IJCRR - 6(6), March, 2014
A STUDY OF ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES BETWEEN HYPERTENSIVE AND NORMOTENSIVE ADULTS
Author: Ramya K., Jai Ganesh K., Mukundan A.
Background: Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disorder affecting 20% of adult population worldwide. Obesity is considered as the main risk factor for hypertension .Simple clinical anthropometric measurements of obesity may be conveniently used to assess regional adiposity, which serves as indicators for Hypertension. Aim: To establish the correlation of Waist Hip Ratio, Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference between Hypertensive and Normotensive status in adults between the age group of 45-55 years of both genders. Methods: This is a clinical based case control study. The subjects were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria with a sample size of 100, using a pretest proforma. Blood Pressure, weight, height, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured for each participant, using standard methods. Then the data obtained was analyzed using Fisher’s exact test and Chi Square Test. Results: BMI and Waist Circumference were found to have significant association with hypertension, with a p value of 0.006 and 0.032 respectively, irrespective of the gender. BMI and Waist Circumference showed significant association in women (p=0.003) and in men (p=0.015) respectively. Conclusion: Association between these anthropometric measures and hypertensive status proves obesity to be a major pathological factor in the development of hypertension.
Keywords: Hypertension; Obesity; Anthropometric indices
Ramya K., Jai Ganesh K., Mukundan A.. A STUDY OF ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES BETWEEN HYPERTENSIVE AND NORMOTENSIVE ADULTS International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(6), March, 36-43
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