly Disagree (1); Very serious (5) to Not very serious (1) and Very frequently (5) to Less frequently (1) was adopted for scoring the variables Considering the Likert rating scale of 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, mean and standard deviation were calculated for each variable which made up the answers suggested for each research question FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS Data were actually presented and analysed in line with the objectives of this study. Answers to each research question were attempted based on the weight of .data analysed. Apparently, frontline employees in Service Organisations engage in negative behaviour which could have adverse effect on customer patronage. Table 2 reveals that front-line employees in hotels and banks engage in all forms of deviant behaviour, some of which are more rampant such as giving minimal information to customers (3.53 ±1.45) and using confrontational language and physical assaults against the customer {3.64 ± 1.69) . This coincides with [2] who emphasized different interpersonal acts of employees that negate harmonious work relation with customers. On the frequency of occurrence of such behaviours revealed by Table 3, the observation of [8] is hereby substantiated. Receptionists, waiters and chambermaids frequently engage in rudeness, abrupt service and making fun of people’s accents. Table 4 identifies interpersonal, organisational and production causes of deviant acts in the work place which correspond with [13]. Reference [14] suggest that employees with high levels of agreeableness do not engage in deviant acts. This proves the statement of one of the customer interviewees who observed that some of the service staff lacked basics of customer service. The table shows that insufficient organizational support for employees and customers such as ineffective and inflexible operating procedures and policies (3.65 ±1.54), as well as inadequate communication to customers, increasing both the employee's and the customer's frustration (3.93 ± 1.61) are serious causes of frontline employee negative behaviours in workplace In Table 5, the respondents suggested cordial supportive relationship between supervisors and subordinates (4.54 ± 0.66), and instituting an interactive forum for exchange of ideas among organisation members as means of ameliorating deviant practices (4.38 ± 0.77). Their contributions coincide with [19] and [20] who recommend organisational dynamism as an approach for addressing work place deviance. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS Negative work behaviour could be caused by a number of factors which are interpersonal, organisational, political and customer related, manifested in communication skills, leadership style, organisational structuring and employee – customer relationship. Deviant workplace behaviour could have grievous effects on both the organisation and the customer satisfaction. It is linked to enormous costs. Up to 75 percent of employees have engaged in deviant acts such as theft, embezzlement, vandalism, sabotage, or absenteeism. Deviant work behaviour could significantly contribute to low patronage and declining sales volume in hotels, and lend to reasons why many banks were unable to meet deposit requirements and so became distressed. Service organisations actually depend on people as valuable asset more than any other industry do. Therefore, if anything is wrong with the personnel, especially those who are in direct contact with the customer, it will threaten the long term survival of the organisation However, work deviance could be ameliorated by supportive cordial relationship in organisations, improved communication exchange, participative decision making process, and selecting individuals whose natural emotional and expressive style matche the requirements of the ‘display rules’ It is necessary that employees throughout the whole organization adopt specific frame of mind based on the core values and norms. It is imperative that the upper-level management focus on conveying strong ethical values and norms in order for these norms to permeate throughout the whole organization. It is the responsibility of management to understand different subcultures existing in the organisation and provide direction for each of these subcultures towards the actualization of the corporate goals. Moreso, it is imperative in an organization to stop any type of behaviour that would negatively affect it. This can be achieved by conducting frequent background checks when hiring. In addition, violation of established values and norms should be meted with appropriate punishment as a deterrent. In the same vein, sterling behaviours should be recognised and rewarded. Empowering employees is a workable strategy that can yield positive work behaviour. Empowerment is a precursor of pro-social behaviours such as innovation, and innovation is the key to maintaining the competitive edge of a company. This type of a strategy is likely to increase the long-term financial success of the organization, especially when employees have access to information about organizational strategies and goals. Employees are more likely to engage in positive deviant behaviours such as corporate innovation when they have understanding of the corporate environment Finally, regular training is a weapon that helps update the knowledge of the employees about current customer service ideals that facilitate quality service delivery and customer satisfaction.


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3. Chapman J.A and Lovell G, (2006) "The competency model of hospitality service: why it doesn't deliver", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 18 Iss: 1, pp.78 – 88

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5. Hochschild, A. (1983) The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Berkeley: University of California Press.

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7. Ashforth, B. E., Harrison, S. H., and Corley, K. G. (2008). Identification in organizations: An examination of four fundamental questions. Journal of Management, 34,325−374.

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12. Lim, S.G.P. and Cortina, L.M. (2005). Interpersonal mistreatment in the workplace: The interface and impact of general incivility and sexual harassment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 483- 496

13. Kidwell, R. E., and Martin, C. L. (2004). Managing the ambiguity of workplace deviance: Lessons from the study Multidimensional scaling study. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2), 555–572.

14. Colbert, B. A. 2004. ‘The Complex Resource-Based View: Implications for Theory and Practice in Strategic Human Resource Management’. Academy of Management Review, 29(3): 341–58.

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17. Rupp, D. E. and Spencer, S., 2006, “When customers lash out: The effects of customer interactional injustice on emotional labor and the mediating role of discrete emotions,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 4, pp. 971-978.

18. Reynolds, K.L. and Harris, L.C. (2006), “Deviant customer behavior: an exploration of frontline employee tactics”, Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 95-111.

19. Pulich, M. and Tourigny, L. (2004). “Workplace deviance: Strategies for Modifying Employee Behavior.” The Health Care Manager, 23 (4), 290-301.

20. Chiu. S and Peng, J. (2008) “The relationship between psychological contract breach and employee deviance: The moderating role of hostile attributional style.” Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73 (4), 426-433.


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

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A study by Muhas C. et al. entitled \"Study on Knowledge & Awareness About Pharmacovigilance Among Pharmacists in South India\" is awarded Best article for Vol 14 issue 22
A study by Saurabh Suvidha entitled \"A Case of Mucoid Degeneration of Uterine Fibroid with Hydrosalphinx and Ovarian Cyst\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 21
A study by Alice Alice entitled \"Strengthening of Human Milk Banking across South Asian Countries: A Next Step Forward\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 20
A study by Sathyanarayanan AR et al. entitled \"The on-task Attention of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder-An Eye Tracker Study Using Auticare\" is awarded Best article of Vol 14 issue 19
A study by Gupta P. et al. entitled \"A Short Review on \"A Novel Approach in Fast Dissolving Film & their Evaluation Studies\" is awarded Best Article of Vol 14 issue 18.
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A study by Singh R. et al. entitled \"A Prospective Study to Find the Association of Astigmatism in Patients of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in a Tertiary Health Care Centre in India (Vindhya Region MP)\" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 15
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A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
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A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.


International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal


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