International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 05 Issue 14, July, 2013

Pages: 96-102

Date of Publication: 29-Jul-2013


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EFFECTS OF NEUROMOTOR FACILITATORY TRAINING ON DYNAMIC BALANCE ABILITY IN YOUNG COLLEGIATE MEN

Author: Samuel S.E., Helina G., Krishna A.P.

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of neuromotorfacilitatory training on dynamic balance ability in young collegiate men. Methodology: Collegiate men 18 to 25 years of age were randomly allocated into intervention and placebo training groups with 30 subjects in each group. Neuromotorfacilitatory training intervention consisted of equillibrium control exercises, closed kinematic chain exercises, PNF patterns and rhythmic stabilization exercise for 8 weeks. Dynamic balance ability was determined by the Eyes closed dynamic (ECD) standing balance test. Pre and post intervention data were analysed to estimate differences with Student?s unpaired „t?test. Results: 60 young adults (mean age 21.62\?1.12 yrs.) completed the study. ECD balance (in secs.)showed statistically significant improvement from mean5.23\?1.68to mean 8.22\?2.62 (p? 0.01) for non- dominant leg and from mean 5.28\?1.54 to 8.01\?2.28 (p? 0.01)for dominant leg in the intervention group.In placebo training group, ECD balance (in secs.) showed no significant changes from5.23\?1.57to 4.88\?1.14(p>0.05) for non- dominant leg and from 5.11\?1.08 to 5.26\?0.90(p>0.05)for dominant leg. Conclusion: Neuromotorfacilitatory training improved dynamic balance ability in young adults.

Keywords: Neuromotorfacilitatory training, athletic performance, dynamic balance, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
Proprioceptive training that has been used in rehabilitation following sports-related injuries is becoming recognized as an important component of sports injury prevention.1–8 The association between muscle imbalance and extremity injury has been established.9 It has been reported that proprioception can still be affected one year after injury following a rehabilitation program. 10 Several research studies have indicated proprioception may play a major role in injury reduction.11-14Results of randomized trials indicate that multidimensional interventions, including proprioceptive training help reduce injuries to the lower limbs in particular sports.1-8 However, the programs in these trials incorporated multiple components like warm-up, flexibility and strength training, sport-specific training and rehabilitation. The effects of such interventions on balance ability remain unclear. More so, the use of these techniques on balance in sedentary young adults has not been studied. The improvement in static balance following balance training has been reported by several studies.15,16,18 Nevertheless, these trials did not study the effect of dynamic proprioceptive balance training, a more likelyinfluence on postural control in athletic conditions.Less research has attempted to document the influence of balance on performance measures. It has also been reported that the evidence for the effects of short and long term applications to unstable environments is inconclusive, and deserves more substantial research.19 Available evidence concerning the intensity and frequency of exercises, and optimal methods for progression is inconclusive. A systematic review reported that the frequency and duration of neuromotor exercise training to cause health and fitness benefits are uncertain because there is inconsistency in the quality of available studies, the nature andparameters of exercise described; there is inconsistent duration ofofinterventions, and no uniform outcome measures have been used.20 Emery et al21 found that a home-based proprioceptive balance-training programmefor six months using a wobble board improved static and dynamic balance in healthy adolescents and led to reduction of reported injuries along treatment period. Neuromotor exercise training is reported to be helpfulwhen it is part of exercise regimes for elderly, targeted to improve strength and balance and reduction in risk of falling. 22 High levels of balance and proprioceptive training in gymnasts have been attributed to their ability to stand still under varied controlled proprioceptive input.23 A mounting body of evidence indicates that proprioceptive training can improve athletes? strength, coordination, muscular balance, and muscle-reaction times. It is likely to find that improved proprioception can also boost athletic performance. It remains to be established whether a prophylactic neuromuscular and proprioceptive training program could improve dynamic balance ability- one of the determinants of athletic performance- in young adults.

PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of neuromotorfacilitatory training on selected athletic performance variable – dynamic balance.

HYPOTHESIS
Neuromotorfacilitatory training with proprioceptive and stabilization exercises would improve dynamic balance.

METHODOLOGY
Collegiatestudents between the ages of 18 and 25 years fulfilling the requisites of the study, were included using computer generation of random numbers, after obtaining approval for the study and ethical clearance. Subjects not participating in any other lower extremity exercise programme six months prior to / during the interventional period gave informed consent to participate in the study. Based on the information gathered, the subjects who had history of lower limb musculoskeletal pathology (eg. Fracture, muscular strain, ligament sprain, rheumatologic disease), surgery, systemic diseases, like cardiovascular conditions (eg. IHD, valvular disease, peripheral vascular disease); respiratory problems (eg. Infection /bronchial asthma); neurological disease (eg.Epilepsy, neuropathy, dementia) were excluded from participating in this study. Prior to experimental treatment, all the subjects were assessed to obtain measures of selected variable. Dynamic balance ability was measured using the Eyes closed Dynamic balance test (ECD) .The test essentially measures single leg stance time on unstable surface in seconds(secs.). Subjects were divided into two groups, namely, experimental group (Group A) and placebo training group (Group B). The 8 weeks neuromotorfacilitatory training consisted of equilibrium control exercises – single limb stance on firm and foam surfaces, ankle disk training with knee extension and arm extension, closed kinematic chain lower body exercises, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) patterns and rhythmic stabilization exercise. Placebo training group received open kinematic chain exercises and relaxation training. Typical exercise session lasted approximately 20 minutes. After a period of eight weeks both the groups were measured on the criterion variables, which formed the final scores. Baseline data was compared with data after the study period. Data analysis was done using Student?s “t” test. The difference between the initial and final means was considered as the effects of neuromotorfacilitatory training on dynamic balance – a determinant of athletic performance. RESULTS 60 young adult males (mean age 21.62±1.12 yrs.) completed the study period of 8 weeks and were analysed for change in dynamic balance measures following intervention. Prior to participation in the treatment protocol, ECD measures were estimated for the subjects. Student?s” t” test indicated no significantdifference (p>0.05)between the two groups in the pre- test measures for nondominant as well as dominant leg.The measures of ECD after intervention were significantly higher (p<0.01)for the subjects who underwent Neuromotorfacilitatory training (Group A) when compared to the placebo training group (Group B). [Table. 1; Fig. 1 and Table. 2; Fig.2] Following intervention, the ECD measure for non- dominant leg showed statistically significant improvement (mean difference ±SD of 2.99±2.38, Student?s “t” test, p? 0.05) in the subjects who underwent Neuromotorfacilitatory training (Group A). The change in measure for subjects who underwent placebo training was not statistically significant. (Mean difference ±SD0.36±1.05, p? 0.05) [Table. 3] Following intervention, the ECD measure for dominant leg showed statistically significant improvement (mean difference ± SD of2.73±2.19, Student?s “t” test, p? 0.05) in the subjects who underwent Neuromotorfacilitatory training (Group A). The change in measure for subjects who underwent placebo training was not statistically significant. (mean difference ± SD of0.147±0.653, p? 0.05) [Table. 4]

DISCUSSION
The present study involved young sedentary collegiate male subjects and involved comparison of an eight week neuromotorfacilitatory training and placebo training. The knowledge of being part of a structured training program under professional supervision may influence performance following participation. There is also a likelihood of learning effect on outcome evaluation variables when they are physically performed tasks. Placebo training was expected to address this issue most effectively. Subjects in the placebo group underwent activities not likely to cause proprioceptive facilitation but at the same time offering an unmistakable perception of participation in training. Such a group of subjects was expected to essentially differ in psychological factors (that may influence the results of a pre- test- post- test study design) when compared to a no-intervention control group. Results indicated that an eight week intervention based on neuromotor facilitation was instrumental in improving dynamic balance ability – one of the determinants of athletic performance.The findings indicate that in sedentary young adults, neuromotor facilitation may be considered to enhance athletic performance in addition to the widely reported beneficial effect in injury prevention. The relatively short duration of the training time probably would indicate feasibility of incorporating such intervention in physical education among collegiate students. Neuromotor facilitation techniques highlighting PNF and closed kinematic chain exercises form the mainstay in balance rehabilitation, reversing the joint instability caused following the injury by recoveringproprioception and kinaesthesia- the two most commonly recognized factors to be involved following injury. 24 Enhancement of these factors may have been the mechanism underlying the improvement in balance ability following neuromotorfacilitatory training in the population of the present study. In the present study dynamic balance ability was evaluated in both instances of standing on nondominant leg as well as while standing on the dominant leg. Dominance was ascertained by considering the subject?s preference of leg to kick a ball. Baseline ECD scoresshowed no significant difference (p>0.05) between non-dominant and dominant leg instances (p=0.899 in group A and p=0.731 in Group B), thereby ruling out the role of dominance on dynamic balance ability assessment. Comparable effects on balance indicated by postural stability, have been reported by studies on athletes, and corroborates the findings of the present study. A 6-week neuromuscular training program designed to decrease occurance of ACL injuries reported improvement in objective measures of postural stability among high school female athletes.25Romero-Franco N, et.al. determined the effect of a 6-week specificsprinter proprioceptive training program on core stability and gravity centre control in sprinters and concluded that the training program provided postural stability with eyes open and improvements in gravity centre control measures.26 Proprioceptive training, and resultant improvements in gravity centre control measures may have contributed to enhancement of dynamic balance ability as indicated by the results of the present study. There were several limitations of the present study. Factors like height and weight, previous training of the subjects of any kind prior to six months of experimental treatment and life style habits of the students outside the college were not taken into consideration. The climatic conditions at the time of testing the subject may have influenced the results. Future trials may consider eliminating some of these probable influences. An inherent limitation of the present study was that it included only male subjects. Future trials may be performed with female subjects in order to generalize the results in young sedentary adults. Additionally the effects of neuromotorfacilitatory training may be evaluated in young adults actively involved in specific sports to find out the influence of training on the determinants of athletic performance and skills of the games.

CONCLUSION
It was concluded based on the results of the present study that an eight week duration of neuromotorfacilitatory training improved dynamic balance ability in sedentary young collegiate adults.Neuromotor facilitation techniques may be applied in athletic trainingin this population.Consequently, sporting events that require improvement of this specific attribute in the player may adopt the same as part of training.The results strengthen the evidence database that defines the role of exercise interventions based on neuro-rehabilitation in athletic training. The neuromotorfacilitatory training of the duration and frequency studied,that led to improvement in dynamic balance when compared to the control population which underwent placebo training,essentially comprised of proprioceptive and stabilization exercises targeting lower body. A placebo training group being used for comparison rescinds possible Hawthorne effect influencingoutcome evaluation variables following the exercise participation. The comparison with such a group also annuls the likelihood of learning effect on the results (as they are physically performed tasks). Though not worthy of indubitable establishment based on the conclusion, improvedbalance abilityseen following the intervention mayunderwrite reduction in the risk of injury and may even enhance other related variables of functional capacity / athletic performance.Determination of suchinfluences of the intervention studied would generate scope for the conclusions of the present studyto be taken further with greater implications in the field of training.



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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

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‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


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A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
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A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
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A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
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A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
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A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
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A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



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International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

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