IJCRR - 6(8), April, 2014
A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON RISK FACTORS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES AMONG SEDENTARY MALE OFFICE WORKERS
Author: Muhil S.
Introduction: Although many studies have focused on studying risk factors of diabetes, this study has highlighted the presence of modifiable risk factors of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among young adults whose age range from 30 and so on. In addition to other possible risk factors, the current study has thrown a light on unhealthy waist stature ratio among office workers who spend more time as couch potatoes.
• To describe the proportion of various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors of T2DM among sedentary male office workers
• To explore the distribution of diabetic risk factors with respect to HbA1c categories
Material and Methods: After considering the non-modifiable risk factors such as age, gender, ethnicity and family history, the current study has addressed all possible modifiable risk factors of T2DM. Based on selection criteria, 146 office workers with the age of 30 years and above were considered for this cross sectional study.
Statistical Methods: Simple percentage and confidence interval (for large proportion) were used to describe the data.
Results: After grouping the subjects’ data based on their extent of risk factors, they were categorized under HbA1c level such as normal (13%), prediabetic (65.8%) and diabetic (13%) groups. The high proportion of prediabetes (65.8%) in younger age group than older adults (8.2%) isan unusual startling finding. While considering the anthropometric factors of office workers, 73.9 % showed their waist circumference in high risk zone, 44.5% had risky waist hip ratio, 78.1% of subjects with abnormal waist stature ratio and 93.2% were above the recommended cut off value of body mass index (?23 kg/m²).
Conclusion: The current study concluded that there were 73.97% of young prediabetic subjects among sedentary male office workers which is of paramount importance as a critical health risk to the community. With a concomitant hike in sedentary lifestyle, younger adults are in the serious development of debilitating lifestyle diseases such as T2DM, heart attack, stroke and so on. Hence this study recommends a systematically designed, effective and economically feasible approach to reverse these risk factors in order to prevent or delay T2DM.
Keywords: Cross sectional study, type 2 diabetes, risk factors, sedentary and office workers
Muhil S.. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON RISK FACTORS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES AMONG SEDENTARY MALE OFFICE WORKERS International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(8), April, 18-27
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