IJCRR - 6(4), February, 2014
ECOTYPIC VARIATIONS IN INDIAN POPULATIONS OF ERYNGIUM FOETIDUM L.
Author: Thara Saraswathi K.J., Chandrika R., Jayalakshmi N. R., Mythri B.
Category: General Sciences
Aim: The ecotypic variations with respect to total phenolics, flavonoid, tannin and Vitamin-C content in three different populations of E. foetidum collected from Andaman, Darjeeling (West Bengal) and Hassan (Karnataka) have been studied. Methodology: The total phenolic and total tannin content was estimated by FC method against standard pyrogallol and gallic acid respectively. Vitamin C was extracted with 4% oxalic acid solution and estimated using 2, 4- dinitrophenyl hydrazine reagent alongside standard ascorbic acid. The total flavonoid content was determined by Aluminum chloride colorimetric method with standard Quercitin (1mg/ml). The values were expressed as mg/g equivalents of respective standards. Results: A significant difference (p= 0.05%) in the concentration of secondary metabolites among all the studied populations was observed. The total phenolic content was highest in the Darjeeling population, flavonoid and tannin content was maximum in Andaman population and Vitamin C content was predominantly high in the Karnataka population. Conclusion: The variations in phytochemical constituents could be attributed to the possible interaction of the plant populations with their geographical location and their subsequent adaptations to the same.
Keywords: E. foetidum, ecotypes, total phenols, flavonoid, tannin, vitamin C.
Thara Saraswathi K.J., Chandrika R., Jayalakshmi N. R., Mythri B.. ECOTYPIC VARIATIONS IN INDIAN POPULATIONS OF ERYNGIUM FOETIDUM L. International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(4), February, 01-06
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