International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in: SCOPUS, Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, BOAI, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, e-Print, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg, SciPeople.

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Readers around the world

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 05 Issue 17, September, 2013

Pages: 24-27

Date of Publication: 12-Sep-2013


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

A STUDY ON GOITRE - IN A TERITIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Author: C. P. Ganesh Babu, K. Karunakaran

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:A total of 450 cases of Goitre is studied from January 2006 - October 2009 in a tertiary care hospital. Aim: To evaluate the cause and diagnosis of thyroid swelling in MAPIMS. Materials and Methods: All cases were evaluated by performing thyroid function tests, ultrasound neck, FNAC. Patients were classified according to age distribution, gender, according to symptoms of Hypothyroid, Euthyroid, Hyperthyroid Conclusion: More than 60% of the patients were suffering from Physiological Goitre. 15% were solitary nodule, 15% were Multinodular, 5% were Hashimotos, 5% malignancy. In our area most of the patients were suffering from Physiological Goitre due to low usage of iodized salt which is epidemiologically important.

Keywords: Goitre, iodized salt.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Goitre is defined  as enlargement  of  thyroid  gland.  Causes  for  goitre  is  wide  open  from  benign  to  malignant  conditions  (table  1).(1).  Even though  national  health programme  has  been   initiated  in India,  still in  many regions of India   people  use  non  -iodized  salt  only.

MATERIALS  AND  METHODS

A  total  of  450  cases  of  thyroid  swelling  were  studied  in  MAPIMS  from  January  2006  to  October  2009.  Investigations  performed  were  thyroid  function  tests,  ultrasound  thyroid,  fine  needle  aspiration.  Patients  were  classified  according  to  age  distribution,  gender,  and  according  to  symptoms  of  Hypothyroid,  Euthyroid   and  Hyperthyroid.  And  patients  usage  of  iodized  salt  or  not  has  also  been  used  in  the  inclusion criteria.

RESULTS

Age  distribution  was  from  10years  to  70  years  in  our  study.  Most  patients  presented  to  our  out  - patient  were  in  between  10  -  20  years  of  age  (62%),  next  21-  30  years  (14.8%).  (Table  2), (table 3). (R 2,  R 3)

In  female  population  alone  266  cases  were  reported  in  between  age  10  -20  years  ,  54  patients  were  in  the  age  21 – 30  years. (table  4).    In  male  population  ,  more  number  of  cases  were  reported in  the  age group of  31  -  40  years  around  20  cases.(table  5).

According to  the  diagnosis,  physiological  Goitre  cases  were the commonest   271  cases(60.2%).  next  most    common  diagnosis  is  Thyroiditis.(table  6).   Most  of  the  patients  were  either  Hypothyroid  or  Euthyroid.  (table  7). (R  4).   Comparing  the  usage  of  iodized  salt  ,  around  68.89%  (310  cases)  were  not  using  iodized  salt.(  table  8).

DISCUSSION

Our  study   demonstrates   the presence of significant amount of  Physiological goiter in a particular  geographical area inspite of the government agencies  efforts in popularizing the use of iodized salt. 271  cases   (60.22%) of  Goitre  in our  area  is  Physiological  Goitre  due  to  lack  of  health  education  about  iodized  salt.   310  cases  (69.89%)  were  not  using  iodized  salt. In the  271  cases  of  physiological  Goitre    250  cases  were  not  using  iodized  salt  and  the  remaining  21  cases  inspite  of  usage  of  iodized  salt  usage  they  had  Goitre  due  to  low  intake  of  salt. Even though majority of the population is not using iodized salt i.e, iodine deficiency prevalent in the community, why female patients are predominantly suffering from Physiological goiter.

Another paradox in our study, in the male population physiological goiter is more common in the age group of 31-40 years which is not a physiologically active age group when compared to the age group of 10-20 or even 20-30. These are few questions which have to be addressed or atleast debatable in suitable forums.

CONCLUSION

In  our   study  we  have  concluded  that  area  in  and  around  hospital  most  of  the  people  60.22%  were  suffering  from  physiological  Goitre  due  to  lack  of  usage  of  iodized  salt  which  is  epidemiologically  significant.  Hypothyroidism can be prevented from usage of  iodized  salt.

References:

  1. Kabadi, Udaya. M,  Abdaliah,  Mouin,  Goitre:  a  review  of  pathophysiology  and   management,  march  2007.
  2. C.S.Pandav, N.Kochupillai,  M.G.Karmarker,  L.M. Nath   Endemic  goitre:  why  the  apathy?,   (jun  21 -28,  1986).1121 -1128.
  3. Reeve.T.S,  Ihre  -Lundgren. C.,  poole.A.G,  Bambach  C,  Barraclough  . B,  The  university  of  Sydney  endocrine  surgery  database:  50  years  of  data  accual, AWZ. JSurg;  jan  -feb78  (1-2), 7 -52.
  4. Wait. T,  Groenvold. M,  Rasmussen  AK,  Bonnemsa,  Hepedug.L,  Quality  of  life  in  patients  with  benign  thyroid  disorders:  a  review,   Eur. J. Endocrinology ;  2006, April  (154  (4)),  501-  510.
  5. Brox – Amel  Lamberg ,  Endemic  goitre  -  iodine  deficiency  disorders,  Annuals  of  medicine  ,1991  volume  23,  :  367  -372.
  6. Broke. E,  Brusch  M.O,  J.K.Atland,   Goitre  prevention  with  iodized  salt  with   result  of  a  30  years  study. journal  of  clinical  endocrinology  and  metabolism ; ,  volume  12,  1952:  1380  -1388.
  7. Chandrakant .S.Pander, K. Anand,  A. Malik,  MG  . Kamarker,  Prevalance  of  iodine  deficiency  disorders  among  school  children  of  national  capital  territory  Delhi,  journal  of  clinical  epidemiology  volume  49,  jan  1996;  523
  8. Anderson.  M,  Takkouche  B,  Egli,  Alien  HE,  Current  global  iodine  status  and  progress  over  the  last  decade  towards   elimination of  iodine  deficiency,   Built  world  health  organization,  2005;  fs  (7),  518  -525.
  9. Atul  Kotwal,  Ritu  priya,  Imrana  Qader,  Goitre  and  other  iodine  deficiency  disorder-  a  systemic  review  of  epidemiological  status,  Archives  of  medical  research,  volume  38,  issue  3,  april  2007-  2367.

Research Incentive Schemes

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Leow Jun Xian and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. entitled "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Study by Dheeraj Kumar Chopra et al. entitled "Lipid-Based Solid Dispersions of Azilsartan Medoxomil with Improved Oral Bioavailability: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation" published in Vol 12 issue 19


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2021 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions