International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
logo
slider
slider
slider
slider
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services)

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 05 Issue 14, July, 2013

Pages: 77-82

Date of Publication: 29-Jul-2013


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

DETECTION OF HEAVY METAL TOXICITY IN GILLS AND FLESH OF LABIO ROHITA AND EDAPHODON KEWAI IN RIVER YAMUNA AT ALLAHABAD

Author: Rajeev Kumar, R.M.Tripathi, Lav Kesharwani, Amit Chattree, A.K.Gupta

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:The concentrations of Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Manganese (Mn) and Aluminium (Al) in water, sediments , gills and flesh of both Labio rohita and Edaphodon kewai from River Yamuna in Allahabad, U.P., India, were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The pattern of distribution of the heavy metals showed a prevalence of Cr and Mn over other metals in the organs of the two fish species as well as in the water and sediment samples. The highest concentration of Mn was in the sediment and low in water. The unexpectedly high concentration value obtained for Cr and Mn calls for medical alertness since it exceeded the WHO recommended acceptable limits for consumption. Al was not detected in the organs of fish species, water and sediment. Cd and Pb distribution in all the samples was lower than the WHO recommended acceptable limits for consumption.

Keywords: Labio rohita, Edaphodon kewai, Heavy Metals, Fishes, Sediment

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
Heavy metals in water, vegetation, fishes and other marine food, are one of the main reasons for the environmental contamination. Due to this reason, the detection of heavy metals and their ill effects on the human being are always of concern of a scientist/toxicologist. The toxic effects of heavy metals are long lasting, reason being the non degradation properties of heavy metals. The heavy metals can?t be degraded whereas organic contaminants decompose into other chemicals with time. Heavy metals have toxic effects even at low concentration, which may prove lethal to any living being. Their concentration in biota can be increased through bio-accumulations (Ganagaiya et al, 2001). Heavy metals are classified as essential (if they play basic role as components of vital biochemical or enzymatic activities in human body e.g. Fe, Mn, Mo, Cr, V, Zn ) and as nonessential (if the metals are classified as with no biological, chemical and physiological importance in man. Deficiency or high concentrations of these metals may have detrimental effect on health. Once liberated into environment, man-made chemicals and products of heavy metals are taken up into the body via inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. Heavy metals on exposure may not necessarily produce a state of toxicity in the body as they accumulate in the tissues over time until they reach toxic concentration. Exposure to toxic metals is associated with many chronic diseases. As per available report, when meta llic toxicant finds their way into the body, there are possible mechanisms through which they act. Some of which are: (a) Inhibition of Enzymatic Activities: This is so because some metals such as Pb, Hg and Cd have affinity for sulphur and therefore attack sulphur bonds in enzyme, thus immobilizing them. Other site of attack include the free amino (- NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups in protein. (b) Attacks on Cell Membrane and Receptor: The heavy metals bind to cell membrane and receptor, thereby altering their structures. This affect transport and other inter or intra cellular processes in the body. Cd inhibits oxidative phosphorylation in the body. (c) Interference with Metabolic Cations: Heavy metals interfere with the metabolism of essential cations such as absorption, transportation, decomposition and storage. Cd follows the pathway of Zn and Cu metabolisms. Pb replaces Ca in bones. (d) Action on the Artery: Heavy metals can increase the acidity of the blood. The body draws Ca from the bones to help restore blood pH. Further toxic metals set up conditions that lead to inflammation in arteries and tissues, causing more Ca to be drawn to the area as a buffer. The Ca, coats the inflamed area in the blood vessel but creating another by the hardening of the artery walls and its progressive blockage of the arteries. This leads to osteoporosis. Various studies have reported various levels of heavy metals pollutants as detected in water bodies in Allahabad. The heavy metals get into the aquatic environment via different ways of weathering process or mass activities such as agricultural and industrial waste disposal (Okoye, 1991). Due to the easy availability and being inexpensive fish is the common food for human being. Fish is often the last link in aquatic food chain therefore it is the need of time to determine its toxic metal concentration. According to (AbouArab et al., 1996) fish accumulate these heavy metals from the surrounding water and sediment. Many disease conditions in man are linked to the consumption of fishes contaminated with toxic metals (Ganagaiya et al., 2001) Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) in any concentration can cause kidney damage, their symptoms of chronic toxicity include impaired kidney infection, poor reproductive capacity, hypertension etc. Chromium as Cr (VI) penetrates cell membranes and can cause geno-toxic effect and cancer (Iwegbue, 2004). Prayag (Allahabad), UP India has “Triveni Sangam”, which has two physical rivers Ganges, Yamuna, and the invisible or mythic Saraswati River. It is a place of religious importance and the site for historic Kumbh Mela held every 12 years. Tourists from all over the world mark their presence for religious bath in Triveni Sangam. River Yamuna is the largest river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India with length of 1,376 km and Basin of area 366,223 km2 . River Yamuna is chosen in this present work for the sample collection in this present study. The main aim of our work is to determine the levels of Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Magnesium (Mn) and Aluminium (Al) in different organs of fish species, water and sediment as well as their potential health effects on human. An Atomic Absorption Spectrometer from „Varian Company? was used to analyse the samples.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Labeo rohita and Edaphodon kewai fishes were the target species for the heavy metal detection. The brief introduction of both fishes is as follows: Labeo rohita Scientific Name: Labeo rohita; Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips. Identification: All species in the genus labeo have a Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe (Froese et al., 2013).

Edaphodon kewai Scientific Name: Edaphodon kewai; Etymology: Its scientific name, kawai, means "fish" in the language of the Moriori, a Pacific tribe who inhabited the islands. Identification: firm, silvery fish with a rigid body. Their backs have black spots or ripple patterns. Young fish up to 25cm have in addition, vertical rows of spots below the lateral line. They are easily distinguished from similar sized kingfish by the high spiny dorsal fin that is joined to the soft rayed portion of the fin (Consoli, 2006).

sampling of water, fishes and sediments were conducted at the River side. Water and sediment samples were collected and preserved.

The samples of fish were collected from the fisher men and were put in plastic bags and refrigerated in the laboratory. Gills and muscular section were removed using a plastic knife and then dried in an oven at 105± 200C for about 24 hours, after which the samples were weighed prior to digestion. The dried gills and flesh of fish species were pounded and milled with a mortar and pestle until a powder was obtained. They were then put in plastic containers and stored in desiccators until digestion. 10 ml. conc. H2SO4 and 5 ml. conc. HNO3 were added. The sample was digested in fume cupboard until the solution volume was reduced to 2 ml. The digestion continued until the solution was colourless. This ensured the removal of all HNO3. The sample was allowed to cool, and 15 ml. of distilled water was added with gentle swirling. 1M NaOH was added drop wise until a pink- brown or colourless solution was produced. The solution was filtered using a Whatman filter paper No. 41, followed by dilution to the mark in a 25 ml. volumetric flask. The water and sediment were digested according to the method prescribed by (Sreedevi et al.,1992), Following the digestion, all samples were analyzed for Cd, Pb, Cr, Mn and Al in ppm level.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The distribution of Cd and Pb in the gills and flesh of Labio rohita and Edaphodon kawai fish species was generally low when compared to WHO ( WHO,1996) recommended levels as portrayed in Table 1 and 2


Al is not detected in the organs of all the fish species. This shows that the study area is unpolluted with Aluminium. The concentration of Cr in all the fish species is higher in the gills than in the flesh, while the concentration of Mn in synodyntis is higher in the flesh than the gills. The concentrations of Cr and Mn in all the fish species are higher than the permissible consumption limits. Table 2 shows the concentration of Cr and Mn in gills higher than in flesh of Edaphodon kawai fish species. The specificity of concentrations of heavy metals is irrespective of the locality of fish capture and uptake route of the metals (Alinnor, 2005).


The distribution of the concentration of metals in both water and sediment was observed in the order of Cr>Mn>Pb >Cd as shown in Table 3. The result of this study shows that the concentration of metals in the sediment is higher than in water. Heavy metals entering an estuary in the solid form adhere to sediments whereas, the soluble form is precipitated to increase the sediment metal load and decrease the open water column concentration. The concentration of Cr and Mn in sediment is higher than WHO standard as reported by Bhatia (Bhatia, 2001). The presence of Cr in soaps and detergents used for washing and bathing in the River could be responsible for Cr highest level in sediment. The Cr concentration level above WHO limit is a threat to human health as people were actually using the water from the River for drinking and domestic purpose. The high concentration of Mn in both water and sediment could be attributed to its presence in many types of rock (ATSDR, 2000). It is above the permissible limits for drinking water. The heavy metal detection in the fish, water, vegetation and in other consumables should be carried out in the water bodies and necessary update is required to check the whether the heavy metal concentration is below or above the permissible limits. The detection is compulsory around the globe as the consumption of eatables provided by the water bodies is common in all countries.

CONCLUSIONS
This study revealed that Cr and Mn levels in all the test samples were not only high but above the permissible limits as recommended by World Health Organisation. The bioaccumulation of these metals may pose great hazard to health of humans and animals that rely on the fish and water from River Yamuna. The concentrations of Cd and Pb in all the samples were however, low and below the standard limit. Al was not detected in all of the samples.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The corresponding author is deeply oblidge to University Grants Commission for granting scholarship to pursue Research and Development work in Forensic Science. The authors are thankful to Dr. R. Krishnamurthy, Director of Chemistry Division, Geological Survey of India, Hyderabad, India for permission of Sample analysis in their reputed organization.

References:

1. Ganagaiya, P.I., Tabudrawa, T. R., Suth, R. and Satheesrraran (2001) „Heavy metal contamination of Lami coast al Environment, Fiji, Southern Pacif ic, Journal of Natural Sciences, 19: 24 – 29.

2. Iwegbue, C. M . A., Nwanjei, G. E. and Eguavoen, I. O. (2004)„Distribution of Cadmium, Chromium, Iron, Lead and mercury in water, Fish and aquatic plants from Ewalu River, Nigeria, Advances in Natural and Applied Science Research, 2(1): 72-82.

3. Abou-Arab, A. A. K., Ay esh, A. M ., Amra, H. A. and Naguib, K. (1996) „Characteristic levels of some pesticides heavy metals in imported fish, Food Chemistry , 57(4): 487- 492.

4. WHO – World Health Organisation (1996) Health criteria other supporting information in Guideline for drinking water quality, edition Geneva, 2: 31-388.

5. ATSDR (2000) „ Toxicological profile for manganese Agency for toxic substances and disease Registry, US department of Health and human services, public health services, G. A.

6. Sreedevi, P. A., Suresh, B., Sir aramkrishna, B., Prebhavarhi, B. and Radhakrishriaiah, K. (1992) „Bioaccumulation of Nickel in organs of the fr esh water fish, Cyprinocarpio and the fresh water mussel Lamethdeimar ginalis under lethal and sublethal nickel stress, Chemosphere, 24: 29-36.

7. Alinnor, I. J. (2005) „Assessment of elemental contaminants in water and fish samples from Aba river, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 102(1-3): 15- 25.

8. Bhatia, C. S. (2001) Environmental pollution and control in chemical process industries, First edition. Khanna publishers, Naisarak, Delhi, India.

9. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Labeo rohita" in FishBase. May 2013 version.

10. Consoli, C.P. (December, 2006). Edaphodon kawai, sp. Nov. (chondrichthyes: holocephali): a late cretaceous chimaeroid from the chatham islands, southwest pacific. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26(4):801–805.

11. Okoye, B. C. O. (1991) „Heavy metal and organisms in the Lagos Lagoon, International studies, 37: 285 – 295

Announcements

Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

COPE guidelines for Reviewers

SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to 2021


Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Humaira Tahir et al. entitled "Comparison of First Analgesic Demand after Major Surgeries of Obstetrics and Gynecology between Pre-Emptive Versus Intra-Operative Groups by Using Intravenous Paracetamol: A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 14
A Study by Monica K. entitled "Risk Predictors for Lymphoma Development in Sjogren Syndrome - A Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 13
A Study by Mokhtar M Sh et al. entitled "Prevalence of Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Elderly Patients" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 12
A Study by Vidya S. Bhat et al. entitled "Effect of an Indigenous Cleanser on the Microbial Biofilm on Acrylic Denture Base - A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 11
A Study by Pandya S. et al. entitled "Acute and 28-Day Repeated Dose Subacute Toxicological Evaluation of Coroprotect Tablet in Rodents" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 10
A Study by Muhammad Zaki et al. entitled "Effect of Hemoglobin Level on the Severity of Acute Bronchiolitis in Children: A Case-Control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 09
A Study by Vinita S & Ayushi S entitled "Role of Colour Doppler and Transvaginal Sonography for diagnosis of endometrial pathology in women presenting with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 08
A Study by Prabhu A et al. entitled "Awareness of Common Eye Conditions among the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) Workers in the Rural Communities of Udupi District- A Pilot Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 07
A Study by Divya MP et al. entitled "Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and 3D Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences with High Resolution Computed Tomography Temporal Bone in Assessment and Predicting the Outcome of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with Cholesteatoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 06
A Study by Zahoor Illahi Soomro et al. entitled "Functional Outcomes of Fracture Distal Radius after Fixation with Two Different Plates: A Retrospective Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 05
A Study by Ajai KG & Athira KN entitled "Patients’ Gratification Towards Service Delivery Among Government Hospitals with Particular Orientation Towards Primary Health Centres" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 04
A Study by Mbungu Mulaila AP et al. entitled "Ovarian Pregnancy in Kindu City, D.R. Congo - A Case Report" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 03
A Study by Maryam MJ et al. entitled "Evaluation Serum Chemerin and Visfatin Levels with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible Diagnostic Biomarkers" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 02
A Study by Shanthan KR et al. entitled "Comparison of Ultrasound Guided Versus Nerve Stimulator Guided Technique of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block in Patients Undergoing Upper Limb Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 14 issue 01
A Study by Amol Sanap et al. entitled "The Outcome of Coxofemoral Bypass Using Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fracture of Femur in a Rural Setup" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 24
A Study by Manoj KP et al. entitled "A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial to Know the Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Against Multimodal Analgesia for Postoperative Analgesia Following Caesarean Section" is awarded Best Article Award of Vol 13 issue 23
A Study by Karimova II et al. entitled "Changes in the Activity of Intestinal Carbohydrases in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats and Their Correction with Prenalon" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 22
A Study by Ashish B Roge et al. entitled "Development, Validation of RP-HPLC Method and GC MS Analysis of Desloratadine HCL and It’s Degradation Products" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 21
A Study by Isha Gaurav et al. entitled "Association of ABO Blood Group with Oral Cancer and Precancer – A Case-control Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 20
A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh"Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award


A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before Toto Macau forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: To achieve a high standard of publication, we adopt Good Publishing Practices (updated in 2022) which are inspired by guidelines provided by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



ABOUT US

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2022 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions