IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 13, July, 2014
DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE VEGETABLE FARMING AMONG SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN BOGOR REGENCY
Author: Wahid Ullah, Sri Mulatsih, Sahara, Syaiful Anwar
Category: General Sciences
The agricultural sector plays a significant role in the Indonesian economy and local’s livelihood. One of the major stakeholders in agriculture is the smallholder farm sector. Large number of these smallholder farmers (SHF) produces vegetables for commercial and subsistence purposes but they have limited access to agriculture resources including labor, technology and other inputs. The purpose of this study is to identify socio-economic characteristics, agricultural farming practices and environmental variables influencing smallholder’s sustainable vegetable production in the villages of Situdaun and Cinangneng located in the sub-district of Tinjolaya, Bogor regency, West Jawa. The study uses descriptive and ordinal logistic regression analysis. Drawing on a sample of 96 households, the study shows that sustainable production of vegetables is mainly affected by the low quality of agriculture inputs, excessive rainfalls and lack of financial resources. The findings in the paper reveal that, based on the output from logistic regression; crop rotation, agriculture training, member of a farmer’s group and land size are the significant variables influencing SHF production. Crop rotation and agriculture training are dominant variables that positively influenced SHF. Member of a farmer’s group and land size negatively influenced SHF vegetable production. The study also established that by providing institutional requirement such as infrastructure improvement, subsidized fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, soft loans and other necessary services for vegetable farming to ensure constant and sustainable production. Given the dominance of smallholder sector in the economy, the effective utilization of these resources will hinge on the implementation of a set of policies that would allow smallholders to seek greater specialization and improve their produce.
Keywords: smallholder farmers, sustainable vegetable production, socio-economic, agricultural and environmental constraints, logit analysis
Wahid Ullah, Sri Mulatsih, Sahara, Syaiful Anwar. DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE VEGETABLE FARMING AMONG SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN BOGOR REGENCY International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 06 Issue 13, July, 06-14
1. [IFAD] International Fund for Agricultural Development. 2010. Smallholder Farmers can be Part of the Solution. International Fund for Agricultural Development.
2. Altieri, MA, Funes-Monzote, FR, & Petersen, P. 2012. Agro ecologically efficient agricultural systems for smallholder farmers: contributions to food sovereignty. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32(1): pp. 1-13.
3. Bajracharya, RM. 2002. Fertility and productivity parameters for soil from five midhill districts of central Nepal. In: Proceedings of international seminar on Mountains, Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal
4. Gabre-Madhin, ME. 2009. A market for all farmers: Market institutions and smallholder participation. Agriculture for Development, Center for Effective Global Action, UC Berkeley
5. Hazell, P. 2011. Five big questions about five hundred million small farms. Rome: International Fund for Agricultural Development.
6. http://www.uncapsa.org/LIBRARYJournal_de tail.asp?VJournalKey=886
7. Karki, KB. 2006. Impact of cropping intensification on nutritional balance in Nepalese soils, In: Proceedings of International Seminar on Environment and Social Impacts of Agricultural Intensification in Himalayan Watersheds. Kathmandu, Nepal.
8. Nkamleu, GB. & Adesina, AA. 2000. Determinants of chemical input use in periurban lowland systems: Bivariate Probit Analysis in Cameroon. Agricultural Systems, 63(2): pp. 111-121.
9. Raut, N, Sitaula, BK., Vatn, A, &Paudel, GS. 2011. Determinants of Adoption and Extent of Agricultural Intensification in the Central Mid-hills of Nepal. Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(4).
10. Roshetko, JM, Kurniawan, I.& Budidarsono, S. 2012. 17. Smallholder Cultivation of katuk (Sauropusandrogynous) and kucai (Allium odorum): Challenges in Sustaining Commercial Production and Market Linkage.
11. Sahara, 2012. The transformations of modern food retailers in Indonesia: opportunities and challenges for smallholder farmers [dissertation]. Adelaide: School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Faculty of Sciences, the University of Adelaide.
12. Statistic Agency of Indonesia, 2012. Overview of Indonesian Agriculture Sector. http://www.gbgindonesia.com/en/agriculture/s ector_overview.php.
13. Statistic Agency of Indonesia. 2004. Agricultural Censuses. Indonesian Statistic Agency, Jakarta
14. Thapa, G. & Gaiha, R. 2011. Smallholder farming in Asia and the Pacific: Challenges and opportunities. IFAD conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture, pp. 24-25.
15. Tiwari, KR. Sitaula, BK., Nyborg, IL. & Paudel, GS. 2008a. Determinants of farmers’ adoption of improved soil conservation technology in a Middle Mountain Watershed of Central Nepal. Environmental Management, 42(2): 210-222.
16. Wickramasinghe, U. 2012. Towards Promoting the Participation of Smallholders in Agricultural Markets in Papua New Guinea. Vol. 29(3). Palawija newsletter.
17. Wijaya, KS. Budidarsono & Roshetko, JM. 2007. Socio-economic Baseline Studies. Agroforestry and Sustainable Vegetables Production in Southeast Asian Watershed: Case Study of Nanggung Sub-District, Bogor, Indonesia. Research Report. The WorldAgroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Southeast Asia Program Office, Bogor, Indonesia.