IJCRR - Vol 09 issue 03, February, 2017
Knowledge and Practices of Caretakers About situs slot Immunization Among Children Aged 12 - 23 Months of Rural block Gudamalani, District Barmer (Rajasthan)
Author: Choudhary Bhagraj1, Solanki S. L.2, S. M. Yadav3
Background: Immunization done in childhood period almost guarantees protection from many vaccine preventable diseases. It prevents 2 million deaths per year worldwide and is rightly considered to be ‘overwhelmingly good ‘preventive tool by the scientific community. Uptake of vaccination as per national immunization schedule is dependent not only on provision of health services but also on other factors including knowledge and attitude of mothers.
1. To determine immunization coverage of infants according to EPI.
2. To access the knowledge of caretakers of infants aged 12 – 23 months regarding immunization.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted from October 2016 to December 2016, included 210 caretakers and 210 infants of 12-23 months old selected by applying the 30 × 7 cluster sampling method in block Gudamalani of district Barmer. Only one infant was included from each caretaker.
Results: Out of total 210 subjects, 111 (52.85%) were males and rest 99 (47.15%) females. BCG was administered to 106 (95.49%) of males and 85 (85.85%) of females, DPT III to 83 (74.77%) of males and 70 (70.70%) of females and Measles to 149 (70.96%) of the total subjects. The dropout rates in both the gender was observed maximum in BCG to Measles (23.58 in males and 20.00 in females) followed by DPT – I to DPT – III (16.16 in males to 9.75 in females). Knowledge about the correct age of vaccination for Measles, BCG, DPT, OPV were 26.67%, 21.43%, 18.57% and 12.85% of the study subjects respectively. Fever (54.28%), swelling (74.76%), redness (60.95%) on thigh after DPT emerged as main side effects of vaccination. Measles (86.19%) and Polio (65.24%) were the most commonly heard diseases, among the vaccine preventable diseases.
Conclusion: Though the coverage rate for vaccine preventable diseases was good in our study, but still there is a need to increase the immunization coverage among the infants, so that not a single child remains unimmunized. Since the infants are vulnerable to infections towards vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs), it necessitates for collection of the data on the knowledge, and practices of the caretakers with respect to different aspects of situs judi slot online deposit pulsa tanpa potongan.
Keywords: Fever, Measles, Vaccine preventable diseases, Side effects
Choudhary Bhagraj1, Solanki S. L.2, S. M. Yadav3. Knowledge and Practices of Caretakers About situs slot Immunization Among Children Aged 12 - 23 Months of Rural block Gudamalani, District Barmer (Rajasthan) International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 09 issue 03, February, 28-33
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India. Introduction, child health, maternal health in National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III). Volume I. International institute for population Science Available at http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FRIND3/ 00FrontMatter00.pdf. Accessed on 02 December 2015.
- United States Agency for international Development, Immunization Programmes for healthy children. Immunization basics Available http://www.immunizationbasics.jsi.com/Accessed 31/12/2011.
- WHO 8.7.2008: the module for mid-level for managers: The EPI coverage survey WHO/IV B/08.07.08. Available from: http://www.who.int/immunization/documents/mlm/en/indx.html. (Last accessed on 2016 Jan 15).
- Trivedi R, Singh S, Adhikari P, Jatav DP. Coverage evaluation of primary immunization and the associated determinants in an urban slum of Rewa. Ind J Comm Health. 2014;26(1):37-40.
- Mandal S, Gandhari Basu, Rahul Kirtania, Suman Kumar Roy; Care Giver’s Knowledge and Practice On Routine Immunization among 12 -23 months children in a Rural Community of West Bengal; IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861. Volume 6, Issue 6 (May.- Jun. 2013), PP 105-111 www.iosrjournals.org
- Gupta PK, Pore P, Patil U. Evaluation of immunization coverage in the rural area of Pune, Maharashtra, using the 30 cluster sampling technique. J Fam Med Primary Care 2013;2:50-4.
- Bhatia V, Swami HM, Rai S, Gulati S, Verma A, Prashar A, Kumar R. Immuniztion status in children. Indian J. Pediatrics. 2004;71(4):313-315.
- Yadav S, Mangal S, Padhiyar N, Mehta JP, Yadav B.S. Evaluation of Immunization Coverage in Urban Slums of Jamnagar City. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2006;31(4):300-301.
- Tagbo BN, ND Uleanya, IC Nwokoye, JC Eze, IB Omotowo. Mothers’ knowledge, perception and practice of childhood immunization in Enugu. Niger J Paed 2012;39 (3):90 – 96.
- Kar M, Reddaiah VP, Kant S. primary Immunization status of children in Slum areas of South Delhi- the challenge of reaching Urban poor . Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2001;26(3):151-154.
- Yadav RJ, Singh P. Immunization status of children and mothers in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Community Medicine.2004;29(3):147-148.
- Abrol A, A Galhotra, N Agarwal, A Bala, N Goel. Immunization Status In A Slum In Chandigarh (U.T) India: A Perspective To Enhance The Service. The Internet Journal of Health 2008 Volume 8 Number 2
- Pragati Chhabra, Parvathy Nair, Anita Gupta, Meenakshi S Sandhir and A. T. Kannan. Immunization in Urabanized Villages of Delhi. Indian journal of Community Medicine, Vol. 74 – February, 2007, Page no. 131 – 134.
- Suresh K, Saxena D. Trends and Determinants of Immunization Coverage in India. Journal of Indian Medical Association.2000; 98(1):10-14.
- Nath B, J. V. Singh, Shallyawasthi*, Vidyabhushan, Vishwajeetkumar**, S. K. Singh ; a study on determinants of immunization coverage among 12-23 months old children in urban slums of lucknow district, india; indian j med sci, vol. 61, no. 11, November 2007..
- Roos M. Bernsen, Fatmah R. Al-Zahmi, Noura A. Al-Ali et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Immunizations among Mothers in a Traditional City in the United Arab Emirates Journal of Medical Sciences (2011); 4(3): 114-121
- Singh M.C., Badole CM and Singh MP. Immunization coverage and the knowledge and practice of mothers regarding immunization in rural area. The Indian Journal of Public Health.1994;38(3):103-7.