International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 05 Issue 14, July, 2013

Pages: 83-87

Date of Publication: 29-Jul-2013


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A STUDY OF CRANIAL, ORBITAL AND AURICULO VERTICAL INDEX OF ADULT HUMAN SKULLS OF NORTH COSTAL ANDHRA POPULATION OF SOUTH INDIA

Author: P. Sri Devi, Raju Sugavasi, B. Indira Devi, K. Vijaya Lakshmi

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Introduction: Craniometry is the technique of measuring the various dimensions of bones of the skull. Craniometry has been widely practiced in anthropology to attempt scientifically justify the segregation of society based on race. Cranial index and cranial indices are helpful in differentiation of racial and gender difference. Meterials and Methods: In the present study 40 available human adult skulls have been taken up from MIMS, Nellimarla, vijayanagaram, belongs to costal region of Andhra Pradesh. This study conducted to investigate the cranial index, orbital index and auriculo vertical index of the UN known sex of dried adult human skulls. Results: In the present study concluded that, the Mean cephalic index is 71.6 mms and most of the skulls are Dolico cranial type, Mean orbital index is 72.1mms and the Orbits belongs to skulls were Hypsi cranial type and Mean auricular height is 66.52mms, the skulls are Hysi cephalic type. The good knowledge of the cephalic dimensions of the skull can guide the surgical management related to the orbital and auricular pathologies.

Keywords: Craniometry, skull, orbital index, Cranial index

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
Cephalic index is an important parameter for deciding the race and sex of an individual whose identity is unknown. Cephalic dimensions and cranial indices are considered as simplest and most efficient way to indicate racial differences (Chaturvedi et al, 1963). Variation between and within the population is attributed to complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors (Kasai et al, 1993). The cranial anthropometry can be helpful in the study of human growth variation in different races, for clinical diagnosis and treatment (Poswillo et al, 1963). Craniometry is important in forensic practice where cranial remains are compared with existing photographic and radiographic records (Williams et al, 1995). (El-Feghi et al, 2004) stated that Cephalo metry is the scientific measurement of the dimensions of the head, usually through the use of standardized lateral skull radiographer cephalograms. Cephalic index is very useful anthropologically to find out racial differences. (Patnaik VVG et al, 2001) orbital anatomy, the orbital cavities, which form the subject of this work, are situated on either side of the saggital plane of the skull between the cranium and the skeleton of the face. (Soames RW et al, 1999) anatomy represents, each orbital cavity is essentially intended as a socket for the eyeball and also contains associated muscles, nerves, vessels and in essence lodges the visual apparatus.

METERIALS AND METHODS
A total number of 40 adult human dry skulls of unknown sex and age were taken for this study from the department of anatomy, Maharaja’s institute of medical sciences, Nellimarla, vizianagaram, located in north costal region of Andhra Pradesh in south India. The dry skulls which are available in the department belong to same ethnological category as that of the subject from whom brains were obtained. The measurements for the dimensions of the Craniometry were taken by using a manual vernier caliper calibrated in millimeters. Cranial index (Maximum length: the distance between glabella to the furthest point at the occiput, Maximum breadth: measured by right angles to the saggital plane) was calculated by the following formula Maximum length of cranial cavity × 100 = Cranial index Maximum breadth of cranial cavity Orbital index (orbital length: maximum distance between the upper and lower margins of orbital cavity. Orbital breadth: distance between the mid points of medial and lateral margins of orbit) was calculated by the following formula Orbital height × 100=Orbital index Orbital breadth Auriculo vertical index (Distance between the external acoustic meatus to bregma and maximal cranial length) was calculated by the following formula Auriculo bregmal length ×100=Auriculo vertical index Maximum cranial length Classification of cranial index: According to Garson1 Skulls were cla ssified as following, lower than 64.9 called as Ultra Dolico cranial, 65.0 to 69.9 as Hyper Dolico cranial, 70.0 to 74.9 as Dolico cranial, 75.0 to79.9 as Meso cranic, 80.0 to 84.9 as Brachy cranic, 85.0 to 89.9 as Hyper brachycranic and higher than 90.0 as Ultra Brachy cranic. Orbital index is classified as, Chamaeconchy is characterized by an orbital index is below 75.9, mesoconchy is ranges from 76.0 to 84.9 and 85.0 or higher the ratio is called as hypsiconchy. According to the vertical cephalic index head shapes were classified as chamaecephalic (57.9 > VCI), orthocephalic (58.0 < VCI > 62.9) and hypsicephalic (63 < VCI).

RESULTS
In the present study the Mean cranial index is71.6mms (Table: 01) out of 40 skulls 18 skulls have a cranial index between 70-74mms they are Dolico cranial, 8 skulls have a cranial index between 75-79 mms they are Meso cranial, 13 skulls have a cranial index between 65-69 mms, they are Hyper Dolico cranial and 1 skull is having a cranial index of 93 mms, that is Hyper Brachy cranial type. Mean orbital index is 72.1 mms (Table: 02) 36 skulls have orbital index up to 32.99 and they are classified as Chamaeconchy, 4 skulls have orbital index of 83 - 89.99 their orbits are Mesoconchy type. Mean auricular height is 66.52 mms (Table: 03) 2 skulls are belongs to chemo cranial since the auricular index is up to 57.9 mms. 6 skulls belongs to orthro cranial type of classification since the auricular index is 58-62.9 mms, rest of 32 skulls are Hypsi cranial.

DISCUSSION
Many authors conducted Craniometric studies on dried skulls in India as follows, (Chaturvedi RP et al, 1963) conducted a study on 115 skulls concluded the mean cephalic index was 70.75 and those skulls related to the Dolico cephalic type. (Jaysingh P et al, 1979) conducted study on 300 human skulls, concluded the mean cranial index was 74.35 and in this study 57.3% skull belongs to dolico cephalic group. According to (Usha Dhall et al,1998) among the 89 adult skulls belonging to the North Indian population 78 skulls dolicocephalic, 10 mesocephalic and 01 brachycephalic and concluded most of the North Indian skulls belong to dolicocehalic group. (Sha et al, 2004) reported the mean cephalic indices within different Indian groups were ranges from 79.50 to 80.81. (Seema et al, 2011) reported mean cephalic index was 72.56 conducted a study on 62 north Indian skulls. According to (Vishal Manoharrao Salve et al, 2012) studies, Out of 136 (77 male and 59 female) dry human skulls The mean of cranial index in males and female was 72.47 ± 5.13 and The mean of cranial index in males was 70.18 ± 3.39 and in females was 74.96 ± 4.31. (Adejuwan SA et al, 2011) reported mean cephalic index was 72.54 from 85 skulls. (Bharati et al, 2001) It was interesting to note that cephalic index varies significantly among populations in different geographical zones. Some authors reported the mean orbital index as follows, According to (Ukoha et al, 2011) study show that the orbital index of Megaseme category of male Nigerians was 89.21. (Fawehinmi et al, 2008) reported an orbital height of 40.6mm and a breadth of 44.5mm In Port Hacourt, Southsouth Nigeria. (Ezeuko CV et al, 2007) Studies on orbital cavity dimensions have involved the use of anterior and lateral skull radiographs.

CONCLUSION
The conclusion of present study revealed that, most of the skulls are Dolico cranial type and the skulls Orbits are Hypsi cranial type and according to auriculo vertical index the skulls are belongs to Hysi cephalic type. Many previous studies reported the mean craniometric values in India but the present craniometric study investigates cranial, orbital and auticular index of dried human skulls especially in the North costal Andhra population of south Indian region.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors are greatful to Dr. Dr. B Narasinga Rao, Professor and HOD of Anatomy and, we would like to thank academic staff for their proper guidance, and encouragements. I am very much greatful to the research scholars and so many authors whose efforts have helped me to update my knowledge of Anatomy.

References:

1. Adejuwan SA, Salawau OT, Eke CC, Akinlosotu WF and Odaibo AB. A craniometric study of Adult human skulls from south western Nigeria: Asian journal of Medical Sciences, 2011; 3(1): 23-25.

2. Bharati S, Som S, Bharati P and Vasulu T. S. Climate and head form in India: Am. J. Hum. Biol, 2001; (13): 626–34.

3. Chaturvedi RP and Harneja NK. A cephalo metric study of human skulls: Journal of Anatomical Society of India, 1963; (12):93- 96.

4. Chaturvedi RP and Harneja NK. A cephalo metric study of human skulls: Journal of Anatomical Society of India, 1963; (12):93- 96.

5. Dhall U, Gopinath K. Sutural bones in North Indian population: J. Anat Soc India, 1998; 47(2): 25-26.

6. El-Feghi I, MA. Sid-Ahmad and M. Ahmadi, 2004. Automatic localization of craniofacial landmarks for assisted cephalometry: Pattern Recognition, 37: 609- 621.

7. Ezeuko CV, Aligwekwe AU, Udemezue OO, Ejimofor OC. Orbit Dimensions and Bony Inter orbital Distance in Southeast Nigerians: A Radiologic Study: J Expt and Clin Ana, 2007; 6(2).

8. Fawehinmi HB, Ligha AE, Chikwu P Orbital Dimensions of Nigerian Adults: Jobiomed Afr, 2008; (6):1-2.

9. Jaysingh P, Arora A K, Gupta C D, Dua S, Pandey D.N. Craniometric study of skulls of Uttar Pradesh: J. Anat. Soc. India, 1979; 28(3):127-131.

10. Kasai KLC, T Richard and T Brown. Comparative study of craniofacial morphology in Japanese and Australian aboriginal population: Hum. Biol, 1993; (65): 821-832.

11. Patnaik VVG, Bala Sanju, Singla Rajan K. Anatomy of the bony orbits- Some applied aspects: Journal of the Anatomical Society of India, 2001; 50(1):59-67.

12. Seema, Mahajan A and Gandhi D. cephalometric study of adult human skulls of north indian origin: International Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Science, 2011; (1): 81-83.

13. Shah GV, Jadhav HR. The Study of Cephalic index in Students of Gujarat: J. Anat. Soc. India, 2004; 53 (1): 25-26.

14. Soames RW. Skeletal systems. Williams P.L Bannister LH , Berry MM Collins P, Dyson Mary, Dussek J, Ferguson MW, ed.Grays. Anatomy the anatomical basis of medicine and surgery; churchill livingstone. 38th ed. 1999: pp 555.

15. Ukoha U , Egwu OA , Okafor IJ , Ogugua PC , Onwudinjo O ,Udemezue O. O: Int J Biol Med Res, 2011; 2(3): 688-690.

16. Vishal Manoharrao Salve, Pradeep Sundar Londhe. A Craniometric Study of Adult Human Skulls from Andhra Pradesh: NJIRM, 2012; 3(1): 63-66.

17. William PL, Bannester LH, Berry MM, Collins P, Dyson M, Dussek JE and Ferguson MWJ: Gray’s Anatomy. Soames R.W: Churchill Livingstone; London: 38th Edn : 1995; pp 612.


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Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


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A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


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