IJCRR - 6(5), March, 2014
PARA-MEDICAL STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS REGARDING TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF ANIMAL BITES FOR PREVENTION OF RABIES
Author: Jahnavi R., Manjunath M., Mahendra B. J., Ananthachari K. R., Vinay M., Harish B. R., Nagaraja G. B., Subhas B. P., Anil K. K.
Background: Rabies continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is estimated that 55,000 people die annually due to rabies in the world. In India, about 17.4 million animal bites occurs and an estimated 20,000 deaths occur annually due to rabies. Majority of the bites occur among people living in rural areas. Para-medical health workers are important source of information regarding appropriate treatment for animal bite in countries like India where access to qualified doctors is limited. Objectives: 1. To assess the perceptions among paramedical students regarding diseases transmitted due to animal bites 2. The knowledgeabout treatment of animal bites and prevention of Rabies and 3. The knowledge about prevention of animal bites Methodology: This cross- sectional study was conducted in Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya in 2013. Para-medical students were administered a pretested, semi- structured questionnaire in the local language (Kannada). A total of 267 students participated in the study. Data was entered and analysed using Microsoft excel. Results: 195 (73.0%) of the para- medical students knew that rabies was transmitted by animal bites and 138 (51.7%) knew about bacterial infections. Only 31 (11.6%) of the students knew the correct and complete post exposure treatment for the prevention of rabies. 218 (81.6%) opined that not chasing the animal was the best way to prevent animal bite and 169 (63.3%) felt that not throwing stones at animal was the best way to prevent animal bite. Conclusion: The knowledge regarding treatment and prevention of animal bites for the prevention of rabies is lacking among the study population.
Keywords: Perceptions, animal bite, para medical students
Jahnavi R., Manjunath M., Mahendra B. J., Ananthachari K. R., Vinay M., Harish B. R., Nagaraja G. B., Subhas B. P., Anil K. K.. PARA-MEDICAL STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS REGARDING TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF ANIMAL BITES FOR PREVENTION OF RABIES International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(5), March, 09-12
1. World Health Organization. Rabies Fact Sheet No. 373 available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factshe
2. Sudarshan MK, Mahendra BJ, Madhusudana SN, Ashwath Narayana DH, Abdul Rahman, Rao NSN, et al., An Epidemiological Study of Animal Bites in India: Results of a WHO Sponsored National Muticentric Rabies Survey, Journal of Communicable Diseases2006:38(1):32-9.
3. Rural Health Statistics in India 2011. Available athttp://nrhmmis.nic.in/UI/RHS%202011/RHS%202011%2 0 accessed on 28/06/2013at 4.55pm
4. Press information bureau – Doctor patient ratio in the country Available at http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=7 7859 accessed on 11/01/2014 at 8.00 pm
5. Haldhar SR, Satapathy DM, Jena D, Tripathy RM. Perceptions of Para-medical students on Rabies and its prevention. APCRI Journal 2012;13(2):25-6.
6. Das S, Satapathy DM, Malini DS, Jena D, Tripathy RM. Perceptions of AYUSH Doctors on Rabies Prevention. APCRI 2012;14(1):37- 9.
7. Undi M, Masthi NRR. Knowledge and Practices of primary care providers and school teachers regarding human rabies and its prevention in a rural area, near Bangalore. APCRI journal 2013;14(2):15-7.
8. Vinay M , Asha B, Mahendra BJ. Perceptions regarding Dog bite and its treatment among accredited social health activist of Mandya Taluk Karnataka State. APCRI journal 2013;15(1):24-6.