IJCRR - vol 06 issue 07, April, 2014
EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF LUNG FUNCTION PARAMETERS DURING PREGNANCY
Author: Ganesh Pradhan, B.C. Vastrad, Nishitha Mendonca, Vishnu Vardhan G.
Aim: The study was aimed to evaluate and compare the pulmonary function in pregnant South Indian women at 36weeks and at full term of pregnancy. Methodology: A total 60 pregnant women were assigned to two groups: study group I: 36weeks (30 nos) and study group II: full term pregnancy (30 nos) antenatal cases recruited from women who visited the OBG Dept. of PESIMSR hospital, during the period 2008-2009. Inclusion criteria were: healthy pregnant women with age group of 20-40 yrs and Exclusion criteria included, smokers, pre-eclampsia, hypertension, diabetes. Baseline pulmonary functions were recorded with a computerized spirometer “Winspiro”. The pulmonary function parameters evaluated were FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, FEV25-75%, PEFR AND MVV. Statistical analysis was done by “t” test method with SPSS software. Results: All the pulmonary function parameters were increased except PEFR in group II as compared to group I but this was not statistically significant. The PEFR was increased in group II as compared to group I and this was statistically significant. Conclusion: The PEFR was increased significantly in 36 weeks pregnancies, and should be interpreted carefully in pregnant women.
Keywords: Pregnant women, pulmonary function, spirometry
Ganesh Pradhan, B.C. Vastrad, Nishitha Mendonca, Vishnu Vardhan G.. EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF LUNG FUNCTION PARAMETERS DURING PREGNANCY International Journal of Current Research and Review. vol 06 issue 07, April, 35-38
1. Surekha DE, R.P.Bhargava, S.Benawri, Longitudinal ventilatory function (static and dynamic) studies during defferent trimesters in pregnant women.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India. 1984; 36: 812-816.
2. Spiropoulos K, Prodromaki E, Tsapanos V. Effect of body position on PaO2 and PaCO2 during pregnancy. Gynecol Obstet Invest, 2004: 58: 22-25.
3. Rubin, Russo, Goucher. The effect of pregnancy upon pulmonary function in normal women.Am J Obstet gyencol 1956;72:963 – 969.
4. Cugell DW, Frank NR, Gaensler EA, Badger TL. Pulmonary function in pregnancy. Serial observations in normal women. Am Rev Tuberc Pulm Dis 1953; 67: 568-597.
5. Saxena SC, Rao VSC, Mudgal SA. Study of Pulmonary function tests during pregnancy.J obstet Gynaecol of India 1979;29:993-995.
6. Puranik BM, Kurhade GA. PEFR in preganancy: A longitudinal study. Indian Journal of Physiol Pharmacol,1995;39:135 – 139.
7. Sing KC, Sircar SS, Sharma KN. Airway functions in pregnant Indian women. Indian J Physol Phamacol.1995 Apr;39(2):160-2.
8. Gilory RJ, Mangura BT, Lavietes MH. Rib cage and abdominal volume displacements during breathing in pregnancy. Rev Resp Dis, 1988; 129: 669-672.
9. Weinberger SE, Weiss ST, Cohen WR, Weiss JW, Johnson TS. Pregnancy and Lung. Am Rev Resp Dis 1980; 121:559-557.
10. Grindheim G, Toska K, Estensen ME. Changes in pulmonary function during pregnancy: A longitudinal cohort study. BJOG, 2012; 119: 94-101.
11. Neeraj, Candy Sodhi, John Promod, Joydeep Singh,Vaneet Kaur et al. Effect of advanced uncomplicated pregnancy on pulmonary function parameters of north Indian subjects. Indian J Physol Phamacol, 2010; 54:69-72.