IJCRR - vol 06 issue 04, February, 2014
DETERMINING MALE ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR ON DECISION MAKING AND SPOUSAL COMMUNICATION IN FAMILY PLANNING: A STUDY CONDUCTED AMONGST LITERATE MALES OF PUNJAB, INDIA
Author: Aditya Sood, Parika Pahwa
Background: Men play a key role in bringing about gender equality, since in most societies men exercise dominance in nearly every sphere of life, so male involvement in family planning not only helps accepting a contraceptive, but also ensures its effective use and continuation. Objective: This study was undertaken to know the attitude and behavior of literate males on Family Planning, spousal communication and decision making power sharing equation in Punjab, India. Method: A Cross- sectional descriptive study was conducted with 225 males; both married and unmarried, 75 were selected each from 3 districts of Punjab by random sampling method. A semi structured self administered questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. Result: It was found that 95% of our respondents were aware about condoms followed by Withdrawal (84%), Emergency contraceptive pills (81%), and Tubectomy (79%) respectively. Out of all the available modern FP methods; Female and Male Sterilization usage is just around 19% and 1% respectively. In merely 23% cases, wives initiated discussion on Reproductive Health matters and for majority of the couples, FP discussions starts after the birth of 1st child. The major reasons for non communication between couples on FP were “shyness” and “male perception that this is an unnecessary talk”. Further it was found that only 65% men reported being comfortable if the female partner initiates discussion on the total number of children the couple should have. Conclusion: Spousal communication and power sharing on decision making plays an important role in promoting shared responsibilities and parenthood and our study reveals that it is lacking in the literate society of Punjab and in order to change this scenario; Community based organizations, Non Governmental organizations and Women self help groups should emphasize on spousal communication and sensitization of men on their female partners reproductive health needs.
Keywords: Family Planning, Contraceptives, Male, Attitude, Behavior
Aditya Sood, Parika Pahwa. DETERMINING MALE ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR ON DECISION MAKING AND SPOUSAL COMMUNICATION IN FAMILY PLANNING: A STUDY CONDUCTED AMONGST LITERATE MALES OF PUNJAB, INDIA International Journal of Current Research and Review. vol 06 issue 04, February, 07-14
1. Varma G.R., Rohini A.: Attitude of spouse towards Family Planning: A study among married Men and Women of a rural Community in West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. Anthropologist, 2008, 10 (1): 71-75.
2. Abdul Nasir J., Tahir M.H., Zaidi A.A: Contraceptive attitude and behavior among University men: a study from Punjab, Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad, 2010 Jan-Mar;22(1):125-8
3. Kamal M et al : Determinants of Male Involvement in Family Planning and Reproductive Health in Bangladesh. American J of Human Ecology, 2013; 2(2): 83-93.
4. Narang H., Singhal S.: Men as partners in maternal health : an analysis of male awareness and attitude. International J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2013 Sep; 2(3):388-392.
5. Narang H., Singhal S.: Men as partners in maternal health : an analysis of male awareness and attitude. International J. of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2013 Sep; 2(3):388-392.
6. Kamal M et al : Determinants of Male Involvement in Family Planning and Reproductive Health in Bangladesh. American J of Human Ecology, 2013; 2(2): 83-93.
7. Brachett, J.W. 1978. “Family planning in four Latin American countries-Knowledge, Use and unmet need- Some findings from World Fertility Survey.”International Family Planning Perspectives 14 (40): 116-23)
8. Greene EM, Mehta M, Julie P, Deirdre W, Bankole A, Singh S: Involving Men in reproductive health; contributions to development. 2009. www.unmillennium project.org/documents/Greene_et_al-final.pdf. (Cited on 11/04/2011)
9. Toure L: Male involvement in family planning a review of selected program initiatives in Africa. 1996. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNABY584.pdf (Cited on 28/05/2013)
10. Janine L, Barden OF, Ilene S, Speizer: Indonesian Couples’ pregnancy ambivalence and contraceptive use. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 2010,36(1):36–4
11. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology Narang H et al. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Sep;2(3):388-392 www.ijrcog.org )
12. Salem R. Men's surveys: New Findings. Population Report. Series M No 18 Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The INFO Project Spring. 2004.)
13. Mbizvo MT, Bassett MT. Reproductive health and AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for increased male participation. Health Policy Plan. 1996 Mar;11(1):84-92.)